Rechters 1

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1 En het geschiedde na den dood van Jozua, dat de kinderen Israels den HEERE vraagden, zeggende: Wie zal onder ons het eerst optrekken naar de Kanaanieten, om tegen hen te krijgen?

2 En de HEERE zeide: Juda zal optrekken; ziet, Ik heb dat land in zijn hand gegeven.

3 Toen zeide Juda tot zijn broeder Simeon: Trek met mij op in mijn lot, en laat ons tegen de Kanaanieten krijgen, zo zal ik ook met u optrekken in uw lot. Alzo toog Simeon op met hem.

4 En Juda toog op, en de HEERE gaf de Kanaanieten en de Ferezieten in hun hand; en zij sloegen hen bij Bezek, tien duizend man.

5 En zij vonden Adoni-Bezek te Bezek, en streden tegen hem; en zij sloegen de Kanaanieten en de Ferezieten.

6 Doch Adoni-Bezek vluchtte; en zij jaagden hem na, en zij grepen hem, en hieuwen de duimen zijner handen en zijner voeten af.

7 Toen zeide Adoni-Bezek: Zeventig koningen, met afgehouwen duimen van hun handen en van hun voeten, waren onder mijn tafel, de kruimen oplezende; gelijk als ik gedaan heb, alzo heeft mij God vergolden! En zij brachten hem te Jeruzalem, en hij stierf aldaar.

8 Want de kinderen van Juda hadden tegen Jeruzalem gestreden, en hadden haar ingenomen, en met de scherpte des zwaards geslagen; en zij hadden de stad in het vuur gezet.

9 En daarna waren de kinderen van Juda afgetogen, om te krijgen tegen de Kanaanieten, wonende in het gebergte, en in het zuiden, en in de laagte.

10 En Juda was heengetogen tegen de Kanaanieten, die te Hebron woonden (de naam nu van Hebron was tevoren Kirjath-Arba), en zij sloegen Sesai, en Ahiman, en Thalmai.

11 En van daar was hij heengetogen tegen de inwoners van Debir; de naam nu van Debir was te voren Kirjath-Sefer.

12 En Kaleb zeide: Wie Kirjath-Sefer zal slaan, en haar innemen, dien zal ik ook mijn dochter Achsa tot een vrouw geven.

13 Toen nam Othniel haar in, de zoon van Kenaz, broeder van Kaleb, die jonger was dan hij; en Kaleb gaf hem Achsa, zijn dochter, tot een vrouw.

14 En het geschiedde, als zij tot hem kwam, dat zij hem aanporde, om van haar vader een veld te begeren; en zij sprong van den ezel af; toen zeide Kaleb tot haar: Wat is u?

15 En zij zeide tot hem: Geef mij een zegen; dewijl gij mij een dor land gegeven hebt, geef mij ook waterwellingen. Toen gaf Kaleb haar hoge wellingen en lage wellingen.

16 De kinderen van den Keniet, den schoonvader van Mozes, togen ook uit de Palmstad op, met de kinderen van Juda, naar de woestijn van Juda, die tegen het zuiden van Harad is; en zij gingen heen en woonden met het volk.

17 Juda dan toog met zijn broeder Simeon, en zij sloegen de Kanaanieten, wonende te Zefat, en zij verbanden hen; en men noemde den naam dezer stad Horma.

18 Daartoe nam Juda Gaza in, met haar landpale, en Askelon met haar landpale, en Ekron met haar landpale.

19 En de HEERE was met Juda, dat hij de inwoners van het gebergte verdreef; maar hij ging niet voort om de inwoners des dals te verdrijven, omdat zij ijzeren wagenen hadden.

20 En zij gaven Hebron aan Kaleb, gelijk als Mozes gesproken had; en hij verdreef van daar de drie zonen van Enak.

21 Doch de kinderen van Benjamin hebben de Jebusieten, te Jeruzalem wonende, niet verdreven; maar de Jebusieten woonden met de kinderen van Benjamin te Jeruzalem, tot op dezen dag.

