Jozua 4

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1 Het geschiedde nu, toen al het volk geeindigd had over de Jordaan te trekken, dat de HEERE tot Jozua sprak, zeggende:

2 Neemt gijlieden u twaalf mannen uit het volk, uit elken stam een man.

3 En gebiedt hun, zeggende: Neemt voor ulieden op, van hier uit het midden van de Jordaan, uit de standplaats van de voeten der priesteren, en bereidt twaalf stenen, en brengt ze met ulieden over, en stelt ze in het nachtleger, waar gij dezen nacht zult vernachten.

4 Jozua dan riep die twaalf mannen, die hij had doen bestellen van de kinderen Israels, uit elken stam een man.

5 En Jozua zeide tot hen: Gaat over voor de ark des HEEREN, uws Gods, midden in de Jordaan; en heft u een ieder een steen op zijn schouder, naar het getal der stammen van de kinderen Israels;

6 Opdat dit een teken zij onder ulieden; wanneer uw kinderen morgen vragen zullen, zeggende: Wat zijn u deze stenen?

7 Zo zult gij tot hen zeggen: Omdat de wateren van de Jordaan zijn afgesneden geweest voor de ark des verbonds des HEEREN; als zij toog door de Jordaan, werden de wateren van de Jordaan afgesneden; zo zullen deze stenen den kinderen Israels ter gedachtenis zijn tot in eeuwigheid.

8 De kinderen Israels nu deden alzo, gelijk als Jozua geboden had; en zij namen twaalf stenen op midden uit de Jordaan, gelijk als de HEERE tot Jozua gesproken had, naar het getal der stammen van de kinderen Israels; en zij brachten ze met zich over naar het nachtleger, en stelden ze aldaar.

9 Jozua richtte ook twaalf stenen op, midden in de Jordaan, ter standplaats van de voeten der priesteren, die de ark des verbonds droegen; en zij zijn daar tot op dezen dag.

10 De priesters nu, die de ark droegen, stonden midden in de Jordaan, totdat alle ding volbracht was, hetwelk de HEERE Jozua geboden had het volk aan te zeggen, naar al wat Mozes Jozua geboden had. En het volk haastte, en het trok over.

11 En het geschiedde, als al het volk geeindigd had over te gaan, toen ging de ark des HEEREN over, en de priesters voor het aangezicht des volks.

12 En de kinderen van Ruben, en de kinderen van Gad, mitsgaders de halve stam van Manasse, trokken gewapend voor het aangezicht der kinderen Israels, gelijk als Mozes tot hen gesproken had.

13 Omtrent veertig duizend toegeruste krijgsmannen trokken er voor het aangezicht des HEEREN ten strijde, naar de vlakke velden van Jericho.

14 Te dienzelven dage maakte de HEERE Jozua groot voor de ogen van het ganse Israel; en zij vreesden hem, gelijk als zij Mozes gevreesd hadden, al de dagen zijns levens.

15 De HEERE dan sprak tot Jozua, zeggende:

16 Gebied den priesteren, die de ark der getuigenis dragen, dat zij uit de Jordaan opklimmen.

17 Toen gebood Jozua den priesteren, zeggende: Klimt op uit de Jordaan.

18 En het geschiedde, toen de priesters, die de ark des verbonds des HEEREN droegen, uit het midden van de Jordaan opgeklommen waren, en de voetzolen der priesteren afgetrokken waren tot op het droge; zo keerden de wateren van de Jordaan weder in hun plaats, en gingen als gisteren en eergisteren aan al haar oevers.

19 Het volk nu was den tiende der eerste maand uit de Jordaan opgeklommen; en zij legerden zich te Gilgal, aan het oosteinde van Jericho.

20 En Jozua richtte die twaalf stenen te Gilgal op, die zij uit de Jordaan genomen hadden.

21 En hij sprak tot de kinderen Israels, zeggende: Wanneer uw kinderen morgen hun vaderen vragen zullen, zeggende: Wat zijn deze stenen?

22 Zo zult gij het uw kinderen te kennen geven, zeggende: Op het droge is Israel door deze Jordaan gegaan.

23 Want de HEERE, uw God, heeft de wateren van de Jordaan voor uw aangezichten doen uitdrogen, totdat gijlieden er waart doorgegaan; gelijk als de HEERE, uw God, aan de Schelfzee gedaan heeft, die Hij voor ons aangezicht heeft doen uitdrogen, totdat wij daardoor gegaan waren;

24 Opdat alle volken der aarde de hand des HEEREN kennen zouden, dat zij sterk is; opdat gijlieden den HEERE, uw God, vrezet te allen dage.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Jozua 4      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 4: Twelve stones are taken from the river Jordan

In this chapter we pick up on the command to take twelve men, one from each tribe, which was mentioned in chapter 3. The task is for each man to pick up a large stone from where the priests’ feet stand, and take it across, and put it in the lodging place. These stones will be as memorial stones so that later generations who ask what these stones mean will be told about the miracle of the Lord in the crossing of the river Jordan.

Later, the Israelites camped at Gilgal and Joshua set the twelve stones up as a permanent memorial.

A ‘stone’ is a piece of hard rock. It corresponds to a truth; for us it stands for a truth which we have made ours and which guides us in our life (Apocalypse Revealed 231). It might be the truth that the Lord’s providence is involved in everything that happens. It could be the great truth that we will live for ever, or that God came on earth as a human being and overcame the power of hell. These and other truths are rock hard truths or stones.

But here, it is a stone which has been washed and worked on by the waters of the river Jordan, and over much time has become fashioned and rounded by erosion. So, it could be a life-truth, for example that we are to show respect to other people. That’s a great truth, but now it is connected with our understanding of the Lord. So we are to show respect to other people because each and every person has been created by God for a unique purpose. And we can also add that we know how it feels when other people respect us.

So we assemble our twelve memorial stones. These are to be recalled, remembered, revisited by us again and again as time passes. “Yes, God brought me here from where I was before.” (Arcana Caelestia 1988). This meaning of the stones helps us with the apparent contradiction in the chapter between Joshua 4:9 where “the stones are set up in the Jordan and are there to this day” and verse Joshua 4:20 where “Joshua sets up the twelves stones from out of the Jordan, in Gilgal.” Stones can’t be in two places at once, but yes, spiritually they can and need to be.

We need to always remember and be mindful of how the Lord works with us in giving us truths for our life. Everything is the Lord! These are stones in the Jordan. Yet we need to always remember that we are to live, act, and turn away from any evil as if it is only us making that decision and doing it. These are the stones set up at Gilgal (Apocalypse Explained 700[14]). Both of them are involved in our regeneration and spiritual life.

Then we are told that the men of the tribes of Reuben, Gad and half the tribe of Manasseh went across the Jordan armed and went before all the other tribes. This links with several other mentions of these tribes who had chosen to live back over the Jordan and not in the land of Canaan. They stand for our outward life and our life in the world which, while it is not directly spiritual, must have qualities that come from God’s truths. Here, those qualities come from being willing to go in and fight to help take the land (Arcana Caelestia 2184).

Verse 13 says that about 40,000 prepared for war and crossed the river Jordan before the Lord for battle. Here is a number. Numbers in the Word are helpful clues to the inner meaning. The number 40 always stands for some kind of temptation or crisis in the Word – for example, Jesus was in the wilderness 40 days and 40 nights, tempted. Here, 40 has grown to become 40,000 but it has the same meaning of temptation (Arcana Caelestia 2273). Our spiritual life and regeneration will certainly take us into various temptations (‘battles’) and the Lord allows them so that we grow stronger through them. The whole conquest of Canaan is nothing else!

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 4      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 4: Twelve stones are taken from the river Jordan

In this chapter we pick up on the command to take twelve men, one from each tribe, which was mentioned in chapter 3. The task is for each man to pick up a large stone from where the priests’ feet stand, and take it across, and put it in the lodging place. These stones will be as memorial stones so that later generations who ask what these stones mean will be told about the miracle of the Lord in the crossing of the river Jordan.

Later, the Israelites camped at Gilgal and Joshua set the twelve stones up as a permanent memorial.

A ‘stone’ is a piece of hard rock. It corresponds to a truth; for us it stands for a truth which we have made ours and which guides us in our life (Apocalypse Revealed 231). It might be the truth that the Lord’s providence is involved in everything that happens. It could be the great truth that we will live for ever, or that God came on earth as a human being and overcame the power of hell. These and other truths are rock hard truths or stones.

But here, it is a stone which has been washed and worked on by the waters of the river Jordan, and over much time has become fashioned and rounded by erosion. So, it could be a life-truth, for example that we are to show respect to other people. That’s a great truth, but now it is connected with our understanding of the Lord. So we are to show respect to other people because each and every person has been created by God for a unique purpose. And we can also add that we know how it feels when other people respect us.

So we assemble our twelve memorial stones. These are to be recalled, remembered, revisited by us again and again as time passes. “Yes, God brought me here from where I was before.” (Arcana Caelestia 1988). This meaning of the stones helps us with the apparent contradiction in the chapter between Joshua 4:9 where “the stones are set up in the Jordan and are there to this day” and verse Joshua 4:20 where “Joshua sets up the twelves stones from out of the Jordan, in Gilgal.” Stones can’t be in two places at once, but yes, spiritually they can and need to be.

We need to always remember and be mindful of how the Lord works with us in giving us truths for our life. Everything is the Lord! These are stones in the Jordan. Yet we need to always remember that we are to live, act, and turn away from any evil as if it is only us making that decision and doing it. These are the stones set up at Gilgal (Apocalypse Explained 700[14]). Both of them are involved in our regeneration and spiritual life.

