Josuo 17

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1 Kaj la loto donis al la tribo de Manase, cxar li estas la unuenaskito de Jozef; al Mahxir, unuenaskito de Manase kaj patro de Gilead, cxar li estis homo militema, estis donitaj Gilead kaj Basxan.

2 Estis donite ankaux al la ceteraj filoj de Manase laux iliaj familioj:al la filoj de Abiezer kaj al la filoj de HXelek kaj al la filoj de Asriel kaj al la filoj de SXehxem kaj al la filoj de HXefer kaj al la filoj de SXemida. Tio estas la naskitoj de Manase, filo de Jozef, la virseksuloj, laux iliaj familioj.

3 Sed Celofhxad, filo de HXefer, filo de Gilead, filo de Mahxir, filo de Manase, ne havis filojn, sed nur filinojn; jen estas la nomoj de liaj filinoj:Mahxla, kaj Noa, HXogla, Milka, kaj Tirca.

4 Kaj ili aliris al la pastro Eleazar, kaj al Josuo, filo de Nun, kaj al la estroj, dirante:La Eternulo ordonis al Moseo doni al ni posedajxon meze de niaj fratoj. Kaj li donis al ili, konforme al la diro de la Eternulo, posedajxon inter la fratoj de ilia patro.

5 Kaj Manase ricevis dek parcelojn, krom la lando Gileada kaj Basxana, kiu estas transe de Jordan;

6 cxar la filinoj de Manase ricevis posedajxon inter liaj filoj, kaj la lando Gileada estis por la ceteraj filoj de Manase.

7 Kaj la limo de Manase estis de Asxer gxis Mihxmetat, kiu estas kontraux SXehxem; kaj la limo iras dekstren, al la logxantoj de En-Tapuahx.

8 Manase ricevis la landon Tapuahx; sed la urbon Tapuahx cxe la limo de Manase ricevis la Efraimidoj.

9 Kaj la limo malsupreniras al la torento Kana, sude de la torento. Tiuj urboj apartenas al Efraim meze de la urboj de Manase. Kaj la limo de Manase estas norde de la torento, kaj finigxas cxe la maro.

10 La suda parto apartenis al Efraim, kaj la norda parto apartenis al Manase, kaj la maro estis lia limo. Kaj kun Asxer ili kuntusxigxis norde, kaj kun Isahxar oriente.

11 CXe Isahxar kaj Asxer apartenis al Manase Bet-SXean kaj gxiaj urbetoj, kaj Jibleam kaj gxiaj urbetoj, kaj la logxantoj de Dor kaj de gxiaj urbetoj, kaj la logxantoj de En-Dor kaj de gxiaj urbetoj, kaj la logxantoj de Taanahx kaj de gxiaj urbetoj, kaj la logxantoj de Megido kaj de gxiaj urbetoj, kaj la triobla altajxo.

12 La filoj de Manase ne povis preni tiujn urbojn; kaj la Kanaanidoj plue restis en tiu lando.

13 Sed kiam la Izraelidoj plifortigxis, ili faris la Kanaanidojn tributuloj, sed ne forpelis ilin.

14 Kaj la filoj de Jozef ekparolis al Josuo, dirante:Kial vi donis al mi kiel posedajxon nur unu lotajxon kaj unu parcelon, dum mi estas ja multnombra, cxar la Eternulo min benis?

15 Kaj Josuo diris al ili:Se vi estas multnombra, iru supren en la arbaron, kaj elhaku al vi tie lokon en la lando de la Perizidoj kaj de la Rafaidoj; cxar la monto de Efraim estas malvasta por vi.

16 Kaj la filoj de Jozef diris:Ne suficxos por ni la monto; kaj ferajn cxarojn havas cxiuj Kanaanidoj, kiuj logxas en la valo, tiuj, kiuj logxas en Bet-SXean kaj en gxiaj urbetoj, kaj ankaux tiuj, kiuj logxas en la valo Jizreel.

17 Kaj Josuo diris al la domo de Jozef, al Efraim kaj Manase, jene:Vi estas multnombra kaj havas grandan forton, tial vi ne havos unu lotajxon,

18 sed vi havos monton, sur kiu estas arbaro; elhaku gxin, kaj gxi estos via gxis sia fino; cxar vi forpelos la Kanaanidojn, malgraux ke ili havas ferajn cxarojn, kaj malgraux ke ili estas fortaj.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 17      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 17: The tribe of Manasseh receives the western half of its territory.

The previous chapter (Joshua 16) dealt with the territory given to Ephraim, Manasseh’s younger brother; this one covers the western half of Manasseh (the other half tribe of Manasseh was bound to live across the Jordan).

Interestingly, this chapter mentions many people by name, instead of only describing locations as we’ve seen before. Verses 1 and 2 list all seven of Manasseh’s sons and their families. Then verse 3 mentions Zelophehad, the great-grandson of Manasseh, who had had five daughters, but no sons. When Zelophehad died on the journey through the wilderness, his daughters came to Joshua to claim the inheritance Moses had promised them (see Numbers 27). So, both the sons and daughters of Manasseh’s family received land.

After the area given to Manasseh was outlined, the people of Ephraim and Manasseh came to Joshua and complained that they deserved more land, because of their important standing among the tribes of Israel (verse 14). They claimed that they had been specially blessed, and should receive much more.

Joshua told them that if they were such a great people, they should go to the forest country and seize land from the Perrizites and the giants living there. The people were not pleased, and told Joshua that the Canaanites who still roamed there were strong, and had chariots of iron. Even so, Joshua told them again to cut down the wood and use it, because they would eventually be able to drive out the Canaanites.

The spiritual meaning of this story is all about the relationship between good and truth. Again, there are many names to indicate the geography of the area of “West Manasseh”, and the meaning of these names very often links in with the spiritual meaning of the tribe. Beyond that, the specific area in Canaan given to a tribe is spiritually important. Ephraim and Manasseh are right in the middle of the land because they stand for truth and good, for truth leading to good, for good coming from truth.

The story about Zelophehad’s five daughters also relates to the place of truth and good. This is because sons stand for truths, often for truths which fight for us during our temptations, while daughters stand for the good in our spiritual life which bears ‘children’ (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8993 [3,4]).

Verses 5 and 6 describe this union of good and truth very beautifully: “Ten portions were given to Manasseh because the daughters of Manasseh received an inheritance among his sons; and the rest of Manasseh’s sons had the land of Gilead.” It is worth noting here that the spiritual meaning of the number ‘ten’ has to do with wholeness, and also ‘remains,’ or memories, which the Lord imparts to us when we are very young (Arcana Caelestia 4638).

When the people of Ephraim and Manasseh complained to Joshua, it is much like us wanting our spiritual life to be easy. We want it to be something given to us, and not something which we will need to work on and even fight for in ourselves.

Finally, the meaning of using wooden chariots to fight the Canaanites means to fight from our love of what is good. This is because wood corresponds to good, since it is alive and has grown. ‘Iron’ here stands for the harshness of truth without any good, which appears invincible, but in reality is weaker than the power of goodness and love (Arcana Caelestia 426[3]).


Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Revealed 349

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1574, 3708, 3858, 3862, 9338

Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 431, 440

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'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

When the Bible talks about generations or birth order, the internal meaning has to do with the progression of spiritual states and their relative importance....

Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

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'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

'South' denotes truth in light.

'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

Issachar,' in the highest sense, signifies the divine good of truth, and truth of good. In a spiritual sense, he signifies celestial conjugial love, which...

He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

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As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Plants in general stand for facts, knowledge, ideas, so it makes sense that a forest in the Bible represents a collection or system of external,...

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