Kohtunikud 4

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1 Ja Iisraeli lapsed tegid jälle, mis kuri oli Issanda silmis, kui Eehud oli surnud.

2 Siis andis Issand nad Kaanani kuninga Jaabini kätte, kes valitses Haasoris; tema sõjaväe pealik oli Siisera, kes elas Haroset-Goojimis.

3 Ja Iisraeli lapsed kisendasid Issanda poole, sest tal oli üheksasada raudsõjavankrit ja ta rõhus Iisraeli lapsi tugevasti kakskümmend aastat.

4 Aga naisprohvet Deboora, Lappidoti naine, mõistis sel ajal Iisraelile kohut.

5 Tema istus Deboora-palmi all Raama ja Peeteli vahel Efraimi mäestikus, ja Iisraeli lapsed läksid üles tema juurde kohtusse.

6 Ja Deboora läkitas käskjala ja laskis kutsuda Baaraki, Abinoami poja Naftali Kedesist ning ütles temale: 'Eks ole Issand, Iisraeli Jumal, käskinud: Mine rända Taabori mäele ja võta enesega kaasa kümme tuhat meest naftalilaste ja sebulonlaste hulgast!

7 Siis juhin mina su juurde Kiisoni jõe äärde Siisera, Jaabini sõjaväe pealiku, ning tema sõjavankrid ja väehulgad, ja ma annan ta sinu kätte.'

8 Ja Baarak vastas temale: 'Kui sa tuled koos minuga, siis ma lähen; aga kui sa ei tule koos minuga, siis ma ei lähe!'

9 Ja tema ütles: 'Ma tulen kindlasti koos sinuga, ainult et teekonnal, millele sa lähed, ei saa au osaks sinule, vaid Issand annab Siisera ühe naise kätte.' Ja Deboora võttis kätte ning läks koos Baarakiga Kedesisse.

10 Siis Baarak kutsus Kedesisse kokku Sebuloni ja Naftali, ja kümme tuhat meest läks üles tema kannul; ja Deboora läks koos temaga.

11 Aga keenlane Heber oli lahkunud keenlastest, Moosese äia Hoobabi lastest, ja oli oma telki üles lüües tulnud kuni Saanaimi tammeni, mis on Kedesi juures.

12 Kui Siiserale teatati, et Baarak, Abinoami poeg, oli läinud üles Taabori mäele,

13 siis hüüdis ta kokku kõik oma sõjavankrid, üheksasada raudvankrit, ja kogu rahva, kes tal oli, Haroset-Goojimist Kiisoni jõe äärde.

14 Ja Deboora ütles Baarakile: 'Tõuse, sest see on päev, mil Issand annab Siisera sinu kätte! Eks ole Issand su ees välja läinud?' Siis Baarak läks Taabori mäelt alla ja tema järel kümme tuhat meest.

15 Ja Issand viis segadusse Siisera ja kõik sõjavankrid ja kogu leeri Baaraki mõõgatera ees - ja Siisera astus vankrist maha ning põgenes jala.

16 Ja Baarak ajas vankreid ja sõjaväge taga kuni Haroset-Goojimini, ja kogu Siisera sõjavägi langes mõõgatera läbi, ainsatki ei jäänud järele.

17 Aga Siisera oli jala põgenenud keenlase Heberi naise Jaeli telki, sest Haasori kuninga Jaabini ja keenlase Heberi soo vahel oli rahu.

18 Ja Jael tuli välja Siiserale vastu ning ütles temale: 'Tule sisse, mu isand, tule sisse mu juurde, ära karda!' Ja Siisera läks tema juurde telki ning Jael kattis ta vaibaga.

19 Ja Siisera ütles temale: 'Anna mulle pisut vett juua, sest mul on janu!' Siis Jael võttis lahti piimaastja, andis temale juua ja kattis ta kinni.

20 Ja Siisera ütles temale: 'Seisa telgi uksel ja kui keegi tuleb ja küsib ning ütleb: Kas siin on keegi?, siis vasta: Ei ole!'

21 Aga Jael, Heberi naine, haaras ühe telgivaia ja võttis vasara kätte ning läks hiljukesi ta juurde ja tagus vaia ta oimudesse, nõnda et see tungis maasse; tema magas ju väsimuse pärast sügavasti; nõnda ta suri.

22 Ja vaata, Baarak ajas Siiserat taga. Siis Jael läks välja temale vastu ja ütles talle: 'Tule, ma näitan sulle meest, keda sa otsid!' Ja Baarak läks sisse tema juurde, ja vaata, Siisera lamas surnuna, vai oimudes.

