Rechters 7

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1 Toen stond Jerubbaal (dewelke is Gideon) vroeg op, en al het volk, dat met hem was; en zij legerden zich aan de fontein van Harod; dat hij het heirleger der Midianieten had tegen het noorden, achter den heuvel More, in het dal.

2 En de HEERE zeide tot Gideon: Des volks is te veel, dat met u is, dan dat Ik de Midianieten in hun hand zou geven; opdat zich Israel niet tegen Mij beroeme, zeggende: Mijn hand heeft mij verlost.

3 Nu dan, roep nu uit voor de oren des volks, zeggende: Wie blode en versaagd is, die kere weder, en spoede zich naar het gebergte van Gilead! Toen keerden uit het volk weder twee en twintig duizend, dat er tienduizend overbleven.

4 En de HEERE zeide tot Gideon: Nog is des volks te veel; doe hen afgaan naar het water, en Ik zal ze u aldaar beproeven; en het zal geschieden, van welken Ik tot u zeggen zal: Deze zal met u trekken, die zal met u trekken; maar al degene, van welken Ik zeggen zal: Deze zal niet met u trekken, die zal niet trekken.

5 En hij deed het volk afgaan naar het water. Toen zeide de HEERE tot Gideon: Al wie met zijn tong uit het water zal lekken, gelijk als een hond zou lekken, dien zult gij alleen stellen; desgelijks al wie op zijn knieen zal bukken om te drinken.

6 Toen was het getal dergenen, die met hun hand tot hun mond gelekt hadden, driehonderd man; maar alle overigen des volks hadden op hun knieen gebukt, om water te drinken.

7 En de HEERE zeide tot Gideon: Door deze driehonderd mannen, die gelekt hebben, zal Ik ulieden verlossen, en de Midianieten in uw hand geven; daarom laat al dat volk weggaan, een ieder naar zijn plaats.

8 En het volk nam den teerkost in hun hand, en hun bazuinen; en hij liet al die mannen van Israel gaan, een iegelijk naar zijn tent; maar die driehonderd man behield hij. En hij had het heirleger der Midianieten beneden in het dal.

9 En het geschiedde in denzelven nacht, dat de HEERE tot hem zeide: Sta op, ga henen af in het leger, want Ik heb het in uw hand gegeven.

10 Vreest gij dan nog af te gaan, zo ga af, gij, en Pura, uw jongen, naar het leger.

11 En gij zult horen, wat zij zullen spreken, en daarna zullen uw handen gesterkt worden, dat gij aftrekken zult in het leger. Toen ging hij af, met Pura, zijn jongen, tot het uiterste der schildwachten, die in het leger waren.

12 En de Midianieten, en Amalekieten, en al de kinderen van het oosten, lagen in het dal, gelijk sprinkhanen in menigte, en hun kemelen waren ontelbaar, gelijk het zand, dat aan den oever der zee is, in menigte.

13 Toen nu Gideon aankwam, ziet, zo was er een man, die zijn metgezel een droom vertelde, en zeide: Zie, ik heb een droom gedroomd, en zie, een geroost gerstebrood wentelde zich in het leger der Midianieten, en het kwam tot aan de tent, en sloeg haar, dat zij viel, en keerde haar om, het onderste boven, dat de tent er lag.

14 En zijn metgezel antwoordde, en zeide: Dit is niet anders, dan het zwaard van Gideon, de zoon van Joas, de Israelietischen man; God heeft de Midianieten en dit ganse leger in zijn hand gegeven.

15 En het geschiedde, als Gideon de vertelling dezes drooms, en zijn uitlegging hoorde, zo aanbad hij; en hij keerde weder tot het leger van Israel, en zeide: Maakt u op, want de HEERE heeft het leger der Midianieten in ulieder hand gegeven.

16 En hij deelde de driehonderd man in drie hopen; en hij gaf een iegelijk een bazuin in zijn hand, en ledige kruiken, en fakkelen in het midden der kruiken.

17 En hij zeide tot hen: Ziet naar mij en doet alzo; en Ziet, als ik zal komen aan het uiterste des legers, zo zal het geschieden, gelijk als ik zal doen, alzo zult gij doen.

18 Als ik met de bazuin zal blazen, ik en allen, die met mij zijn, dan zult gijlieden ook met de bazuin blazen, rondom het ganse leger, en gij zult zeggen: Voor den HEERE en voor Gideon!

