Rechters 2

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1 En een Engel des HEEREN kwam opwaarts van Gilgal tot Bochim, en Hij zeide: Ik heb ulieden uit Egypte opgevoerd, en u gebracht in het land, dat Ik uw vaderen gezworen heb, en gezegd: Ik zal Mijn verbond met ulieden niet verbreken in eeuwigheid.

2 En ulieden aangaande, gij zult geen verbond maken met de inwoners dezes lands; hun altaren zult gij afbreken. Maar gij zijt Mijner stem niet gehoorzaam geweest; waarom hebt gij dit gedaan?

3 Daarom heb Ik ook gezegd: Ik zal hen voor uw aangezicht niet uitdrijven; maar zij zullen u aan de zijden zijn, en hun goden zullen u tot een strik zijn.

4 En het geschiedde, als de Engel des HEEREN deze woorden tot alle kinderen Israels gesproken had, zo hief het volk zijn stem op en weende.

5 Daarom noemden zij den naam dier plaats Bochim; en zij offerden aldaar den HEERE.

6 Als Jozua het volk had laten gaan, zo waren de kinderen Israels heengegaan, een ieder tot zijn erfdeel, om het land erfelijk te bezitten.

7 En het volk diende den HEERE, al de dagen van Jozua, en al de dagen der oudsten, die lang geleefd hadden na Jozua; die gezien hadden al dat grote werk des HEEREN, dat Hij aan Israel gedaan had.

8 Maar als Jozua, de zoon van Nun, de knecht des HEEREN, gestorven was, honderd en tien jaren oud zijnde;

9 En zij hem begraven hadden in de landpale zijns erfdeels, te Timnath-Heres, op een berg van Efraim, tegen het noorden van den berg Gaas;

10 En al datzelve geslacht ook tot zijn vaderen vergaderd was; zo stond er een ander geslacht na hen op, dat den HEERE niet kende, noch ook het werk, dat Hij aan Israel gedaan had.

11 Toen deden de kinderen Israels, dat kwaad was in de ogen des HEEREN, en zij dienden de Baals.

12 En zij verlieten den HEERE, hunner vaderen God, Die hen uit Egypteland had uitgevoerd, en volgden andere goden na, van de goden der volken, die rondom hen waren, en bogen zich voor die, en zij verwekten den HEERE tot toorn.

13 Want zij verlieten den HEERE, en dienden de Baal en Astharoth.

14 Zo ontstak des HEEREN toorn tegen Israel, en Hij gaf hen in de hand der rovers, die hen beroofden; en Hij verkocht hen in de hand hunner vijanden rondom; en zij konden niet meer bestaan voor het aangezicht hunner vijanden.

15 Overal, waarheen zij uittogen, was de hand des HEEREN tegen hen, ten kwade, gelijk als de HEERE gesproken, en gelijk als de HEERE gezworen had; en hun was zeer bang.

16 En de HEERE verwekte richteren, die hen verlosten uit de hand dergenen, die hen beroofden;

17 Doch zij hoorden ook niet naar hun richteren, maar hoereerden andere goden na, en bogen zich voor die; haast weken zij af van den weg, dien hun vaders gewandeld hadden, horende de geboden des HEEREN; alzo deden zij niet.

18 En wanneer de HEERE hun richteren verwekte, zo was de HEERE met den richter, en verloste hen uit de hand hunner vijanden, al de dagen des richters; want het berouwde den HEERE, huns zuchtens halve vanwege degenen, die hen drongen en die hen drukten.

19 Maar het geschiedde met het versterven des richters, dat zij omkeerden, en verdierven het meer dan hun vaderen, navolgende andere goden, dezelve dienende, en zich voor die buigende; zij lieten niets vallen van hun werken, noch van dezen harden weg.

