Kohtunikud 1

Studovat vnitřní smysl
← Joshua 24   Kohtunikud 2 →     

1 Pärast Joosua surma küsisid Iisraeli lapsed Issandalt, öeldes: 'Kes meist peab esimesena minema sõtta kaananlaste vastu?'

2 Ja Issand vastas: 'Mingu Juuda! Vaata, ma annan maa tema kätte.'

3 Siis ütles Juuda oma vennale Siimeonile: 'Tule koos minuga minu liisuosale ja sõdime kaananlaste vastu, siis tulen ka mina koos sinuga sinu liisuosale!' Ja Siimeon läks koos temaga.

4 Juuda läks ja Issand andis nende kätte kaananlased ja perislased; Besekis lõid nad neist maha kümme tuhat meest.

5 Besekis kohtasid nad Adoni-Besekit, sõdisid tema vastu ning lõid kaananlasi ja perislasi.

6 Adoni-Besek aga põgenes ja nad ajasid teda taga ning võtsid ta kinni ja raiusid tal pöidlad kätelt ja suured varbad jalgadelt.

7 Ja Adoni-Besek ütles: 'Seitsekümmend kuningat, kelle kätelt olid raiutud pöidlad ja jalgadelt suured varbad, olid korjamas raasukesi mu laua all. Nõnda nagu ma ise tegin, nõnda tasus Jumal mulle.' Ta viidi Jeruusalemma ja ta suri seal.

8 Ja juudalased sõdisid Jeruusalemma vastu, vallutasid selle, lõid elanikud maha mõõgateraga ja põletasid linna tulega.

9 Seejärel läksid juudalased sõdima kaananlaste vastu, kes elasid mäestikus, Lõunamaal ja madalikul.

10 Nii läks Juuda kaananlaste vastu, kes elasid Hebronis; Hebroni nimi oli muiste Kirjat-Arba; ja nad lõid Seesaid, Ahimani ja Talmaid.

11 Sealt läks ta Debiri elanike vastu; Debiri nimi oli muiste Kirjat-Seefer.

12 Ja Kaaleb ütles: 'Kes Kirjat-Seeferit lööb ja selle vallutab, sellele ma annan naiseks oma tütre Aksa.'

13 Kui Otniel, Kaalebi noorema venna Kenase poeg, selle vallutas, siis ta andis oma tütre Aksa temale naiseks.

14 Ja kui Aksa tuli, siis Otniel kehutas teda oma isalt põldu nõudma. Kui Aksa eesli seljast maha hüppas, küsis Kaaleb: 'Mida sa soovid?'

15 Ja ta vastas: 'Anna mulle üks kingitus! Et sa mind oled andnud kuivale maale, siis anna mulle ka veeallikaid!' Ja Kaaleb andis temale ülemised allikad ja alumised allikad.

16 Ja Moosese äia, keenlase lapsed olid tulnud Palmidelinnast koos juudalastega Juuda kõrbe, mis on Aradi Negebis; nad läksid ja elasid sealse rahva hulgas.

17 Ja Juuda läks oma venna Siimeoniga ja nad lõid neid kaananlasi, kes elasid Sefatis, ja hävitasid linna sootuks; ja linnale pandi nimeks Horma.

18 Ja Juuda vallutas Assa ja selle maa-ala, Askeloni ja selle maa-ala, Ekroni ja selle maa-ala.

19 Issand oli Juudaga ja seetõttu ta vallutas mäestiku; aga ta ei suutnud ära ajada oru elanikke, sest neil olid raudsõjavankrid.

20 Ja Kaalebile anti Hebron, nagu Mooses oli käskinud, ja tema ajas sealt ära kolm anaklast.

21 Aga benjaminlased ei ajanud ära jebuuslasi, kes elasid Jeruusalemmas, ja nii elavad jebuuslased Jeruusalemmas koos benjaminlastega tänapäevani.

22 Ka Joosepi sugu läks teele, nad läksid Peetelisse ja Issand oli nendega.

23 Kui Joosepi sugu laskis Peetelis maad kuulata, linna nimi oli muiste Luus,

24 siis luurajad nägid ühte meest linnast välja tulevat ning ütlesid sellele: 'Näita nüüd meile, kust me pääseme linna, siis me anname sulle armu!'

25 Siis ta näitas neile linna sissepääsu ja nad lõid mõõgateraga maha linna elanikud, mehe ja kogu tema suguvõsa aga lasksid nad minna.

