Rechters 10

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1 Na Abimelech nu stond op, om Israel te behouden, Thola, een zoon van Pua, zoon van Dodo, een man van Issaschar; en hij woonde te Samir, op het gebergte van Efraim.

2 En hij richtte Israel drie en twintig jaren; en hij stierf, en werd begraven te Samir.

3 En na hem stond op Jair, de Gileadiet; en hij richtte Israel twee en twintig jaren.

4 En hij had dertig zonen, rijdende op dertig ezelveulens, en die hadden dertig steden, die zij noemden Havvoth-Jair, tot op dezen dag, dewelke in het land van Gilead zijn.

5 En Jair stierf, en werd begraven te Kamon.

6 Toen voeren de kinderen Israels voort te doen, dat kwaad was in de ogen des HEEREN, en dienden de Baals, en Astharoth, en de goden van Syrie, en de goden van Sidon, en de goden van Moab, en de goden der kinderen Ammons, mitsgaders de goden der Filistijnen; en zij verlieten den HEERE, en dienden Hem niet.

7 Zo ontstak de toorn des HEEREN tegen Israel; en Hij verkocht hen in de hand der Filistijnen, en in de hand der kinderen Ammons.

8 En zij onderdrukten en vertraden de kinderen Israels in datzelve jaar; achttien jaren, onderdrukten zij al de kinderen Israels, die aan gene zijde van de Jordaan waren, in het land der Amorieten, dat in Gilead is.

9 Daartoe togen de kinderen Ammons over de Jordaan, om te krijgen, zelfs tegen Juda, en tegen Benjamin, en tegen het huis van Efraim; zodat het Israel zeer bang werd.

10 Toen riepen de kinderen Israels tot den HEERE, zeggende: Wij hebben tegen U gezondigd, zo omdat wij onzen God hebben verlaten, als dat wij de Baals gediend hebben.

11 Maar de HEERE zeide tot de kinderen Israels: Heb Ik u niet van de Egyptenaren, en van de Amorieten, en van de kinderen Ammons, en van de Filistijnen,

12 En de Sidoniers, en Amalekieten, en Maonieten, die u onderdrukten, toen gij tot Mij riept, alsdan uit hun hand verlost?

13 Nochtans hebt gij Mij verlaten, en andere goden gediend; daarom zal Ik u niet meer verlossen.

14 Gaat henen, roept tot de goden, die gij verkoren hebt; laten die u verlossen, ter tijd uwer benauwdheid.

15 Maar de kinderen Israels zeiden tot den HEERE: Wij hebben gezondigd; doe Gij ons, naar alles, wat goed is in Uw ogen; alleenlijk verlos ons toch te dezen dage!

16 En zij deden de vreemde goden uit hun midden weg, en dienden den HEERE. Toen werd Zijn ziel verdrietig over den arbeid van Israel.

17 En de kinderen Ammons werden bijeengeroepen, en legerden zich in Gilead; daarentegen werden de kinderen Israels vergaderd, en legerden zich te Mizpa.

18 Toen zeide het volk, de oversten van Gilead, de een tot den ander: Wie is de man, die beginnen zal te strijden tegen de kinderen Ammons? die zal tot een hoofd zijn over alle inwoners van Gilead.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 10      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 10: Tola, Jair; Israel oppressed again.

This chapter opens by mentioning the judges Tola and Jair, who judged for twenty-three years and twenty-two years, respectively. The text gives us very little information about them, except that Jair had thirty sons, who rode on thirty donkeys and had thirty cities in the land of Gilead.

After Jair died, the people soon disobeyed the Lord, and worshipped the gods of Syria, Sidon, Moab, Philistia, and Ammon. This provoked the Lord’s anger, so He caused the Philistines and Ammonites to oppress Israel. The Ammonites first attacked the two-and-a-half tribes living on the eastern side of the Jordan, then crossed the river to attack Judah, Benjamin and Ephraim.

The people cried out to the Lord, saying that they had forsaken Him, but He told them to go to the other gods they had chosen. However, the people asked again for forgiveness, stopped worshipping foreign gods, and turned back to the Lord, so His anger toward them subsided.

*****

This chapter describes another episode in Israel’s cycle of disobedience and punishment, in which the people repeatedly turn away from the Lord when there is no leader. No matter how often we affirm our faith in the Lord, we, too, will default to our natural desires and false thinking. As we come to recognize and accept this fact of life, we can find comfort in the Lord. He understands this completely, and does not blame or punish us.

