Josuo 8

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1 Kaj la Eternulo diris al Josuo:Ne timu, kaj ne estu malkuragxa; prenu kun vi cxiujn militistojn, kaj levigxu kaj iru al Aj; vidu, Mi transdonis en vian manon la regxon de Aj kaj lian popolon kaj lian urbon kaj lian landon.

2 Kaj agu kun Aj kaj kun gxia regxo, kiel vi agis kun Jerihxo kaj kun gxia regxo; nur ilian militakirajxon kaj iliajn brutojn vi povas rabi por vi. Faru insidon malantaux la urbo.

3 Kaj levigxis Josuo kaj cxiuj militistoj, por iri al Aj; kaj Josuo elektis tridek mil homojn, bonajn militistojn, kaj sendis ilin nokte,

4 kaj ordonis al ili, dirante:Vidu, vi faros insidon cxe la urbo, malantaux la urbo; ne tro malproksimigxu de la urbo, kaj estu cxiuj pretaj.

5 Kaj mi, kaj la tuta popolo, kiu estas kun mi, alproksimigxos al la urbo. Kaj kiam ili eliros kontraux nin, kiel antauxe, ni forkuros de ili.

6 Kaj ili eliros post ni, gxis ni ellogos ilin el la urbo; cxar ili diros:Ili forkuras de ni, kiel antauxe. Kaj ni kuros de ili.

7 Tiam vi levigxu el la insido kaj ekposedu la urbon; kaj la Eternulo, via Dio, transdonos gxin en vian manon.

8 Kaj kiam vi okupos la urbon, ekbruligu la urbon per fajro; faru laux la diro de la Eternulo. Vidu, mi tion ordonas al vi.

9 Kaj Josuo sendis ilin, kaj ili iris en insidejon, kaj ili eksidis inter Bet-El kaj Aj, okcidente de Aj. Kaj Josuo pasigis tiun nokton meze de la popolo.

10 Kaj Josuo levigxis frue matene, kaj ordigis la popolon, kaj ekiris li kaj la plejagxuloj de Izrael antaux la popolo al Aj.

11 Kaj cxiuj militistoj, kiuj estis kun li, iris, kaj alproksimigxis, kaj venis antaux la urbon, kaj starigis sian tendaron norde de Aj; kaj inter ili kaj Aj estis valo.

12 Kaj li prenis cxirkaux kvin mil homojn, kaj arangxis ilin inside inter Bet-El kaj Aj, okcidente de Aj.

13 Kaj la popolo starigis la tutan tendaron, kiu estis norde de la urbo, tiel, ke gxia fina parto estis okcidente de la urbo. Kaj Josuo iris en tiu nokto en la mezon de la valo.

14 Kiam la regxo de Aj tion ekvidis, tiam la logxantoj de la urbo rapide levigxis kaj eliris kontraux Izraelon milite, li kaj lia tuta popolo, sur difinitan lokon antaux la valo. Kaj li ne sciis, ke estas kontraux li insido malantaux la urbo.

15 Kaj Josuo kaj la tuta Izrael sxajnigis sin venkobatitaj de ili, kaj ekkuris en la direkto al la dezerto.

16 Kaj ili per krio vokis la tutan popolon, kiu estis en la urbo, por persekuti ilin; kaj ili postkuris Josuon, kaj malproksimigxis de la urbo.

17 Kaj en Aj kaj en Bet-El restis neniu homo, kiu ne kuris post Izrael. Kaj ili lasis la urbon malfermita, kaj postkuris Izraelon.

18 Kaj la Eternulo diris al Josuo:Etendu la lancon, kiu estas en via mano, kontraux Ajon; cxar en vian manon Mi gxin transdonos. Kaj Josuo etendis la lancon, kiu estis en lia mano, kontraux la urbon.

19 Kaj la insidanoj rapide levigxis de sia loko, kaj ekkuris, kiam li etendis sian manon, kaj ili venis en la urbon kaj okupis gxin, kaj rapide ekbruligis la urbon per fajro.

20 Kaj la logxantoj de Aj ekrigardis malantauxen, kaj vidis, ke fumo de la urbo iras al la cxielo. Kaj ili ne havis lokon, kien forkuri-nek tien nek cxi tien; kaj la popolo, kiu estis kurinta al la dezerto, turnigxis kontraux la persekutantojn.

21 Kaj kiam Josuo kaj la tuta Izrael ekvidis, ke la insidanoj okupis la urbon kaj ke levigxas fumo de la urbo, ili turnigxis kaj ekbatis la logxantojn de Aj.

22 Kaj tiuj el la urbo eliris renkonte al ili, kaj ili trovigxis en la mezo inter la Izraelidoj, el kiuj unuj estis sur unu flanko kaj aliaj sur la dua flanko, kaj ili batis ilin tiel, ke neniu el ili restis kaj neniu povis forkuri.

