1 Samuel 4

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1 Ja Samuel rupesi saarnaamaan koko Israelin edessä; ja Israel meni sotaan Philistealaisia vastaan, ja he sioittivat heitänsä EbenEtserin tykö, mutta Philistealaiset asettivat leirinsä Aphekiin.

2 Ja Philistealaiset valmistivat itsensä Israelia vastaan, ja sota levitti itsensä pitkälle, ja Israel lyötiin Philistealaisilta; ja he löivät siinä tappeluksessa kedolla lähes neljätuhatta miestä.

3 Kuin kansa tuli leiriin, sanoivat Israelin vanhimmat: minkätähden Herra antoi meidän tänäpänä lyötää Philistealaisilta? Ottakaamme Herran liitonarkki Silosta tykömme ja antakaamme sen tulla keskellemme vapahtamaan meitä vihollistemme kädestä.

4 Ja kansa lähetti Siloon, ja he antoivat sieltä tuoda Herran Zebaotin liitonarkin, joka istuu Kerubimin päällä. Ja siellä oli kaksi Elin poikaa, Hophni ja Pinehas, Jumalan liitonarkin kanssa.

5 Ja Herran liitonarkin tultua leiriin, huusi kaikki Israel suurella ilohuudolla, niin että maa kajahti.

6 Kuin Philistealaiset kuulivat ilohuudon, sanoivat he: mikä suuri ilohuuto on Hebrealaisten leirissä? Ja kuin he ymmärsivät Herran arkin tulleen leiriin,

7 Pelkäsivät Philistealaiset ja sanoivat: Jumala on tullut leiriin. Ja vielä sitte sanoivat: voi meitä! sillä ei se ole ennen niin ollut.

8 Voi meitä! kuka pelastaa meitä näiden suurten jumalain käsistä? Nämät ovat ne jumalat, jotka löivät Egyptin korvessa kaikkinaisilla rangaistuksilla.

9 Olkaat siis rohkiat sydämestä ja olkaat miehet, Philistealaiset, ettei teidän pitäisi palveleman Hebrealaisia, niinkuin he ovat teitä palvelleet: olkaat miehet ja sotilaat!

10 Niin Philistealaiset sotivat, ja Israel lyöttiin, ja jokainen pakeni majaansa, ja se oli sangen suuri tappo, niin että Israelista kaatui kolmekymmentä tuhatta jalkamiestä.

11 Ja Jumalan arkki otettiin pois; ja kaksi Elin poikaa, Hophni ja Pinehas, kuolivat.

12 Silloin juoksi sotajoukosta yksi BenJaminilainen ja tuli sinä päivänä Siloon; ja hän oli reväissyt vaatteensa ja viskonut multaa päänsä päälle.

13 Ja katso, kuin hän sinne tuli, istui Eli istuimella, tielle katselemaan; sillä hänen sydämensä oli peljästyksissä Jumalan arkin tähden. Ja kuin mies tuli kaupunkiin, ilmoitti hän sen, ja koko kaupunki parkui.

14 Ja kuin Eli kuuli korkian huudon äänen, kysyi hän: mikä kapina tämä on? Niin tuli mies nopiasti ja ilmoitti sen Elille.

15 Ja Eli oli yhdeksänkymmenen ja kahdeksan ajastaikainen, ja hänen silmänsä olivat jo niin pimenneet, ettei hän nähnyt.

16 Ja mies sanoi Elille: minä olen tullut ja paennut tänäpänä sotajoukosta. Mutta hän sanoi: kuinka käy, poikani?

17 Silloin vastasi sanansaattaja ja sanoi: Israel on paennut Philistealaisten edellä, ja suuri tappo on kansassa tapahtunut, ja molemmat sinun poikas, Hophni ja Pinehas, ovat myös kuolleet, ja Jumalan arkki on otettu pois.

18 Ja kuin hän kuuli mainittavan Jumalan arkkia, lankesi hän maahan taapäin istuimelta portin tykönä, ja mursi niskansa ja kuoli; sillä hän oli vanha ja raskas mies. Ja hän tuomitsi Israelia neljäkymmentä ajastaikaa.

