Amos 4

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1 Auxskultu cxi tiun vorton, vi grasaj bovinoj, kiuj estas sur la monto de Samario, kiuj turmentas senhavulojn, premas malricxulojn, kaj kiuj diras al siaj mastroj:Venu, ni drinku.

2 La Sinjoro, la Eternulo, jxuris per Sia sankteco, ke jen venos sur vin tagoj, kiam oni forportos vin per hokoj kaj viajn idojn per fisxhokoj.

3 Kaj tra brecxoj vi eliros, cxiu aparte, kaj estos jxetitaj sur Harmonon, diras la Eternulo.

4 Iru en Bet-Elon, por peki, en Gilgalon, por multe krimi; alportu viajn oferojn cxiumatene kaj vian dekonajxon en cxiu tria tago.

5 Incensu lauxdoferon el fermentajxo, kriu pri memvolaj oferoj, auxdigu pri ili; cxar tion vi amas, ho Izraelidoj, diras la Sinjoro, la Eternulo.

6 Tial Mi donis al vi purecon de la dentoj en cxiuj viaj urboj kaj mankon de pano en cxiuj viaj lokoj; vi tamen ne revenis al Mi, diras la Eternulo.

7 Mi ankaux rifuzis al vi la pluvon, kiam estis ankoraux tri monatoj antaux la rikolto; Mi donis pluvon super unu urbo, kaj super alia Mi ne donis pluvon; unu kampo estis pripluvata, kaj alia, ne pripluvita, elsekigxis.

8 Kaj du, tri urboj iris al unu urbo, pro trinki akvon, kaj ne povis trinki suficxe; vi tamen ne revenis al Mi, diras la Eternulo.

9 Mi frapis vin per brulsekigxo kaj velkigxo de la greno; viajn multajn gxardenojn, vinbergxardenojn, figarbojn, kaj olivarbojn formangxis rauxpoj; vi tamen ne revenis al Mi, diras la Eternulo.

10 Mi sendis sur vin peston sur la vojo al Egiptujo, Mi mortigis per glavo viajn junulojn kaj forkondukis viajn cxevalojn, kaj Mi levis la malbonodoron de via tendaro en viajn nazotruojn; vi tamen ne revenis al Mi, diras la Eternulo.

11 Mi faris inter vi renverson, kiel Dio renversis Sodomon kaj Gomoran, kaj vi farigxis kiel brulanta sxtipo, savita el brulo; vi tamen ne revenis al Mi, diras la Eternulo.

12 Tial tiele Mi agos kun vi plue, ho Izrael; kaj cxar Mi tiele agos kun vi, tial pretigu vin renkonte al via Dio, ho Izrael.

13 CXar Li estas Tiu, kiu faras montojn, kreas venton, diras al la homo, kion cxi tiu intencas; Li faras la cxielrugxon kaj la nebulon; Li iras sur la altajxoj de la tero; Lia nomo estas Eternulo, Dio Cebaot.

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Exploring the Meaning of Amos 4      

By Helen Kennedy

In chapter 4 of the Book of Amos, verses 1-3 talk about people who pervert the truths of the church. They will fall into falsities in outermost things. Fish are lower things, so it follows that fishhooks (verse 2) would mean being caught and held fast in natural or lower things.

Verses 4-6 talk about things of worship such as tithes and sacrifices. These look similar to genuine worship, but are only in outermost things. We can tell because ‘teeth’ (verse 6) represent ultimates or outermost things (Secrets of Heaven 6380), so it follows that “cleanness of teeth” would mean outermost things that look good but only imitate genuine worship. The Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verses 7-8. Some things true will remain, when the rest are false, in consequence of which truths will have no power. This can be seen where the Lord says, “I made it rain on one city; I withheld rain from another city... where it did not rain the part withered.” Again the Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verse 9. Afterward all things of the church are falsified, shown in how blight attacked the gardens, vineyards, fig tree and olive trees. The last three represent spiritual, natural and celestial things, or all the things of spiritual life. “Yet you have not returned to me,” says the Lord.

Verses 10-11. The Lord explains the devastating things he allowed to happen: plague in Egypt, death of young men by swords, stench in the camps, Sodom and Gomorrah. This is because they are profaned by sensual knowledges - profanation meaning the mixing of good and evil together (Secrets of Heaven 1001:2).

This extends to all things of the church, the church being the Lord’s kingdom on earth (Secrets of Heaven 768:3).

With profanation “as soon as any idea of what is holy arises, the idea of what is profane joins immediately to it” (Secrets of Heaven 301).

Now there is hardly anything left. “Yet you have not returned to Me,” says the Lord again.

Verses 12-13. Because people adamantly remain in their profane ways, they are warned, “Prepare to meet your God!”. This is the God powerful and mighty, “who forms mountains, and creates the wind,” and even more close to home, “Who declares to man what his thought is.” As intimately a knowing as that is, the Lord’s love for all humanity is contained in His exhortations for them to turn themselves to Him.

See, for example, Luke 6:44-45, and True Christian Religion 373.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 204


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 382, 1069, 1453, 2165, 2220, 2799, 2842, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 336, 439, 474, 496, 502, 862

The Lord 49


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 403, 405, 513, 532, 556, 560, 608, ...

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Word/Phrase Explanations

bovinoj
'The heifer whereby labor has not been done,' as mentioned in Deuteronomy 21:3, signifies the innocence of the external self, which is in ignorance. 'The...

monto
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

Samario
'Samaria,' as in Amos 4:1. 6:1, signifies the spiritual church perverted.

diras
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

mastroj
In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...

venu
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

ni
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Sinjoro
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

sankteco
The Bible describes many things as being holy, or sacred. The Ark of the Covenant is one very holy object. The inmost chamber of the...

tagoj
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

alportu
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

dentoj
'Tooth,' as in Exodus 21:24, denotes the exterior understanding, and natural truth.

pano
Just as natural food feeds the natural body, so spiritual food feeds the spiritual body. And since our spiritual body is the expression of what...

lokoj
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

revenis
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

tri
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

monatoj
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

Rikolto
'A harvest' symbolizes the state of the church with respect to Divine truth. The reason is that a harvest yields the grain used to make...

unu
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

urbo
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

du
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

trinki
To be drunken without wine (Isa. 29:9), are they who are unconcerned about the Word, and the truths of faith, and thus have no inclination...

vojo
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

Egiptujo
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

mortigis
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

glavo
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

tendaro
Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

renverson
'Overturned' signifies punishing.

Dio
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

La Tero
"Earth" in the Bible can mean a person or a group of like-minded people as in a church. But it refers specifically to the external...

tero
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

nomo
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...


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