22 En het huis van Jozef toog ook op naar Beth-El. En de HEERE was met hen.

23 En het huis van Jozef bestelde verspieders bij Beth-El; de naam nu dezer stad was te voren Luz.

24 En de wachters zagen een man, uitgaande uit de stad; en zij zeiden tot hem: Wijs ons toch den ingang der stad, en wij zullen weldadigheid bij u doen.

25 En als hij hun den ingang der stad gewezen had, zo sloegen zij de stad met de scherpte des zwaards; maar dien man en zijn ganse huis lieten zij gaan.

26 Toen toog deze man in het land der Hethieten, en hij bouwde een stad, en noemde haar naam Luz; dit is haar naam tot op dezen dag.

27 En Manasse verdreef Beth-Sean niet, noch haar onderhorige plaatsen, noch Thaanach met haar onderhorige plaatsen, noch de inwoners van Dor met haar onderhorige plaatsen, noch de inwoners van Jibleam met haar onderhorige plaatsen, noch de inwoners van Megiddo met haar onderhorige plaatsen; en de Kanaanieten wilden wonen in hetzelve land.

28 En het geschiedde, als Israel sterk werd, dat hij de Kanaanieten op cijns stelde; maar hij verdreef hen niet ganselijk.

29 Ook verdreef Efraim de Kanaanieten niet, die te Gezer woonden; maar de Kanaanieten woonden in het midden van hem te Gezer.

30 Zebulon verdreef de inwoners van Kitron niet, noch de inwoners van Nahalol; maar de Kanaanieten woonden in het midden van hem, en waren cijnsbaar.

31 Aser verdreef de inwoners van Acco niet, noch de inwoners van Sidon, noch Achlab, noch Achsib, noch Chelba, noch Afik, noch Rechob;

32 Maar de Aserieten woonden in het midden der Kanaanieten, die in het land woonden; want zij verdreven hen niet.

33 Nafthali verdreef de inwoners van Beth-Semes niet, noch de inwoners van Beth-Anath, maar woonde in het midden der Kanaanieten, die in het land woonden; doch de inwoners van Beth-Semes en Beth-Anath werden hun cijnsbaar.

34 En de Amorieten drongen de kinderen van Dan in het gebergte; want zij lieten hun niet toe, af te komen in het dal.

35 Ook wilden de Amorieten wonen op het gebergte van Heres, te Ajalon, en te Saalbim; maar de hand van het huis van Jozef werd zwaar, zodat zij cijnsbaar werden.

36 En de landpale der Amorieten was van den opgang van Akrabbim, van den rotssteen, en opwaarts heen.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 1      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 1: The continuing conquest of Canaan.

The book of Judges follows on almost seamlessly from Joshua. It is called ‘Judges’ because a number of regional leaders arose and made judgments for the people, often actively defending Israel from outside oppression. A pattern emerges in Judges: Israel disobeys the Lord – an enemy oppresses Israel – the Lord raises a leader – the leader is victorious against the enemy – there is peace for a time – Israel disobeys the Lord again.

There were twelve judges in all, about whom we either hear very much or next to nothing. The number twelve (as with the twelve tribes of Israel, the twelve disciples, and other examples in the Word), stands for all the various aspects of spirituality that we need to understand, develop, and put to use. A clue is often found in the meaning of their names, because biblical names are nearly always linked to spiritual qualities, such as ‘courage’, or ‘one who walks with God’ (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 10216).

The theme of this first chapter is the further conquest of the land. The Israelites asked the Lord, “Who shall go up and fight for us?” And the Lord said that the tribe of Judah would go, because the Lord had delivered the land into their hand. Judah then called on the tribe of Simeon to join them, and they won many battles against the Canaanites still in the land.

One Canaanite king, Adoni-bezek, fled and was captured by the Israelites, who then cut off his thumbs and big toes. Adoni-bezek said that God had dealt justice by punishing him, as he had previously cut off seventy kings’ thumbs and big toes, and they had to gather scraps of food under his table.

