Rechters 16

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Dutch Staten Vertaling         

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1 Simson nu ging heen naar Gaza; en hij zag aldaar een vrouw, die een hoer was; en hij ging tot haar in.

2 Toen werd de Gazieten gezegd: Simson is hier in ingekomen; zo gingen zij rondom, en legden hem den gansen nacht lagen in de stadspoort; doch zij hielden zich den gansen nacht stil, zeggende: Tot aan het morgenlicht, dan zullen wij hem doden.

3 Maar Simson lag tot middernacht toe; toen stond hij op ter middernacht, en hij greep de deuren der stadspoort met de beide posten, en nam ze weg met den grendelboom, en legde ze op zijn schouderen, en droeg ze opwaarts op de hoogte des bergs, die in het gezicht van Hebron is.

4 En het geschiedde daarna, dat hij een vrouw lief kreeg, aan de beek Sorek, welker naam was Delila.

5 Toen kwamen de vorsten der Filistijnen tot haar op, en zeiden tot haar: Overreed hem, en zie, waarin zijn grote kracht zij, en waarmede wij hem zouden machtig worden, en hem binden, om hem te plagen; zo zullen wij u geven, een iegelijk, duizend en honderd zilverlingen.

6 Delila dan zeide tot Simson: Verklaar mij toch, waarin uw grote kracht zij, en waarmede gij zoudt kunnen gebonden worden, dat men u plage.

7 En Simson zeide tot haar: Indien zij mij bonden met zeven verse zelen, die niet verdroogd zijn, zo zou ik zwak worden, en wezen als een ander mens.

8 Toen brachten de vorsten der Filistijnen tot haar op zeven verse zelen, die niet verdroogd waren; en zij bond hem daarmede.

9 De achterlage nu zat bij haar in een kamer. Zo zeide zij tot hem: De Filistijnen over u, Simson! Toen verbrak hij de zelen, gelijk als een snoertje van grof vlas verbroken wordt, als het vuur riekt. Alzo werd zijn kracht niet bekend.

10 Toen zeide Delila tot Simson: Zie, gij hebt met mij gespot, en leugenen tot mij gesproken; verklaar mij toch nu, waarmede gij zoudt kunnen gebonden worden?

11 En hij zeide tot haar: Indien zij mij vastbonden met nieuwe touwen, met dewelke geen werk gedaan is, zo zou ik zwak worden, en wezen als een ander mens.

12 Toen nam Delila nieuwe touwen, en bond hem daarmede, en zeide tot hem: De Filistijnen over u, Simson! (De achterlage nu was zittende in een kamer.) Toen verbrak hij ze van zijn armen als een draad.

13 En Delila zeide tot Simson: Tot hiertoe hebt gij met mij gespot, en leugenen tot mij gesproken; verklaar mij toch nu, waarmede gij zoudt kunnen gebonden worden. En hij zeide tot haar: Indien gij de zeven haarlokken mijns hoofds vlochtet aan een weversboom.

14 En zij maakte ze vast met een pin, en zeide tot hem: De Filistijnen over u, Simson! Toen waakte hij op uit zijn slaap, en nam weg de pin der gevlochten haarlokken, en den weversboom.

15 Toen zeide zij tot hem: Hoe zult gij zeggen: Ik heb u lief, daar uw hart niet met mij is? Gij hebt nu driemaal met mij gespot, en mij niet verklaard, waarin uw grote kracht zij.

16 En het geschiedde, als zij hem alle dagen met haar woorden perste, en hem moeilijk viel, dat zijn ziel verdrietig werd tot stervens toe;

17 Zo verklaarde hij haar zijn ganse hart, en zeide tot haar: Er is nooit een scheermes op mijn hoofd gekomen, want ik ben een Nazireer Gods van mijn moeders buik af; indien ik geschoren wierd, zo zou mijn kracht van mij wijken, en ik zou zwak worden, en wezen als alle de mensen.

