Jozua 20

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1 Verder sprak de HEERE tot Jozua, zeggende:

2 Spreek tot de kinderen Israels, zeggende: Geeft voor ulieden de vrijsteden, waarvan Ik met ulieden gesproken heb door den dienst van Mozes.

3 Dat daarheen vliede de doodslager, die een ziel door dwaling, niet met wetenschap, verslaat; opdat zij ulieden zijn tot een toevlucht voor den bloedwreker.

4 Als hij vlucht tot een van die steden, zo zal hij staan aan de deur der stadspoort, en hij zal zijn woorden spreken voor de oren van de oudsten derzelver stad; dan zullen zij hem tot zich in de stad nemen, en hem plaats geven, dat hij bij hen wone.

5 En als de bloedwreker hem najaagt, zo zullen zij den doodslager in zijn hand niet overgeven, dewijl hij zijn naaste niet met wetenschap verslagen heeft, en hem gisteren en eergisteren niet heeft gehaat.

6 En hij zal in dezelve stad wonen, totdat hij sta voor het aangezicht der vergadering voor het gericht, totdat de hogepriester sterve, die in die dagen zijn zal; dan zal de doodslager wederkeren, en komen tot zijn stad, en tot zijn huis, tot de stad, van waar hij gevloden is.

7 Toen heiligden zij Kedes in Galilea, op het gebergte van Nafthali, en Sichem op het gebergte van Efraim, en Kirjath-Arba, deze is Hebron, op het gebergte van Juda.

8 En aan gene zijde van de Jordaan, van Jericho oostwaarts, gaven zij Bezer in de woestijn, in het platte land, van den stam van Ruben; en Ramoth in Gilead, van den stam van Gad; en Golan in Bazan, van den stam van Manasse.

9 Dit nu zijn de steden, die bestemd waren voor al de kinderen Israels, en voor den vreemdeling, die in het midden van henlieden verkeert, opdat derwaarts vluchte al wie een ziel slaat door dwaling; opdat hij niet sterve door de hand des bloedwrekers, totdat hij voor het aangezicht der vergadering gestaan zal hebben.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 20      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 20: The six cities of refuge.

Once all twelve tribes of Israel had received their inheritance, the Lord commanded Joshua and the Israelites to designate six cities of refuge, which were spread throughout the land on both sides of the Jordan. These cities would serve as safe havens, so that anyone who accidentally killed another person could flee to safety there. At the gate of the city, the refugee would declare his case to the city elders, and they would shelter him there until the high priest died. Then, the refugee could go back to his own city.

The six cities of refuge were evenly spaced throughout the land. In the north, Kedesh; in the center, Shechem; in the south, Kirjath Arba. Across the Jordan: Bezer, in Reuben; Ramoth, in Gad; and Golan in Manasseh. The three cities in Canaan are all said to be ‘on the mountains’, while the three cities across the Jordan are said to be ‘in the wilderness’ or ‘on the plain’.

There is a humanitarian purpose in granting safety when someone is accused of murder, a crime punishable by death. The spiritual meaning of this provision partly lies in the difference between justice and mercy. Justice has to do with the penalty of the law, while mercy recognizes that there could be more to the picture than just the intention to harm.

The Word acknowledges the place of both justice and mercy. Truth condemns, but love forgives. Ultimately, it is not we who know the real intentions of human hearts. This is something known only to the Lord, who will treat us justly, but also feel tender mercy and compassion towards us “for our low estate” (see Psalm 136:23 and Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 6180).

In his work, True Christian Religion, Swedenborg writes: “We acquire justice the more we practice it. We practice justice the more our interaction with our neighbour is motivated by a love for justice and truth. Justice dwells in the goodness itself or the useful functions themselves that we do. The Lord says that every tree is recognized by its fruit. Surely we get to know other people well through paying attention not only to what they do but also to what outcome they want, what they are intending and why. All angels pay attention to these things, as do all wise people in our world” (see True Christian Religion 96[2]).

Innocence is the wish not to harm, and it is one of the cornerstones of heaven. We can easily begin to feel guilt when we cause harm to someone without intending to. They suffer and we suffer also. Reconciliation is needed for everyone in that kind of situation. Spiritually, these cities of refuge mean giving others and ourselves the time and space to let go of harmful feelings – which hell often plays on – and after finding refuge, allowing the Lord to bring us healing (Arcana Caelestia 9011).

There are six cities of refuge because the number ‘six’ represents all the labors of regeneration and spiritual temptation. ‘Seven’ follows after ‘six’ and refers to the Sabbath, the day of the Lord’s rest, when He has brought us through hardships into a new peace (Arcana Caelestia 8975).

The fact that the six cities of refuge were spread on both sides of the Jordan also holds a valuable spiritual meaning. Being in Canaan means that we are consciously living with a sense of the Lord’s guidance in our thinking and actions. This gives us a higher level of understanding, rather like seeing life from up on the mountain. Being across the Jordan means that we are more acutely experiencing the uncertainties of life, although we still try to do what is good because of our faith and trust in the Lord. No matter what situation we face, we need our personal cities of refuge where we meet the ‘elders’ of the city – the leading truths in the Word – who bring us in, and offer us sanctuary with the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 8578).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Hemelse Verborgenheden in Genesis en Exodus 1441, 1616, 2909

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I Koningen 12:1

2 Koningen 8:28

Významy biblických slov

sprak
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

heere
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

jozua
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

kinderen
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

geeft
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

gesproken
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

mozes
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

ziel
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

toevlucht
'A place of refuge' denotes the state when a person is guiltless of evil.

vlucht
To flee signifies to escape, and be rescued. To flee signifies to be overcome.

een
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

steden
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

staan
'To stay with,' as in Genesis 32:4, relates to the life of truth when accompanied by good, and in this instance, it means to take...

deur
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

stad
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

woorden
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

plaats
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

geven
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

gehaat
If you truly hate someone, that means you would kill them and destroy their reputation if you could do so without repercussion – not a...

wonen
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

dagen
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

komen
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

huis
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

nafthali
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

sichem
'Sichem' or 'Shechem' means the celestial aspects of love.

efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

de Jordaan
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

jordaan
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

jericho
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

woestijn
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

stam
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

ruben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

vreemdeling
The word "stranger" is used many times in the Bible, and it is sometimes paired with the word "sojourner". They are different concepts in the...

midden
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

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 Map of the Cities of Refuge
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Cities of Refuge
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14


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