1 Samuel 2

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Estonian     

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1 Ja Hanna palvetas ning ütles: 'Mu süda rõõmutseb Issandas, Issandas üleneb mu sarv kõrgele. Mu suu on laialt lahti mu vaenlaste vastu, sest ma olen rõõmus sinu abi pärast.

2 Ükski pole nii püha kui Issand, sest ei ole muud kui sina, ükski pole kalju nagu meie Jumal.

3 Ärge rääkige üha nii kõrgilt ärgu tulgu ülbust teie suudest! Sest Issand on kõikteadja Jumal ja tema uurib tegusid.

4 Kangelaste ammud murtakse katki, aga komistajad vöötavad endid jõuga.

5 Küllastunud kauplevad endid leiva eest, aga näljastel lõpeb nälg. Sigimatu sünnitab seitse last, aga lasterikas närbub.

6 Issand surmab ja teeb elavaks, viib alla hauda ja toob jälle üles.

7 Issand teeb vaeseks ja teeb rikkaks, tema alandab, aga ülendab ka.

8 Tema tõstab tähtsusetu põrmust, tema ülendab viletsa tuhaasemelt, pannes neid istuma õilsate juurde ja lastes neid pärida aujärgi. Sest Issanda päralt on maa toed ja nende peale on ta seadnud maailma.

9 Tema hoiab oma vagade jalgu, aga õelad peavad pimeduses vaikima, sest ükski ei saa võimust omast jõust.

10 Issanda vastu riidlejad kohkuvad, taevast müristab Kõigekõrgem. Issand mõistab kohut maailma äärtele, annab rammu oma kuningale ja ülendab oma võitu sarve.'

11 Siis Elkana läks koju Raamasse, aga poiss teenis Issandat preester Eeli juhatusel.

12 Aga Eeli pojad olid kõlvatud, nad ei tahtnud tunnustada Issandat

13 ega seda, mis preestril oli õigus rahvalt saada. Iga kord, kui keegi ohvrit ohverdas, tuli preestri sulane liha keetmise ajal, kolmeharuline kahvel käes,

14 ja pistis selle katlasse või keedupotti või patta või anumasse - kõik, mis kahvel üles tõi, võttis preester enesele; nõnda talitasid nad kõigi Iisraeli lastega, kes tulid sinna Siilosse.

15 Nõndasamuti tuli enne rasva põletamist preestri sulane ja ütles mehele, kes ohverdas: 'Anna liha preestrile küpsetamiseks! Sest tema ei taha sinult keedetud liha, vaid tahab toorest.'

16 Kui mees temale ütles: 'Põletatagu enne rasv, nagu peab põletama, ja võta siis enesele, nagu su hing himustab!', siis ta vastas: 'Anna aga nüüd! Ja kui mitte, siis ma võtan vägisi!'

17 Seepärast oli noorte meeste patt Issanda ees väga suur, sest inimesed hakkasid Issanda roaohvrit halvustama.

18 Aga Saamuel teenis Issanda ees, kuigi oli nooruke, riietatud linasesse õlarüüsse.

19 Ja ta ema valmistas temale väikese ülekuue ning viis selle temale igal aastal, kui ta läks oma mehega iga-aastast ohvrit ohverdama.

20 Ja Eeli õnnistas Elkanat ja tema naist ning ütles: 'Issand andku sulle sellest naisest järeltulijaid palutu asemele, kelle ta oli palunud Issandale!' Siis nad läksid taas oma kodupaika.

21 Ja Issand kandis hoolt Hanna eest, nii et ta jäi lapseootele ja tõi ilmale veel kolm poega ja kaks tütart. Aga poiss Saamuel kasvas üles Issanda juures.

22 Eeli oli aga väga vana ja pidi kuulma kõike, mida ta pojad tegid kogu Iisraelile ja kuidas nad magasid naistega, kes olid teenistuses kogudusetelgi juures.