18 Als nu Delila zag, dat hij haar zijn ganse hart verklaard had, zo zond zij heen, en riep de vorsten der Filistijnen, zeggende: Komt ditmaal op, want hij heeft mij zijn ganse hart verklaard. En de vorsten der Filistijnen kwamen tot haar op, en brachten dat geld in hun hand.

19 Toen deed zij hem slapen op haar knieen, en riep een man en liet hem de zeven haarlokken zijns hoofds afscheren, en zij begon hem te plagen; en zijn kracht week van hem.

20 En zij zeide: De Filistijnen over u, Simson! En hij ontwaakte uit zijn slaap, en zeide: Ik zal ditmaal uitgaan, als op andere malen, en mij uitschudden; want hij wist niet, dat de HEERE van hem geweken was.

21 Toen grepen hem de Filistijnen, en groeven zijn ogen uit; en zij voerden hem af naar Gaza, en bonden hem met twee koperen ketenen, en hij was malende in het gevangenhuis.

22 En het haar zijns hoofds begon weder te wassen, gelijk toen hij geschoren werd.

23 Toen verzamelden zich de vorsten der Filistijnen, om hun god Dagon een groot offer te offeren, en tot vrolijkheid; en zij zeiden: Onze god heeft onze vijand Simson in onze hand gegeven.

24 Desgelijks als hem het volk zag, loofden zij hun god, want zij zeiden: Onze god heeft in onze hand gegeven onzen vijand, en die ons land verwoestte, en die onzer verslagenen velen maakte!

25 En het geschiedde, als hun hart vrolijk was, dat zij zeiden: Roept Simson, dat hij voor ons spele. En zij riepen Simson uit het gevangenhuis; en hij speelde voor hun aangezichten, en zij deden hem staan tussen de pilaren.

26 Toen zeide Simson tot den jongen, die hem bij de hand hield: Laat mij gaan, dat ik de pilaren betaste, op dewelke het huis gevestigd is, dat ik daaraan leune.

27 Het huis nu was vol mannen en vrouwen; ook waren daar alle vorsten der Filistijnen; en op het dak waren omtrent drie duizend mannen en vrouwen, die toezagen, als Simson speelde.

28 Toen riep Simson tot den HEERE, en zeide: HEERE, HEERE! gedenk toch mijner, en sterk mij toch alleenlijk ditmaal, o God! dat ik mij met een wrake voor mijn twee ogen aan de Filistijnen wreke.

29 En Simson vatte de twee middelste pilaren, op dewelke het huis was gevestigd, en waarop het steunde, de enen met zijn rechterhand, en den anderen met zijn linkerhand;

30 En Simson zeide: Mijn ziel sterve met de Filistijnen; en hij boog zich met kracht, en het huis viel op de vorsten, en op al het volk, dat daarin was. En de doden, die hij in zijn sterven gedood heeft, waren meer, dan die hij in zijn leven gedood had.

31 Toen kwamen zijn broeders af, en het ganse huis zijns vaders, en namen hem op, en brachten hem opwaarts, en begroeven hem tussen Zora en tussen Esthaol, in het graf van zijn vader Manoach; hij nu had Israel gericht twintig jaren.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 16      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 16: Samson and Delilah; Samson dies with the Philistines.

In this final chapter about Samson, he becomes involved with two women, and both episodes lead him to fight for his life.

The first woman was a prostitute from Gaza, a Philistine town. When the men of Gaza heard that Samson was visiting this woman, they lay in wait for him all night, so that they could kill him in the morning. Samson foiled their plot by sneaking out at midnight. As he was leaving, he took the gates of the city and its two posts, put them upon his shoulders, and took them to the top of a hill facing Hebron, a town in Israel.

Some time later, Samson began to love an Israelite woman called Delilah, whose name means “lustful pining”. The lords of the Philistines bribed her to find out the source of Samson’s strength, so that they could take him prisoner. After deceiving her three times and evading her almost-daily questions, Samson finally admitted that his strength lay in his hair; if it were cut, he would be like any other man.

