Rechters 5

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1 Voorts zong Debora, en Barak, de zoon van Abinoam, ten zelven dage, zeggende:

2 Looft den HEERE, van het wreken der wraken in Israel, van dat het volk zich gewillig heeft aangeboden.

3 Hoort, gij koningen, neemt ter oren, gij vorsten! Ik, den HEERE zal ik zingen, ik zal den HEERE, den God Israels, psalmzingen.

4 HEERE! toen Gij voorttoogt van Seir, toen Gij daarheen traadt van het veld van Edom, beefde de aarde, ook droop de hemel, ook dropen de wolken van water.

5 De bergen vervloten van het aangezicht des HEEREN; zelfs Sinai van het aangezicht des HEEREN, des Gods van Israel.

6 In de dagen van Samgar, den zoon van Anath, in de dagen van Jael, hielden de wegen op, en die op paden wandelden, gingen kromme wegen.

7 De dorpen hielden op in Israel, zij hielden op; totdat ik, Debora, opstond, dat ik opstond, een moeder in Israel.

8 Verkoos hij nieuwe goden, dan was er krijg in de poorten; werd er ook een schild gezien, of een spies, onder veertig duizend in Israel?

9 Mijn hart is tot wetgevers van Israel, die zich gewillig aangeboden hebben onder het volk; looft den HEERE!

10 Gij, die op witte ezelinnen rijdt, gij, die aan het gerichte zit, en gij, die over weg wandelt, spreekt er van!

11 Van het gedruis der schutters, tussen de plaatsen, waar men water schept, spreekt aldaar te zamen van de gerechtigheid des HEEREN, van de gerechtigheden, bewezen aan zijn dorpen in Israel; toen ging des HEEREN volk af tot de poorten.

12 Waak op, waak op, Debora, waak op, waak op, spreek een lied! maak u op, Barak! en leid uw gevangenen gevangen, gij zoon van Abinoam.

13 Toen deed Hij de overgeblevenen heersen over de heerlijken onder het volk; de HEERE doet mij heersen over de geweldigen.

14 Uit Efraim was hun wortel tegen Amalek. Achter u was Benjamin onder uw volken. Uit Machir zijn de wetgevers afgetogen, en uit Zebulon, trekkende door den staf des schrijvers.

15 Ook waren de vorsten in Issaschar met Debora; en gelijk Issaschar, alzo was Barak; op zijn voeten werd hij gezonden in het dal. In Rubens gedeelten waren de inbeeldingen des harten groot.

16 Waarom bleeft gij zitten tussen de stallingen, om te horen het geblaat der kudden? De gedeelten van Ruben hadden grote onderzoekingen des harten.

17 Gilead bleef aan gene zijde der Jordaan; en Dan, waarom onthield hij zich in schepen! Aser zat aan de zeehaven, en bleef in zijn gescheurde plaatsen.

18 Zebulon, het is een volk, dat zijn ziel versmaad heeft, insgelijks Nafthali, op de hoogten des velds.

19 De koningen kwamen, zij streden; toen streden de koningen van Kanaan, te Thaanach aan de wateren van Megiddo; zij brachten geen gewin des zilvers daarvan.

20 Van den hemel streden zij, de sterren uit haar loopplaatsen streden tegen Sisera.

21 De beek Kison wentelde hen weg, de beek Kedumin, de beek Kison; vertreed, o mijn ziel! de sterken.

22 Toen werden de paardenhoeven verpletterd, van het rennen, het rennen zijner machtigen.

23 Vloekt Meroz, zegt de Engel des HEEREN, vloekt haar inwoners geduriglijk; omdat zij niet gekomen zijn tot de hulp des HEEREN, tot de hulp des HEEREN, met de helden.

24 Gezegend zij boven de vrouwen Jael, de huisvrouw van Heber, den Keniet; Gezegend zij ze boven de vrouwen in de tent!

25 Water eiste hij, melk gaf zij; in een herenschaal bracht zij boter.

26 Haar hand sloeg zij aan den nagel, en haar rechterhand aan den hamer der arbeidslieden; en zij klopte Sisera; zij streek zijn hoofd af, als zij zijn slaap had doornageld en doorgedrongen.

27 Tussen haar voeten kromde hij zich, viel henen, lag daar neder; tussen haar voeten kromde hij zich; hij viel; alwaar hij zich kromde, daar lag hij geheel geschonden!

