Jozua 21

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1 Toen naderden de hoofden der vaderen van de Levieten tot Eleazar, den priester, en tot Jozua, den zoon van Nun, en tot de hoofden der vaderen van de stammen der kinderen Israels;

2 En zij spraken tot hen, te Silo, in het land Kanaan, zeggende: De HEERE heeft geboden door den dienst van Mozes, dat men ons steden te bewonen geven zou, en haar voorsteden voor onze beesten.

3 Daarom gaven de kinderen Israels aan de Levieten van hun erfdeel, naar den mond des HEEREN, deze steden en de voorsteden derzelve.

4 Toen ging het lot uit voor de huisgezinnen der Kahathieten; en voor de kinderen van Aaron, den priester, uit de Levieten, waren van den stam van Juda, en van den stam van Simeon, en van den stam van Benjamin, door het lot, dertien steden.

5 En aan de overgebleven kinderen van Kahath vielen, bij het lot, van de huisgezinnen van den stam van Efraim, en van den stam van Dan, en van den halven stam van Manasse, tien steden.

6 En aan den kinderen van Gerson, van de huisgezinnen van den stam van Issaschar, en van den stam van Aser, en van den stam van Nafthali, en van den halven stam van Manasse, in Bazan, bij het lot, dertien steden.

7 Aan de kinderen van Merari, naar hun huisgezinnen, van den stam van Ruben, en van den stam van Gad, en van den stam van Zebulon, twaalf steden.

8 Alzo gaven de kinderen Israels aan de Levieten deze steden en haar voorsteden, bij het lot, gelijk de HEERE geboden had door den dienst van Mozes.

9 Verder gaven zij van den stam der kinderen van Juda, en van den stam der kinderen van Simeon, deze steden, die men bij name noemde;

10 Dat zij waren van de kinderen van Aaron, van de huisgezinnen der Kahathieten, uit de kinderen van Levi; want het eerste lot was het hunne.

11 Zo gaven zij hun de stad van Arba, den vader van Anok (zij is Hebron), op den berg van Juda, en haar voorsteden rondom haar.

12 Maar het veld der stad en haar dorpen, gaven zij aan Kaleb, den zoon van Jefunne, tot zijn bezitting.

13 Alzo gaven zij aan de kinderen van den priester Aaron de vrijstad des doodslagers, Hebron en haar voorsteden, en Libna en haar voorsteden;

14 En Jatthir en haar voorsteden, en Esthemoa en haar voorsteden;

15 En Holon en haar voorsteden, en Debir en haar voorsteden;

16 En Ain en haar voorsteden, en Jutta en haar voorsteden, en Beth-Semes en haar voorsteden; negen steden van deze twee stammen.

17 En van den stam van Benjamin, Gibeon en haar voorsteden, Geba en haar voorsteden;

18 Anathoth en haar voorsteden, en Almon en haar voorsteden: vier steden.

19 Al de steden der kinderen van Aaron, de priesteren, waren dertien steden en haar voorsteden.

20 De huisgezinnen nu der kinderen van Kahath, de Levieten, die overgebleven waren van de kinderen van Kahath, die hadden de steden huns lots van den stam van Efraim.

21 En zij gaven hun Sichem, een vrijstad des doodslagers, en haar voorsteden, op den berg Efraim, en Gezer en haar voorsteden;

22 En Kibzaim en haar voorsteden, en Beth-horon en haar voorsteden: vier steden.

23 En van den stam van Dan, Elteke en haar voorsteden, Gibbethon en haar voorsteden;

24 Ajalon en haar voorsteden, Gath-Rimmon en haar voorsteden: vier steden.

25 En van den halven stam van Manasse, Thaanach en haar voorsteden, en Gath-Rimmon en haar voorsteden: twee steden.

26 Al de steden voor de huisgezinnen van de overige kinderen van Kahath zijn tien, met haar voorsteden.

27 En aan de kinderen van Gerson, van de huisgezinnen der Levieten, van den halven stam van Manasse, de vrijstad des doodslagers, Golan in Bazan, en haar voorsteden, en Beesthera en haar voorsteden: twee steden.