Delilah told this to the the lords of the Philistines, and they paid her the bribe. She lulled Samson to sleep, and had a man shave off all of Samson’s hair. She called out as she had the first three times: “The Philistines are upon you, Samson!” He awoke, but he was as weak as a normal man. The Philistines took him captive, gouged out his eyes, and forced him to work as a mill grinder in prison. However, while he was in prison, his hair began to grow back.

When the Philistines gathered to make a great sacrifice in the temple of their god, Dagon, to celebrate the capture of Samson, 3000 Philistine men and women were there, plus all of their kings. Samson was brought in as a spectacle to be mocked. He could feel his strength returning, and asked the boy leading him to let him lean against the two central columns of the temple. Samson prayed to the Lord, and pushed the columns until the temple collapsed, killing everyone there. That day, Samson brought about the death of more Philistines than he had in his life. His family took his body, and buried him between Zorah (“stricken”) and Eshtaol (“supplication”) in his father’s tomb.

*****

This chapter demonstrates the temptations and potential pitfalls of faith-alone spirituality, specifically through the women that Samson was involved with. Both of these episodes - the first with the prostitute from Gaza, and the second with Delilah - highlight Samson’s brazen passions and his apparent faults and weaknesses. Samson represents our determination to overcome the draw of faith alone, which the hells employ in order to ensnare us, and then rule us. The Lord’s teachings through the Word often precipitate a struggle within us between our lusts from the hells and our spiritual intentions (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Revealed 678[2] and Apocalypse Revealed 798[2]).

Seizing the gates and gateposts stands for changing the focus of our spiritual view. Gates represent the entry and exit points to our hearts and minds, through which we receive the Lord and the Word, but also the influences of hell (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 119). The top of the hill stands for a mind raised up toward God, and ‘facing Hebron’ is representative of a new focus on the unity between us and the Word, for Hebron means ‘joined, brotherhood, unity’.

After three failed attempts, Delilah discovered that Samson’s strength lay in his hair, which had never been cut. Hair stands for the power and beauty of the Word in its literal sense, and our faithfulness in abiding by its truths (see Swedenborg’s works, Arcana Caelestia 9836[2] and Doctrine of the Lord 15[8]).

Samson’s imprisonment and abuse by the Philistines symbolize a period of spiritual turmoil, during which we are misled by the hells. Blindness corresponds to our inability to see or recognize truths; ‘grinding grain at the mill’ is like molding truths from the Word to support our own purposes - in this case, faith alone spirituality (Arcana Caelestia 10303[5] and Arcana Caelestia 10303[6]). Yet all the while, our ability to follow the Lord will gradually restrengthen, represented by Samson’s hair growing back.

In the last moments of his life, Samson brought down the temple of Dagon, killing three thousand of the Philistines at once. The two supporting columns of the Philistine temple stand for what is evil and what is false; when evil and falsity are toppled, the whole system of belief collapses. In sacrificing his life, Samson demonstrated the highest of all divine and heavenly loves (see Arcana Caelestia 2077[2]).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 3301, 6437


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Hemelse Verborgenheden in Genesis en Exodus 5247, 9836

Doctrine of the New Jerusalem Regarding the Sacred Scripture 49

Ware Christelijke Religie 223, 627


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 66, 750

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Významy biblických slov

simson
'Samson' represents the Lord when He fought against the hells and subdued them because of His natural self regarding truth. This was before He put...

gaza
Gaza (or Azzah) signifies things revealed concerning charity.

zag
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

vrouw
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

hoer
'A harlot' signifies the affection of falsities, thus the church corrupted.

nacht
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

stil
'Silence' has various significations. In general it means everything which causes it, which includes astonishment, which is a special cause, as in Revelation 8:1.

doden
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

middernacht
'Midnight,' as in Exodus 11:4, signifies total devastation from a state of mere falsities.

deuren
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

beide
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

gezicht
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

beek
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

naam
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

filistijnen
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

binden
Being bound, as in Genesis 42:16, denotes to be separated, for he who is kept b. is separated, viz., from the spiritual good, which is...

geven
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

duizend
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

honderd
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

zeide
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

gebonden
Being bound, as in Genesis 42:16, denotes to be separated, for he who is kept b. is separated, viz., from the spiritual good, which is...

