Juĝistoj 19

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1 En tiu tempo, kiam ne ekzistis regxo cxe Izrael, logxis iu Levido sur la deklivo de la monto de Efraim. Li prenis al si kromedzinon el Bet-Lehxem de Jehuda.

2 Kaj lia kromedzino perfidis lin kaj foriris de li en la domon de sia patro en Bet-Lehxem de Jehuda, kaj sxi restis tie kvar monatojn.

3 Kaj levigxis sxia edzo kaj iris al sxi, por paroli al sxia koro, por revenigi sxin; kun li estis lia junulo kaj paro da azenoj. Kaj sxi enirigis lin en la domon de sia patro; kaj la patro de la juna virino lin ekvidis kaj akceptis lin kun gxojo.

4 Kaj retenis lin lia bopatro, la patro de la juna virino, kaj li restis cxe li dum tri tagoj; kaj ili mangxis kaj trinkis kaj tranoktis tie.

5 En la kvara tago ili levigxis frue matene, kaj li intencis foriri; sed la patro de la juna virino diris al sia bofilo:Fortigu vian koron per peco da pano; kaj poste vi iros.

6 Kaj ili restis, kaj ambaux kune mangxis kaj trinkis. Kaj la patro de la juna virino diris al la viro:Mi petas vin, tranoktu kaj gxojigu vian koron.

7 La viro levigxis, por foriri; sed lia bopatro insiste petis lin, kaj li restis kaj tranoktis tie.

8 En la kvina tago li levigxis frue matene, por iri; sed la patro de la juna virino diris:Fortigu, mi petas, vian koron, kaj ne rapidu, gxis finigxos la tago. Kaj ili ambaux mangxis.

9 Kaj la viro levigxis, por iri, li kaj lia kromedzino kaj lia junulo. Sed lia bopatro, la patro de la juna virino, diris al li:Jen finigxis la tago kaj farigxas vespero, tranoktu do, mi petas; jen la tago finigxis, tranoktu cxi tie, ke via koro faru al si gxojon; morgaux frue vi levigxos, por iri vian vojon, kaj vi iros al via tendo.

10 Sed la viro ne volis tranokti; li levigxis kaj iris. Kaj li venis al la cxirkauxajxo de Jebus (tio estas Jerusalem); kun li estis paro da sxargxitaj azenoj, kaj ankaux lia kromedzino.

11 Kiam ili estis antaux Jebus, la tago jam forte klinigxis. Kaj la junulo diris al sia sinjoro:Venu, ni eniru en cxi tiun urbon de la Jebusidoj, kaj ni tranoktu en gxi.

12 Sed lia sinjoro diris al li:Ni ne eniros en urbon de aligentuloj, kiuj ne estas el la Izraelidoj; Ni iros pluen, gxis Gibea.

13 Kaj li diris al sia junulo:Iru, ke ni alproksimigxu al unu el la lokoj, kaj ni tranoktu en Gibea aux en Rama.

14 Kaj ili iris pluen kaj iris; kaj la suno subiris antaux ili apud Gibea, kiu apartenis al la Benjamenidoj.

15 Kaj ili turnigxis tien, por eniri kaj tranokti en Gibea. Kaj li eniris kaj sidigxis sur la strato; sed neniu invitis ilin en la domon, por tranokti.

16 Sed jen iu maljunulo venis vespere de sia laboro de la kampo; li estis de la monto de Efraim kaj logxis tiutempe en Gibea; kaj la logxantoj de tiu loko estis Benjamenidoj.

17 Li levis siajn okulojn kaj ekvidis la fremdan homon sur la strato de la urbo. Kaj la maljunulo diris:Kien vi iras? kaj de kie vi venas?

18 Kaj tiu diris al li:Ni iras el Bet-Lehxem de Jehuda al la deklivo de la monto de Efraim, de kie mi estas. Mi iris al Bet-Lehxem de Jehuda, kaj nun mi iras al la domo de la Eternulo; kaj neniu invitas min en la domon.

19 Ni havas pajlon kaj mangxajxon por niaj azenoj, ankaux panon kaj vinon mi havas por mi kaj por via sklavino, kaj por la junulo, kiu estas kun viaj sklavoj; nenio mankas al Ni.

20 Kaj la maljunulo diris:Paco estu al vi; cxion, kio mankus al vi, mi prenas sur min; nur ne tranoktu sur la strato.

21 Kaj li envenigis lin en sian domon, kaj li donis mangxajxon al la azenoj; kaj ili lavis siajn piedojn kaj mangxis kaj trinkis.

22 Dum ili gxojigadis sian koron, jen la logxantoj de la urbo, homoj malmoralaj, cxirkauxis la domon, frapis je la pordo, kaj diris al la maljuna domomastro jene:Elirigu la homon, kiu venis en vian domon, ke ni lin ekkonu.

23 Tiam eliris al ili la domomastro, kaj diris al ili:Ne, miaj fratoj, ne faru malbonon; cxar tiu homo venis en mian domon, ne faru tian malnoblajxon.

24 Jen mi havas filinon virgulinon, kaj li havas kromedzinon; mi elirigos ilin, kaj vi malhonoru ilin, kaj faru al ili tion, kio placxas al vi; sed kun cxi tiu viro ne faru tian abomenindajxon.