26 Ja see mees läks hettide maale ja ehitas sinna linna ning pani sellele nimeks Luus; see on selle nimi tänapäevani.

27 Aga Manasse ei vallutanud Beet-Seani ega selle tütarlinnu, ei Taanakit ega selle tütarlinnu, ei Doori elanikke ega selle tütarlinnu, ei Jibleami elanikke ega selle tütarlinnu, ei Megiddo elanikke ega selle tütarlinnu, vaid kaananlased jäid elama sellele maale.

28 Aga kui Iisrael sai tugevamaks, siis nad panid kaananlastele peale töökohustuse ega ajanud neid hoopiski mitte ära.

29 Efraim ei ajanud ära kaananlasi, kes elasid Geseris, vaid kaananlased Geseris jäid elama tema keskele.

30 Sebulon ei ajanud ära Kitroni elanikke ega Nahaloli elanikke, vaid kaananlased elasid tema keskel ja said töökohustuslikeks.

31 Aaser ei ajanud ära Akko elanikke ega Siidoni, Ahlabi, Aksibi, Helba, Afiki ja Rehobi elanikke.

32 Nii elasid aaserlased maa elanike, kaananlaste keskel, sest nad ei ajanud neid ära.

33 Naftali ei ajanud ära Beet-Semesi elanikke ega Beet-Anati elanikke, vaid elas maa elanike, kaananlaste keskel; aga Beet-Semesi ja Beet-Anati elanikud said neile töökohustuslikeks.

34 Emorlased tõrjusid daanlased mäestikku ega lasknud neid tulla orgu.

35 Ja emorlased jäid elama Har-Heresisse, Ajjaloni ja Saalbimi; aga Joosepi soo käsi osutus neile rängaks ja nad said töökohustuslikeks.

36 Ja emorlaste maa-ala piir kulges Skorpionide tõusuteest Selasse ja kõrgemale.

← Joshua 24   Kohtunikud 2 →
   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Judges 1      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 1: The continuing conquest of Canaan.

The book of Judges follows on almost seamlessly from Joshua. It is called ‘Judges’ because a number of regional leaders arose and made judgments for the people, often actively defending Israel from outside oppression. A pattern emerges in Judges: Israel disobeys the Lord – an enemy oppresses Israel – the Lord raises a leader – the leader is victorious against the enemy – there is peace for a time – Israel disobeys the Lord again.

There were twelve judges in all, about whom we either hear very much or next to nothing. The number twelve (as with the twelve tribes of Israel, the twelve disciples, and other examples in the Word), stands for all the various aspects of spirituality that we need to understand, develop, and put to use. A clue is often found in the meaning of their names, because biblical names are nearly always linked to spiritual qualities, such as ‘courage’, or ‘one who walks with God’ (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 10216).

The theme of this first chapter is the further conquest of the land. The Israelites asked the Lord, “Who shall go up and fight for us?” And the Lord said that the tribe of Judah would go, because the Lord had delivered the land into their hand. Judah then called on the tribe of Simeon to join them, and they won many battles against the Canaanites still in the land.

One Canaanite king, Adoni-bezek, fled and was captured by the Israelites, who then cut off his thumbs and big toes. Adoni-bezek said that God had dealt justice by punishing him, as he had previously cut off seventy kings’ thumbs and big toes, and they had to gather scraps of food under his table.

Then Caleb, a leader of Israel during the journey through the wilderness, said that the man who took Kirjath-sepher (Caleb’s inheritance city) from the Canaanites would marry his daughter, Achsah. Caleb’s nephew, Othniel, took the city and Achsah was given to him. Achsah asked her father for the blessing of springs of water, and Caleb gave her the upper and lower springs.

Next, spies were sent to Bethel. They met a man there, and said that if he directed them the entrance to the city, they would show him mercy. He helped them, and they took the city but showed mercy on the man and all his family. After all of this, the man built a new city called Luz in the land of the Hittites.

The chapter ends by listing the twelve tribes, as well as the Canaanite peoples who remained unsubdued in each of their territories.

*****

The overarching spiritual theme of Judges is the process of our regeneration. As the opening of Judges reminds us, there were still parts of the land and various tribes that Israel needed to conquer. In fact, the Israelites never finished driving enemies out of their land. In the same way, we need to control our inherited human nature, but it is never completely wiped out (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 238).

