1 Samuel 4

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1 Ja Saamueli sõna tuli kogu Iisraeli kätte. Ja Iisrael läks sõtta vilistite vastu; nad lõid leeri üles Eben-Eeseri juurde ja vilistid olid asunud leeri Afekasse.

2 Ja vilistid seadsid endid tapluseks Iisraeli vastu: aga kui taplus oli levinud, siis oli Iisrael mahalöödult vilistite ees; need lõid võitlusväljal maha ligi neli tuhat meest.

3 Kui rahvas tuli leeri, siis ütlesid Iisraeli vanemad: 'Mispärast laskis Issand meid täna vilistitel maha lüüa? Võtkem eneste juurde Issanda seaduselaegas Siilost, et ta tuleks meie keskele ja päästaks meid meie vaenlaste käest!'

4 Siis rahvas läkitas mehed Siilosse ja need tõid sealt ära keerubitel istuva vägede Issanda seaduselaeka; ja seal olid mõlemad Eeli pojad, Hofni ja Piinehas, Jumala seaduselaeka juures.

5 Ja kui Issanda seaduselaegas jõudis leeri, siis tõstis kogu Iisrael valju rõõmukisa, nõnda et maa kõmas.

6 Aga kui vilistid kuulsid hõiskamise kära, siis nad küsisid: 'Mis suur hõiskamise kära see on heebrealaste leeris?' Ja nad said teada, et Issanda laegas oli tulnud leeri.

7 Siis vilistid kartsid, sest nad ütlesid: 'Jumalad on tulnud leeri!' Ja nad ütlesid: 'Häda meile, sest seesugust ei ole iialgi varem juhtunud!

8 Häda meile! Kes päästab meid nende vägevate jumalate käest? Need on need jumalad, kes lõid Egiptust kõiksugu nuhtlustega kõrbes.

9 Kinnitage endid ja olge mehed, te vilistid, et te ei peaks teenima heebrealasi, nagu nemad teenisid teid! Olge mehed ja sõdige!'

10 Ja vilistid sõdisid ning Iisraeli löödi, nõnda et nad põgenesid igamees oma telki; ja kaotus oli väga suur, sest Iisraelist langes kolmkümmend tuhat jalameest.

11 Ja Jumala laegas võeti ära ning mõlemad Eeli pojad, Hofni ja Piinehas, said surma.

12 Aga keegi benjaminlane jooksis lahingust ära ja tuli selsamal päeval Siilosse, riided lõhki käristatud ja mulda pea peal.

13 Ja kui ta tuli, vaata, siis istus Eeli istmel tee kõrval valvates, sest ta süda värises Jumala laeka pärast; ja kui mees jõudis linna kuulutama, siis kisendas kogu linn.

14 Kui Eeli kuulis kisendushäält, siis ta küsis: 'Mis kära see on?' Siis ruttas mees ja tuli ning jutustas Eelile.

15 Eeli oli üheksakümmend kaheksa aastat vana ja ta silmad olid tuhmid, nõnda et ta enam ei näinud.

16 Ja mees ütles Eelile: 'Mina olen lahingust tulija. Ma põgenesin täna lahingust.' Ja tema küsis: 'Kuidas oli lugu, mu poeg?'

17 Siis kostis sõnumitooja ja ütles: 'Iisrael põgenes vilistite eest ja rahva kaotuski on suur. Ka su mõlemad pojad, Hofni ja Piinehas, on surnud ning Jumala laegas on ära võetud.'

18 Ja sündis, kui ta Jumala laegast nimetas, et Eeli kukkus istmelt värava kõrval tagurpidi, murdis oma kaela ja suri, sest mees oli vana ja raske; ta oli Iisraelile kohut mõistnud nelikümmend aastat.

19 Ja tema minia, Piinehasi naine, oli viimaseid päevi lapseootel; kui ta kuulis seda sõnumit, et Jumala laegas oli ära võetud ja ta äi ja mees surnud, siis ta varises kokku ja sünnitas, sest temale tulid sünnitusvaevad.

20 Ja otse ta suremise ajal ütlesid naised, kes seisid ta juures: 'Ära karda, sest sa oled sünnitanud poja!' Aga tema ei vastanud ega pannud tähelegi,

21 vaid pani poeglapsele nimeks Iikabod, et öelda: 'Au on Iisraelist lahkunud', sellepärast et Jumala laegas oli ära võetud, ning oma äia ja mehe pärast.

