Josuo 5

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1 Kaj kiam cxiuj regxoj de la Amoridoj, kiuj logxis transe de Jordan okcidente, kaj cxiuj regxoj de la Kanaanidoj, kiuj logxis apud la maro, auxdis, ke la Eternulo elsekigis la akvon de Jordan antaux la Izraelidoj, gxis ili transiris, tiam ektimis ilia koro, kaj ili ne havis plu kuragxon antaux la Izraelidoj.

2 En tiu tempo la Eternulo diris al Josuo:Faru al vi sxtonajn trancxilojn, kaj cirkumcidu la Izraelidojn denove, duan fojon.

3 Kaj Josuo faris al si sxtonajn trancxilojn, kaj cirkumcidis la Izraelidojn sur la monteto Aralot.

4 Kaj jen estas la kauxzo, pro kiu Josuo cirkumcidis:la tuta popolo, kiu eliris el Egiptujo, la virseksuloj, cxiuj militkapablaj, mortis en la dezerto, sur la vojo, kiam ili iris el Egiptujo;

5 cxar cirkumcidita estis la tuta popolo, kiu eliris; sed cxiuj, kiuj naskigxis en la dezerto, sur la vojo, kiam ili iris el Egiptujo, ne estis cirkumciditaj.

6 CXar dum kvardek jaroj la Izraelidoj iris en la dezerto, gxis la tuta popolo militkapabla, kiu eliris el Egiptujo, elmortis, pro tio, ke ili ne obeis la vocxon de la Eternulo; al ili la Eternulo jxuris, ke Li ne montros al ili la landon, pri kiu la Eternulo jxuris al iliaj patroj, ke Li donos al ni landon, en kiu fluas lakto kaj mielo.

7 Iliajn filojn Li starigis anstataux ili. Tiujn Josuo cirkumcidis; cxar ili estis necirkumciditaj, cxar oni ne cirkumcidis ilin dum la vojo.

8 Kaj kiam estis finita la cirkumcidado de la tuta popolo, ili restis sur sia loko en la tendaro, gxis ili resanigxis.

9 Kaj la Eternulo diris al Josuo:Hodiaux Mi derulis de vi la hontindajxon de Egiptujo. Kaj tiu loko ricevis la nomon Gilgal gxis hodiaux.

10 Kaj la Izraelidoj staris tendare en Gilgal, kaj faris la Paskon en la dek-kvara tago de la monato vespere sur la stepo de Jerihxo.

11 Kaj ili mangxis el la produktoj de la tero en la sekvanta tago post la Pasko, macojn kaj rostitajn grajnojn en la sama tago.

12 Kaj la manao cxesis fali en la sekvanta tago, post kiam ili mangxis el la produktoj de la tero; kaj la Izraelidoj ne plu havis manaon, sed ili mangxis la produktojn de la lando Kanaana en tiu jaro.

13 Kaj okazis, ke kiam Josuo estis apud Jerihxo, li levis siajn okulojn, kaj ekvidis, ke jen viro staras antaux li kaj en sia mano li tenas nudigitan glavon. Kaj Josuo aliris al li, kaj diris al li:CXu vi estas nia, aux cxu el niaj malamikoj?

14 Kaj tiu diris:Ne, mi estas militestro de la Eternulo, mi nun venis. Tiam Josuo jxetis sin vizagxaltere kaj faris adoron, kaj diris al li:Kion mia sinjoro diros al sia sklavo?

15 Kaj la militestro de la Eternulo diris al Josuo:Demetu viajn sxuojn de viaj piedoj; cxar la loko, sur kiu vi staras, estas sankta. Kaj Josuo faris tiel.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 5      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 5: The Circumcision and the Passover

In this chapter, the Israelites are now in the land of Canaan, and local Amorite and Canaanite kings lose heart to oppose them because of God’s miracle at the river Jordan.

God tells Joshua to circumcise all the men who were born since they left Egypt, because none were circumcised in the wilderness, and their fathers who were have now all died. So Joshua obeys, requiring circumcision of all the men of Israel.