The first judge mentioned is Tola. His name means “a worm-like grub”, suggesting the idea of metamorphosis and regeneration (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 106[2]). Tola’s father was Puah (meaning “shining”), his grandfather was Dodo (meaning “amorous, loving”), and their city was Shamir (which means “keeping the commandment”). These names bring to mind the spiritual qualities of truth, love and life in the Lord (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 977).

The next judge is Jair, whose name means ”he whom God enlightens”. The number thirty (used in reference to his thirty sons and their thirty towns) means fullness or readiness. This readiness refers to our spiritual ‘remains’, or states of innocence and charity that the Lord imparts to us during childhood. These remains are essential during regeneration (Arcana Caelestia 1050).

The Philistines, soon to be a major enemy of Israel, stand for the belief in “faith alone” salvation. This way of thinking instills the idea that we will be saved if we “believe in the Lord”, regardless of our actions. “Faith alone” doctrine is present in many religious practices (see Swedenborg’s work, Doctrine of Life 4).

The people of Ammon stand for profaning what is true, by turning the truths of the Word into false ideas. We profane the truth when we claim to know what the Word teaches, but live in a way that is contrary to the Lord’s commandments (Arcana Caelestia 6348[3]).

This chapter, like many others in the book of Judges, shows Israel’s decline into chaos and evil. The two judges, Tola and Jair, provide a picture of spiritual integrity, in contrast with Israel’s oppression by the very evils they have turned to. In our regeneration, with its highs and lows, we must avoid the temptation of shallow faith by acting according to our values.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2781, 8301, 9212


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 31, 811, 817

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 31:49

Exodus 14:30

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Rechters 2:11, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 3:13, 27, 28, 31, 4:3, 5:10, 6:1, 2, 3, 6, 8:33, 11:4, 6, 29, 12:8, 13:1

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I Koningen 11:5

2 Koningen 3:13, 13:23

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2 Kronieken 12:5, 15:2, 8, 21:10

Psalm 106:43, 45

Proverbs 28:13

Jesaja 26:16, 46:7, 57:13

Jeremia 2:13, 19, 20, 28, 31:20

Ezechiël 20:39

Micha 7:18

Lucas 15:17

Významy biblických slov

na
Volgens Swedenborg bestaan tijd en ruimte niet in de spirituele werkelijkheid; het zijn puur natuurlijke dingen die alleen op het fysieke vlak bestaan. Dit betekent...

abimelech
Abimelech, his companion Ahusath, and Phicol, the chief captain of his army (Genesis 26:26), represent the doctrinals of faith as grounded in the literal sense...

stond op
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

zoon
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

man
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

twintig
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

twee
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

dertig
'Thirty' has a twofold significance because it is is the product of five and six, and also three and ten. From five multiplied by six,...

zonen
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

steden
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

dag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

land
Land' in the Word, denotes the church, for the things which signify the church also signify the things relating to the church, for these constitute...

kinderen
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

kwaad
'To hurt,' as mentioned in Revelation 6:6, signifies violation and profanation. 'To hurt' as mentioned in Revelation 9:4, signifies perverting the truths and goods of...

ogen
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

heere
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

heeren
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

baals
Baalim and her lovers (Hosea 2:13) signify those things which belong to the natural man, and are loved; such as the lusts and falsities thence...

goden
De Heer is de liefde zelf, uitgedrukt in de vorm van de wijsheid zelf. Liefde is dan ook zijn essentie, zijn in wezen. Wijsheid -...

moab
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

ammons
The children of Ammon ('Jeremiah 49:1'), signify those who falsify the truths of the Word, and of the church.

filistijnen
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

toorn
'Toorn', zoals in Genesis 49: 7, betekent afkeer van de waarheid. 'Grote toorn', zoals in Openbaring 00:12, betekent haat tegen de nieuwe kerk.

verkocht
'To sell,' as in Genesis 41:56, means transferring to another as their own, because what is sold becomes the property of the one who buys...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

de Jordaan
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

jordaan
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

benjamin
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

huis
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

god
De Heer is de liefde zelf, uitgedrukt in de vorm van de wijsheid zelf. Liefde is dan ook zijn essentie, zijn in wezen. Wijsheid -...

zeide
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

egyptenaren
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

de Filistijnen
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

Amalekieten
Amalek, or the Amalekites, signifies those who are in false principles.

tijd
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

ons
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

goed
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

dage
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

ziel
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

arbeid
Labor' has respect, in a positive sense, to the things that are of love, and in an opposite sense, to the things that are of...

Mizpa
'Mizpah,' as in Genesis 31:49, signifies the quality of the Lord’s presence with people who are principled in the goods of works, or with the...

hoofd
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

inwoners
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.


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