Josuo 23

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1 Longan tempon post kiam la Eternulo donis al Izrael ripozon kontraux cxiuj iliaj malamikoj cxirkauxe, Josuo maljunigxis, atingis profundan agxon.

2 Tiam Josuo alvokis la tutan Izrael, iliajn plejagxulojn kaj cxefojn kaj jugxistojn kaj observistojn, kaj diris al ili:Mi maljunigxis, mi atingis profundan agxon.

3 Kaj vi vidis cxion, kion faris la Eternulo, via Dio, al cxiuj tiuj popoloj antaux vi; cxar la Eternulo, via Dio, mem batalis por vi.

4 Vidu, mi dividis por vi lote tiujn restintajn popolojn, kiel posedajxon por viaj triboj, komencante de Jordan, kaj cxiujn popolojn, kiujn mi ekstermis, gxis la Granda Maro, kie subiras la suno.

5 Kaj la Eternulo, via Dio, forpusxos ilin de antaux vi kaj forpelos ilin de antaux vi; kaj vi ekposedos ilian landon, kiel diris al vi la Eternulo, via Dio.

6 Penu do bone, ke vi observu kaj plenumu cxion, skribitan en la libro de instruo de Moseo, ne forklinigxante de gxi dekstren nek maldekstren,

7 ne komunikigxante kun tiuj popoloj, kiuj restis kun vi; kaj la nomon de iliaj dioj ne citu, kaj ne jxuru per ili, kaj ne servu al ili, kaj ne adoru ilin;

8 nur al la Eternulo, via Dio, alfortikigxu, kiel vi faris gxis la nuna tago.

9 Kaj la Eternulo forpelis de antaux vi popolojn grandajn kaj fortajn; kaj neniu rezistis antaux vi gxis la nuna tago.

10 Unu el vi forpelas milon; cxar la Eternulo, via Dio, mem batalas por vi, kiel Li diris al vi.

11 Gardu do bone viajn animojn, por ami la Eternulon, vian Dion.

12 CXar se vi forklinigxos, kaj aligxos al tiuj restintaj popoloj, kiuj restis kun vi, kaj vi boparencigxos kun ili, kaj vi iros al ili kaj ili al vi:

13 tiam sciu, ke la Eternulo, via Dio, ne plu forpelos tiujn popolojn de antaux vi; kaj ili farigxos por vi kaptilo kaj reto, kaj vipo por viaj flankoj, kaj pikilo por viaj okuloj, gxis vi forpereos de sur tiu bona tero, kiun donis al vi la Eternulo, via Dio.

14 Nun mi ekiras hodiaux la vojon de la tuta mondo; kaj vi sciu per via tuta koro kaj per via tuta animo, ke ne restis neplenumita ecx unu vorto el cxiuj bonaj vortoj, kiujn la Eternulo, via Dio, diris pri vi; cxio plenumigxis por vi, ne mankis el gxi ecx unu vorto.

15 Sed kiel plenumigxis por vi cxiuj bonaj vortoj, kiujn la Eternulo, via Dio, diris al vi, tiel la Eternulo venigos sur vin cxion malbonan, gxis Li ekstermos vin de sur tiu bona tero, kiun donis al vi la Eternulo, via Dio.

16 Se vi malobeos la interligon de la Eternulo, via Dio, kiun Li starigis kun vi, kaj vi iros kaj servos al aliaj dioj kaj adoros ilin:tiam ekflamos kontraux vin la kolero de la Eternulo, kaj vi forpereos rapide de sur la bona tero, kiun Li donis al vi.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 23      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 23: Joshua’s farewell address to all Israel.

Now that the people of Israel are living in the land of Canaan according to the Lord’s promise to them, Joshua, now old, gathers Israel together and offers the people his final words. It is a review of God’s faithfulness to them, His power in their victories, the gift of a good land in which they may live, and finally, a warning: they must not turn away from the Lord and follow the gods of other nations, or the Lord’s anger will follow them.

The spiritual meaning of Joshua’s address is about our experience of the Lord’s activity in our lives, our responsibilities in the work of regeneration, and what happens in us when we drift away from our relationship with the Lord. Every part of Joshua’s speech touches on these subjects, and it is a shining statement for our spiritual well-being. We will look at each part of what Joshua says and their spiritual meanings.

Joshua called for all Israel, and for all of their leaders - their elders, their heads, their judges and their officers. Spiritually, what leads and commands our mind is what we hold as true, which then informs our actions.

Joshua says he is old and advanced in age. Spiritually, this stands for acquiring wisdom during regeneration. Perhaps ‘advanced’, with its range of meanings, is a clue here.

Then Joshua turns to the Lord and the conquest. Joshua reminds the Israelites of what the Lord has given them, and says that the Lord will help them drive out the remaining nations until the whole land is theirs. Spiritually, this is about the ways in which the Lord guides us through regeneration, and how He will be present in our continuing spiritual work.

Joshua then urges Israel to keep the law of Moses and not turn away from it, nor go among other nations who are alongside Israel, nor mention their gods, nor swear by them or serve them or bow down to them. For us, this means following the Lord, and not giving in to the other influences that could lead our lives - for example, greed or ambition. If we do give thought to these other things, they can entrap us. It is enough for us to see them in our mind and quickly refuse their place there.

Joshua then says that because the Lord has been fighting for Israel, no one has been able to stand against them. In verse 10, he says, “One man of you shall chase a thousand: for the Lord your God, he it is that fighteth for you, as he hath promised you.” This means when we acknowledge that the Lord rules our life and empowers us, the influences of hell will be powerless against our resolve.

Joshua then tells Israel that if they do turn to the other nations and their gods, the Lord would no longer drive out these nations, and they would become snares and traps for Israel. This is about the spiritual consequences of going against the Lord. This will inevitably bring on its own dangers, and we can be drawn in without realizing. The Lord can only drive out our spiritual enemies when we turn to Him for guidance.

Finally, Joshua says that not one thing God intended for Israel has failed to happen; so, just as God had given Israel many blessings, He would bring harm on Israel if they grew unfaithful. In our spiritual lives, this is only how things appear. We may feel that God is punishing us at times, but in reality we bring harm on ourselves when we no longer follow the Lord. So, Joshua says, the good land would be taken from them, just as the delight of heavenly life is taken from us if we turn away from the Lord.


Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1664, 2575

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'To observe' stands for all aspects of the Word in general.

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