As a result, God says to Joshua : “I have this day rolled away the stain of Egypt from you.” The place was therefore called Gilgal, which means “rolling”. The Children of Israel camped there till they were healed. They then ate the Passover using the food of the land for the very first time, and the daily manna, which had been provided by God every day in the wilderness, stopped.

Then, Joshua has an encounter with an angel:

When Joshua lifted his eyes he saw a man opposite him with a drawn sword in his hand. Joshua asked him, “Are you for us or for our adversaries?” The man answered, “No, but as Commander of the army of the Lord I have now come.” Joshua fell and worshipped and asked what he should do? The man said, “Take your sandal off your foot, for the place where you stand is holy”. And Joshua did so.

Note that this chapter is the very first one when the Israelites are in Canaan, and straightaway two important Jewish rituals are carried out – circumcision and the Passover. Circumcision is the cutting off of the foreskin. It means to become purified from loving oneself and the world, and the outer things of life, and to be righteous before God inwardly. (See Arcana Caelestia 2102.)

This meaning helps us see why elsewhere in the Bible it often talks about “circumcising your heart”. The circumcision in Canaan was to mark the new generation, which spiritually for us means that our regeneration always involves new states. (True Christian Religion 601)

The Passover was originally a meal to mark leaving slavery in Egypt, so it is very appropriate for celebrating entering the promised land. The spiritual meaning of the Passover is rich and complex, but, put simply, it is about the presence of the Lord with us, especially when we attribute life’s good events and blessings to the presence of God. “The Lord has done this for me… The Lord has done that for us.” (Arcana Caelestia 7902) The reason that it is a meal is that we share meals together, often in families, and spiritually everything in us comes together to be joyful and thankful.

The first camp of the Israelites in Canaan was at Gilgal, a place close to Jericho, the name of which means “rolling”. We’ve looked at its connection with circumcision but more generally, to ‘roll’ is to move forward, move on, keep going. This is a powerful early-in-the-story description of our regeneration, with its trials and blessings, both of which aim to keep us moving forward to be evermore in the life the Lord wants us to have. (Arcana Caelestia 8911)

With all this early first feeling of having finally got to Canaan, the land which God had always promised to give them, it is so very appropriate that Joshua is met by a militant angel of the Lord, the Commander of the army of the Lord. (Arcana Caelestia 7277). Note carefully that when Joshua asks if he is for us or for our enemies, the Commander says “No.” Spiritually this is very significant because the Lord uses everything – good and evil – peace and temptation – to lead us towards heaven.

The Commander declares that Joshua is to remove his sandal from off his foot because where he stands, this is holy ground. Spiritually, “holy ground” is the whole sweep of life, and our sense that all of it is the Lord’s gift to us. (See Arcana Caelestia 566, 1585)


Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1664, 1748, 1784, 2039, 2799, 6846, 8294, ...

Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 458, 619

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 49

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The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

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As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

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Circumcision (Gen. 17:10) signifies purity.

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'Honey' signifies the delight derived from good and truth or from the affection thereof, and specifically the external delight. Thus it signifies the delight of...

'The uncircumcised,' as in Ezekiel 31:18, signifies people lacking the good of charity.

Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

Fourteen, as in Genesis 31:40, signifies a first period of time. The fourteenth year, as in Genesis 14:5, signifies the first temptation of the Lord...

The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

Since the light and warmth of the sun represent the Lord’s wisdom and love, it makes sense that evening, a time when the light and...

Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

La Tero
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Is there any difference in meaning between “earth” and “ground”? At first it doesn’t seem so; both refer to the soil making up the land...

'The Passover,' in Exodus 12, 27, signifies the presence of the Lord and His liberation from damnation of the people of the spiritual church. 'The...

'Manna' signifies the good of celestial love conjoined to wisdom. 'Manna' signifies the good of truth. 'Manna' signifies celestial and spiritual good. Hidden manna,' as...

Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...

Our feet are the lowest and most utilitarian parts of our bodies, and in the Bible they represent the lowest and most utilitarian part of...

'Sanctuary' signifies the truth of heaven and the church. 'Sanctuary,' as in Ezekiel 24:21, signifies the Word.

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