Joshua 13

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1 Kui Joosua oli vana ja elatanud, ütles Issand temale: 'Sa oled vana ja elatanud, aga väga palju maad on jäänud vallutamata.

2 See on maa, mis on üle jäänud: kõik vilistite piirkonnad ja kogu gesurlaste maa

3 alates Siihonist, mis on ida pool Egiptust, kuni Ekroni maa-alani põhja pool, mida peetakse kaananlastele kuuluvaks, viis vilistite vürsti - Assa, Asdodi, Askeloni, Gati ja Ekroni, ja aavlased

4 lõuna pool; kogu kaananlaste maa ja Aarast, mis on siidonlaste oma, kuni Afekani, emorlaste maa piirini;

5 ja geballaste maa ja kogu Liibanon päikesetõusu pool Baal-Gaadist Hermoni mäe all kuni Hamati teelahkmeni.

6 Kõik, kes elavad mäestikus Liibanonist kuni Misrefot-Maimini, kõik siidonlased, ma ajan ära Iisraeli laste eest; jaota see siis liisu läbi Iisraelile pärisosaks, nagu ma sind olen käskinud!

7 Jaota nüüd see maa pärisosaks üheksale suguharule ja Manasse poolele suguharule!'

8 Koos Manasse teise poolega olid ruubenlased ja gaadlased saanud oma pärisosa, mille Mooses neile oli andnud sealpool Jordanit, ida pool, nõnda nagu Issanda sulane Mooses oli neile selle andnud,

9 alates Arnoni jõe ääres olevast Aroerist, keset orgu olevast linnast: kogu Meedeba tasandiku kuni Diibonini;

10 ja kõik emorlaste kuninga Siihoni linnad, kes valitses Hesbonis, kuni ammonlaste maa piirini;

11 Gileadi, gesurlaste ja maakatlaste maa-ala, ja kogu Hermoni mäestiku, ja kogu Baasani kuni Salkani;

12 kogu Oogi kuningriigi Baasanis, kes valitses Astarotis ja Edreis, kes oli viimaseid refalasi; Mooses oli neid löönud ja nad ära ajanud.

13 Aga Iisraeli lapsed ei ajanud ära gesurlasi ja maakatlasi, vaid Gesur ja Maakat elavad Iisraeli keskel tänapäevani.

14 Ainult Leevi suguharule ei andnud ta pärisosa: Issanda, Iisraeli Jumala tuleohvrid on selle pärisosa, nagu ta temale oli öelnud.

15 Mooses oli andnud ruubenlaste suguharule nende suguvõsade kaupa:

16 neile sai maa-ala alates Arnoni jõe ääres olevast Aroerist, keset orgu olevast linnast, ja kogu tasandik Meedeba juures,

17 Hesbon ja kõik selle tasandikul olevad linnad, Diibon, Baamot-Baal, Beet-Baal-Meon,

18 Jahsa, Kedemot, Meefaat,

19 Kirjataim, Sibma, Seret-Sahar Orumäel,

20 Beet-Peor, Pisgaa nõlvakud ja Beet-Jesimot;

21 ja kõik tasandiku linnad, ja kogu emorlaste kuninga Siihoni kuningriik, kes valitses Hesbonis, keda Mooses oli löönud koos Midjani ülematega: Evi, Rekemi, Suuri, Huuri ja Rebaga, Siihoni vürstidega, kes maal elasid.

22 Ka Bileami, Beori poja, ennustaja, tapsid Iisraeli lapsed mõõgaga, lisaks teistele mahalööduile.

23 Ruubenlaste maa piiriks oli Jordan ja selle piirkond. See oli ruubenlaste pärisosa nende suguvõsade kaupa, linnad koos nende küladega.

24 Mooses oli andnud Gaadi suguharule, gaadlastele, nende suguvõsade kaupa:

25 neile sai maa-ala: Jaaser ja kõik Gileadi linnad, ja pool ammonlaste maast kuni Aroerini, mis on Rabba kohal;

26 ja Hesbonist alates kuni Raamat-Mispeni ja Betonimini, ja Mahanaimist kuni Lo-Debarini;

27 ja orus: Beet-Haaram, Beet-Nimra, Sukkot ja Saafon, ülejäänud osa Hesboni kuninga Siihoni kuningriigist, Jordan ja selle piirkond kuni Kinnereti järve otsani teisel pool Jordanit, ida pool.