Then we are told that the men of the tribes of Reuben, Gad and half the tribe of Manasseh went across the Jordan armed and went before all the other tribes. This links with several other mentions of these tribes who had chosen to live back over the Jordan and not in the land of Canaan. They stand for our outward life and our life in the world which, while it is not directly spiritual, must have qualities that come from God’s truths. Here, those qualities come from being willing to go in and fight to help take the land (Arcana Caelestia 2184).

Verse 13 says that about 40,000 prepared for war and crossed the river Jordan before the Lord for battle. Here is a number. Numbers in the Word are helpful clues to the inner meaning. The number 40 always stands for some kind of temptation or crisis in the Word – for example, Jesus was in the wilderness 40 days and 40 nights, tempted. Here, 40 has grown to become 40,000 but it has the same meaning of temptation (Arcana Caelestia 2273). Our spiritual life and regeneration will certainly take us into various temptations (‘battles’) and the Lord allows them so that we grow stronger through them. The whole conquest of Canaan is nothing else!

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1585, 4255


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Hemelse Verborgenheden in Genesis en Exodus 2838, 3858, 6804, 6983, 9396, 9416

Apocalyps Onthuld 348, 529

Leer des Levens 59

True Christian Religion 284


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 222, 430, 529, 700

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Exodus 9:16, 11:3, 12:14, 26, 28, 14:31, 15:19, 24:4

Numeri 17:5

Deuteronomium 6:2, 11:30, 16:3, 33:21

Jozua 1:14, 17, 3:7, 12, 15, 16, 17, 4:6, 21, 5:9, 9:6, 24:11

Rechters 20:1

I Samuël 10:8, 12:18, 17:46

I Koningen 3:28, 8:40, 42

2 Koningen 2:1, 15

1 Kronieken 29:25

Job 40:9

Psalm 66:6, 78:4, 106:8

Jesaja 52:10, 12

Jeremia 10:7

Romeinen 9:17

Apocalyps 15:4

Významy biblických slov

de Jordaan
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

jordaan
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

heere
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

jozua
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

sprak
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

man
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

mannen
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

een
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

midden
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

voeten
Onze voeten zijn de laagste delen van ons lichaam, en ze zijn erg nuttig! In de Bijbel vertegenwoordigen voeten het laagste en meest utilitaire deel...

stenen
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

nacht
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

riep
Iemand oproepen of ontbieden vertegenwoordigt in de Bijbel een verlangen naar verbinding tussen hogere en lagere staten van leven. Bijvoorbeeld, stel je iemand voor in...

kinderen
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

zeide
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

ark
Er worden drie arken genoemd in het Woord, de ark van Noach, de ark van biezen voor de baby Mozes, en de ark van het...

heeren
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

steen
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

stammen
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

teken
'A token,' as in Genesis 9:12, 13, 17, signifies causing it to be.

zeggen
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

wateren
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

gedachtenis
'For a sign and for a memorial,' denotes that a thing should be perpetually remembered.

eeuwigheid
In veel gevallen is het gebruik van "eeuwigheid" in de Bijbel vrij letterlijk, eenvoudig betekent het voor altijd. Dit is vooral waar wanneer de tekst...

gesproken
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

dag
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

priesters
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

mozes
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

haastte
'To hasten' or 'hastiness' in the internal sense, does not denote what is quick, but what is certain, and also what is full, thus every...

ruben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

veertig
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

duizend
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

vlakke
'A plain' signifies good and truth in the natural self, because 'the people who dwell in plains,' or 'beneath mountains and hills' are in the...

jericho
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

dage
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

ogen
Het is gebruikelijk om te zeggen "Ik zie" als we iets begrijpen. En inderdaad, "zien" in de Bijbel staat voor het begrijpen en begrijpen van...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

dagen
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

plaats
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

eerste
Why would it be insulting for a man to refer to his married partner as his “first wife”? Because it implies there will be a...

maand
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

god
De Heer is de liefde zelf, uitgedrukt in de vorm van de wijsheid zelf. Liefde is dan ook zijn essentie, zijn in wezen. Wijsheid -...

schelfzee
Flags, as in Exodus 2:3, signify scientific falsities.

ons
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

aarde
"Aarde" in de Bijbel kan een persoon of een groep gelijkgestemden betekenen als in een kerk. Maar het verwijst specifiek naar de buitenkant van de...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

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A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Crossing the Jordan, Jericho
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Israel Crosses the Jordan into Canaan
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Joshua and the Twelve Stones
Project | Ages 4 - 10

 Picking Up Stones to Make A Memorial
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Number Twelve in the Word Crossword Puzzle
Discover times when the number twelve appears throughout the Word.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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