1 Samuel 6

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1 Ja Issanda laegas oli vilistite väljadel seitse kuud.

2 Ja vilistid kutsusid kokku preestrid ja ennustajad, öeldes: 'Mida peaksime tegema Issanda laekaga? Õpetage meid, kuidas saaksime selle koju läkitada?'

3 Ja need ütlesid: 'Kui te Iisraeli Jumala laeka ära saadate, siis ärge saatke seda tühjalt, sest te peate temale kindlasti tasuma süüohvri; siis te saate terveks ja saate teada, miks tema käsi ei lahku!'

4 Kui vilistid küsisid: 'Milline on see süüohver, mida me temale peame tasuma?', siis nad vastasid: 'Vilistite vürstide arvu järgi viis kuldpaiset ja viis kuldhiirt, sest sama nuhtlus on olnud kõigil, ka teie vürstidel.

5 Valmistage siis kujud oma veripaisetest ja kujud hiirtest, kes maad hävitavad, ja andke au Iisraeli Jumalale! Vahest ta kergendab oma kätt, mis on teie peal, ja teie jumalate ja teie maa peal!

6 Sest miks teete oma südamed kõvaks, nagu egiptlased ja vaarao tegid oma südamed kõvaks? Eks olnud nõnda, et kui ta näitas neile oma jõudu, siis nad lasksid Iisraeli lapsed minema ja need tulid ära?

7 Võtke ja seadke nüüd valmis üks uus vanker ja võtke kaks imetajat lehma, kelle peal veel iket ei ole olnud, ja rakendage lehmad vankri ette, aga vasikad nende järelt viige koju!

8 Siis võtke Issanda laegas ja pange see vankrile; need kuldasjad, mis te temale süüohvriks tasute, asetage selle kõrvale karpi; siis saatke see minema, et see ära läheks!

9 Seejärel vaadake: kui ta läheb oma kodukandi poole, üles Beet-Semesisse, siis on tema meile seda suurt kurja teinud; aga kui mitte, siis teame, et tema käsi pole meisse puutunud, vaid see oli juhus, mis meid tabas.'

10 Ja mehed tegid nõnda: võtsid kaks imetajat lehma ja rakendasid vankri ette, aga nende vasikad nad sulgesid koju.

11 Ja nad asetasid vankrile Issanda laeka, karbi, kuldhiired ja oma paisete kujud.

12 Siis läksid lehmad otseteed Beet-Semesi poole, käies üha sedasama maanteed, ise ammudes; nad ei pöördunud ei paremale ega vasakule, ja vilistite vürstid käisid nende järel kuni Beet-Semesini.

13 Beet-Semesis oldi parajasti orus nisu lõikamas. Kui nad oma silmad üles tõstsid, siis nägid nad laegast ja rõõmustasid seda nähes.

14 Vanker tuli aga beetsemeslase Joosua põllule ja jäi sinna seisma; ja seal oli suur kivi. Siis nad lõhkusid vankripuud ja ohverdasid lehmad Issandale põletusohvriks.

15 Leviidid olid maha tõstnud Issanda laeka ja selle juures oleva karbi, milles olid kuldasjad, ja pannud suure kivi peale. Ja Beet-Semesi mehed ohverdasid sel päeval Issandale põletusohvreid ja tapsid tapaohvreid.

16 Ja kui need viis vilistite vürsti olid seda näinud, siis nad läksid selsamal päeval tagasi Ekronisse.

17 Ja need olid need kuldpaised, mis vilistid tasusid Issandale süüohvriks: Asdodi eest üks, Assa eest üks, Askeloni eest üks, Gati eest üks, Ekroni eest üks.

18 Ja kuldhiiri oli vastavalt nende viie vürsti kõigi vilistite linnade arvule, kindlustatud linnadest kuni lahtiste küladeni ja kuni suure kivini, mille peale nad asetasid Issanda laeka; see on tänapäevani alles beetsemeslase Joosua põllul.

19 Aga Beet-Semesi mehi löödi maha, sest nad olid vaadanud Issanda laekasse; ja ta lõi rahvast maha viiskümmend tuhat ja seitsekümmend meest. Ja rahvas leinas, et Issand oli löönud rahvast nii suure löögiga.

20 Ja Beet-Semesi mehed ütlesid: 'Kes suudaks seista Issanda, selle püha Jumala ees? Kelle juurde peaks ta meie juurest minema?'

21 Ja nad läkitasid käskjalad ütlema Kirjat-Jearimi elanikele: 'Vilistid on Issanda laeka tagasi toonud, tulge alla ja viige see eneste juurde!'

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 6      

The Philistines were desperate to get rid of the stolen Ark of the Covenant. They had suffered plagues, and the statue of their god, Dagon, had fallen. Seven months after they had taken the Ark, the priests and diviners of the Philistines advised that it should be returned to the Lord “Jehovah” in Israel’s territory, accompanied by a suitable “trespass offering”. This would be an admission of guilt.

It was decided that the offering should be five gold tumors, or hemorrhoids, and five gold mice - representing the two afflictions that had plagued their people, and the five cities of the Philistines. They built a special cart to carry the Ark and the trespass offering, and two young milk cows pulled it. The cows were set free to find their own route, and headed straight for Israelite territory. The Israelite people in the border town of Beth Shemesh saw the cart coming, and rejoiced. They used a large stone as an altar, split up the wood of the cart and offered the two cows as a sacrifice. The golden objects were then distributed through the land.

In Divine Providence 326, we get an explanation of the meaning of the symbols in this chapter:

The hemorrhoids that plagued the Philistines in 1 Samuel 5 represent earthly loves separated from spiritual ones. The golden hemorrhoids represent earthly loves that have been purified, and made good.

The mice represent distortions of the truth which destroy the church. The golden mice represent the repair of the destruction via good loves and actions.

The cart that carried the ark and the trespass offerings symbolizes a new teaching, and the cows that led it symbolize “good earthly feelings.” The cows lowed as they led the cart. Swedenborg writes of this story that we must turn the obsessions that our earthly self holds with evil into good desires, and that the lowing of the cows as they drew the cart away represents how difficult this is. The sacrifice of the cows when they reached their destination indicates that the Lord was appeased. (See Divine Providence 326)

These symbols reveal something about our relationship with God, and the importance of uniting faith and charity, good and truth, within ourselves. The Philistines represent a spiritual state with faith separate from charity, and this chapter tells us that in order to reunite our faith with charity we must turn our loves of evil into the desire to do good with our knowledge.

The end of the chapter tells that the people of Beth Shemesh, who received the Ark of the Covenant, made a fatal mistake: some of them looked into the Ark. As a consequence, 50,070 of their people died. They sent a message to the people of Kirjath Jearim, asking them to come down and take the Ark from them.

The primary message here is the power of the Lord’s Ten Commandments. In the book True Christian Religion, we are taught that there was tremendous holiness and power in the law written on the stone tablets, because it was a “summary of the whole of religion.” The two engraved tablets represent the link between us and God. One of them contains a synopsis of all things related to God, and the other, a synopsis of all things related to us (see True Christian Religion 285 286). If we are to ever trespass the commandments or treat them as less than holy, harm will surely come. Therefore, we must work with the Lord in order to acquire an appropriate reverence for His commandments. This needs to go together with an active and sincere effort to obey them to the best of our frail and limited human ability.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Explained 700

Apocalypse Revealed 529

Divine Providence 326


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 5945

Doctrine of Life 59

Doctrine of Faith 52

True Christian Religion 284, 595, 691


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 827

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