Juĝistoj 2

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1 Kaj venis angxelo de la Eternulo el Gilgal al Bohxim, kaj diris:Mi elkondukis vin el Egiptujo, kaj venigis vin en la landon, pri kiu Mi jxuris al viaj patroj, kaj Mi diris:Mi neniam rompos Mian interligon kun vi;

2 sed vi ne faru interligon kun la logxantoj de cxi tiu lando, iliajn altarojn detruu. Sed vi ne obeis Mian vocxon; kial vi tion faris?

3 Tial Mi diras:Mi ne forpelos ilin de vi, kaj ili estos por vi kaptilo, kaj iliaj dioj estos por vi falilo.

4 Kaj kiam la angxelo de la Eternulo parolis tiujn vortojn al cxiuj Izraelidoj, la popolo levis sian vocxon kaj ploris.

5 Kaj ili donis al tiu loko la nomon Bohxim. Kaj ili tie bucxis oferojn al la Eternulo.

6 Kaj Josuo forliberigis la popolon, kaj la Izraelidoj iris cxiu al sia hereda parto, por ekposedi la landon.

7 Kaj la popolo servis al la Eternulo dum la tuta vivo de Josuo, kaj dum la tuta vivo de la plejagxuloj, kiuj vivis longe post Josuo, kaj kiuj vidis cxiujn grandajn farojn de la Eternulo, kiujn Li faris al Izrael.

8 Kaj mortis Josuo, filo de Nun, servanto de la Eternulo, en la agxo de cent dek jaroj.

9 Kaj oni enterigis lin inter la limoj de lia posedajxo en Timnat-HXeres, sur la monto de Efraim, norde de la monto Gaasx.

10 Kaj ankaux tiu tuta generacio alkolektigxis al siaj patroj; kaj aperis post ili generacio alia, kiu ne konis la Eternulon, nek la farojn, kiujn Li faris al Izrael.

11 Kaj la Izraelidoj faris malbonon antaux la okuloj de la Eternulo, kaj servis al Baaloj.

12 Kaj ili forlasis la Eternulon, Dion de iliaj patroj, kiu elkondukis ilin el la lando Egipta, kaj ili sekvis aliajn diojn, el la dioj de la popoloj, kiuj estis cxirkaux ili, kaj ili adoris ilin, kaj kolerigis la Eternulon.

13 Kaj ili forlasis la Eternulon, kaj servis al Baal kaj al Asxtar.

14 Kaj ekflamis la kolero de la Eternulo kontraux Izrael, kaj Li transdonis ilin en la manojn de rabistoj, kiuj prirabis ilin, kaj Li vendis ilin en la manojn de iliaj malamikoj cxirkauxe; kaj ili ne povis plu sin teni antaux siaj malamikoj.

15 Kien ajn ili iris, la mano de la Eternulo estis kontraux ili por malbono, kiel la Eternulo diris kaj kiel la Eternulo jxuris al ili; kaj ili estis tre premataj.

16 Kaj la Eternulo starigis jugxistojn, kiuj savis ilin el la manoj de iliaj rabintoj;

17 tamen ankaux la jugxistojn ili ne obeis, sed ili malcxastis kun aliaj dioj kaj adoris ilin, rapide deklinigxis de la vojo, kiun iris iliaj patroj, obeante la ordonojn de la Eternulo; ili tiel ne agis.

18 Kaj kiam la Eternulo starigis por ili jugxistojn, kaj la Eternulo estis kun la jugxisto, kaj savadis ilin el la manoj de iliaj malamikoj dum la tuta vivo de la jugxisto, cxar la Eternulo kompatis ilin, kiam ili gxemis pro siaj turmentantoj kaj premantoj:

19 tiam, apenaux la jugxisto mortis, ili denove farigxis pli malbonaj ol iliaj patroj, sekvante aliajn diojn, servante al ili, kaj adorante ilin. Ili ne deklinigxis de siaj faroj kaj de sia malbona vojo.