25 Sed la homoj ne volis auxskulti lin. Tiam la viro prenis sian kromedzinon kaj elirigis al ili sur la straton. Kaj ili ekkonis sxin, kaj faris al si amuzon kun sxi dum la tuta nokto, gxis la mateno; kaj ili forliberigis sxin, kiam levigxis la matenrugxo.

26 Kaj la virino venis antaux la matenigxo, kaj falis antaux la pordo de la domo de tiu homo, kie estis sxia sinjoro; kaj sxi kusxis, gxis farigxis lume.

27 Matene levigxis sxia sinjoro kaj malfermis la pordon de la domo, kaj eliris, por iri sian vojon; kaj jen li vidas, ke la virino, lia kromedzino, kusxas antaux la pordo de la domo, kaj sxiaj manoj estas sur la sojlo.

28 Kaj li diris al sxi:Levigxu, kaj ni iros. Sed estis nenia respondo. Tiam li prenis sxin sur la azenon, levigxis, kaj iris al sia loko.

29 Kiam li venis en sian domon, li prenis trancxilon, prenis sian kromedzinon kaj distrancxis sxin kun sxiaj ostoj en dek du partojn kaj dissendis tion en cxiujn regionojn de Izrael.

30 Kaj cxiu, kiu tion vidis, diris:Ne estis kaj ne vidigxis io simila de post la tago, kiam la Izraelidoj eliris el la lando Egipta, gxis nun; atentu tion, konsiligxu, kaj decidu.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 19      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

The Levite’s Concubine and the Crime of Gibeah

In many ways the events in this chapter show the further deterioration of the spiritual condition of the people of Israel. It's a terrible story, much like the story of Sodom, much earlier in the Book of Genesis. It ends with some men of Gibeah – a town of Israel – seeking to have sex with a man who is a guest of one of the men of the city. This does not happen; they are instead diverted into an all-night rape of the man’s concubine, so that she is lifeless when he retrieves her body in the morning. He then cuts her up into twelve pieces and sends these throughout the whole territory of Israel.

As we have been saying, these last few chapters of the Book of Judges show clearly that once evil takes hold of a person – even a community or a country – and goes unchecked, and there is no indication of any desire to stop it or to turn from it, it will expand and poison the whole ‘body’. Then there is no distinction between what is good and evil, or between what is true and what is false, and there is no longer any active conscience left to check thoughts, desires and actions. (Arcana Caelestia 977)

The story begins… A Levite, a priest of Israel, takes a concubine from Bethlehem in Judah, but she takes part in prostitution and leaves the priest and goes to her father’s house in Bethlehem. The Levite goes to talk kindly with her, and she takes him into her father’s house where he is made welcome by her father.

The spiritual meaning of this is about a fairly mild situation of disorder and wrong which will form the beginning of all that is to happen. The Levite has a concubine. The concubine takes part in prostitution. The father’s fault seems to be that he keeps delaying the Levite’s departure. Every person lives with their own natures which produce mild disorders which can in fact become useful to us during regeneration. But allowed or left to stay unchecked, these disorders can begin to take hold. (Arcana Caelestia 8407)

The Levite keeps intending to leave, but several times the father of the concubine begs him to stay another night and detains him. Three days there becomes four, another night is spent, and on the fifth day the father urges the Levite to stay and eat and spend another night and go away early the next day. This time the Levite refuses and they leave and get to the town of Jebus, a Canaanite town which will eventually become Jerusalem.

The spiritual meaning of these delays before leaving lies in the danger of not turning away from something which is beginning to hold us and become our new normality. The father is very persuasive, but he is the father of a concubine who prostitutes herself. The Levite senses something is not right, and he insists he will leave. (Divine Providence 329)

The Levite’s servant asks for them to stay in Jebus, but the Levite refuses to stay in a foreign city and says they will go on to Gibeah or Ramah. They come to Gibeah and stay in the square as no one will take them in. An old man passes by and offers to take them into his house, and they go with him.

The spiritual point of this refusal to stay in the foreign city of Jebus but to go on to Gibeah, a city in Israel, is to bring out for us a sense of the abhorrence of what is about to happen there, and the extent of the wrong in Israel. (Apocalypse Revealed 158)

Some men of Gibeah beat on the door demanding that the man staying there come out so that they can sexually abuse him. The old man refuses but offers them his virgin daughter and the visitor’s concubine, but the men refuse. The Levite takes the concubine out of the house to the men and they rape her all night until morning.

The spiritual meaning for us of this story of the men of Gibeah and the concubine stems from the fact that no one in the entire story is blameless, apart from the virgin daughter of the old man. Everyone else is culpable. Spiritually, this reminds us that we are potentially capable of thinking about and even wanting to commit every evil and that regeneration – shunning all evils as sins against God and living in careful obedience to the Word – is the guard against this. (Divine Providence 296)

Abused and left, the concubine falls at the door of the house. In the morning the Levite sees her, bids her get ready to leave, then realises she is dead. He puts her on his donkey and goes to his house. He takes a knife and cuts the concubine into twelve pieces and sends these throughout the whole of Israel. And all who see say that no such thing has been seen since Israel came out of Egypt and end saying, ‘Consider it. Confer. Speak up!’

The spiritual meaning for us in dividing the concubine’s body in twelve parts and distributing them throughout all Israel is to do with our need to examine ourselves and see where our evils lie within us, often hidden and unknown. This is to be done in view of our actions, words, thoughts, intentions and what we might do if there were no penalty. (Divine Providence 149, 152, 278)

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 3148, 4592

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