23 Nõnda alandas Jumal sel päeval Jaabinit, Kaanani kuningat, Iisraeli laste ees.

24 Ja Iisraeli laste käsi lasus üha rängemini Kaanani kuninga Jaabini peal, kuni nad hävitasid Kaanani kuninga Jaabini.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 4      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 4: Deborah

Yet again, the children of Israel had disobeyed the Lord. At this point in time, they had been under the yoke of Jabin, a Canaanite king, for twenty years. He had nine hundred chariots of iron, and was apparently very powerful.

The Lord raised up Deborah, a prophetess, to free the Israelites from oppression under Jabin. The text says that she would pass judgements for the children of Israel while she sat under the palm tree of Deborah.

Deborah summoned Barak, an army officer, and told him to go with ten thousand men from the tribes of Naphtali and Zebulun to fight King Jabin’s armies. Barak said he would only go if Deborah went as well, so she agreed to join him. Deborah then prophesied that Sisera, the enemy commander, would be defeated by a woman.

The two armies clashed at by the River Kishon, and all of Sisera’s men were killed. Sisera then fled to the tent of Heber, an Israelite who was on peaceful terms with King Jabin. Jael, Heber’s wife, invited Sisera to come in with the comforting words, “fear not”. She covered him with a blanket, gave him milk to drink, and let him sleep there.

Then Jael quietly took a tent peg and drove it into Sisera’s temple using a hammer, so that the peg stuck in the earth. When Barak came to the tent, pursuing Sisera, Jael went out to tell him, “come, and I will show you the man you seek.” And she showed him Sisera, dead, with a peg through his temple.

So Jabin’s army was defeated that day, and Israel grew stronger until their oppression under Jabin came to an end.

*****

Deborah is an especially significant character in the Bible, because she was the only female judge of Israel. It was very unusual for a woman in those times to rise to power, yet she truly earned the respect of her people. Deborah, as a woman, stands for the nurturing power of the Word to strengthen us during regeneration. Her name means ‘a bee’, but this comes from a word meaning ‘to speak’ – here, to speak the Word. Bees make honey; honey is nutritious; God’s word is our nourishment (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 3424[2]).

The fact that Deborah judged from under a palm tree may seem like a passing detail, but even this contributes to the spiritual meaning of the story. Palm trees stand for the divine truths of the Word, which means that Deborah was judging the people from her understanding of the Lord’s truths.

King Jabin’s nine hundred iron chariots represent the apparent power of false beliefs, thoughts and persuasions over us. The number ‘nine’ stands for something which is complete, and ‘iron’ here stands for either natural truths or falsities. A ‘chariot’, being pulled by a horse, always stands for a set of teachings or doctrine. These three symbols add to the picture of a very powerful enemy: false ideas and views that can weaken and overwhelm us (Arcana Caelestia 4720[2]).

The spiritual meaning of the complex arrangement between Barak and Deborah is that we can only deal with our spiritual conflicts if we take the Word’s power (Deborah) with us. Barak, a man, represents the power of truth, but Deborah says a woman will gain victory over Sisera. The feminine stands for the power of love: our charity, our affection for good, and our wish to be useful. These qualities are always essential in our spiritual life (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Explained 1120[2]).

The story about Jael and Sisera is really about actively resisting the temptations of evil in our lives. Jael, a woman, stands for the power of good to overcome what is false in our mind. Driving the tent peg through Sisera’s head stands for the complete destruction of what is false. Driving it right through and into the ground stands for the power of good in our life and in our regeneration, because the ground represents our actions (Arcana Caelestia 268).

When Barak and Jael meet, it stands for the unity between good (Jael, a woman) and truth (Barak, a man). This unity of good and truth appears again at the start of the next chapter, in which Deborah and Barak sing of Israel’s victory.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2799


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 447, 811

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Významy biblických slov

kuri
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Surnud
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pealik
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kakskümmend
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all
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Peeteli
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lapsed
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Naftali
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Poeg
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hüüdis
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päev
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annab
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alla
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kümme
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tuhat
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põgenes
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taga
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

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põgenenud
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tuleb
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ütleb
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naine
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suri
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

Vaata
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

ütles
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

tule
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

näitan
'Shew' signifies instruction to the life.

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 Canaanite Chariots
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 Chariots in the Word Crossword Puzzle
Complete a crossword on chariots in the Word by looking up references to stories in the Old ad New Testaments.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Deborah and Barak
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Go with Me
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Jael Hides Sisera in Her Tent
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Palms in the Word Crossword Puzzle
A crossword puzzle about palms in the Word. Complete the puzzle using reference clues.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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