Joshua 9

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1 Kui kõik kuningad, kes olid siinpool Jordanit mäestikus, madalikul ja kogu suure mere rannikul Liibanoni suunas, hetid, emorlased, kaananlased, perislased, hiivlased ja jebuuslased, sellest kuulsid,

2 siis nad kogunesid kokku üksmeelselt, et sõdida Joosua ja Iisraeli vastu.

3 Aga kui Gibeoni elanikud olid kuulnud, kuidas Joosua oli talitanud Jeerikoga ja Aiga,

4 siis tegutsesid ka nemad, aga kavalasti: nad läksid ja tegid endid käskjalgadeks. Nad panid oma eeslite selga kulunud kotid ja vanad veinilähkrid, lõhkised ja kokkuseotud,

5 iseendile jalga kulunud ja paigatud sandaalid, selga kulunud riided, ja kõik leib teeroaks oli kuivanud ja murenenud.

6 Siis nad läksid Joosua juurde Gilgali leeri ja ütlesid temale ja Iisraeli meestele: 'Me tuleme kaugelt maalt; tehke nüüd meiega leping!'

7 Aga Iisraeli mehed vastasid hiivlastele: 'Võib-olla te elate meie keskel? Kuidas võiksime siis teha teiega lepingu?'

8 Siis nad ütlesid Joosuale: 'Me oleme sinu sulased!' Ja Joosua küsis neilt: 'Kes te olete ja kust te tulete?'

9 Ja nad vastasid temale: 'Su sulased tulevad väga kaugelt maalt Issanda, su Jumala nime pärast, sest me oleme kuulnud temast kuuldusi ja kõike, mis ta tegi Egiptuses,

10 ja kõike, kuidas ta talitas kahe emorlaste kuningaga, kes olid sealpool Jordanit: Siihoniga, Hesboni kuningaga, ja Oogiga, Baasani kuningaga, kes oli Astarotis.

11 Meie vanemad ja kõik Meie maa elanikud rääkisid meile, öeldes: Võtke enestega kaasa moona teekonna tarvis, minge neile vastu ja öelge neile: Me oleme teie sulased, tehke nüüd meiega leping!

12 See on meie leib; me võtsime selle soojalt oma kodadest teeroaks päeval, kui lahkusime, et tulla teie juurde; ja vaata, see on nüüd kuivanud ja murenenud.

13 Ja need veinilähkrid, mis me täitsime, olid uued, aga vaata, need on nüüd lõhkenud. Ja meie riided ja jalatsid on kulunud väga pikal teel.'

14 Siis mehed võtsid nende teeroast ega küsinud nõu Issandalt.

15 Ja Joosua tegi nendega rahu ning sõlmis nendega lepingu, et ta jätab nad elama; ja koguduse ülemad vandusid neile.

16 Aga pärast kolme päeva möödumist, kui nad olid teinud nendega lepingu, said nad kuulda, et need olid nende lähedalt ja elasid nende keskel.

17 Siis Iisraeli lapsed läksid teele ja jõudsid kolmandal päeval nende linnade juurde; nende linnad olid Gibeon, Kefiira, Beerot ja Kirjat-Jearim.

18 Aga Iisraeli lapsed ei löönud neid maha, sest koguduse ülemad olid neile vandunud Issanda, Iisraeli Jumala juures; ent terve kogudus nurises ülemate pärast.

19 Siis ütlesid kõik ülemad tervele kogudusele: 'Me oleme neile vandunud Issanda, Iisraeli Jumala juures, nüüd ei või me neisse puutuda.

20 Me teeme nendega seda, et jätame nad elama, et meie peale ei tuleks viha vande pärast, mille neile vandusime.'

21 Ja ülemad ütlesid neile, et nad jäävad elama ja neist saavad puuraiujad ja veekandjad tervele kogudusele, nagu ülemad neile on öelnud.

22 Ja Joosua kutsus nad ning rääkis nendega, öeldes: 'Miks petsite meid ja ütlesite: Me oleme teist väga kaugel, ise aga elate meie keskel?

