Jonah 1

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Finnish: Bible (1776)         

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1 Ja Herran sana tapahtui Jonalle Amittain pojalle, sanoen:

2 Nouse ja mene suureen kaupunkiin Niniveen, ja saarnaa siinä; sillä heidän pahuutensa on tullut minun kasvoini eteen.

3 Mutta Jona nousi ja tahtoi paeta Tarsikseen Herran kasvoin edestä. Ja hän tuli Japhoon, ja kuin hän löysi haahden, joka tahtoi Tarsikseen mennä, antoi hän palkan, ja astui siihen menemään heidän kanssansa Tarsikseen Herran kasvoin edestä.

4 Niin Herra antoi suuren tuulen tulla merelle, ja suuri ilma nousi merellä, niin että haaksi luultiin rikkaantuvan.

5 Ja haaksimiehet pelkäsivät, ja kukin huusi jumalansa tykö, ja he heittivät kalut, jotka haahdessa olivat, mereen keviämmäksi tullaksensa. Mutta Jona oli astunut alas haahden toiselle pohjalle, ja makasi uneen nukkuneena.

6 Niin haahdenhaltia meni hänen tykönsä, ja sanoi hänelle: miksis makaat? nouse, ja rukoile Jumalaas, että Jumala muistais meitä, ettemme hukkuisi.

7 Niin he sanoivat toinen toisellensa: tulkaat, ja heittäkäämme arpaa, tietääksemme, kenenkä tähden tämä onnettomuus meillä on; ja kuin he heittivät arpaa, lankesi arpa Jonan päälle.

8 Niin he sanoivat hänelle: ilmoita nyt meille, kenen tähden tämä onnettomuus meillä on? mikä sinun tekos on, ja kustas tulet? kusta maakunnasta eli kansasta sinä olet?

9 Hän sanoi heille: minä olen Hebrealainen, ja minä pelkään Herraa Jumalaa taivaasta, joka meren ja karkian on tehnyt.

10 Niin ne miehet pelkäsivät suuresti, ja sanoivat hänelle: miksis näin teit? Sillä ne miehet tiesivät hänen Herran edestä paenneen; sillä hän oli heille sen sanonut.

11 Niin he sanoivat hänelle: mitä meidän pitää sinulle tekemän, että meri meille tyventyis? Sillä meri kävi ja lainehti heidän ylitsensä.

12 Hän sanoi heille: ottakaat minut ja heittäkäät mereen, niin meri teille tyvenee; sillä minä tiedän, että tämä suuri ilma tulee teidän päällenne minun tähteni.

13 Ja miehet koettivat saada haahden kuivalle; mutta ei he voineet, sillä meri kävi väkevästi heidän ylitsensä.

14 Niin he huusivat Herran tykö ja sanoivat: voi Herra! älä anna meidän hukkua tämän miehen sielun tähden, ja älä lue meillen tätä viatointa verta! sillä sinä, Herra, teet niinkuin sinä tahdot.

15 Niin he ottivat Jonan ja heittivät mereen; ja meri asettui lainehtimasta.

16 Ja miehet pelkäsivät Herraa suuresti, ja tekivät Herralle uhria ja lupausta.

17 (H2:1) Mutta Herra toimitti suuren kalan, nielemään Jonaa. Ja Jona oli kalan vatsassa kolme päivää ja kolme yötä.

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Shrnutí kapitoly

Exploring the Meaning of Jonah 1      

By Rev. Martin Pennington and Rev. George McCurdy

Billy Graham once said that the whole of Jesus' ministry could be summed up in two words; Come and Go.

COME to me, all who labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. (Matthew 11:28)

GO and make disciples of all nations (Matthew 28:19)

In the beginning of the Book of Jonah, chapter 1, we have a story about what happens when you do the first step, but not the second. Jonah was supposed to go preach the gospel -- the monotheistic worship of Jehovah -- to the people of Ninevah. Swedenborg tells us that the verses in Jonah 1:1-2 are about the people of Israel, who had received the Word - but wouldn't go out and share it amongst the nations.

In Jonah 1:4-6, peoples' spiritual knowledge declines, and begins to perish. It happens both in the land of Israel, and in the wider world.

Here are some key symbolic elements in this account:

- A ship represents the knowledge of good and truth useful for life (a church). (Apocalypse Revealed 406)

- A sea, storm and wind represents Hell and its influence. (Apocalypse Revealed 343[4])

- To be asleep means to be deluded by our own glory. (Arcana Coelestia 147)

In Jonah 1:7-9, the people who lived outside the land of Israel had some perception that their own spiritual knowledge was lacking, and they it had led to a collapse of their spiritual state. As Swedenborg puts it, "the state of the church was perverted among themselves".

When they perceived this, they also came to understand that they needed to reject falsified truths that they were getting from the Jewish church at that time, and pray to the Lord for salvation, to try to restore real worship, real spiritual love and wisdom.

Drawing lots, or playing a game of chance, represents pulling truths apart. (Arcana Coelestia 9942.13)

In Jonah 1:10-13, throwing Jonah into the sea represents the rejection of that hollowed-out church, to make way for a new church. Then, in Jonah 1:14-16, when the people in the boat pray unto the Lord for salvation -- it works! They are saved from foundering and drowning.

What's the takeaway for us? If we're getting false ideas from our neighbors, we need to perceive it, and stop. We need to identify our false beliefs, and reject them -- throw them into the sea. Then, we need to pray for salvation -- and then a new "church" can start in us, too, personally, with renewed spiritual life. And, when we come to the Lord, and experience spiritual "rest", then we can also go share our new true ideas and good loves with our neighbors -- coming, and going.

Here's a link to an interesting (audio) sermon on this chapter, by Rev. Todd Beiswenger.

Finally, here's a link to Rev. McCurdy's Study Guide for the Book of Jonah, which is available for free as a .pdf, for your use.


Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 211

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 901, 1188, 1343, 1709, 2606, 2788, 4495, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 505

Sacred Scripture 29

True Christian Religion 211

References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 532, 622

Spiritual Experiences 1391

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As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

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"Air" in the Bible represents thought, but in a very general way – more like our capacity to perceive ideas and the way we tend...

"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

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The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library by following this link.

 Casting Lots
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 How the Lord Saved Jonah
A retelling of the story for young children with beautiful color illustrations. 
Story | Ages 4 - 6

Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Jonah and the Great Fish
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Jonah and the Great Fish
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Jonah and the Great Fish (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 Jonah and the Great Fish (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 Jonah and the Great Fish (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

 Jonah and the Stormy Sea
Color the drawings and then follow the directions to make a 3 dimensional picture. 
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 Jonah Disobeys the Lord
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Jonah in the Great Fish
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Jonah Swallowed by a Fish
Another way to make a 3 dimensional fish that can swallow Noah. 
Project | Ages up to 6

 Jonah Thrown Overboard
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Mighty Tempest on the Sea
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Quotes: Divine Providence and Evil
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 The Prophet Jonah
This article shows how the Lord tried to teach Jonah to be merciful and kind when Jonah disobeyed the Lord because of his hatred toward the Assyrians. 
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14