28 De moeder van Sisera keek uit door het venster, en schreeuwde door de tralien: Waarom vertoeft zijn wagen te komen! Waarom blijven de gangen zijner wagenen achter?

29 De wijsten harer staatsvrouwen antwoordden; ook beantwoordde zij haar redenen aan zichzelve:

30 Zouden zij dan de buit niet vinden en delen? een liefje, of twee liefjes, voor iegelijken man? Voor Sisera, een buit van verscheidene verven, een buit van verscheidene verven, gestikt; van verscheiden verf aan beide zijden gestikt, voor de buithalzen?

31 Alzo moeten omkomen al Uw vijanden, o HEERE! die Hem daarentegen liefhebben, moeten zijn, als wanneer de zon opgaat in haar kracht. En het land was stil, veertig jaren.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 5      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 5: The Song of Deborah.

This chapter is a song of victory, describing the events of Judges 4 in poetic and exuberant language. Throughout, there is a sense of exhorting the people to turn to the Lord and praise Him for the victory. Singing this kind of song was a customary way for Israel to rejoice after a major victory.

The spiritual meaning of singing has to do with our overall joy and affection for spiritual things: joy for what is true, for the Word, and for everything about the Lord. Affection is not merely knowing spiritual truths; it is our heart’s response to them, which goes far beyond words.

This is why the lyrics of sacred songs such as Judges Chapter 5 are very eloquent and passionate. They are not simply an account of what took place, but more an outburst of praise and gratitude in recounting the story. We experience the same inner ‘music’ when our heart feels a deep spiritual affection, and is stirred up with praise to the Lord. Just as Deborah and Barak sang after a battle, our songs of gratitude will generally be felt after the Lord delivers us from a period of temptation during regeneration (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8265).

The song itself frequently acknowledges the Lord’s part in Israel’s victory:

In verse 4: “Lord, when you went out from Seir, when you marched from the field of Edom.”

In verse 11: “There they shall recount the righteous acts of the Lord for his villagers in Israel.”

And in verse 13: “Then the Lord came down for me against the mighty.”

These references serve to remind us that everything is the Lord’s doing. We must do what is good as though our actions make the difference, but we are to affirm that the Lord brings about all that is good. This acknowledgement allows us to act from free will, while still understanding the spiritual truth that all goodness comes from the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 9193).

This is emphasized through the song whenever Deborah praises her own actions, as well as those of Barak and Jael. For example:

In verse 7: “Village life ceased in Israel until I, Deborah, arose, a mother in Israel.”

In verse 12: “Awake, awake, Deborah! Awake, awake, sing a song! Arise, Barak, and lead your captives away, O son of Abinoam!”

And in verses 24-27, when Jael receives full praise for her actions.

Another theme in the song is a lament over those tribes which did not come to the aid of Israel, although only Issachar and Zebulun were called to battle. A town called Meroz is roundly cursed for failing to help. The name ‘Meroz’ comes from a verb meaning “to withdraw” or “to hide” (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 18). This lament reminds us that our intentions to serve the Lord and to fight our spiritual battles can be hindered by our own divided wills.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Hemelse Verborgenheden in Genesis en Exodus 627, 1675, 1679, 1756, 2709, 2781, 2851, ...

Apocalyps Onthuld 51, 351, 354, 406, 501, 899


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 31, 72, 208, 355, 401, 422, 434, ...

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 32:4, 35:22, 23, 24, 25

Exodus 15:1, 9

Leviticus 26:22

Numeri 32:1, 6, 39

Deuteronomium 7:9, 32:17, 33:2

Jozua 10:10, 11, 12:21, 17:11

Rechters 2:12, 3:11, 31, 4:4, 17, 8:5, 6, 8, 10:4, 12:14, 15, 21:8

I Samuël 13:19

II Samuël 18:32, 22:1, 8, 23:4

2 Kronieken 15:5, 17:16

Psalm 19:6, 57:9, 68:9, 13, 71:15, 83:10, 92:10, 97:5, 103:2, 110:3, 146:2

Proverbs 4:18, 7:6

Lied van Salomo 2:9

Jesaja 9:2, 33:8, 63:19

Jeremia 19:4, 48:10

Daniël 12:3

Micha 1:4

Nahum 5

Mattheüs 13:43

Lucas 1:28, 42

1 Korintiërs 2:9

Apocalyps 12:11, 16:16

Významy biblických slov

zoon
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

dage
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

looft
De Heer is volmaakte liefde uitgedrukt als volmaakte wijsheid. Hij heeft ons geschapen opdat Hij ons zou kunnen liefhebben, ons eigen liefde en wijsheid zou...