28 En van den stam van Issaschar, Kisjon en haar voorsteden, en Dobrath en haar voorsteden;

29 Jarmuth en haar voorsteden, En-gannim en haar voorsteden: vier steden.

30 En van den stam van Aser, Misal en haar voorsteden, Abdon en haar voorsteden;

31 En Helkath en haar voorsteden, en Rehob en haar voorsteden: vier steden.

32 En van den stam van Nafthali, de vrijstad des doodslagers, Kedes in Galilea, en haar voorsteden, en Hammoth-Dor en haar voorsteden, en Karthan en haar voorsteden: drie steden.

33 Al de steden der Gersonieten, naar hun huisgezinnen, zijn dertien steden en haar voorsteden.

34 Aan de huisgezinnen nu van de kinderen van Merari, van de overige Levieten, werd gegeven van den stam van Zebulon, Jokneam en haar voorsteden, Kartha en haar voorsteden;

35 Dimna en haar voorsteden, Nahalal en haar voorsteden: vier steden.

36 En van den stam van Ruben, Bezer en haar voorsteden, en Jahza en haar voorsteden;

37 Kedemoth en haar voorsteden, en Mefaath en haar voorsteden: vier steden.

38 Van den stam van Gad nu, de vrijstad des doodslagers, Ramoth in Gilead, en haar voorsteden, en Mahanaim en haar voorsteden;

39 Hesbon en haar voorsteden, Jaezer en haar voorsteden: al die steden zijn vier.

40 Al die steden waren van de kinderen van Merari, naar hun huisgezinnen, die nog overig waren van de huisgezinnen der Levieten; en hun lot was twaalf steden.

41 Al de steden der Levieten, in het midden van de erfenis der kinderen Israels, waren acht en veertig steden en haar voorsteden.

42 Deze steden waren elk met haar voorsteden rondom haar; alzo was het met al die steden.

43 Alzo gaf de HEERE aan Israel het ganse land, dat Hij gezworen had hun vaderen te geven, en zij beerfden het, en woonden daarin.

44 En de HEERE gaf hun rust rondom, naar alles, wat Hij hun vaderen gezworen had; en er bestond niet een man van al hun vijanden voor hun aangezicht; al hun vijanden gaf de HEERE in hun hand.

45 Er viel niet een woord van al de goede woorden, die de HEERE gesproken had tot het huis van Israel; het kwam altemaal.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 21      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 21: The cities of the Levite priests and the end of the settlement.

In this chapter, the last remaining part of the settlement was completed: the provision for the Levites, the priests of Israel. This tribe had been appointed priests because only they had answered the call, “Who is on the side of the Lord?” when the Israelites had been worshipping the golden calf in the wilderness (see Exodus 32:26).

Much of the chapter is spent listing the cities given to the three sons of Aaron, who was appointed high priest. Each extended family of Aaron’s sons was given about sixteen cities. It seems very significant that a lot of these cities were the same ones given to the other tribes, and were also the cities of refuge.

Levi’s name means ‘joined’, which is very suitable for the Levite priests, who received cities in every tribal territory. This meant that the presence of priests was everywhere (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 342).

Spiritually speaking, this distribution is a wonderful illustration that our spirit lives throughout our whole body. Every part of us is alive! Every single thing in our body, from one blood cell to our heart and lungs, is maintained by our spirit, which itself is maintained by the influx of the Lord’s life. The function of everything in our body is in a perfect correspondence with the kingdom of heaven.

So, spiritually, the Levites stand for the presence of the Lord everywhere, in everything. This underlines the point that everything in the natural world - even the cities and territories described in this chapter of Joshua - reflect something about God and heaven (see Swedenborg’s Apocalypse Revealed 194). But there is another important meaning for the distribution of the priestly Levites in cities all through the tribal territories: we must keep on acknowledging that everything is a blessing from the Lord, that everything we do is for God, and that the Lord alone does what is truly good (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 91).

