Joshua 4

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1 Ja kui kogu rahvas oli läinud üle Jordani, siis rääkis Issand Joosuaga, öeldes:

2 'Võtke endile rahva hulgast kaksteist meest, igast suguharust mees,

3 ja andke neile käsk ning öelge: Võtke endile siit Jordani keskelt, kus preestrite jalad seisavad, kaksteist kivi ja viige need enestega kaasa ning asetage leeripaika, kus te sel ööl ööbite!'

4 Siis Joosua kutsus kaksteist meest, keda ta oli käskinud määrata Iisraeli laste hulgast, igast suguharust ühe mehe,

5 ja Joosua ütles neile: 'Minge Issanda, oma Jumala laeka ette keset Jordanit, ja tõstke igamees endile üks kivi õlale, vastavalt Iisraeli laste suguharude arvule,

6 et need oleksid teie keskel tähiseks! Kui teie lapsed tulevikus küsivad, öeldes: Mis kivid need teil on?,

7 siis vastake neile, et Jordani veevool katkes Issanda seaduselaeka ees, kui see läks üle Jordani: Jordani veevool katkes ja need kivid olgu Iisraeli lastele igaveseks mälestuseks!'

8 Ja Iisraeli lapsed tegid nõnda, nagu Joosua käskis, ja võtsid vastavalt Iisraeli laste suguharude arvule Jordani keskelt kaksteist kivi, nagu Issand oli Joosuale öelnud, ja viisid enestega kaasa leeripaika ning asetasid sinna.

9 Ja kaksteist kivi püstitas Joosua keset Jordanit, sinna kohta, kus seaduselaegast kandvate preestrite jalad olid seisnud; ja need on seal tänapäevani.

10 Ja preestrid, kes kandsid laegast, seisid keset Jordanit, kuni oli tehtud kõik, mida Issand oli käskinud Joosuat rahvale öelda, just nõnda nagu Mooses oli käskinud Joosuat; ja rahvas läks rutates üle jõe.

11 Ja kui kogu rahvas viimseni oli üle läinud, siis läksid Issanda laegas ja preestrid rahva ette.

12 Ja ruubenlased, gaadlased ja Manasse pool suguharu läksid võitlusvalmilt Iisraeli laste eel, nagu Mooses neid oli käskinud.

13 Ligi nelikümmend tuhat sõjaks varustatud meest läks Issanda palge ees võitlusesse Jeeriko lagendikel.

14 Sel päeval tegi Issand Joosua suureks kogu Iisraeli silmis ja nad kartsid teda, nõnda nagu nad olid kartnud Moosest, kogu ta eluaja.

15 Ja Issand rääkis Joosuaga, öeldes:

16 'Käsi preestreid, kes kannavad tunnistuslaegast, et nad tuleksid Jordanist üles!'

17 Ja Joosua andis preestritele käsu, öeldes: 'Tulge Jordanist üles!'

18 Ja kui preestrid, kes kandsid Issanda seaduselaegast, tulid üles Jordani keskelt, ja preestrite jalatallad olid lahkunud kuivale, siis pöördus Jordani vesi tagasi oma paika ja voolas nagu ennegi üle kõigi kallaste.

19 Rahvas tuli Jordani äärest üles esimese kuu kümnendal päeval ja nad lõid leeri üles Gilgalisse, Jeeriko idapoolsele piirile.

20 Ja need kaksteist kivi, mis nad olid võtnud Jordanist, pani Joosua püsti Gilgalis.

21 Ja ta rääkis Iisraeli lastega ning ütles: 'Kui teie lapsed tulevikus küsivad oma vanemailt, öeldes: Mis kivid need on?,

22 siis tehke oma lastele teatavaks, öeldes: Iisrael läks kuiva mööda läbi Jordani,

23 sest Issand, teie Jumal, kuivatas teie eest Jordani vee, kuni te olite läbi läinud, nõnda nagu Issand, teie Jumal, talitas Kõrkjamerega, mille ta kuivatas meie eest, kuni olime läbi läinud,

24 et kõik maailma rahvad tunneksid Issanda kätt, kui vägev see on, et te igal ajal kardaksite Issandat, oma Jumalat.'

  

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 4      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff and Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 4: Twelve stones are taken from the river Jordan

In this chapter we pick up on the command to take twelve men, one from each tribe, which was mentioned in chapter 3. The task is for each man to pick up a large stone from where the priests’ feet stand, and take it across, and put it in the lodging place. These stones will be as memorial stones so that later generations who ask what these stones mean will be told about the miracle of the Lord in the crossing of the river Jordan.

Later, the Israelites camped at Gilgal and Joshua set the twelve stones up as a permanent memorial.

A ‘stone’ is a piece of hard rock. It corresponds to a truth; for us it stands for a truth which we have made ours and which guides us in our life (Apocalypse Revealed 231). It might be the truth that the Lord’s providence is involved in everything that happens. It could be the great truth that we will live for ever, or that God came on earth as a human being and overcame the power of hell. These and other truths are rock hard truths or stones.

But here, it is a stone which has been washed and worked on by the waters of the river Jordan, and over much time has become fashioned and rounded by erosion. So, it could be a life-truth, for example that we are to show respect to other people. That’s a great truth, but now it is connected with our understanding of the Lord. So we are to show respect to other people because each and every person has been created by God for a unique purpose. And we can also add that we know how it feels when other people respect us.

