Kohtunikud 3

Studovat vnitřní smysl

← Kohtunikud 2   Kohtunikud 4 →     

1 Ja need on rahvad, keda Issand alles jättis, et nende läbi katsuda Iisraeli, kõiki neid, kes ei tundnud ühtegi Kaanani sõda,

2 ainult selleks, et Iisraeli laste sugupõlved teaksid, et tema õpetab neid sõdima, nimelt neid, kes seda varem ei osanud:

3 viis vilistite vürsti ja kõik kaananlased, siidonlased ja hiivlased, kes elasid Liibanoni mäestikus Baal-Hermoni mäest kuni Hamati teelahkmeni.

4 Need jäid, et nende läbi katsuda Iisraeli, et teada saada, kas nad tahavad kuulda Issanda käske, mis ta Moosese läbi oli andnud nende vanemaile.

5 Iisraeli lapsed elasid siis kaananlaste, hettide, emorlaste, perislaste, hiivlaste ja jebuuslaste keskel,

6 võtsid nende tütreid enestele naisteks ja andsid oma tütreid nende poegadele ning teenisid nende jumalaid.

7 Nõnda tegid Iisraeli lapsed kurja Issanda silmis ja unustasid Issanda, oma Jumala ning teenisid baale ja aðeraid.

8 Siis Issanda viha süttis põlema Iisraeli vastu ja ta müüs nad Mesopotaamia kuninga Kuusan-Risataimi kätte; ja Iisraeli lapsed orjasid Kuusan-Risataimi kaheksa aastat.

9 Aga Iisraeli lapsed kisendasid Issanda poole ja Issand tõstis Iisraeli lastele päästja, kes nad päästis - Otnieli, Kaalebi noorema venna Kenase poja.

10 Issanda Vaim tuli tema peale ja ta mõistis Iisraelile kohut; ta läks sõtta ja Issand andis tema kätte Mesopotaamia kuninga Kuusan-Risataimi ja ta käsi sai võimuse Kuusan-Risataimi üle.

11 Ja maal oli rahu nelikümmend aastat; siis suri Otniel, Kenase poeg.

12 Aga Iisraeli lapsed tegid jälle, mis kuri oli Issanda silmis, ja Issand julgustas Moabi kuningat Eglonit Iisraeli vastu, sellepärast et nad olid teinud kurja Issanda silmis.

13 Ja tema kogus enese juurde ammonlased ja amalekid ja läks ning lõi Iisraeli, ja nad vallutasid Palmidelinna.

14 Ja Iisraeli lapsed orjasid Moabi kuningat Eglonit kaheksateist aastat.

15 Siis Iisraeli lapsed kisendasid Issanda poole ja Issand tõstis neile päästjaks Eehudi, Geera poja, benjaminlase, vasakukäelise mehe. Kui Iisraeli lapsed saatsid temaga anni Moabi kuningale Eglonile,

16 siis Eehud valmistas enesele kaheteralise mõõga, küünar pika, ja pani selle vööle riiete alla oma paremale puusale.

17 Ja ta viis anni Eglonile, Moabi kuningale; ja Eglon oli väga paks mees.

18 Kui and oli tervenisti üle antud, siis ta saatis ära inimesed, kes andi olid kandnud,

19 ja ta ise pöördus tagasi Gilgalis olevate jumalakujude juurest ning ütles: 'Kuningas, mul on sulle saladus rääkida.' Ja Eglon vastas: 'Tasa!' Siis läksid kõik, kes ta juures seisid, tema juurest ära.

20 Eehud tuli ta juurde, kui ta istus vilus ülakambris, mis tal omaette oli, ja Eehud ütles: 'Mul on sinu jaoks Jumala sõna!' Ta tõusis üles oma istmelt,

21 aga Eehud sirutas oma vasaku käe, võttis mõõga oma paremalt puusalt ja torkas temale kõhtu,

22 nõnda et pidegi läks tera järel sisse ja rasv embas tera, sest ta ei tõmmanud mõõka tema kõhust välja; seejärel väljus ta peidikust.