20 Daarom ontstak de toorn des HEEREN tegen Israel, dat Hij zeide: Omdat dit volk Mijn verbond heeft overtreden, dat Ik hun vaderen geboden heb, en zij naar Mijn stem niet gehoord hebben;

21 Zo zal Ik ook niet voortvaren voor hun aangezicht iemand uit de bezitting te verdrijven, van de heidenen, die Jozua heeft achtergelaten, als hij stierf;

22 Opdat Ik Israel door hen verzoeke, of zij den weg des HEEREN zullen houden, om daarin te wandelen, gelijk als hun vaderen gehouden hebben, of niet.

23 Alzo liet de HEERE deze heidenen blijven, dat Hij hen niet haastelijk uit de bezitting verdreef; die Hij in de hand van Jozua niet had overgegeven.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 2      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 2: Israel’s disobedience and Joshua’s death.

This chapter opens with a reprimand from the Angel of the Lord. The Israelites had been commanded not to make any treaties with the people of Canaan, and to tear down their altars. The Angel warned that Israel had broken their covenant to the Lord, so the Lord would not drive out the other inhabitants of the land; they would be thorns in Israel’s side, and their gods would be a snare. Israel wept, and sacrificed to the Lord.

After the Israelites had gone to their assigned territories, it mentions Joshua’s death and burial (yet Joshua had died at the end of the book of Joshua!). All Israel had followed the Lord during Joshua’s time, and understood what the Lord had done for Israel. But the older generation died away, and a new generation arose who did not know the Lord, nor what He had done for Israel.

The chapter then spells out the terrible plight in which the people of Israel had entangled themselves. They had begun to worship Baal and Ashtaroth, the gods of the Canaanites, and they turned away from the Lord who had done so much for them. So, the Lord allowed their enemies to attack them, and Israel could not stand against them. This theme of straying from the Lord, and in turn being punished, will return through the next few chapters.

In the midst of this, the text says that the Lord raised up judges who delivered Israel. However, when each judge died, the people reverted to worshipping other gods. This seems to anticipate the events ahead in Judges.

*****

This chapter really marks the first of many transgressions committed by the Israelites in the book of Judges. The first three verses of this chapter feature the Angel of the Lord, who appears many times throughout the Word, and for many reasons: sometimes to bless, but in this case, to admonish the children of Israel for their disobedience. The Angel of the Lord stands firm and resolute, and represents truths from the Lord revealed in our hearts and minds (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 96[6]).

The spiritual meaning of ‘weeping’ can mean various things, depending on the context. Here, the people wept because of the Angel’s warning, in momentary recognition of their wrongdoing. This is not real repentance (a ‘change of heart’), but fear along with a sense of our own self-love, which may lead us into more disobedience (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 153).

The death of the older generation and rise of a new one represents a change of state in us. The older generation - Joshua and the elders - served as a connection between the people and the Lord, since they had seen the Lord’s blessings on Israel in their own time. However, when we lose that connection, both our love of obedience and understanding of why we must obey the Lord fall away.

Our changes of state usually happen quickly; we suddenly get angry, feel fear, become selfish. When we turn to the Lord for help during these times, we quickly enter a state of humility in which the Lord can reach us (see Swedenborg’s Doctrine of Life 21).

After Joshua’s death, the children of Israel began to worship other gods, and the Lord punished them. In our lives, this would be like turning back on our devotion to the Lord to instead focus on worldly things, and do just as we please. There is no punishment from the Lord, only the consequences of our actions. We become weak, easy prey for doubts and anxieties, completely at the mercy of the hells (see Arcana Caelestia 7373).

Although the Lord raised judges to lead the people, the Israelites would would return to their old ways once the judge had passed away. This gives us a valuable spiritual truth that even in our sorry state of self-interest, we are still, at times, able to see the mess we are in. We may feel alarmed for a while, but this subsides and we grow complacent once again. The Lord raises up judges so that we can hold ourselves accountable.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Hemelse Verborgenheden in Genesis en Exodus 921, 1925, 3255, 4539, 8286, 8301


