1 Samuel 8

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1 Kui Saamuel jäi vanaks, siis pani ta oma pojad Iisraelile kohtumõistjaiks.

2 Tema esmasündinud poja nimi oli Joel ja tema teise poja nimi oli Abija; nad olid kohtumõistjaiks Beer-Sebas.

3 Aga ta pojad ei käinud tema teedel, vaid ajasid kasu taga ja võtsid meelehead ning väänasid õigust.

4 Siis kogunesid kõik Iisraeli vanemad ja tulid Saamueli juurde Raamasse

5 ning ütlesid temale: 'Vaata, sa oled jäänud vanaks ja su pojad ei käi su teedel. Pane nüüd meile kohut mõistma kuningas, nagu on kõigil rahvail!'

6 Aga see kõne oli Saamueli silmis paha, kui nad ütlesid: 'Anna meile kuningas, kes meile kohut mõistaks!' Ja Saamuel palus Issandat.

7 Ja Issand ütles Saamuelile: 'Kuule rahva häält kõiges, mida nad sulle ütlevad, sest nad ei põlga sind, vaid nad põlgavad mind kui oma kuningat!

8 Nõnda nagu on kõik need teod, mis nad on teinud alates päevast, kui ma tõin nad ära Egiptusest, kuni tänapäevani, jättes mind maha ja teenides teisi jumalaid, nõnda nad teevad ka sinule.

9 Aga nüüd kuule nende häält! Hoiata neid ainult tõsiselt ja kuuluta neile selle kuninga õigust, kes hakkab nende üle valitsema!'

10 Ja Saamuel kõneles kõik Issanda sõnad rahvale, kes nõudis temalt kuningat.

11 Ta ütles: 'Niisugune on selle kuninga õigus, kes hakkab teie üle valitsema: ta võtab teie pojad ning paneb nad oma sõjavankrite peale ja ratsahobuste selga või laseb neid joosta oma sõjavankri ees;

12 ta paneb neist enesele tuhandepealikuid ja viiekümnepealikuid; ta paneb neid kündma tema kündi ja lõikama tema lõikust ning valmistama temale sõjariistu ja vankrivarustust;

13 ta võtab teie tütred salvisegajaiks, keetjaiks ja küpsetajaiks;

14 ta võtab teie parimad põllud, viinamäed ja õlipuud ning annab oma sulastele;

15 ta võtab kümnist teie viljapõldudelt ja viinamägedelt ning annab oma hoovkondlastele ja sulastele;

16 ta võtab teie sulased ja teenijad ja parimad noored mehed, nõndasamuti teie eeslid, ja paneb oma tööle;

17 ta võtab kümnist teie lammastest ja kitsedest ning te peate olema temale sulasteks.

18 Ja kui te siis kisendate oma kuninga pärast, kelle te enestele olete valinud, siis Issand ei vasta teile.'

19 Aga rahvas tõrkus kuulmast Saamueli häält ja nad ütlesid: 'Ei! Meil peab olema kuningas,

20 et meiegi oleksime nagu kõik muud rahvad, et meie kuningas meile kohut mõistaks, meie ees välja läheks ja meie võitlusi võitleks!'

21 Kui Saamuel kuulis rahva kõiki sõnu, kordas ta neid Issanda kõrva ees.

22 Aga Issand ütles Saamuelile: 'Kuule nende häält ja pane neile kuningas!' Siis Saamuel ütles Iisraeli meestele: 'Minge igaüks oma linna!'

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 8      

This chapter marks a historic turning point for the Children of Israel. Since their escape from Egypt some four hundred years earlier, the Lord Jehovah, through Moses, and Joshua, and then a series of judges, had directly ruled the people. Now, though, the people pleaded that they might instead have a king. In a sense, they wanted to be led by human nature, not by the God's law and prophets.

The corruption of Samuel’s sons, as judges over Israel, was what spurred this movement. Samuel had grown old, and his sons, Joel and Abiah, had become judges over Israel. However, they began to act immorally, taking bribes and “perverting judgement.” This is similar to the corruption of the High Priest Eli’s sons, described in 1 Samuel 2, and not unlike the misbehavior of two of Aaron's sons, Nadab and Abihu, as in Leviticus 10.

Samuel prayed to the Lord, asking what he should do about the people’s demand for a king. The Lord assured him that the request came not because he, Samuel, had been rejected. Instead, it was the Lord Himself who the people of Israel had rejected. The Lord sent a warning through Samuel to the people, and Samuel told them of the personal and financial cost that would come with having a king. The king would use a substantial portion of the land’s resources, and take the best for himself. Having a king would also mean that they were rejecting the Lord’s direct leadership, and because of this they would be unable to call on His help in the way that they had in the past. The people heard the warning, but did not change their minds.

There are two united ways in which the Lord wants to judge us. One way is through love or goodness. The other is through truth. In other words, our lives can be judged according to the type of love that exists in our hearts, and therefore the love we exhibit toward others. We will make mistakes, but it is our intent that matters most. Judgment according to truth, by comparison, is somewhat cold. We either adhere to the law or we don’t. The two, love and truth, should exist together. Intentions should be considered together with what we actually do. From this time in Israelite history, the role of priest, representing judgment from goodness or love, was separated from the role of king, representing judgment by truth. They denied themselves the opportunity to be ruled by love and left themselves to be ruled by the cold letter of the law (see Arcana Coelestia 6148).

Swedenborg also discusses this concept in Arcana Coelestia 1672. He writes that there is a different meaning of a “people,” meaning truths, and a “nation,” meaning goods. Kings, he writes, are associated with a people, not a nation. Thus before the Children of Israel were ruled by a king, they represented “a good, or that which is celestial,” but while they had a king they represented “truth or that which is spiritual” (Arcana Coelestia 1672). This further supports the idea that they began to separate the judgement by truth and judgement by love, choosing only truth, or the law as represented by a king.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1672, 2015, 2567, 2723, 6148, 8301, 8770


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 638, 654, 919

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 46:1

Exodus 16:8, 23:6, 8

Deuteronoomia 16:18, 17:14

Kohtunikud 8:22

1 Samuel 1:19, 8:5, 7, 20, 22, 10:19, 25, 12:1, 2, 12, 17, 19, 23, 14:52, 15:11, 17:8, 22:7

2 Saamuel 15:1

1 kuningat 12:4

2 kuningat 19:14, 21:9

1 kroonikad 6:13, 27:1

Töö 8

Psalmid 78:8, 81:12

Vanasõnad 1:25, 28

Jesaja 23, 59:1

Jeremija 22:17, 44:16

Hesekiel 8:18

Hosea 13:10

Micah 3:4, 11

Matteus 20:25

Apostlite teod 13:21

Významy biblických slov

nimi
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

taga
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

Vanemad
Ancients of the people, and the princes thereof ('Isaiah 3:14'), have a similar signification with the twelve disciples.

Vaata
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

sõnad
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

Valitsema
To reign,' as in Revelation 5, signifies being in truths and goods, and so in power, from the Lord, to resist evils and falsities which...

pojad
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

lõikama
'To reap' signifies executing judgment. 'Reaping' denotes the reception of truth in good.

Tütred
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

annab
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

sulased
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

Eeslid
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

meie
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

rahvad
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

ütles
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Kuule
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

kuningas
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

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