23 Ta ütles neile: 'Miks te teete niisuguseid asju, neid halbu asju, millest ma kogu sellelt rahvalt kuulen?

24 Ei, mitte nõnda, mu pojad! Ei ole head need kuuldused, mida ma kuulen Issanda rahvast levitavat.

25 Kui inimene teeb pattu inimese vastu, siis on Jumal temale vahemeheks; aga kui inimene teeb pattu Jumala vastu, kes võiks siis olla temale vahemeheks?' Aga nemad ei kuulanud oma isa häält, sest Issand soovis neid surmata.

26 Aga poiss Saamuel edenes kasvus ja meeldivuses niihästi Issanda kui inimeste juures.

27 Ja Eeli juurde tuli üks jumalamees ning ütles temale: 'Nõnda ütleb Issand: Eks ma ole ennast su isa soole selgesti ilmutanud, kui nad alles olid Egiptuses vaarao koja võimuses?

28 Mina valisin tema kõigist Iisraeli suguharudest enesele preestriks, et ta ohverdaks mu altaril, põletaks suitsutusrohtu, kannaks mu palge ees õlarüüd; ja ma andsin su isa soole kõik Iisraeli laste tuleohvrid.

29 Mispärast te halvustate mu tapa- ja roaohvreid, mis ma oma elamus olen seadnud? Sa austad oma poegi rohkem kui mind, et te endid nuumate parimaga kõigist mu Iisraeli rahva roaohvreist!

30 Sellepärast ütleb Issand, Iisraeli Jumal: Mina olen tõesti öelnud: Sinu sugu ja su isa sugu peavad igavesti elama minu ees! Aga nüüd ütleb Issand: Jäägu see minust kaugele! Sest kes austab mind, seda austan mina, ja kes mind põlgab, saab põlatavaks.

31 Vaata, päevad tulevad ja ma raiun ära sinu käsivarre ja su isa soo käsivarre, nõnda et ükski su soos ei ela vanaks.

32 Ja sa saad näha mu elamut kitsikuses, kõige selle eest, mis ta Iisraelile head pidi tegema. Ja ükski su soos ei ela iial vanaks.

33 Aga ma ei hävita sul mitte kõiki oma altari juurest, et mitte kustutada su silmi ja rammestada su hinge, kuid enamik sinu soost peab surema meheeas!

34 Ja sulle olgu tähiseks see, mis juhtub su mõlema pojaga, Hofni ja Piinehasiga: mõlemad surevad samal päeval!

35 Aga ma lasen enesele tõusta ühe ustava preestri, kes teeb mu südame ja hinge järgi; ja mina ehitan temale kindla koja, et ta saaks alaliselt elada mu võitu ees.

36 Ja igaüks, kes su soost järele jääb, tuleb teda kummardama hõbetüki ja leivakakukese pärast ning ütleb: 'Võta mind ometi mõnesse preestriteenistusse, et saaksin süüa palukese leiba!''

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Exploring the Meaning of 1 Samuel 2      

Chapter 2 of the Book of Samuel begins with Hannah’s prayerful song of praise to God. It's a big contrast to the sadness and desperation of her prayer in the previous chapter when she begged for a child. In many ways this is a model for the song that Mary sang, in Luke 1:46-55 after hearing from the angel Gabriel that she was to be the mother of the Lord.

In this chapter, the High Priest, Eli, had grown so old that he had turned his priestly duties over to his sons Hophni and Phinehas. However, these sons were corrupt and had separated themselves from God. They took the best part of the meat offerings for themselves, even before the meat had been properly sacrificed, and took advantage of the woman who worked at the gate of the sanctuary.

That corrupt state is contrasted with the wholesome ministry of the young boy Samuel, who wore a simple tunic (called an ephod) given to him each year by his mother as he grew.

Reports of his sons’ wrongdoings reached Eli, and he pleaded with them to stop, but they did not change their ways and he did nothing to punish them. Then, a messenger from God came with a message of doom for not only the two sons, but for the whole family.