During regeneration, we will discover deeper and subtler self-centered states in ourselves, which need to be mitigated. Each judge raised by the Lord stands for our determination to deal with these states, using the Word as a guide. This brings us a period of peace, followed by the start of another personal discovery.

When the Israelites chose which tribes would fight for them, it was no coincidence that they selected Judah and Simeon. Judah (who was a prominent tribe of Israel) and Simeon (who usually acts with another tribe) stand for the highest things in our spiritual life: our love for the Lord, and our obedience to the Lord’s Word. Choosing Judah and Simeon as our strength will always bring victory in our regeneration (see Arcana Caelestia 3654 and Apocalypse Explained 443).

The spiritual meaning in the story of Adoni-bezek is about taking away the power of our self-love, as cutting off thumbs and big toes makes hands and feet virtually useless. When we work on our lower nature, we are to minimize its control over us. It is the same with any influences from hell; their power must end. Adoni-bezek’s comment about doing the same to seventy kings vividly describes how self-love can only lead to our downfall (Arcana Caelestia 10062[4]).

The delightful story of Caleb, Achsah and Othniel illustrates that after battle, there is rest and reward. In the same way, we strengthen the ‘marriage’ of good and truth in us after overcoming spiritual struggles (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 409). The springs of water given to Achsah stand for the truths which flow into our mind, both about the ‘upper’ things of the Lord and heaven, and those ‘lower’ ones about spiritual life and responsibility.

The episode about the man from Bethel means that when we open up our life to the Lord to allow Him to guide us, we become blessed (Arcana Caelestia 3928). Then our life can be re-built in very practical and good ways, represented by the Hittites.

The final mention of the Canaanites still in the land points to the continuing presence of our unregenerate qualities. Although we may progress through the work of regeneration, we are still human, and we will always have flaws left to improve on.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 66, 1408, 1574, 1616, 2799, 2838, 2909, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 367

True Christian Religion 614


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 458, 734

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 41

Jiný komentář

  Příběhy:



Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 9:26, 49:8, 24

Exodus 18:1, 15

Leviticus 24:19, 20

Numbrid 10:29, 14:45, 27:21, 34:4

Deuteronoomia 2:23, 34:3, 4

Joshua 2:1, 12, 14, 24, 6:22, 23, 25, 11:21, 12:8, 14:9, 13, 15, 15:11, 13, 16, 63, 16:1, 2, 10, 17:11, 16, 18:21, 28, 19:15, 24, 28, 29, 30, 38, 42, 43, 47

Kohtunikud 1:8, 21, 27, 2:8, 9, 3:5, 9, 13, 4:3, 11, 9:24, 57, 14:19, 16:1, 18:1, 19:11, 20:18, 23, 27, 28

1 Samuel 10:22, 15:6, 33, 18:5, 12, 14, 30:15, 31:10

1 kuningat 9:21, 16:31, 21:19, 22:5

2 kuningat 18:7, 23:29

1 kroonikad 2:55

Psalmid 106:34

Jesaja 33:1

Jeremija 25:20

Zephaniah 3:19

Matteus 7:1, 15:27

Ilmutus 22:12

Významy biblických slov

pärast
According to Swedenborg, time and space don’t exist in spiritual reality; they are purely natural things that exist only on the physical plane. This means...

Vaata
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

Siimeon
In Revelation 7, 'Simeon', in the highest sense, signifies providence, in a spiritual sense, love towards our neighbor, or charity, and in a natural sense,...

kümme
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

tuhat
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

põgenes
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

taga
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

all
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

Jumal
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

suri
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

ütles
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Poeg
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

tuli
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

lapsed
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Juuda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

Hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

kolm
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

mees
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

nimi
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

Megiddo
'Megiddo,' as in 2 Chronicles 3, signifies the same as Armageddon.

Iisrael
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

elasid
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

Naftali
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

Maa
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

Elanikud
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

elama
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

käsi
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

piir
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

Zdroje pro rodiče a učitele

Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


 Books of Joshua and Judges Multiple Choice Review
Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges with a multiple-choice activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Caleb Gave Othniel His Daughter, Achsah, to Be His Wife
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Chart of the Judges Review Activity
Review the Judges of Israel by completing a chart to show their enemies, enemy rulers, weapons and years of peace.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Qualities of a Hero Review of Joshua and Judges
Identify heroes who showed courage, obedience to the Lord, strength and trust in the Lord. Choose additional qualities shown in Judges.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Review of Joshua and Judges Crossword Puzzle
Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges by completing a crossword puzzle.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


Přeložit: