Josuo 9

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1 Kaj kiam auxdis cxiuj regxoj, kiuj logxis trans Jordan, sur la monto kaj en la valo, kaj sur la tuta bordo de la Granda Maro kontraux Lebanon, la HXetidoj, kaj la Amoridoj, la Kanaanidoj, la Perizidoj, la HXividoj, kaj la Jebusidoj,

2 ili kolektigxis kune, por militi unuanime kontraux Josuo kaj kontraux Izrael.

3 Kaj la logxantoj de Gibeon auxdis, kion faris Josuo al Jerihxo kaj al Aj,

4 kaj ili ankaux faris ruzajxon:ili iris kaj provizis sin per mangxajxoj, kaj metis malnovajn sakojn sur siajn azenojn kaj malnovajn dissxiritajn kaj flikitajn vinsakojn;

5 kaj sxuoj malnovaj kaj flikitaj estis sur iliaj piedoj, kaj vestoj malnovaj estis sur ili, kaj ilia tuta pano estis malfresxa kaj sximigxinta.

6 Kaj ili iris al Josuo en la tendaron cxe Gilgal, kaj diris al li kaj al la tuta Izrael:El lando malproksima ni venis; faru do kun ni interligon.

7 Kaj la Izraelidoj diris al la HXividoj:Eble vi logxas apude de ni; kiel do ni povas fari kun vi interligon?

8 Kaj ili diris al Josuo:Ni estas viaj sklavoj. Kaj Josuo diris al ili:Kiuj vi estas? kaj el kie vi venas?

9 Kaj ili diris al li:El lando tre malproksima venis viaj sklavoj pro la nomo de la Eternulo, via Dio; cxar ni auxdis Lian gloron, kaj cxion, kion Li faris en Egiptujo,

10 kaj cxion, kion Li faris al la du regxoj de la Amoridoj transe de Jordan, al Sihxon, regxo de HXesxbon, kaj al Og, regxo de Basxan, kiu logxis en Asxtarot.

11 Kaj diris al ni niaj plejagxuloj kaj cxiuj logxantoj de nia lando jene:Prenu en viajn manojn mangxajxon por la vojo, kaj iru renkonte al ili, kaj diru al ili:ni estas viaj sklavoj; faru do kun ni interligon.

12 CXi tiu nia pano estis varma, kiam ni prenis gxin provize el niaj domoj en la tago, en kiu ni eliris, por iri al vi; kaj nun jen gxi malfresxigxis kaj sximigxis.

13 Kaj cxi tiuj niaj felsakoj kun vino, kiujn ni plenigis novajn, jen ili disfendigxis; kaj cxi tiuj niaj vestoj kaj sxuoj malnovigxis pro la tre longa vojo.

14 Tiam la homoj prenis iom el ilia pano, kaj la Eternulon ili ne demandis.

15 Kaj Josuo faris pacon kun ili, kaj starigis interligon kun ili, por lasi ilin vivaj; kaj la cxefoj de la komunumo jxuris al ili.

16 Sed post paso de tri tagoj, post kiam ili faris kun ili interligon, ili ekauxdis, ke ili estas iliaj najbaroj kaj logxas apude de ili.

17 Kaj la Izraelidoj elmovigxis, kaj venis al iliaj urboj en la tria tago; iliaj urboj estis Gibeon kaj Kefira kaj Beerot kaj Kirjat-Jearim.

18 Kaj la Izraelidoj ne batis ilin, cxar la estroj de la komunumo jxuris al ili per la Eternulo, Dio de Izrael. Kaj la tuta komunumo ekmurmuris kontraux la estroj.

19 Kaj cxiuj estroj diris al la tuta komunumo:Ni jxuris al ili per la Eternulo, Dio de Izrael, kaj nun ni ne povas tusxi ilin;

20 tion ni faros al ili:ni lasu ilin vivaj, por ke ne trafu nin kolero pro la jxuro, kiun ni jxuris al ili.

21 Kaj la estroj diris al ili:Ili vivu. Kaj ili farigxis lignohakistoj kaj akvoportistoj por la tuta komunumo, kiel diris al ili la estroj.

22 Kaj Josuo alvokis ilin, kaj diris al ili jene:Kial vi nin trompis, dirante, ke vi estas tre malproksimaj de ni, dum vi logxas apude de ni?

23 estu do nun malbenitaj:ne cxesigxu inter vi sklavoj kaj lignohakistoj kaj akvoportistoj por la domo de mia Dio.

24 Kaj ili respondis al Josuo kaj diris:Estis dirite al viaj sklavoj, ke la Eternulo, via Dio, promesis al Sia servanto Moseo, ke Li donos al vi la tutan landon kaj ekstermos antaux vi cxiujn logxantojn de la lando; tial ni tre ektimis antaux vi pri nia vivo, kaj ni faris tiun aferon.