23 Eehud läks eesruumi ja sulges ning riivistas enese järel ülakambri uksed.

24 Ja kui ta oli väljunud, siis tulid sisse kuninga sulased ja vaatasid, ja ennäe, ülakambri uksed olid suletud. Nad ütlesid: 'Küllap ta toimetab vilus kambris oma asju.'

25 Ja nad ootasid, kuni neil hakkas häbi, aga vaata, keegi ei avanud ülakambri uksi. Siis tõid nad võtme ja avasid, ja vaata, nende isand lamas surnuna maas.

26 Eehud oli aga põgenenud, seni kui nad kõhklesid; ta oli möödunud jumalakujudest ja pääsenud Seirasse.

27 Ja kui ta sinna jõudis, siis ta puhus sarve Efraimi mäestikus ja Iisraeli lapsed läksid koos temaga mäestikust alla, tema nende ees.

28 Ja ta ütles neile: 'Järgnege mulle, sest Issand annab teie vaenlased moabid teie kätte!' Ja nad läksid tema järel alla ning vallutasid Jordani koolmed, mis olid Moabi poole, ega lasknud üle mitte kedagi.

29 Tol korral lõid nad moabe maha ligi kümme tuhat meest, kõik tublid ja tugevad mehed, ja ainsatki ei pääsenud.

30 Nõnda alistati Moab sel päeval Iisraeli käe alla ja maal oli rahu kaheksakümmend aastat.

31 Ja tema järel tuli Samgar, Anati poeg, ja see lõi härjaastlaga vilistitest maha kuussada meest; temagi päästis Iisraeli.

← Kohtunikud 2   Kohtunikud 4 →
   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Judges 3      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 3: In which we hear about the nations who remain in the land; and about the judges Othniel, Ehud, and Shamgar.

This chapter begins with a very important set of statements about the nations still undefeated in the land. First, it says that the Lord would test Israel by means of these nations; secondly, that this test would “teach [the new generations] war”; and finally, that this would reveal whether or not Israel would obey the Lord. The text goes on to say that Israel now took the daughters of other nations to be wives, and also gave their own daughters to the sons of other nations.

Being ‘tested’ by the Lord refers to the temptations and spiritual conflicts we must experience during regeneration. The Lord does not test in order to make us falter, or to see how much we can endure. Rather, the testing is to make us stronger and more steadfast in our intention to follow the Lord (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 126).

The new generations who would not have known war stand for those future states, in which we might begin to let go, and forget what the Lord has done for us. While all external wars should cease, we will always need to quell the spiritual wars within us. The key to victory is in our willingness to obey the Lord’s commandments. This wish to obey the Lord must be imprinted in our hearts and minds (see Swedenborg’s work, Doctrine of Faith 50).

‘Taking the daughters of other nations as wives’ describes the ways in which the spiritual marriage of good and truth in us becomes perverted. When our evil desires harm truths, and false ideas harm genuine loves, our sense of what is right becomes so distorted that we have no principles left to follow.

Because Israel kept forgetting the Lord and worshipping other gods, the Lord raised judges to deliver Israel. This chapter tells the stories of three judges, and we will examine the spiritual meaning of each.

The first judge discussed in this chapter was Othniel (see Judges 1). Israel was taken by Chushan-Rishathaim, the king of Mesopotamia, for eight years. His name means ‘the blackness of injustice”. Othniel delivered Israel from captivity, and there was peace for forty years. Spiritually, this describes our power, given to us by the Lord, to break free from evil wishes and thoughts. The number ‘forty’ describes the temptations we must overcome in doing this (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8098).

The next judge, Ehud, ruled at the time when Eglon, a Moabite king, took Israel captive for eighteen years. Ehud made a long, double-edged dagger and went to the king to pay tribute. When those with him were leaving, he stayed and said to King Eglon, “I have a gift for you from God”, and plunged the dagger into the king’s belly so that his fat covered the blade. Then he left, locking the doors behind him, and Eglon’s servants eventually found their king dead. Ehud then attacked, and freed Israel from the Moabites.