28 See oli gaadlaste pärisosa nende suguvõsade kaupa, linnad koos nende küladega.

29 Ja Mooses oli andnud Manasse poolele suguharule, ja nõnda sai manasselaste poolele suguharule, nende suguvõsade kaupa:

30 nende maa-alaks sai Mahanaimist alates kogu Baasan, kogu Baasani kuninga Oogi kuningriik ja kõik Baasanis olevad Jairi telklaagrid, kuuskümmend linna,

31 ja pool Gileadi, ja Astarot ja Edrei, Oogi kuningriigi linnad Baasanis; see sai Manasse poja Maakiri lastele, pooltele Maakiri lastest nende suguvõsade kaupa.

32 Need on maa-alad, mis Mooses oli andnud pärisosaks Moabi lagendikel teisel pool Jordanit, Jeeriko kohal ida pool.

33 Aga Leevi suguharule Mooses ei andnud pärisosa: Issand, Iisraeli Jumal, on ise nende pärisosa, nagu ta neile oli öelnud.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 13      

Joshua 13: The start of the tribal territory allocations.

Now that Israel had conquered the land of Canaan, the Lord commanded Joshua to divide the land between the twelve tribes. The next seven chapters tell how the the land of Canaan was divided (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1413, to read more about the spiritual meaning).

Chapter 13 deals with the territories given to the tribes of Reuben, Gad and one half of Manasseh, all of which are on the other side of the river Jordan. Reuben was given the southern lands; Gad was given the extensive middle region, much of which is an area called Gilead; and half the tribe of Manasseh received the northern land which is on the other side of the Jordan.

It is also worth noting that the first few verses say much of the land remained to be conquered. However, at the end of chapter 11, we read that Joshua took the whole land as the Lord had commanded Moses.

This may seem contradictory, but spiritually it fits very well. In our regeneration, we aim to conquer our self-centred nature, and allow the Lord to rule us with his truth. This is spiritually ‘conquering the whole land’. But even so, our natural thoughts and desires sometimes rise up to trouble us, and these times are like the parts of the land that remain to be conquered. This is why we must recognize our complete dependence on the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 8326).

The Lord giving land as inheritance to each of the twelve tribes represents the way that He gives us our spiritual life. As we do the work of spiritual ‘conquering’ - living by our purpose to serve the Lord - we feel more and more that we can use our understanding of God and His Word in our actions every day.

The twelve tribes stand for the whole spectrum of what spiritual life involves, and each tribe relates to a specific quality of our spiritual living (Arcana Caelestia 3858). For example, we need to be discerning, positive, respectful of others, and so on. Each tribe has a sizeable area of the land, and is part of the integrity of the whole nation.

The territories given to Reuben, Gad and half of Manasseh are not part of Canaan, but they are linked to it. These areas represent our outward life: the way we work, live, rest, and relate with other people. This is the ‘casing’ of our spiritual life, and it is essential.

The tribe of Reuben – the eldest son of Jacob – stands for our initial need to see the truths from the Lord in the Word. By ‘seeing’ we mean meeting them, looking carefully, being attentive, coming to understand what they ask of us, and realising how important they are. It is not a vague impression that the Lord’s teachings are important, but a real first step for us (Arcana Caelestia 3866).

The tribe of Gad stands for our ability to see that knowledge and truth need to be used to perform good works. Gad’s name means ‘a troop,’ calling to mind soldiers marching in formation to go and sort things out properly. This is something we can apply to ourselves and to the world around us. We just need to watch that it doesn’t get too heavy-handed (See Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Explained 435[7]).

The tribe of Manasseh represents the spiritual good which supports our will to live a life which is just, fair and honourable because it is based on God. In fact, Manasseh – which means ‘forgetfulness’ – stands for our need to remember that ‘my will’ is really ‘the Lord’s will for me’. Our will needs to be focused on outward life and also inwardly open to the Lord, which is why half of Manasseh has land beyond the Jordan and half has land within Canaan (Arcana Caelestia 5353).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 3858, 3862

Apocalypse Explained 434


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 2799, 4117

Apocalypse Revealed 114, 352


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 140, 405, 435, 440, 447, 654

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