After the distribution of cities to the Levites, Israel was fully established in the land of Canaan. The rest of this chapter is a consolidating statement which is worth including in full:

v43. “So the Lord gave to Israel all the land of which He had sworn to give to their fathers, and they took possession of it and dwelt in it.
v44. The Lord gave them rest all around, according to all that he had sworn to their fathers. And not a man of all their enemies stood against them; the Lord delivered all their enemies into their hand.
v45. Not a word failed of any good thing which the Lord had spoken to the house of Israel. All came to pass.”

These are words of fulfillment, culmination, assurance and blessing. Everything here traces back to the Lord. The Lord made a covenant with the children of Israel, granted them victory over their enemies, and gave them the Land of Canaan; the Lord had spoken in complete truth. “All came to pass.”

This final statement is a promise of our own capacity for regeneration and spiritual progress. We are able to overcome our natural desires and selfish states; we have been established in our life with the ability to understand and do what is good. In devoting ourselves to the Lord, we find strength to see that He will never fail us, and will change us for the better. ‘All came to pass’ is our affirmation that our life is always under God’s care and providence (Arcana Caelestia 977).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Explained 444


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Hemelse Verborgenheden in Genesis en Exodus 1441, 1616, 2909

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Významy biblických slov

hoofden
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

priester
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

jozua
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

zoon
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

kinderen
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

land
Land' in the Word, denotes the church, for the things which signify the church also signify the things relating to the church, for these constitute...

kanaan
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

heere
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

mozes
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

ons
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

steden
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Bewonen
'Inhabit' refers to good.

geven
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

beesten
"Beasts" represent the affection for doing good things, a true desire to do them from the heart. In the negative sense, "beasts" stand for the...

mond
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

heeren
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

lot
On the most internal level, the stories of Abraham tell us about the Lord's development in his own childhood, with Abraham representing the Lord's spiritual...

aaron
Aaron was de broer van Mozes. Hij symboliseert twee dingen, een tijdens het eerste deel van de exodus, toen hij woordvoerder van Mozes was, en...

stam
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

benjamin
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

dertien
'Thirteen,' between twelve and fourteen, denotes the intermediate state. 'Thirteen,' as the sum of ten and three, denotes remains.

efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

Dan
The tribe of Dan (Jer. 8:16) signifies truth in its own ultimate degree of order, here truth in the church, which is contained in the...

manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

tien
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

nafthali
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

ruben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

simeon
In Revelation 7, 'Simeon', in the highest sense, signifies providence, in a spiritual sense, love towards our neighbor, or charity, and in a natural sense,...

noemde
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

Levi
'Levi' signifies truth in practice, which is the good of life. 'Levi,' in the highest sense, signifies love and mercy, in a spiritual sense, he...

eerste
Why would it be insulting for a man to refer to his married partner as his “first wife”? Because it implies there will be a...

vader
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

berg
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

veld
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

stad
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

dorpen
'Villages' signify the external aspects of faith and the church. Rituals are the external parts of the church. Doctrines are the internal parts when they...

kaleb
Caleb, In Numbers 14:24, represents those who are introduced into the church, and, accordingly, his seed signifies the truth of the doctrine of the church.

negen
'Nine' signifies conjunction.

twee
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

stammen
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

gibeon
sun standing still upon Gibeon signifies total vastation of the church.

vier
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

sichem
'Sichem' or 'Shechem' means the celestial aspects of love.

Ajalon
The valley of Ajalon has respect to faith: by the sun standing still upon Gibeon, and the moon in the valley of Ajalon (Joshua 10:12)...

drie
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

mahanaim
'Mahanaim,' as in Genesis 32:2, signifies the celestial and spiritual heavens, and in the supreme sense, the divine celestial and divine spiritual of the Lord.

hesbon
'Heshbon,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:3, signifies the fructification of truth in the natural self.

Jaezer
'Jaser' signifies false principles.

midden
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

acht
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veertig
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

gezworen
The Lord swearing by himself signifies that divine truth testifies, for He is divine truth itself, and this testifies from itself and means itself. It...

woonden
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

man
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

vijanden
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

viel
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

woord
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

woorden
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

gesproken
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

huis
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

kwam
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

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