23 Seepärast olge nüüd neetud! Ärgu lõppegu iialgi teie hulgast sulased, puuraiujad ja veekandjad mu Jumala koja tarvis!'

24 Ja nemad vastasid Joosuale ning ütlesid: 'Et su sulastele oli kindlasti räägitud, kuidas Issand, su Jumal, oma sulast Moosest oli käskinud anda teile kogu maa ja hävitada teie eest kõik maa elanikud, siis me kartsime teie ees väga oma elu pärast ja tegime seda.

25 Ja nüüd, vaata, me oleme sinu käes, talita meiega, nagu sinu silmis hea ja õige on teha!'

26 Ja ta talitas nendega nõnda: ta päästis nad Iisraeli laste käest ja neid ei tapetud.

27 Ja sel päeval pani Joosua nad puuraiujaiks ja veetoojaiks kogudusele ning Issanda altarile kuni tänapäevani paigas, mille tema välja valib.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 9      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff and Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 9: The Gibeonites deceive Israel.

After Israel conquered Jericho and then Ai, the news about the strength of the Children of Israel - and their mighty God, Jehovah - spread quickly among the people of Canaan. In this chapter, the people of Gibeon came up with a plan to trick Joshua and the Israelites into granting them safety.

To preserve themselves, the Gibeonites cooked up a story that they had come from far away. They dressed in old clothing and worn-out sandals, and brought shabby wine-skins and moldy bread as proof of their long journey. After questioning these travelers, Joshua agreed to guarantee their safety, and the Israelites made a covenant to let them live. Note that the Israelites did not consult the Lord.

In the end, the Gibeonites admitted that they lived close by and were neighbors of Israel, just as the Hivites (the Gibeonites' ancestors) had been with Abraham. Joshua, unable to revoke his promise to them, made them wood-cutters and water-carriers for the altars of the Lord.

This chapter offers us several spiritual lessons. The main one is that there is a place for simple, well-intentioned goodness in our spiritual life, along with our love of God and our love for other people (See Swedenborg's exegetical work, Arcana Caelestia 3436, for details). This is what the Gibeonites stand for; they were not warlike but peaceful, content to live usefully day after day. This is an illustration of natural good, which is an important part of life in this world and in heaven (Arcana Caelestia 3167).

On a spiritual level, their story about living in a country far-away means that when we live good, well-intentioned lives, we are ‘far away’ from the evils of the Canaanites. Although the Gibeonites lived among the Canaanites, their higher values were entirely different. So while the Gibeonites deceived Israel to save themselves, they spoke truthfully when they said: “we come from a place a very long way away” (See Swedenborg's work, Heaven and Hell 481).

Their tattered and torn appearance is meant to illustrate the hard work of doing good. It can be quite wearing to continue doing good things, especially when we feel it is all up to us. Acknowledging that all good is from the Lord renews us, and keeps us from the burden of merit.

In the same vein, their worn-out appearance is also about our relationship with the Word. Little children love and delight in the stories of the Word, but as they grow up, this love dwindles (Arcana Caelestia 3690). But as adults, we have the choice to find those guiding principles from the Word, helping us to keep leading good lives.

The fact that Joshua commanded the Gibeonites to cut wood and draw water also holds spiritual significance. The beauty of wood is that it comes from living trees, and can be turned into many, many useful things. It stands for the steady, humble wish to do good each day (See Swedenborg's work, True Christian Religion 374). This must be present in our worship at the altars of the Lord.

Drawing water provides essential, life-giving refreshment for others. Water stands for truth, and our better actions draw the water of life for the sake of others. Truly, acknowledging the goodness in other people is part of our faith in God. This story shows us that we must allow others to live and to serve everything of God, just as Joshua showed mercy toward the Gibeonites.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1097, 1110, 2842, 3058, 4431, 6860


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 608

Spiritual Experiences 151, 271, 273, 330, 363, 377

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 Israel's Treaty with Gibeon Review Questions
Read Joshua 9 to complete sentences about Israel's treaty with the Gibeonites.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The Fate of the Gibeonites
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Five Kings Captured
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Gibeonites
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3


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