Then Caleb, a leader of Israel during the journey through the wilderness, said that the man who took Kirjath-sepher (Caleb’s inheritance city) from the Canaanites would marry his daughter, Achsah. Caleb’s nephew, Othniel, took the city and Achsah was given to him. Achsah asked her father for the blessing of springs of water, and Caleb gave her the upper and lower springs.

Next, spies were sent to Bethel. They met a man there, and said that if he directed them the entrance to the city, they would show him mercy. He helped them, and they took the city but showed mercy on the man and all his family. After all of this, the man built a new city called Luz in the land of the Hittites.

The chapter ends by listing the twelve tribes, as well as the Canaanite peoples who remained unsubdued in each of their territories.

*****

The overarching spiritual theme of Judges is the process of our regeneration. As the opening of Judges reminds us, there were still parts of the land and various tribes that Israel needed to conquer. In fact, the Israelites never finished driving enemies out of their land. In the same way, we need to control our inherited human nature, but it is never completely wiped out (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 238).

During regeneration, we will discover deeper and subtler self-centered states in ourselves, which need to be mitigated. Each judge raised by the Lord stands for our determination to deal with these states, using the Word as a guide. This brings us a period of peace, followed by the start of another personal discovery.

When the Israelites chose which tribes would fight for them, it was no coincidence that they selected Judah and Simeon. Judah (who was a prominent tribe of Israel) and Simeon (who usually acts with another tribe) stand for the highest things in our spiritual life: our love for the Lord, and our obedience to the Lord’s Word. Choosing Judah and Simeon as our strength will always bring victory in our regeneration (see Arcana Caelestia 3654 and Apocalypse Explained 443).

The spiritual meaning in the story of Adoni-bezek is about taking away the power of our self-love, as cutting off thumbs and big toes makes hands and feet virtually useless. When we work on our lower nature, we are to minimize its control over us. It is the same with any influences from hell; their power must end. Adoni-bezek’s comment about doing the same to seventy kings vividly describes how self-love can only lead to our downfall (Arcana Caelestia 10062[4]).

The delightful story of Caleb, Achsah and Othniel illustrates that after battle, there is rest and reward. In the same way, we strengthen the ‘marriage’ of good and truth in us after overcoming spiritual struggles (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 409). The springs of water given to Achsah stand for the truths which flow into our mind, both about the ‘upper’ things of the Lord and heaven, and those ‘lower’ ones about spiritual life and responsibility.

The episode about the man from Bethel means that when we open up our life to the Lord to allow Him to guide us, we become blessed (Arcana Caelestia 3928). Then our life can be re-built in very practical and good ways, represented by the Hittites.

The final mention of the Canaanites still in the land points to the continuing presence of our unregenerate qualities. Although we may progress through the work of regeneration, we are still human, and we will always have flaws left to improve on.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Hemelse Verborgenheden in Genesis en Exodus 66, 1408, 1574, 1616, 2799, 2838, 2909, ...

Apocalyps Onthuld 367

Ware Christelijke Religie 614


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 458, 734

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 41

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 9:26, 49:8, 24

Exodus 18:1, 15

Leviticus 24:19, 20

Numeri 10:29, 14:45, 27:21, 34:4

Deuteronomium 2:23, 34:3, 4

Jozua 2:1, 12, 14, 24, 6:22, 23, 25, 11:21, 12:8, 14:9, 13, 15, 15:11, 13, 16, 63, 16:1, 2, 10, 17:11, 16, 18:21, 28, 19:15, 24, 28, 29, 30, 38, 42, 43, 47

Rechters 1:8, 21, 27, 2:8, 9, 3:5, 9, 13, 4:3, 11, 9:24, 57, 14:19, 16:1, 18:1, 19:11, 20:18, 23, 27, 28