heere
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

hoort
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

koningen
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

zingen
Every affection of the heart has a tendency to produce singing, and so it will produce anything relating to singing. The affection of the heart...

god
De Heer is de liefde zelf, uitgedrukt in de vorm van de wijsheid zelf. Liefde is dan ook zijn essentie, zijn in wezen. Wijsheid -...

israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

seir
'Seir,' as in Genesis 33:14, signifies the conjunction of spiritual and celestial things in the natural level, that is, the truth of faith with the...

veld
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

edom
'Edom' or 'Idumea,' as in Isaiah 34:5, signifies those who are in evil and in falsities thence derived.

beefde
'To tremble,' as in Jeremiah 10:10, relates to the church when falsities are believed and called truths.

aarde
Land' in the Word, denotes the church, for the things which signify the church also signify the things relating to the church, for these constitute...

hemel
De "lucht" in de Bijbel vertegenwoordigt het denken, maar op een zeer algemene manier - meer zoals ons vermogen om ideeën waar te nemen en...

water
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

bergen
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

heeren
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

dagen
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

wegen
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

paden
'A path' denotes truths, and in the opposite sense, falsities.

moeder
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

goden
De Heer is de liefde zelf, uitgedrukt in de vorm van de wijsheid zelf. Liefde is dan ook zijn essentie, zijn in wezen. Wijsheid -...

poorten
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

schild
'A shield' signifies defense which is trusted against evils and falsities. In respect to the Lord, it signifies defense, and in respect to people, confidence...

gezien
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

veertig
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

duizend
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

hart
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

wetgevers
'A lawgiver,' as in Numbers 21:18, signifies the Lord.

zit
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

weg
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

wandelt
To walk in the Bible represents living, and usually means living according to the true things taught to us by the Lord -- to "walk...

gerechtigheid
The word "righteous" has taken on a bit of negative shading in modern language. That may be because we hear it most often as part...

lied
'A song' signifies acknowledgment and confession from joy of heart.

efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

wortel
'A root,' as in Malachi 4:1, signifies charity. The dried up root,' as in Hosea 9:16, 17, signifies charity which could not bear fruit.

Amalek
Amalek, or the Amalekites, signifies those who are in false principles.

achter
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

benjamin
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

Machir
Machir' signifies the same as 'Manasseh' because Machir was the son of Manasseh.

voeten
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

dal
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

harten
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

zitten
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

horen
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

ruben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

jordaan
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

Dan
The tribe of Dan (Jer. 8:16) signifies truth in its own ultimate degree of order, here truth in the church, which is contained in the...

schepen
Ships were used in the ancient world – as they generally are now – to carry freight from nation to nation for trade. The various...

ziel
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

nafthali
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

velds
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

kanaan
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

wateren
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

megiddo
'Megiddo,' as in 2 Chronicles 3, signifies the same as Armageddon.

Gewin
'Lucre or gain' signifies every thing false derived from evil which perverts the judgment.

sterren
'Stars' signify the knowledge of truth and good. 'Stars' are frequently mentioned in the Word, and always signify goods and truths, but in an opposite...

sisera
Sisera, as in Judges 5:20, signifies falsity from evil destroying the church.

beek
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

zegt
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

engel
'A messenger' signifies communication.

inwoners
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

gezegend
De Heer is volmaakte liefde uitgedrukt als volmaakte wijsheid. Hij heeft ons geschapen opdat Hij ons zou kunnen liefhebben, ons eigen liefde en wijsheid zou...

vrouwen
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

tent
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

melk
Water represents true ideas about day-to-day life, and other drinks and liquids in general represent different forms of truth. Milk is a drink that contains...

boter
Butter (Isa. 7:14, 16) signifies the Lord's celestial principle, and honey that is derived from thence. Butter of the herd (Deut. 32:13) signifies the celestial...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

nagel
A nail,' as in Zechariah 10:4, signifies truth supporting.

hoofd
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

viel
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

venster
'Window' signifies truth in the light.

komen
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

buit
'To spoil,' as in Genesis 34:27, signifies destruction. 'Spoil,' as in Deuteronomy 13:16, signifies the falsification of truth.

zijden
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

vijanden
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

zon
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

land
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

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