19 Alzo kwam Gideon, en honderd mannen, die met hem waren, in het uiterste des legers, in het begin van de middelste nachtwaak, als zij maar even de wachters gesteld hadden; en zij bliezen met de bazuinen, ook sloegen zij de kruiken, die in hun hand waren, in stukken.

20 Alzo bliezen de drie hopen met de bazuinen, en braken de kruiken; en zij hielden met de linkerhand de fakkelen, en met hun rechterhand de bazuinen om te blazen; en zij riepen: Het zwaard van den HEERE, en van Gideon!

21 En zij stonden, een iegelijk in zijn plaats, rondom het leger. Toen verliep het ganse leger, en zij schreeuwden en vloden.

22 Als de driehonderd met de bazuinen bliezen, zo zette de HEERE het zwaard des een tegen den anderen, en dat in het ganse leger; en het leger vluchtte tot Beth-Sitta toe naar Tseredath, tot aan de grens van Abel-Mehola, boven Tabbath.

23 Toen werden de mannen van Israel bijeengeroepen, uit Nafthali, en uit Aser, en uit gans Manasse; en zij jaagden de Midianieten achterna.

24 Ook zond Gideon boden in het ganse gebergte van Efraim, zeggende: Komt af de Midianieten tegemoet, en beneemt hunlieden de wateren, tot aan Beth-bara, te weten de Jordaan; alzo werd alle man van Efraim bijeengeroepen, en zij benamen hun de wateren tot aan Beth-bara, en de Jordaan.

25 En zij vingen twee vorsten der Midianieten, Oreb en Zeeb, en doodden Oreb op den rotssteen Oreb, en Zeeb doodden zij in de perskuip van Zeeb, en vervolgden de Midianieten; en zij brachten de hoofden van Oreb en Zeeb tot Gideon, over de Jordaan.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 7      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 7: Gideon’s valiant three hundred men.

Gideon and all his men camped by the well of Harod, which can mean “eager”, and also “trembling.” The Lord told Gideon that his army was too large, which could lead Israel to boast that they won by their own efforts (rather than the Lord’s power). Gideon was instructed to send away anyone who was afraid; 22,000 went home, leaving 10,000.

Even still, the Lord said the army was too large, so Gideon tested the men by taking them down to the water to drink. The Lord directed Gideon to call out those who lapped water from out of their hands rather than kneeling down to drink with their mouths. Three hundred men were chosen by this method of selection.

The Lord then commanded Gideon to go down to the Midianite camp, and if he was afraid, to take his servant, Phurah. There, Gideon overheard one of the soldiers telling his companion that he’d had a dream, in which a loaf of bread came tumbling into the camp and struck one of the tents so that it collapsed. The other soldier said that this meant the Lord would give victory to Gideon.

Gideon gave each of his men a trumpet, and a pitcher containing a lit torch. They surrounded the Midianite camp, and at the command of Gideon, they blew their trumpets, broke their pitchers to show the torches, and shouted, “The sword of the Lord and of Gideon!” This caused panic in the camp, and every Midianite drew his sword against another, and many fled. Then Gideon ordered the capture and killing of the two Midianite princes, whose heads were brought to him.

*****

We must give glory to the Lord for successes that we seem to earn, as He alone does what is good. The Lord told Gideon to reduce the size of his army, to avoid the dangers of growing too proud. Since we live our lives as if we do everything ourselves, this is a constant threat. The fact that about two-thirds of Gideon’s army were afraid and went home shows the reality of our nature (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 442).

Lapping water from the hand reflects our need to see and examine what we take into our minds. Water stands for truth, but it can also stand for false ideas. If we drink directly from the water, we accept indiscriminately and examine nothing. Cupping and holding the water in our hands means that we can see how to apply this truth through our attitudes and actions (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 6047[2]).

Gideon’s army of only three hundred men was all it took to defeat the Midianites. The number ‘three’ stands for something which is complete or full in itself. Some spiritual examples include mind, body and soul, as well as celestial, spiritual and natural (see Swedenborg’s Apocalypse Explained 435[3] and 532[2]).

The dream Gideon overheard stands for the power of good (the bread) to break down the apparent power of what is evil and false (the tent) (Arcana Caelestia 4247[3]). The name of Gideon’s servant, Phurah, means “fruitfulness”, or “a winepress”, which is where Gideon was first called by the angel of the Lord.

The trumpet and the torch both stand for the power of truth to overcome evil and false ideas, the trumpet by its penetrating sound, and the torch by its illuminating light. There is no mention of swords for the army of Israel.