20 Kaj ekflamis la kolero de la Eternulo kontraux Izrael, kaj Li diris:CXar cxi tiu popolo malobeis Mian interligon, kiun Mi donis al iliaj patroj, kaj ne auxskultis Mian vocxon,

21 tial Mi ankaux forpelos de ili neniun el la popoloj, kiujn restigis Josuo, kiam li mortis;

22 por elprovi per ili Izraelon, cxu ili observos la vojon de la Eternulo kaj iros gxin, kiel observis iliaj patroj, aux ne.

23 Kaj la Eternulo restigis tiujn popolojn, kaj ne rapidis elpeli ilin, kaj ne transdonis ilin en la manojn de Josuo.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 2      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 2: Israel’s disobedience and Joshua’s death.

This chapter opens with a reprimand from the Angel of the Lord. The Israelites had been commanded not to make any treaties with the people of Canaan, and to tear down their altars. The Angel warned that Israel had broken their covenant to the Lord, so the Lord would not drive out the other inhabitants of the land; they would be thorns in Israel’s side, and their gods would be a snare. Israel wept, and sacrificed to the Lord.

After the Israelites had gone to their assigned territories, it mentions Joshua’s death and burial (yet Joshua had died at the end of the book of Joshua!). All Israel had followed the Lord during Joshua’s time, and understood what the Lord had done for Israel. But the older generation died away, and a new generation arose who did not know the Lord, nor what He had done for Israel.

The chapter then spells out the terrible plight in which the people of Israel had entangled themselves. They had begun to worship Baal and Ashtaroth, the gods of the Canaanites, and they turned away from the Lord who had done so much for them. So, the Lord allowed their enemies to attack them, and Israel could not stand against them. This theme of straying from the Lord, and in turn being punished, will return through the next few chapters.

In the midst of this, the text says that the Lord raised up judges who delivered Israel. However, when each judge died, the people reverted to worshipping other gods. This seems to anticipate the events ahead in Judges.

*****

This chapter really marks the first of many transgressions committed by the Israelites in the book of Judges. The first three verses of this chapter feature the Angel of the Lord, who appears many times throughout the Word, and for many reasons: sometimes to bless, but in this case, to admonish the children of Israel for their disobedience. The Angel of the Lord stands firm and resolute, and represents truths from the Lord revealed in our hearts and minds (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 96[6]).

The spiritual meaning of ‘weeping’ can mean various things, depending on the context. Here, the people wept because of the Angel’s warning, in momentary recognition of their wrongdoing. This is not real repentance (a ‘change of heart’), but fear along with a sense of our own self-love, which may lead us into more disobedience (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 153).

The death of the older generation and rise of a new one represents a change of state in us. The older generation - Joshua and the elders - served as a connection between the people and the Lord, since they had seen the Lord’s blessings on Israel in their own time. However, when we lose that connection, both our love of obedience and understanding of why we must obey the Lord fall away.

Our changes of state usually happen quickly; we suddenly get angry, feel fear, become selfish. When we turn to the Lord for help during these times, we quickly enter a state of humility in which the Lord can reach us (see Swedenborg’s Doctrine of Life 21).

After Joshua’s death, the children of Israel began to worship other gods, and the Lord punished them. In our lives, this would be like turning back on our devotion to the Lord to instead focus on worldly things, and do just as we please. There is no punishment from the Lord, only the consequences of our actions. We become weak, easy prey for doubts and anxieties, completely at the mercy of the hells (see Arcana Caelestia 7373).

Although the Lord raised judges to lead the people, the Israelites would would return to their old ways once the judge had passed away. This gives us a valuable spiritual truth that even in our sorry state of self-interest, we are still, at times, able to see the mess we are in. We may feel alarmed for a while, but this subsides and we grow complacent once again. The Lord raises up judges so that we can hold ourselves accountable.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 921, 1925, 3255, 4539, 8286, 8301


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 391

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