23 Kaj la regxon de Aj oni kaptis vivan, kaj alkondukis lin al Josuo.

24 Kaj kiam Izrael mortigis cxiujn logxantojn de Aj sur la kampo, en la dezerto, kien tiuj ilin postkuris, kaj cxiuj falis de glavo gxis plena ekstermigxo, tiam cxiuj Izraelidoj reiris en la urbon Aj kaj mortigis tie cxiujn per glavo.

25 Kaj la nombro de cxiuj falintoj en tiu tago, viroj kaj virinoj, estis dek du mil, cxiuj logxantoj de Aj.

26 Kaj Josuo ne retiris sian manon, kiun li etendis kun la lanco, gxis estis ekstermitaj cxiuj logxantoj de Aj.

27 Nur la brutojn kaj la militakirajxon de tiu urbo la Izraelidoj rabis al si, laux la diro de la Eternulo, kiun Li ordonis al Josuo.

28 Kaj Josuo forbruligis la urbon Aj, kaj faris gxin eterna ruino, dezertajxo gxis hodiaux.

29 Kaj la regxon de Aj li pendigis sur arbo, kie li restis gxis la vespero; kaj kiam la suno subiris, Josuo ordonis, kaj oni deprenis lian kadavron de la arbo, kaj jxetis gxin antaux la pordegon de la urbo, kaj amasigis super gxi grandan amason da sxtonoj, kiu restis gxis hodiaux.

30 Tiam Josuo konstruis sur la monto Ebal altaron al la Eternulo, Dio de Izrael,

31 kiel ordonis Moseo, servanto de la Eternulo, al la Izraelidoj, kiel estas skribite en la libro de instruo de Moseo, altaron el sxtonoj nehakitaj, sur kiujn oni ne levis feron. Kaj oni alportis sur gxi bruloferojn al la Eternulo, kaj oni bucxis pacoferojn.

32 Kaj li skribis tie sur la sxtonoj kopion de la instruo de Moseo, kiun li skribis antaux la Izraelidoj.

33 Kaj la tuta Izrael kaj liaj plejagxuloj kaj oficistoj kaj liaj jugxistoj staris cxe ambaux flankoj de la kesto, kontraux la pastroj Levidoj, kiuj portis la keston de interligo de la Eternulo, kiel la fremduloj, tiel ankaux la indigxenoj; duono staris kontraux la monto Gerizim, kaj la dua duono kontraux la monto Ebal, kiel ordonis antauxe Moseo, servanto de la Eternulo, por beni la popolon.

34 Kaj poste li lauxte legis cxiujn vortojn de la instruo, la benon kaj la malbenon, konforme al cxio, kio estas skribita en la libro de la instruo.

35 El cxio, kion ordonis Moseo, ne estis ecx unu vorto, kiun ne antauxlegis Josuo antaux la tuta komunumo de Izrael, kaj antaux la virinoj, infanoj, kaj fremduloj, kiuj estis inter ili.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Josuo 8      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff and Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 8: The fall of Ai and the renewal of the covenant.

The events of this chapter - and their spiritual meaning for us - follow on from the previous chapter. After their first setback at Ai, the Children of Israel take the city of Ai by using a clever ruse. Joshua chose thirty thousand men for the battle. The plan was for five thousand of them to hide near the city, while he led the main army to attack the city. Then, Joshua and his forces would pretend to run away, pursued by the men of Ai. Those who had hidden were then to come out, go into the city, and set it on fire. The men of Ai would see this and run back, get ambushed, and be caught between Joshua’s two armies.

It all happened as planned, and Israel took Ai. (See Arcana Caelestia 1557). As with Jericho, everything in Ai was commanded to be destroyed, except that in this case the livestock and the city’s spoils were to be kept. The whole city was burned and its king was hanged on a tree until sunset and then his body was thrown down at the city entrance with a great heap of stones put over it.

The basic spiritual meaning of any battle in the Bible such as this, is to show how a heavenly principle can and will overcome a hellish or evil attack, especially for us, during some temptation - when we seek to resist and fight back.

Evil is only strong in illusion and fear-mongering; when the light of what is true shines on evil it gets shown for what it is. (Heaven and Hell 49)

The city’s name “Ai” means “a heap”. The word gets used several times in the text of the chapter. A heap implies rubble and rubbish. Cities sometimes look noble and well-planned; in Ai’s case it was the very opposite - a heap, a ruin. (Heaven and Hell 586[2])

While Jericho generally represents our wrong thinking, which first stands in the way of our regeneration and spiritual will, Ai represents our evil emotions and our selfish passions. Both of them must fall before we can make further progress.

