1 Samuel 5

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1 Ja Philistealaiset ottivat Jumalan arkin ja veivät sen EbenEtseristä Asdodiin,

2 Ja veivät sen sisälle Dagonin huoneesen ja asettivat sen Dagonin rinnalle.

3 Ja Asdodilaiset nousivat toisena päivänä varhain, ja katso, Dagon makasi suullansa maassa Herran arkin edessä; mutta he ottivat Dagonin ja nostivat entiselle siallensa.

4 Ja he nousivat toisena huomenna, ja katso, Dagon makasi suullansa maassa Herran arkin edessä, mutta Dagonin pää ja molemmat hänen kätensä olivat poikki hakattuina kynnyksellä, ja muu ruumis vain oli jälellä.

5 Sentähden Dagonin papit ja kaikki jotka Dagonin huoneesen menevät, ei astu Dagonin kynnykselle Asdodissa tähän päivään asti.

6 Mutta Herran käsi oli raskas Asdodilaisten päällä ja hävitti heidät, ja löi Asdodin ja kaiken ympäristön ajoksilla.

7 Kuin Asdodin miehet näkivät niin olevan, sanoivat he: älkäämme antako Israelin Jumalan arkin olla meidän tykönämme; sillä hänen kätensä on juuri raskas meitä ja jumalaamme Dagonia vastaan.

8 Ja he lähettivät ja kutsuivat kaikki Philistealaisten päämiehet tykönsä kokoon, ja sanoivat: mitä me teemme Israelin Jumalan arkille? He vastasivat: antakaat kantaa Israelin Jumalan arkki Gatin ympäri; ja he kantoivat Israelin Jumalan arkin ympäri.

9 Ja kuin he sen kantoivat, nousi suuri kapina kaupungissa Herran käden kautta, ja hän löi kaupungin miehet sekä pienet että suuret; ja he saivat salaiset kivut salaisiin paikkoihinsa.

10 Niin he lähettivät Jumalan arkin Ekroniin. Kuin Jumalan arkki tuli Ekroniin, huusivat Ekronilaiset ja sanoivat: he ovat vetäneet Israelin Jumalan arkin minun tyköni, surmataksensa minua ja minun kansaani.

11 Niin lähettivät he ja kutsuivat kaikki Philistealaisten päämiehet kokoon, ja sanoivat: lähettäkäät Israelin Jumalan arkki siallensa jälleen, ettei hän surmaisi minua ja minun kansaani; sillä kaikessa kaupungissa oli suuri kapina kuoleman tähden, ja Jumalan käsi oli siellä sangen raskas.

12 Ja ihmiset, jotka ei kuolleet, olivat lyödyt salaisissa paikoissansa, niin että huuto meni kaupungista ylös taivaasen.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 5      

The Philistines took the captured Ark of the Covenant deep into their own territory to a temple dedicated to their god Dagon in the city of Ashdod. Dagon has popularly been depicted as half man-half fish, and Swedenborgian teachings support this description. Early the next morning, the people of Ashdod found that the statue of Dagon had fallen on its face before the Ark. They set it back up, only to find it fallen again the next morning. This second time the head and hands were broken off the torso.

Modern translations often describe the people of Ashdod and surrounding territories as being struck down by “tumors.” A more accurate reading is that they suffered severe hemorrhoids- to be precise, “swellings of their private parts.” These afflictions were so serious that many people died. Swedenborg writes that these hemorrhoids represent earthly loves, “which are unclean when they are separated from spiritual loves.” The next chapter describes how the people were also afflicted with rodents- and this represents the “destruction of the church by distortions of the truth” (see Divine Providence 326).

These both indicate a separation of faith and charity, two important parts of spiritual life. Swedenborg talks about how the Philistines represent people with whom faith has been separated from charity (see Arcana Coelestia 1197 and Doctrine of Faith 49). Note here as elsewhere, that we should not directly connect any group of people to the positive or negative things that they spiritually represent. This means that we should not assume that the Philistines were any more guilty of separating faith from charity than any other group of people. We should instead think about how in this particular story, they are a symbolic representation of a particular type of human challenge.

The statue of Dagon fell on its face and was destroyed in front of the Ark of the Covenant, which held the Ten Commandments. This is an illustration of the power of the Lord’s Divine Word. A person’s faith cannot only be a belief in the Lord’s Word, or just an intellectual acknowledgement of His Commandments. It is a function of a life led based on these commandments. Belief without a good life, faith without charity, is destructive- on an individual level and a collective level. We see this symbolically represented in the destruction of the statue of Dagon.

The ways in which the statue was destroyed are symbolic, and speak to this message of faith separate from charity. For example, hands generally symbolize power, and the ability to put things into action, whether they be good or bad (see Arcana Coelestia 878). The hands were cut off of the statue of Dagon, perhaps representing that this false idol represents faith without action, or charity.

This further drives home the message that faith and charity must go together, to preserve an individual’s covenant with the Lord.


Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Explained 700

Apocalypse Revealed 529

Divine Providence 326

Doctrine of the Sacred Scripture 23

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Doctrine of Life 59

Doctrine of Faith 52

True Christian Religion 71, 284, 614, 630, 691

Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Spiritual Experiences 2472

Marriage 71

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Významy biblických slov

The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

Dagon, (1 Sam. 5:6), being the idol of the Philistines, signifies their religion, which also was faith separate from charity.

The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

There are three arks mentioned in the Word, the ark of Noah, the ark of bulrushes for the baby Moses, and the ark of the...

As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

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