I Samuël 10:22, 15:6, 33, 18:5, 12, 14, 30:15, 31:10

I Koningen 9:21, 16:31, 21:19, 22:5

2 Koningen 18:7, 23:29

1 Kronieken 2:55

Psalm 106:34

Jesaja 33:1

Jeremia 25:20

Zefanja 3:19

Mattheüs 7:1, 15:27

Apocalyps 22:12

Významy biblických slov

na
Volgens Swedenborg bestaan tijd en ruimte niet in de spirituele werkelijkheid; het zijn puur natuurlijke dingen die alleen op het fysieke vlak bestaan. Dit betekent...

dood
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

jozua
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

kinderen
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

heere
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

ons
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

zeide
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

land
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

gegeven
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

simeon
In Revelation 7, 'Simeon', in the highest sense, signifies providence, in a spiritual sense, love towards our neighbor, or charity, and in a natural sense,...

lot
On the most internal level, the stories of Abraham tell us about the Lord's development in his own childhood, with Abraham representing the Lord's spiritual...

zij sloegen
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

tien
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

duizend
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

man
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

vluchtte
To flee signifies to escape, and be rescued. To flee signifies to be overcome.

handen
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

voeten
Our feet are the lowest and most utilitarian parts of our bodies, and in the Bible they represent the lowest and most utilitarian part of...

koningen
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

onder
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

tafel
Food and drink in the Bible represent the desire to be loving and the understanding of how to be loving, gifts that flow from the...

god
De Heer is de liefde zelf, uitgedrukt in de vorm van de wijsheid zelf. Liefde is dan ook zijn essentie, zijn in wezen. Wijsheid -...

jeruzalem
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

geslagen
To strike or smite, when used in the Bible, means to attack, harm or destroy, and is usually in reference to an attack on someone’s...

stad
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

vuur
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

zuiden
'South' denotes truth in light.

hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

woonden
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

naam
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

inwoners
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

kaleb
Caleb, In Numbers 14:24, represents those who are introduced into the church, and, accordingly, his seed signifies the truth of the doctrine of the church.

slaan
'To smite' signifies condemnation. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 14:15, signifies vindication. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 32:8, signifies destruction. 'To smite the earth with...

dochter
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

vrouw
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

geven
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

zoon
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

jonger
In general, birth order in the Bible reflects the progression of spiritual states, but the specifics of those states depends greatly on context: who the...

kwam
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

vader
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

veld
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

ezel
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

mozes
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

woestijn
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

noemde
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

gaza
Gaza (or Azzah) signifies things revealed concerning charity.

ijzeren
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

gesproken
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

drie
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

zonen
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

benjamin
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

dag
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

huis
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

jozef
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

Beth-El
Toen Jakob zijn beroemde droom had, van een trap naar de hemel, noemde hij de plaats "Bethel", wat Hebreeuws is voor "het huis van God"....

luz
'Luz,' as in Genesis 28, signifies a state wherein truth and good are together in the ultimate principle of order.

Hethieten
'A Hittite' in a good sense, signifies the spiritual church, or the truth of the church. The Hittites were among the upright Gentiles who were...

manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

megiddo
'Megiddo,' as in 2 Chronicles 3, signifies the same as Armageddon.

wonen
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

nafthali
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

Dan
The tribe of Dan (Jer. 8:16) signifies truth in its own ultimate degree of order, here truth in the church, which is contained in the...

dal
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

Ajalon
The valley of Ajalon has respect to faith: by the sun standing still upon Gibeon, and the moon in the valley of Ajalon (Joshua 10:12)...

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 Books of Joshua and Judges Multiple Choice Review
Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges with a multiple-choice activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Caleb Gave Othniel His Daughter, Achsah, to Be His Wife
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Chart of the Judges Review Activity
Review the Judges of Israel by completing a chart to show their enemies, enemy rulers, weapons and years of peace.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Qualities of a Hero Review of Joshua and Judges
Identify heroes who showed courage, obedience to the Lord, strength and trust in the Lord. Choose additional qualities shown in Judges.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Review of Joshua and Judges Crossword Puzzle
Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges by completing a crossword puzzle.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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