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 391

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 12:18, 17:7, 22:11

Exodus 1:6, 8, 13:3, 9, 14, 16, 15:25, 23:33, 32:7, 8, 14

Leviticus 26:17, 37

Numeri 25:3, 32:13

Deuteronomium 1:8, 4:25, 6:12, 18:20, 28:20, 31:16, 18

Jozua 7:12, 19:50, 23:13, 16, 24:28, 29, 31

Rechters 1:1, 3:1, 4, 7, 8, 9, 12, 15, 31, 4:1, 2, 5:8, 6:1, 8, 10, 11, 12, 16, 8:27, 33, 10:1, 6, 7, 9, 13, 16, 11:24, 32, 13:1

Ruth 1:1, 13

I Samuël 7:3, 6, 11:4, 12:10, 15, 14:48

II Samuël 7:11, 24:1

I Koningen 11:5

2 Koningen 13:3

2 Kronieken 12:1, 2, 28:2, 3, 5, 33:3, 36:16

Ezra 10:1

Nehemiah 9:27, 28

Psalm 44:11, 89:3, 106:34, 40, 42, 43, 45

Jesaja 42:24

Jeremia 2:20, 3:6, 6:16, 9:2, 5, 16:11, 12

Joël 2:12

Handelingen van de Apostelen 13:20

2 Korintiërs 7:10

Významy biblických slov

engel
'A messenger' signifies communication.

heeren
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

kwam
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

zeide
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

egypte
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

land
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

gezworen
'To sware' is a binding.

eeuwigheid
In many cases, the use of “eternity” in the Bible is pretty literal, simple meaning forever. This is especially true when the text is referring...

inwoners
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

Lands
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

altaren
Het eerste altaar dat in het Woord wordt genoemd, is door Noach gebouwd nadat hij uit de ark kwam. Op dat altaar offerde hij schone...

stem
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

zijden
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

goden
De Heer is de liefde zelf, uitgedrukt in de vorm van de wijsheid zelf. Liefde is dan ook zijn essentie, zijn in wezen. Wijsheid -...

woorden
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

kinderen
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

gesproken
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

naam
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

plaats
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

heere
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

jozua
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

dagen
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

lang
'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.

gezien
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

werk
'Works,' as in Genesis 46:33, denote goods, because they are from the will, and anything from the will is either good or evil, but anything...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

zoon
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

knecht
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

honderd
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

tien
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

oud
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

berg
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

noorden
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

geslacht
To “generate” something is to create it, and that idea underpins the meaning of a “generation” of people – it is a group that was...

na
Volgens Swedenborg bestaan tijd en ruimte niet in de spirituele werkelijkheid; het zijn puur natuurlijke dingen die alleen op het fysieke vlak bestaan. Dit betekent...

kwaad
To do “harm” in the Bible specifically means attacks and injury by evil and falsity against what is good and true. The reverse is never...

ogen
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

baals
Baalim and her lovers (Hosea 2:13) signify those things which belong to the natural man, and are loved; such as the lusts and falsities thence...

god
De Heer is de liefde zelf, uitgedrukt in de vorm van de wijsheid zelf. Liefde is dan ook zijn essentie, zijn in wezen. Wijsheid -...

Baal
Baalim and her lovers (Hosea 2:13) signify those things which belong to the natural man, and are loved; such as the lusts and falsities thence...

toorn
'Toorn', zoals in Genesis 49: 7, betekent afkeer van de waarheid. 'Grote toorn', zoals in Openbaring 00:12, betekent haat tegen de nieuwe kerk.

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

beroofden
In Jeremiah 12:12, 'spoilers' signify evils and falsities, which cause good and truth to perish, or evils from a lack of truth.

verkocht
'To sell,' as in Genesis 41:56, means transferring to another as their own, because what is sold becomes the property of the one who buys...

vijanden
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

weg
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

vaders
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

vallen
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

gehoord
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

heidenen
'The time of the heathen,' as mentioned in Ezekiel 30:3, signifies the heathen, or wickedness.

houden
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

wandelen
To walk in the Bible represents living, and usually means living according to the true things taught to us by the Lord -- to "walk...

gehouden
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

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