19 Ja hänen miniänsä Pinehaan emäntä oli viimeisellensä raskas; kuin hän sen sanoman kuuli, että Jumalan arkki oli otettu pois ja hänen appensa ja miehensä olivat kuolleet, kumarsi hän itsensä ja synnytti; sillä hänen kipunsa kävi hänen päällensä.

20 Ja kuin hän oli kuolemallansa, sanoivat vaimot, jotka seisoivat hänen tykönänsä: älä pelkää, sillä sinulle on poika syntynyt. Mutta ei hän mitään vastannut eikä sitä mieleensä pannut;

21 Ja kutsui sen lapsen Ikabod ja sanoi: kunnia on tullut Israelista pois; sillä Jumalan arkki otettiin pois, ja hänen appensa ja miehensä olivat kuolleet.

22 Ja hän taas sanoi: Israelin kunnia on tullut pois, sillä Jumalan arkki on otettu pois.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 4      

Although it was clear throughout Israel that Samuel had been established as the Lord’s prophet, the Israelites were still unprepared to listen to his prophecy. A new battle took place between the army of Israel and the army of the Philistines, that went decidedly in the Philistines’ favor. About four thousand men of Israel died.

The Israelites were in great distress, and they sent for the Ark of the covenant from Shiloh in order to summon the power of the Lord. Accompanying the Ark were the two sons of the High Priest Eli: Hophni and Phinehas. When the Ark reached the Israelite camp, the Israelites shouted with joy, and the Philistines became afraid. They knew that the Israelite God was surely with them, and they remembered His power from the plagues of Egypt (in Exodus 7 through 12). The Philistines, in order to avoid being enslaved by the Israelites, summoned courage and defeated Israel. In the process, they captured the Ark of the Covenant.

A messenger was dispatched to bring the bad news to Shiloh, where Eli was. Hophni and Phinehas were dead, and the Ark was in enemy hands. Upon hearing the news, the elderly Eli fell backwards from his seat and died. Phinehas’ wife was heavily pregnant. The bad news broke her spirit and she died shortly after delivering a son that she named Ichabod. The doom predicted in Chapter three of 1 Samuel had come to pass.

The Ark of the Covenant contained two stone tablets, on which were written the Ten Commandments. These were written by the finger of God, and given to Moses on Mount Sinai. The Commandments represented the covenant between the Lord and people. They would be joined together through love and faith: God’s love for His people, and their love for Him. Love, faith in God and obedience to His message would forever bind them. The covenant is only fulfilled when people, individually and collectively, do what is written on those two tablets (see True Christianity 285.)

When the Israelites lose the Ark of the Covenant in this story (and with it, the Ten Commandments) it symbolizes the loss of a person’s covenantal relationship with the Lord their Creator. This covenant can be severed, if we choose to break it, and this story is a representation of the destruction that breaking the covenant can cause. God, however, will never give up on us, and is always ready to come into our lives if we accept Him.

In True Christianity 285, Swedenborg writes that God is always ready to keep His commandment with us, but we must use our free will to keep our commandment with Him. This is illustrated in a quote from Revelation 3:20: “Behold, I stand at the door and knock. If anyone hears my voice and opens the door, I will come in to him and dine with him, and he with me.”

While this story is an example of a covenant with God described in the Old Testament of the Word, this relationship between God and His people (and, of course, with each one of us individually) is a theme throughout all of the Bible. The New Testament describes a new covenant that the Lord seeks to build with each of us.

The Philistines, whom the Israelites were battling in this chapter, are mentioned in Swedenborg’s writings, where he writes that they represent faith without charity. Both faith and charity are necessary to follow the Lord, and knowledge of what is right and true is not useful unless we apply it to our lives. If we do not, this knowledge simply becomes memory instead of an ongoing part of our life (see Arcana Coelestia 1197). In this chapter, the Israelites lose a battle to the Philistines and surrender the Ark of the Covenant, which contains the Ten Commandments. Since Philistines represent knowledge without charity, perhaps this story is telling us that in order to keep our covenant with God, it is not enough to know what is required of us, what is written on the tablet. We must also act accordingly. When we both understand the commandments and practice them, then we are able to keep our covenant with God.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1343, 1703, 2576, 4763, 9396, 9416


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 277, 700, 817

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 The Capture and Return of the Ark
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
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