Kohtunikud 2

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Estonian     

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1 Ja Issanda ingel tuli Gilgalist üles Bokimisse ning ütles: 'Ma olen teid toonud Egiptusest ja viinud maale, mille ma vandega tõotasin anda teie vanemaile; ja ma ütlesin: Mina ei tee ilmaski tühjaks oma lepingut teiega.

2 Te ei tohi teha lepingut selle maa elanikega: te peate nende altarid maha kiskuma! Aga te ei ole kuulanud mu häält. Mis te olete teinud!

3 Seepärast ma ütlen: Mina ei aja neid ära teie eest, vaid nad saavad teile püüniseks ja nende jumalad saavad teile püüdepaelaks.'

4 Ja kui Issanda ingel oli rääkinud need sõnad kõigile Iisraeli lastele, siis rahvas tõstis häält ja nuttis.

5 Ja nad nimetasid selle paiga Bokimiks ning ohverdasid seal Issandale.

6 Kui Joosua oli saatnud rahva minema, siis Iisraeli lapsed läksid igaüks oma pärisosale, võtma maad oma valdusesse.

7 Ja rahvas teenis Issandat kogu Joosua eluaja ja kogu vanemate eluaja, kes elasid veel pärast Joosuat, kes olid näinud kõiki Issanda suuri tegusid, mis ta Iisraelile oli teinud.

8 Siis Joosua, Nuuni poeg, Issanda sulane, suri saja kümne aasta vanuses.

9 Ta maeti oma pärisosa maa-alale Timnat-Heresisse Efraimi mäestikus põhja pool Gaasi mäge.

10 Ja kui ka kogu see sugupõlv oli koristatud oma vanemate juurde, tõusis pärast neid teine sugupõlv, kes ei tundnud Issandat ega ka mitte neid tegusid, mis ta Iisraelile oli teinud.

11 Ja Iisraeli lapsed tegid kurja Issanda silmis ning teenisid baale

12 ja jätsid maha Issanda, oma vanemate Jumala, kes oli nad ära toonud Egiptusemaalt, ja käisid teiste jumalate järel nende rahvaste jumalate hulgast, kes olid neil ümberkaudu, ja kummardasid neid ning vihastasid Issandat.

13 Aga kui nad Issanda maha jätsid ja teenisid Baali ja Astartet,

14 siis Issanda viha süttis põlema Iisraeli vastu ja ta andis nad riisujate kätte, kes neid riisusid, ja müüs nad nende ümberkaudsete vaenlaste kätte, ja nad ei suutnud enam seista oma vaenlaste ees.

15 Kuhu nad iganes läksid, seal oli Issanda käsi nende vastu õnnetust tuues, nõnda nagu Issand oli öelnud ja nõnda nagu Issand neile oli vandunud; ja neil oli väga kitsas käes.

16 Siis Issand laskis tõusta kohtumõistjaid, kes päästsid nad nende riisujate käest.

17 Aga nad ei kuulanud ka oma kohtumõistjaid, vaid käisid hoora viisil teiste jumalate järel ja kummardasid neid. Peagi lahkusid nad teelt, mida nende vanemad olid käinud Issanda käske kuulda võttes - nemad ei teinud nõnda.

18 Kui siis Issand tõstis neile kohtumõistjaid, oli Issand kohtumõistjaga ja päästis nad nende vaenlaste käest kogu kohtumõistja eluajaks, sest Issandal oli kaastunnet nende ägamise pärast rõhujate ja kallaletungijate käes.

19 Aga kui kohtumõistja suri, siis nad pöördusid tagasi ja talitasid veel kõlvatumalt kui nende vanemad, käies teiste jumalate järel neid teenides ja neid kummardades; nad ei jätnud midagi maha oma kurjadest tegudest ega kangekaelsuse viisidest.

20 Siis Issanda viha süttis põlema Iisraeli vastu ja ta ütles: 'Et see rahvas on rikkunud mu lepingut, mille ma tegin nende vanematega, ega kuula mu häält,

21 siis ka mina ei aja enam nende eest ära ühtegi neist rahvaist, keda Joosua surres alles jättis,

22 et nende läbi Iisraeli katsuda: kas nad tahavad hoida Issanda teed, käies sellel, nagu nende vanemad seda hoidsid, või mitte.'

23 Ja Issand jättis alles need rahvad, ei ajanud neid kohe ära ega andnud neid ka Joosua kätte.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 2      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 2: Israel’s disobedience and Joshua’s death.

This chapter opens with a reprimand from the Angel of the Lord. The Israelites had been commanded not to make any treaties with the people of Canaan, and to tear down their altars. The Angel warned that Israel had broken their covenant to the Lord, so the Lord would not drive out the other inhabitants of the land; they would be thorns in Israel’s side, and their gods would be a snare. Israel wept, and sacrificed to the Lord.

After the Israelites had gone to their assigned territories, it mentions Joshua’s death and burial (yet Joshua had died at the end of the book of Joshua!). All Israel had followed the Lord during Joshua’s time, and understood what the Lord had done for Israel. But the older generation died away, and a new generation arose who did not know the Lord, nor what He had done for Israel.

The chapter then spells out the terrible plight in which the people of Israel had entangled themselves. They had begun to worship Baal and Ashtaroth, the gods of the Canaanites, and they turned away from the Lord who had done so much for them. So, the Lord allowed their enemies to attack them, and Israel could not stand against them. This theme of straying from the Lord, and in turn being punished, will return through the next few chapters.

In the midst of this, the text says that the Lord raised up judges who delivered Israel. However, when each judge died, the people reverted to worshipping other gods. This seems to anticipate the events ahead in Judges.

*****

This chapter really marks the first of many transgressions committed by the Israelites in the book of Judges. The first three verses of this chapter feature the Angel of the Lord, who appears many times throughout the Word, and for many reasons: sometimes to bless, but in this case, to admonish the children of Israel for their disobedience. The Angel of the Lord stands firm and resolute, and represents truths from the Lord revealed in our hearts and minds (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 96[6]).

The spiritual meaning of ‘weeping’ can mean various things, depending on the context. Here, the people wept because of the Angel’s warning, in momentary recognition of their wrongdoing. This is not real repentance (a ‘change of heart’), but fear along with a sense of our own self-love, which may lead us into more disobedience (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 153).

The death of the older generation and rise of a new one represents a change of state in us. The older generation - Joshua and the elders - served as a connection between the people and the Lord, since they had seen the Lord’s blessings on Israel in their own time. However, when we lose that connection, both our love of obedience and understanding of why we must obey the Lord fall away.

Our changes of state usually happen quickly; we suddenly get angry, feel fear, become selfish. When we turn to the Lord for help during these times, we quickly enter a state of humility in which the Lord can reach us (see Swedenborg’s Doctrine of Life 21).

After Joshua’s death, the children of Israel began to worship other gods, and the Lord punished them. In our lives, this would be like turning back on our devotion to the Lord to instead focus on worldly things, and do just as we please. There is no punishment from the Lord, only the consequences of our actions. We become weak, easy prey for doubts and anxieties, completely at the mercy of the hells (see Arcana Caelestia 7373).

Although the Lord raised judges to lead the people, the Israelites would would return to their old ways once the judge had passed away. This gives us a valuable spiritual truth that even in our sorry state of self-interest, we are still, at times, able to see the mess we are in. We may feel alarmed for a while, but this subsides and we grow complacent once again. The Lord raises up judges so that we can hold ourselves accountable.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 921, 1925, 3255, 4539, 8286, 8301


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 391

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