So we assemble our twelve memorial stones. These are to be recalled, remembered, revisited by us again and again as time passes. “Yes, God brought me here from where I was before.” (Arcana Caelestia 1988). This meaning of the stones helps us with the apparent contradiction in the chapter between Joshua 4:9 where “the stones are set up in the Jordan and are there to this day” and verse Joshua 4:20 where “Joshua sets up the twelves stones from out of the Jordan, in Gilgal.” Stones can’t be in two places at once, but yes, spiritually they can and need to be.

We need to always remember and be mindful of how the Lord works with us in giving us truths for our life. Everything is the Lord! These are stones in the Jordan. Yet we need to always remember that we are to live, act, and turn away from any evil as if it is only us making that decision and doing it. These are the stones set up at Gilgal (Apocalypse Explained 700[14]). Both of them are involved in our regeneration and spiritual life.

Then we are told that the men of the tribes of Reuben, Gad and half the tribe of Manasseh went across the Jordan armed and went before all the other tribes. This links with several other mentions of these tribes who had chosen to live back over the Jordan and not in the land of Canaan. They stand for our outward life and our life in the world which, while it is not directly spiritual, must have qualities that come from God’s truths. Here, those qualities come from being willing to go in and fight to help take the land (Arcana Caelestia 2184).

Verse 13 says that about 40,000 prepared for war and crossed the river Jordan before the Lord for battle. Here is a number. Numbers in the Word are helpful clues to the inner meaning. The number 40 always stands for some kind of temptation or crisis in the Word – for example, Jesus was in the wilderness 40 days and 40 nights, tempted. Here, 40 has grown to become 40,000 but it has the same meaning of temptation (Arcana Caelestia 2273). Our spiritual life and regeneration will certainly take us into various temptations (‘battles’) and the Lord allows them so that we grow stronger through them. The whole conquest of Canaan is nothing else!

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 4      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff and Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 4: Twelve stones are taken from the river Jordan

In this chapter we pick up on the command to take twelve men, one from each tribe, which was mentioned in chapter 3. The task is for each man to pick up a large stone from where the priests’ feet stand, and take it across, and put it in the lodging place. These stones will be as memorial stones so that later generations who ask what these stones mean will be told about the miracle of the Lord in the crossing of the river Jordan.

Later, the Israelites camped at Gilgal and Joshua set the twelve stones up as a permanent memorial.

A ‘stone’ is a piece of hard rock. It corresponds to a truth; for us it stands for a truth which we have made ours and which guides us in our life (Apocalypse Revealed 231). It might be the truth that the Lord’s providence is involved in everything that happens. It could be the great truth that we will live for ever, or that God came on earth as a human being and overcame the power of hell. These and other truths are rock hard truths or stones.

But here, it is a stone which has been washed and worked on by the waters of the river Jordan, and over much time has become fashioned and rounded by erosion. So, it could be a life-truth, for example that we are to show respect to other people. That’s a great truth, but now it is connected with our understanding of the Lord. So we are to show respect to other people because each and every person has been created by God for a unique purpose. And we can also add that we know how it feels when other people respect us.

So we assemble our twelve memorial stones. These are to be recalled, remembered, revisited by us again and again as time passes. “Yes, God brought me here from where I was before.” (Arcana Caelestia 1988). This meaning of the stones helps us with the apparent contradiction in the chapter between Joshua 4:9 where “the stones are set up in the Jordan and are there to this day” and verse Joshua 4:20 where “Joshua sets up the twelves stones from out of the Jordan, in Gilgal.” Stones can’t be in two places at once, but yes, spiritually they can and need to be.

We need to always remember and be mindful of how the Lord works with us in giving us truths for our life. Everything is the Lord! These are stones in the Jordan. Yet we need to always remember that we are to live, act, and turn away from any evil as if it is only us making that decision and doing it. These are the stones set up at Gilgal (Apocalypse Explained 700[14]). Both of them are involved in our regeneration and spiritual life.

Then we are told that the men of the tribes of Reuben, Gad and half the tribe of Manasseh went across the Jordan armed and went before all the other tribes. This links with several other mentions of these tribes who had chosen to live back over the Jordan and not in the land of Canaan. They stand for our outward life and our life in the world which, while it is not directly spiritual, must have qualities that come from God’s truths. Here, those qualities come from being willing to go in and fight to help take the land (Arcana Caelestia 2184).

Verse 13 says that about 40,000 prepared for war and crossed the river Jordan before the Lord for battle. Here is a number. Numbers in the Word are helpful clues to the inner meaning. The number 40 always stands for some kind of temptation or crisis in the Word – for example, Jesus was in the wilderness 40 days and 40 nights, tempted. Here, 40 has grown to become 40,000 but it has the same meaning of temptation (Arcana Caelestia 2273). Our spiritual life and regeneration will certainly take us into various temptations (‘battles’) and the Lord allows them so that we grow stronger through them. The whole conquest of Canaan is nothing else!

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1585, 4255


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 2838, 3858, 6804, 6983, 9396, 9416

Apocalypse Revealed 348, 529

Doctrine of Life 59

True Christian Religion 284


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 222, 430, 529, 700

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