22 Ja ta ütles: 'Au on Iisraelist lahkunud, sest Jumala laegas on ära võetud.'

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 4      

Although it was clear throughout Israel that Samuel had been established as the Lord’s prophet, the Israelites were still unprepared to listen to his prophecy. A new battle took place between the army of Israel and the army of the Philistines, that went decidedly in the Philistines’ favor. About four thousand men of Israel died.

The Israelites were in great distress, and they sent for the Ark of the covenant from Shiloh in order to summon the power of the Lord. Accompanying the Ark were the two sons of the High Priest Eli: Hophni and Phinehas. When the Ark reached the Israelite camp, the Israelites shouted with joy, and the Philistines became afraid. They knew that the Israelite God was surely with them, and they remembered His power from the plagues of Egypt (in Exodus 7 through 12). The Philistines, in order to avoid being enslaved by the Israelites, summoned courage and defeated Israel. In the process, they captured the Ark of the Covenant.

A messenger was dispatched to bring the bad news to Shiloh, where Eli was. Hophni and Phinehas were dead, and the Ark was in enemy hands. Upon hearing the news, the elderly Eli fell backwards from his seat and died. Phinehas’ wife was heavily pregnant. The bad news broke her spirit and she died shortly after delivering a son that she named Ichabod. The doom predicted in Chapter three of 1 Samuel had come to pass.

The Ark of the Covenant contained two stone tablets, on which were written the Ten Commandments. These were written by the finger of God, and given to Moses on Mount Sinai. The Commandments represented the covenant between the Lord and people. They would be joined together through love and faith: God’s love for His people, and their love for Him. Love, faith in God and obedience to His message would forever bind them. The covenant is only fulfilled when people, individually and collectively, do what is written on those two tablets (see True Christianity 285.)

When the Israelites lose the Ark of the Covenant in this story (and with it, the Ten Commandments) it symbolizes the loss of a person’s covenantal relationship with the Lord their Creator. This covenant can be severed, if we choose to break it, and this story is a representation of the destruction that breaking the covenant can cause. God, however, will never give up on us, and is always ready to come into our lives if we accept Him.

In True Christianity 285, Swedenborg writes that God is always ready to keep His commandment with us, but we must use our free will to keep our commandment with Him. This is illustrated in a quote from Revelation 3:20: “Behold, I stand at the door and knock. If anyone hears my voice and opens the door, I will come in to him and dine with him, and he with me.”

While this story is an example of a covenant with God described in the Old Testament of the Word, this relationship between God and His people (and, of course, with each one of us individually) is a theme throughout all of the Bible. The New Testament describes a new covenant that the Lord seeks to build with each of us.

The Philistines, whom the Israelites were battling in this chapter, are mentioned in Swedenborg’s writings, where he writes that they represent faith without charity. Both faith and charity are necessary to follow the Lord, and knowledge of what is right and true is not useful unless we apply it to our lives. If we do not, this knowledge simply becomes memory instead of an ongoing part of our life (see Arcana Coelestia 1197). In this chapter, the Israelites lose a battle to the Philistines and surrender the Ark of the Covenant, which contains the Ten Commandments. Since Philistines represent knowledge without charity, perhaps this story is telling us that in order to keep our covenant with God, it is not enough to know what is required of us, what is written on the tablet. We must also act accordingly. When we both understand the commandments and practice them, then we are able to keep our covenant with God.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1343, 1703, 2576, 4763, 9396, 9416


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 277, 700, 817

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 35:17, 18

Exodus 9:14, 14:14, 25, 15:14, 25:22

Leviticus 26:17, 37

Numbrid 10:35, 14:45

Deuteronoomia 29:10

Joshua 7:6, 15:53

Kohtunikud 13:1, 15:20

1 Samuel 2:34, 3:2, 11, 12, 5:1, 7, 7:12, 10:19, 14:3, 29:1, 3

2 Saamuel 10:12

1 kuningat 1:40, 20:26

Psalmid 74:11, 78:60, 61, 62, 64, 80:2

Jesaja 59:1, 2

Lamentatsioonid 2:1

Ilmutus 11:6

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 The Capture and Return of the Ark
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
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 The Capture and Return of the Ark (3-5 years)
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 The Capture and Return of the Ark (6-8 years)
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 The Capture and Return of the Ark (9-11 years)
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