zeven
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

een
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

de Filistijnen
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

vuur
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

bekend
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

werk
'Works,' as in Genesis 46:33, denote goods, because they are from the will, and anything from the will is either good or evil, but anything...

armen
Arms and feet (Daniel 10:6) signify the exterior things of the Word, which are its literal sense.

vlochtet
signifies teach.

pin
'A peg' denotes the conjoining and strengthening principles.

slaap
In a general sense, sleeping in the Bible represents a state of obscurity about spiritual matters, a state in which you are not recognizing things...

zeggen
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

hart
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

driemaal
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

verklaard
'To tell' signifies perceiving, because in the spiritual world, or in heaven, they do not need to tell what they think because they communicate every...

dagen
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

woorden
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

ziel
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

hoofd
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

moeders
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

buik
'Womb,' as in Genesis 49:25, signifies the conjunction of good and truth. The term 'belly' is used where truths are being discussed, and the term...

riep
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

geld
'Money' relates to truth.

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

knieen
A knee,' as in Genesis 30:5, signifies conjugial love. The king,' as in Isaiah 66:12, signifies celestial love. A knee,' as in Ezekiel 7:17, signifies...

man
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

wist
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

heere
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

ogen
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

koperen
Brass and iron as in Isaiah 48:4 and Daniel 7:19 signify what is hard.

god
De Heer is de liefde zelf, uitgedrukt in de vorm van de wijsheid zelf. Liefde is dan ook zijn essentie, zijn in wezen. Wijsheid -...

dagon
Dagon, (1 Sam. 5:6), being the idol of the Philistines, signifies their religion, which also was faith separate from charity.

vijand
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

gegeven
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

ons
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

land
Land' in the Word, denotes the church, for the things which signify the church also signify the things relating to the church, for these constitute...

staan
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

pilaren
A pillar of a cloud by day,' and 'a pillar of fire by night,' as in Exodus 8:21, signifies a state of illustration which is...

jongen
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

huis
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

vol
'To satiate' relates to the extent of a person's will, for good or evil.

mannen
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

vrouwen
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

dak
'A house-top,' as mentioned in Matthew 24:13, signifies the superior state of a person, and consequently, his state as to good.

drie
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

twee
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

viel
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

leven
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

broeders
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

vader
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

vaders
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

graf
A grave, as in Psalm 88:5, signifies hell. ‘To come forth out of the grave,’ as in John 5:29, signifies to come forth out of...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

twintig
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

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 Dividing the Land of Canaan Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the division of the land of Canaan.
Activity | All Ages

 Getting Strength from the Word
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Play: Samson's Death
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Quotes: Power of the Lord's Word
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Samson Bas Relief Project
Use a modeling compound to make a bas-relief illustration of Samson pulling down the pillars of the Philistine temple after asking the Lord to give him strength.  
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson Carries the Doors of the City Gate
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson Collage
Make a picture of Samson using a variety of materials. Give Samson a good head of hair using yarn or synthetic hair. 
Project | Ages 4 - 10

 Samson Destroys the Temple of the Philistines
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson Is Enslaved
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson Is Taken Prisoner
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson’s Death
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Sequence the Story of Samson with Pictures
Arrange the picture cards in the order these events happened in Samson’s life. 
Activity | Ages 4 - 10

 Strength in the Word
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 The Life of Samson Story Line
A story-line graphs the ups and downs of events. Which do you think would picture the story of Samson’s life better—a straight line or a jagged line? 
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 The Meaning of Samson
Article | Ages 15 - 17

 The Number Seven in the Word Crossword Puzzle
Discover stories that include the number seven in the Word.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The Story of Samson and Our Spiritual Rebirth
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Three Stories About Samson
Finish illustrating and describing three stories about Samson.
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 What Samson Represents
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Who Obeyed or Disobeyed the Lord?
Use names from a word bank to identify people in the Word who obeyed or who disobeyed the Lord. Story references are provided to help you.
Activity | All Ages


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