As Anita Dole describes the situation, in her "Bible Study Notes":

"This is a picture of a state in which worship is degraded by being used for self-interest and self-exaltation, and when the high priest in us - that inner dictate which relates us to the Lord - does not take steps to correct the evil, although it sees it. It has become dim of sight and is no longer able to receive directly the voice of the Lord. In 1 Samuel 2:17, quoted above, there is the suggestion of the harm which such a state does to others as well as
to ourselves. Many people are turned against the church by the self-seeking and hypocrisy they see in some of its members. Our duty to keep our worship sincere and to live according to the teachings of the church is not for our own salvation alone. The Lord's service requires of us constant watchfulness and ever-renewed devotion." - Anita Dole, Bible Study Notes, "The Birth of Samuel", © 2001 by The Swedenborg Foundation.

This is a chapter focused on contrasts. On one side are Hannah and Samuel who are faithful to the Lord. We see Hannah praising Him for the wonderful gifts that He provides, especially the gift of her son. This story helps us realize that all children are a gift from God. We should never view them as being our possessions. Instead, they are always God’s children whom we have been blessed to be able to nurture for a time and help grow.

On the other side are the sons of Eli, who profaned what was holy as a mark of self-love and disdain for God.

At the heart of this is a message about true worship. This true worship is a product of heart-felt adoration of God, together with genuine humility (see Arcana Coelestia 1153).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 66, 1756, 2584, 2832, 2930, 3008, 7601, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 10, 20, 323, 535, 551, 598, 671


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 253, 257, 304, 316, 357, 386, 401, ...

An Invitation to the New Church 35

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Genesis 13:13, 21:1, 35:22, 38:7, 10, 39:4

Exodus 15:11, 28:1, 29:9, 30:7, 38:8

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2 Saamuel 6:14, 22:32

1 kuningat 2:27, 35, 8:31, 32, 13:1, 17:22

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Jesaja 40:29, 44:8, 47:5, 54:1

Jeremija 2:8, 15:9, 51:56

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Významy biblických slov

süda
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

Sarv
'A horn,' when spoken of the Lord, signifies omnipotence. 'The little horn that rose up,' as mentioned in Daniel 7:3-8, signifies the full perversion of...

suu
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

rõõmus
To make glad signifies influx and reception from joy of heart.

kalju
'A rock' signifies the Lord regarding the divine truth of the Word.

Nälg
Food and drink in the Bible represent the desire for good and the understanding of what is true, which nourish and delight us spiritually the...

seitse
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

alla
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

Maa
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

hoiab
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

Õelad
'The wicked' or 'unrighteous' denotes being not in truth of faith.

annab
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

preester
People in the Word who operate the details of charity are called 'ministers.'

rasva
Fat signifies the celestial principle. Fat things, full of marrow, signify goodnesses. Fat and blood signify interior goods and truths, and hence the Israelites, prior...

liha
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

keedetud
'To seethe' signifies destroying truths and goods by falsities.

mees
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

hing
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

patt
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

ema
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

oma
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kandis
In a general sense, being "born" in the Bible represents one spiritual state producing another, usually some form of love or affection producing or "giving...

kolm
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

kaks
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

vana
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

pojad
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

poiss
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

tuli
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

ütles
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Vaarao
'Pharaoh' signifies scientific ideas, or the natural principle in general. 'Pharaoh' signifies false ideas infesting the truth of the church. Pharaoh,' in Genesis 40, represents...

Jumal
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

igavesti
In many cases, the use of “eternity” in the Bible is pretty literal, simple meaning forever. This is especially true when the text is referring...

Vaata
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

Tulevad
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

isa
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surema
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

mõlemad
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tuleb
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kummardama
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ütleb
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 Birth and Call of Samuel
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 I Will Raise up a Faithful Priest Quotation to Color
Quotation to color.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Samuel Is Born Review Questions
Choose words from a word blank to complete sentences about Samuel.
Activity | Ages 3 - 13

 The Birth of Samuel
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 The Birth of Samuel (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 The Birth of Samuel (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 The Birth of Samuel (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

 The Lord Calls Samuel
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6


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