Joshua chooses a large number to go against a relatively few in Ai, who nevertheless all rush out to fight Israel. “There was not a man left in Ai or Bethel who did not go out after Israel. Thus they left the city open.” (Joshua 8:17)

Joshua’s tactic of drawing out the men of Ai means our challenge to evil - by confronting it with the truths and commandments we know and obey. Joshua’s pretence of fleeing away draws Ai out in glee, interpreting the flight as a real retreat. Then everything turns, and Joshua’s men go forward representing the power of the truth, the Word and our persuasion of their effectiveness in winning. (Arcana Caelestia 6344[4])

Ai’s men see their city on fire, for other Israelites entered Ai and set it ablaze. This represents the self-condemnation of evil, of hell, when it is exposed to what is true, heavenly and of God. But Joshua’s men, lying in ambush and waiting for the moment, represent our keen observation of how our selfish desires work to cause havoc in us. They are 5,000. Symbolically, in the Bible, five or its multiples always stand for a small amount - but enough to use.

Hanging the king of Ai stands for our need to put down the controlling power of any evil which stirs us. And all Ai is destroyed, because all evil must be turned against and refused.

Then, and only then, Joshua remakes the covenant with the Lord God; he builds an altar, he writes a copy on stones of the Law of Moses in the presence of all Israel, the priests stand in two groups in front of two mountains, then Joshua reads the words of blessing and cursing and all the Law of Moses.

After we resist any evil and its temptation, we must re-hear and re-affirm the truth that this was the Lord’s victory, not ours, and re-dedicate ourselves to the life the Lord gives us. (True Christian Religion 13[2])

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 8      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff and Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 8: The fall of Ai and the renewal of the covenant.

The events of this chapter - and their spiritual meaning for us - follow on from the previous chapter. After their first setback at Ai, the Children of Israel take the city of Ai by using a clever ruse. Joshua chose thirty thousand men for the battle. The plan was for five thousand of them to hide near the city, while he led the main army to attack the city. Then, Joshua and his forces would pretend to run away, pursued by the men of Ai. Those who had hidden were then to come out, go into the city, and set it on fire. The men of Ai would see this and run back, get ambushed, and be caught between Joshua’s two armies.

It all happened as planned, and Israel took Ai. (See Arcana Caelestia 1557). As with Jericho, everything in Ai was commanded to be destroyed, except that in this case the livestock and the city’s spoils were to be kept. The whole city was burned and its king was hanged on a tree until sunset and then his body was thrown down at the city entrance with a great heap of stones put over it.

The basic spiritual meaning of any battle in the Bible such as this, is to show how a heavenly principle can and will overcome a hellish or evil attack, especially for us, during some temptation - when we seek to resist and fight back.

Evil is only strong in illusion and fear-mongering; when the light of what is true shines on evil it gets shown for what it is. (Heaven and Hell 49)

The city’s name “Ai” means “a heap”. The word gets used several times in the text of the chapter. A heap implies rubble and rubbish. Cities sometimes look noble and well-planned; in Ai’s case it was the very opposite - a heap, a ruin. (Heaven and Hell 586[2])

While Jericho generally represents our wrong thinking, which first stands in the way of our regeneration and spiritual will, Ai represents our evil emotions and our selfish passions. Both of them must fall before we can make further progress.

Joshua chooses a large number to go against a relatively few in Ai, who nevertheless all rush out to fight Israel. “There was not a man left in Ai or Bethel who did not go out after Israel. Thus they left the city open.” (Joshua 8:17)

Joshua’s tactic of drawing out the men of Ai means our challenge to evil - by confronting it with the truths and commandments we know and obey. Joshua’s pretence of fleeing away draws Ai out in glee, interpreting the flight as a real retreat. Then everything turns, and Joshua’s men go forward representing the power of the truth, the Word and our persuasion of their effectiveness in winning. (Arcana Caelestia 6344[4])

Ai’s men see their city on fire, for other Israelites entered Ai and set it ablaze. This represents the self-condemnation of evil, of hell, when it is exposed to what is true, heavenly and of God. But Joshua’s men, lying in ambush and waiting for the moment, represent our keen observation of how our selfish desires work to cause havoc in us. They are 5,000. Symbolically, in the Bible, five or its multiples always stand for a small amount - but enough to use.

Hanging the king of Ai stands for our need to put down the controlling power of any evil which stirs us. And all Ai is destroyed, because all evil must be turned against and refused.

Then, and only then, Joshua remakes the covenant with the Lord God; he builds an altar, he writes a copy on stones of the Law of Moses in the presence of all Israel, the priests stand in two groups in front of two mountains, then Joshua reads the words of blessing and cursing and all the Law of Moses.

After we resist any evil and its temptation, we must re-hear and re-affirm the truth that this was the Lord’s victory, not ours, and re-dedicate ourselves to the life the Lord gives us. (True Christian Religion 13[2])

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 796, 878, 1298, 1453, 2799, 5156, 6752, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 457, 662


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 585, 655, 937

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