25 Kaj nun jen ni estas en via mano:kiel vi trovas bona kaj justa agi kun ni, tiel agu.

26 Kaj li agis kun ili tiel:li savis ilin kontraux la manoj de la Izraelidoj, kaj cxi tiuj ne mortigis ilin.

27 Sed Josuo destinis al ili en tiu tago, ke ili estu lignohakistoj kaj akvoportistoj por la komunumo kaj por la altaro de la Eternulo, gxis la nuna tago, sur la loko, kiun Li elektos.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 9      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff and Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 9: The Gibeonites deceive Israel.

After Israel conquered Jericho and then Ai, the news about the strength of the Children of Israel - and their mighty God, Jehovah - spread quickly among the people of Canaan. In this chapter, the people of Gibeon came up with a plan to trick Joshua and the Israelites into granting them safety.

To preserve themselves, the Gibeonites cooked up a story that they had come from far away. They dressed in old clothing and worn-out sandals, and brought shabby wine-skins and moldy bread as proof of their long journey. After questioning these travelers, Joshua agreed to guarantee their safety, and the Israelites made a covenant to let them live. Note that the Israelites did not consult the Lord.

In the end, the Gibeonites admitted that they lived close by and were neighbors of Israel, just as the Hivites (the Gibeonites' ancestors) had been with Abraham. Joshua, unable to revoke his promise to them, made them wood-cutters and water-carriers for the altars of the Lord.

This chapter offers us several spiritual lessons. The main one is that there is a place for simple, well-intentioned goodness in our spiritual life, along with our love of God and our love for other people (See Swedenborg's exegetical work, Arcana Caelestia 3436, for details). This is what the Gibeonites stand for; they were not warlike but peaceful, content to live usefully day after day. This is an illustration of natural good, which is an important part of life in this world and in heaven (Arcana Caelestia 3167).

On a spiritual level, their story about living in a country far-away means that when we live good, well-intentioned lives, we are ‘far away’ from the evils of the Canaanites. Although the Gibeonites lived among the Canaanites, their higher values were entirely different. So while the Gibeonites deceived Israel to save themselves, they spoke truthfully when they said: “we come from a place a very long way away” (See Swedenborg's work, Heaven and Hell 481).

Their tattered and torn appearance is meant to illustrate the hard work of doing good. It can be quite wearing to continue doing good things, especially when we feel it is all up to us. Acknowledging that all good is from the Lord renews us, and keeps us from the burden of merit.

In the same vein, their worn-out appearance is also about our relationship with the Word. Little children love and delight in the stories of the Word, but as they grow up, this love dwindles (Arcana Caelestia 3690). But as adults, we have the choice to find those guiding principles from the Word, helping us to keep leading good lives.

The fact that Joshua commanded the Gibeonites to cut wood and draw water also holds spiritual significance. The beauty of wood is that it comes from living trees, and can be turned into many, many useful things. It stands for the steady, humble wish to do good each day (See Swedenborg's work, True Christian Religion 374). This must be present in our worship at the altars of the Lord.

Drawing water provides essential, life-giving refreshment for others. Water stands for truth, and our better actions draw the water of life for the sake of others. Truly, acknowledging the goodness in other people is part of our faith in God. This story shows us that we must allow others to live and to serve everything of God, just as Joshua showed mercy toward the Gibeonites.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1097, 1110, 2842, 3058, 4431, 6860


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 608

Spiritual Experiences 151, 271, 273, 330, 363, 377

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Významy biblických slov

jordan
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

monto
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

maro
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

lebanon
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

Gibeon
sun standing still upon Gibeon signifies total vastation of the church.

Jerihxo
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

piedoj
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

vestoj
Soft raiment,' as in Matthew 11:9, represents the internal sense of the Word.

pano
Just as natural food feeds the natural body, so spiritual food feeds the spiritual body. And since our spiritual body is the expression of what...

Gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

diris
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Lando
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

ni
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

venis
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

logxas
'Inhabit' refers to good.

venas
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

nomo
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

Eternulo
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Dio
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

Egiptujo
In the Bible, Egypt means knowledge and the love of knowledge. In a good sense that means knowledge of truth from the Lord through the...

du
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

vojo
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

domoj
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

tago
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

Longa
'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.

post
According to Swedenborg, time and space don’t exist in spiritual reality; they are purely natural things that exist only on the physical plane. This means...

tri
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

tagoj
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

Urboj
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

batis
To strike or smite, when used in the Bible, means to attack, harm or destroy, and is usually in reference to an attack on someone’s...

domo
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

respondis
To "answer" generally indicates a state of spiritual receptivity. Ultimately this means being receptive to the Lord, who is constantly trying to pour true ideas...

mano
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

bona
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

manoj
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

mortigis
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

altaro
The first altar mentioned in the Word was built by Noah after he came out of the ark. On that altar, he sacrificed clean animals...

Loko
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

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 Israel's Treaty with Gibeon Review Questions
Read Joshua 9 to complete sentences about Israel's treaty with the Gibeonites.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The Fate of the Gibeonites
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Five Kings Captured
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Gibeonites
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3


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