The meaning of this graphic event is to show the power of the truth when it is used to combat evil. Eglon was fat, representing the seemingly large and imposing nature of evils. The double-edged dagger stands for the power of the Word. It went straight into the king’s fat belly, which stands for the absolute power of the Word to tear down evils and falsities. This then allows us to reassert our leading intentions, and return to our service for the Lord (see Apocalypse Revealed 52).

The third and final judge mentioned in this chapter was Shamgar, who killed six hundred Philistines with an ox goad and delivered Israel. The Philistines – who later became a major enemy of Israel – stand for the belief that faith alone will save us, without any need for good actions in life. This can have an insidious influence on us and needs constant attention, represented by the number six hundred. The ox goad (prodder) indicates that we need to keep pushing ourselves to do good, just as an ox is prodded to work strenuously (Arcana Caelestia 1198).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1444, 2722, 6858, 8301

Apocalypse Revealed 367


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 458, 811

Jiný komentář

  Příběhy:



Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 24:10

Exodus 34:16

Leviticus 26:17

Numbrid 13:29, 23:18

Deuteronoomia 8:11, 14, 18

Joshua 2:7, 13:3

Kohtunikud 1:4, 5, 13, 16, 2:11, 13, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 3:11, 30, 4:3, 5:6, 31, 6:3, 25, 34, 7:9, 14, 15, 24, 8:28, 33, 10:1, 9, 11, 12, 11:29, 12:5, 13:25, 14:6, 15:14, 15, 17:1, 19:1, 20:16

1 Samuel 10:6, 10, 12:9, 13:3, 17:50

2 Saamuel 4:6, 20:9, 10

1 kuningat 9:20, 11:3

1 kroonikad 8:3, 5

2 kroonikat 9:24, 15:1

Nehemja 4:14

Psalmid 78:58, 83:6, 106:35, 36, 41

Hosea 6:4

2 korintlast 14

Významy biblických slov

rahvad
'A nation,' as in Genesis 21:18, signifies the spiritual church which should receive the good of faith. Nation from afar,' as in Jeremiah 5:17, signifies...

sõda
'Wars,' in the Word, signify spiritual war, which consists of challenging truth, and are conducted by rationalizations from falsities. This is why the ministry of...

Viis
Five also signifies all things of one part.

kuulda
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

elasid
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

oma
In many cases, the spiritual meaning of "own," both as a verb and as an adjective, is relatively literal. When people are described as the...

viha
Anger is an emotion so common to people that it requires no definition. However a couple of points of interest can be raised. 1) The...

kaheksa
According to Swedenborg, the number eight represents something that is complete within itself, in every respect. Two reasons are offered for this. First, eight is...

Päästja
The Lord from the essential divine, through the divine human, is the savior. The Lord became the savior by His spiritual temptations, or combats.

Mesopotaamia
'Mesopotamia' denotes knowledges of truth.

käsi
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

nelikümmend
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

suri
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

kuri
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

Paks
Fat signifies the celestial principle. Fat things, full of marrow, signify goodnesses. Fat and blood signify interior goods and truths, and hence the Israelites, prior...

mees
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

pöördus
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

tagasi
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

kuningas
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

tuli
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

sõna
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

sulased
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

uksed
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

häbi
On a natural level, there are a variety of things that can cause shame. We might be ashamed of physical weakness or ugliness; we might...

Vaata
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

isand
In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...

möödunud
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

lapsed
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

ütles
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

annab
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

Vaenlased
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

alla
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

kümme
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

tuhat
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

mehed
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Moab
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

kaheksakümmend
Swedenborg tells us that 80, like 40, can represent a state of temptation, when we face and battle our desires for evil – and that...

Poeg
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

lõi
To strike or smite, when used in the Bible, means to attack, harm or destroy, and is usually in reference to an attack on someone’s...

Zdroje pro rodiče a učitele

Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


 Ehud and Eglon
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The First Three Judges of Israel Complete the Chart
Learn the cycle of the Judges by completing information about the first three judges of Israel.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The First Three Judges Review Questions
Read Judges 3 to find answers to fill in the blanks. Cloze activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


Přeložit: