Kohtunikud 18

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Estonian     

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1 Neil päevil ei olnud Iisraelis kuningat; ja neil päevil otsis daanlaste suguharu enesele elamiseks pärisosa, sest kuni selle ajani ei olnud temale langenud pärisosa Iisraeli suguharude keskel.

2 Ja daanlased läkitasid oma suguvõsast viis meest, vaprad mehed oma piirkonnast Sorast ja Estaolist, maad kuulama ja uurima, ja nad ütlesid neile: 'Minge uurige maad!' Ja need tulid Efraimi mäestikku Miika koja juurde ning ööbisid seal.

3 Kui nad olid Miika koja juures, siis tundsid nad ära noore mehe, leviidi hääle; nad põikasid sinna ja küsisid temalt: 'Kes tõi sind siia? Mis sa siin teed? Mispärast sa siin oled?'

4 Ja ta vastas neile: 'Miika tegi mulle nii ühte kui teist ja palkas mind, et ma oleksin temale preestriks!'

5 Siis nad ütlesid temale: 'Küsi ometi Jumalalt, et saaksime teada, kas meie teekond, mida käime, õnnestub?'

6 Ja preester vastas neile: 'Minge rahuga! Teie teekond, mida käite, on Issanda ees!'

7 Ja need viis meest läksid ning jõudsid Laisi; ja nad nägid, et rahvas, kes seal oli, elas siidonlaste viisi muretult, rahulikult ja julgesti; ja et neil oli varandusi, siis ei olnud neil puudust millestki, mis maa peal on; nad olid siidonlastest kaugel ja neil ei olnud tegemist teiste inimestega.

8 Siis nad tulid oma vendade juurde Sorasse ja Estaoli ja nende vennad küsisid neilt: 'Kuidas teil oli?'

9 Ja nad ütlesid: 'Võtkem kätte ja mingem üles nende vastu, sest me nägime maad, ja vaata, see on väga hea maa! Ja teie kõhklete! Ärge olge laisad astuma, kui lähete maad pärima!

10 Kui te lähete, siis jõuate ühe muretu rahva juurde ja maa on igat kätt lai. Jah, Jumal annab selle teie kätte, paiga, kus ei ole puudust millestki, mis maa peal on.'

11 Siis läks sealt daanlaste suguvõsast, Sorast ja Estaolist, teele kuussada meest, sõjariistad vööl.

12 Nad läksid üles ja asusid leeri Kirjat-Jearimi Juudamaal; sellepärast hüütakse seda paika tänapäevani 'Daani leeriks'; vaata, see on lääne pool Kirjat-Jearimi.

13 Ja sealt läksid nad edasi Efraimi mäestikku ning jõudsid Miika koja juurde.

14 Siis võtsid sõna need viis meest, kes olid käinud Laisi maad uurimas, ja ütlesid oma vendadele: 'Kas teate, et neis kodades on õlarüü, teeravid, nikerdatud ja valatud kuju? Nüüd siis teadke, mida peate tegema!'

15 Ja nad pöördusid sinna ning tulid Miika kotta noore mehe, leviidi koja juurde ja küsisid temalt, kas ta käsi käib hästi.

16 Ja need kuussada meest daanlastest, kellel olid sõjariistad vööl, seisid värava suus;

17 aga need viis meest, kes olid käinud maad kuulamas, läksid üles, astusid sisse, võtsid ära nikerdatud kuju, õlarüü, teeravid ja valatud kuju, kusjuures preester ja need kuussada meest, kellel olid sõjariistad vööl, seisid värava suus.

18 Ja kui need läksid Miika kotta ja võtsid ära nikerdatud kuju, õlarüü, teeravid ja valatud kuju, siis küsis preester neilt: 'Mida te teete?'

19 Nad vastasid temale: 'Ole vait, pane käsi suu peale ja tule koos meiega ning ole meile isaks ja preestriks! On sul parem olla preestriks üheainsa mehe kojale kui olla preestriks ühele Iisraeli suguharule ja suguvõsale?'

20 Siis preestri süda läks rõõmsaks ja ta võttis õlarüü, teeravid ja nikerdatud kuju ning tuli rahva sekka.

21 Seejärel nad pöördusid ja läksid edasi ning läkitasid väetid lapsed ja loomad ja väärtuslikumad asjad eneste ees.

22 Kui nad olid Miika kojast eemale jõudnud, siis hüüti mehed kokku kodadest, mis olid Miika koja juures, ja need jõudsid daanlastele järele.

23 Nad hüüdsid daanlasi ja need pöördusid ümber ning küsisid Miikalt: 'Mis sul vaja on, et teid on kokku kutsutud?'

24 Tema vastas: 'Te olete võtnud minu jumalad, mis ma olin teinud, ja preestri, ja lähete minema! Mis mul nüüd enam on? Kuidas te siis minult küsite, et mis sul vaja on?'

25 Aga daanlased vastasid temale: 'Ära meie juures too kuuldavale oma häält, et kibestunud hingega mehed ei kipuks teile kallale ja sina ei kaotaks oma ja oma pere elu!'

26 Ja daanlased läksid oma teed. Ja kui Miika nägi, et nad olid temast vägevamad, siis ta pöördus ümber ja läks tagasi koju.

27 Ja olles võtnud, mis Miika oli teinud, ja preestri, kes tal oli olnud, läksid nad Laisi kallale, rahuliku ja muretu rahva kallale, lõid need maha mõõgateraga ja põletasid linna tulega.

28 Ei olnud ühtegi päästjat, sest see oli Siidonist kaugel ja neil ei olnud tegemist muude inimestega; see oli Beet-Rehobi orus; ja daanlased ehitasid linna üles ning elasid seal.

29 Ja nad panid linnale nimeks Daan, oma isa Daani nime järgi, kes Iisraelile oli sündinud; aga enne oli linna nimeks Lais.

30 Ja daanlased püstitasid endile nikerdatud kuju; ja Joonatan, Moosese poja Geersomi poeg, tema ja ta pojad olid daanlaste suguharule preestriteks kuni päevani, mil maa rahvas vangi viidi.

31 Nõnda nad seadsid endile üles Miika nikerdatud kuju, mille ta oli teinud, kogu ajaks, mil Jumala koda oli Siilos.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 18      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

The Tribe of Dan Adopts Micah’s Idolatry

This chapter shows the way in which one person’s distortion of truth, turning it into a falsity, can have severe consequences on a larger scale.

The tribe of Dan – one of the twelve tribes of Israel – was given land to the west, by the coast, but they found it hard to hold on to. The name of the tribe of Dan means ‘to judge’, but if judgment isn't based on the Word there will be chaos. (Arcana Caelestia 842)

Faced with competition for their homeland, the tribal leaders of Dan went looking for a place for themselves elsewhere. They sent five men of valour to spy out the land. These men came to Micah’s house, and they recognised the voice of the young Levite there. They questioned him about his situation, and he told them that Micah had hired him to be a priest to his household. The men of Dan asked the Levite to ask the Lord if their search would be prosperous, and he told them that it would be.

The spiritual meaning of this part of the chapter is to do with an intensifying wrongness. At the textual level, there is reference to the Lord, and an apparent normality in what takes place. But underlying it, there's a wrongness, which will become apparent later in the chapter. The pointers to it here are the five men from Dan, them coming straight to Micah’s house, and the hiring of a priest.

The number ‘five’ has a good meaning in many parts of the Word, but it can also have a bad meaning, as it does here. In this context, it stands for only a little, for disunion and the destruction of the Word (Apocalypse Revealed 738).

Coming directly to Micah’s house and recognising the Levite brings together two evil intentions: Micah’s idol and the men of Dan’s search to take a home for themselves. An example for us could be where two people plot to seek the harm of a third person. (Arcana Caelestia 4724)

The hiring of a priest is something disallowed, for priests are there to serve the Lord and they are provided for by the people, not to be hired. Hiring, spiritually, stands for seeking reward for what you do, whereas the true reward is heaven for those who serve without expecting a reward. (Arcana Caelestia 8002)

The five men leave Micah's house, and go on to Laish in the far north, where there are people who dwell securely in peace and without rulers, far from others and with no ties. Laish means ‘fearless and kneaded together’. It is a picture of perfection, of heaven. (Divine Love and Wisdom 200)

The five men then return to their tribe of Dan and report about Laish. They say that it is ideal for the taking because it has plenty of land and its people are secure. They say that “God has given it into your hands”.

Six hundred men of the tribe of Dan set out and they too, come to the house of Micah. The five spies tell them about the idols and they meet and greet the young Levite. Then the five spies go in and take all the idols in the house. The Levite joins up with the men from Dan and they go on together.

One spiritual meaning in the story is that evil (Dan, gone bad) loves to destroy peace and innocence (Laish).

The complete loss to Micah of all his idols and his hired priest, shows, too, that in fully turning to evil, there is the final loss of everything that might bring a person back. (Arcana Caelestia 9039)

People living near Micah go and accost the men of Dan about what they have taken -- but Micah is told to stop complaining or his household will be killed.

The Danites leave, and go and capture Laish, killing and burning, and re-naming the city Dan. There they set up the images and appoint priests. These images remain in Dan all the time that the house of God is in Shiloh.

The spiritual meaning of one evil or falsity becoming greater or more numerous is in the way that we might hold a negative emotion or a distorted view in our mind where it then spreads to other emotions and views we have and brings them into greater evil and falsity. This is the intention of evil and also of hell’s influence, to extend it to be as widespread as possible.

This is the outcome of everything that has developed through this and the previous chapter. It describes the spread of evil to become a terrible force for destruction and spiritually, for an individual person, for self-destruction. In the context of the decline of Israel to where ‘everyone did what was right in their own eyes’ this progression presents the pathway and process of that spiritual loss. (Divine Providence 19)

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2598, 6396


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 2799, 3704, 3923, 4111, 8301

Heaven and Hell 324


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Spiritual Experiences 2411

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