Finally, the oppression by the Midianites represents knowing what is true, but living a life governed by our own desires. This leads us increasingly further away from obeying the Lord. Of course, this must be addressed. The Midianites destroyed each other in their panic, meaning what is disorderly and against the Lord holds no validity, and eventually destroys itself (Arcana Caelestia 9320).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Hemelse Verborgenheden in Genesis en Exodus 8815


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Hemelse Verborgenheden in Genesis en Exodus 3242, 5955, 7602, 7643, 9397

Apocalypse Revealed 397


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 455, 502, 543

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Psalm 33:16, 83:10, 12

Proverbs 16:2

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Handelingen van de Apostelen 18:9

1 Korintiërs 1:29

Významy biblických slov

vroeg
Since the sun represents the Lord, the early morning and sunrise represent a state of enlightenment, with a new and clear understanding coming after a...

midianieten
'Midianites' signify people who are in the truth of simple good.

noorden
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

dal
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

heere
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

zeide
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

veel
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

geven
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

twee
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

twintig
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

duizend
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

water
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

zeggen
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

tong
'The tongue,' as an organ, signifies doctrine, but as speech, or language, it signifies religion. 'Tongue' signifies perception of truth with respect to speech, and...

hond
A dog, as in Exodus 11 (Exod. 11:7: seven, ignifies the lowest or meanest of all in the church, also those who are without the...

knieen
A knee,' as in Genesis 30:5, signifies conjugial love. The king,' as in Isaiah 66:12, signifies celestial love. A knee,' as in Ezekiel 7:17, signifies...

drinken
Food in the Bible represents the desire for good, and water and other drinks represent the understanding and true ideas we need to recognize what...

mond
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

man
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

mannen
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

plaats
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

bazuinen
'Trumpets,' and all other wind instruments, relate to celestial affections.

tent
'Tent' is used in the Word to signify the celestial and holy aspects of love, because in ancient time they performed holy worship in their...

beneden
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

nacht
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

sta op
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

gegeven
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

jongen
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

horen
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

handen
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Amalekieten
Amalek, or the Amalekites, signifies those who are in false principles.

kinderen
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

sprinkhanen
'Locusts' signify falsities in the extremes, which consume the truths and goods of the church in a person. 'The locusts' which John the Baptist ate...

kemelen
A camel (Matt. 22:24) signifies scientific knowledge. Camels are confirming scientifics, and cattle are the knowledges of good and truth (Jer. 49:32.)

zand
'Sand,' as in Matthew 7:27, signifies faith separate from charity.

zee
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

kwam
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

metgezel
In the Bible, there is a careful distinction between the word “brother” and the word “companion” or “friend.” That’s partly because the people of Israel...

droom
A dream, as in Genesis 20:3,signifies being somewhat obscure.

gedroomd
A dream, as in Genesis 20:3,signifies being somewhat obscure.

viel
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

antwoordde
Het "antwoord" geeft over het algemeen een staat van spirituele ontvankelijkheid aan. Uiteindelijk betekent dit ontvankelijk zijn voor de Heer, die voortdurend probeert ware ideeën...

zwaard
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

zoon
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

god
De Heer is de liefde zelf, uitgedrukt in de vorm van de wijsheid zelf. Liefde is dan ook zijn essentie, zijn in wezen. Wijsheid -...

drie
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

bazuin
The sounds of trumpets are heard in heaven when assemblies and appointments happen. So among the children of Israel, for whom everything was representative of...

midden
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

ziet
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

komen
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

honderd
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

vluchtte
To flee signifies to escape, and be rescued. To flee signifies to be overcome.

nafthali
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

wateren
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

de Jordaan
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

jordaan
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

hoofden
Captains and Rulers (Jer. 51:23) signifies principal evils and falsities. Captains and Rulers (Ezek 33:6) signifies principal truths. See Chief Captains.

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 Draw Gideon's Weapons
Draw pictures of the weapons Gideon was to use to fight the Midianites--a trumpet, pitcher and torch.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Gideon Blows the Trumpet
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Gideon Defeats the Midianites Crossword Puzzle
Review Gideon's victory over the Midianites by completing a crossword puzzle.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Gideon Drives Out the Midianites
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Gideon Review Questions
Questions for an oral review of the story of Gideon, Judges chapters 6 and 7.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Make a Pitcher Torch and Trumpet for Gideon
Color and cut out pictures of a torch, pitcher and trumpet. Reenact the story of Gideon's victory over the Midianites.
Project | Ages 7 - 13

 The Story of Gideon
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Torch and Trumpet
Project | Ages 4 - 10


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