Jozua 18

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1 En de ganse vergadering van de kinderen Israels verzamelde zich te Silo, en zij richtten aldaar op de tent der samenkomst, nadat het land voor hen onderworpen was.

2 En er bleven over onder de kinderen Israels, aan dewelken zij hun erfdeel niet uitgedeeld hadden, zeven stammen.

3 En Jozua zeide tot de kinderen Israels: Hoe lang houdt gij u zo slap, om voort te gaan, om het land te beerven, hetwelk de HEERE, de God uwer vaderen, u gegeven heeft?

4 Geeft voor ulieden drie mannen van elken stam, dat ik ze heenzende, en zij zich opmaken, en het land doorwandelen, en beschrijven hetzelve naar hun erven, en weder tot mij komen.

5 Zij nu zullen het delen in zeven delen; Juda zal blijven op zijn landpale van het zuiden, en het huis van Jozef zal blijven op zijn landpale van het noorden.

6 En gijlieden zult het land beschrijven in zeven delen, en tot mij herwaarts brengen, dat ik voor ulieden het lot hier werpe voor het aangezicht des HEEREN, onzes Gods.

7 Want de Levieten hebben geen deel in het midden van ulieden; maar het priesterdom des HEEREN is hun erfdeel. Gad nu, en Ruben, en de halve stam van Manasse, hebben hun erfdeel genomen op gene zijde van de Jordaan, oostwaarts, hetwelk hun Mozes, de knecht des HEEREN, gegeven heeft.

8 Toen maakten zich die mannen op, en gingen heen. En Jozua gebood hun, die heengingen om het land te beschrijven, zeggende: Gaat, en doorwandelt het land, en beschrijft het; komt dan weder tot mij, zo zal ik ulieden hier het lot werpen, voor het aangezicht des HEEREN, te Silo.

9 De mannen dan gingen heen, en togen het land door en beschreven het, naar de steden, in zeven delen, in een boek; en kwamen weder tot Jozua in het leger te Silo.

10 Toen wierp Jozua het lot voor hen te Silo, voor het aangezicht des HEEREN. En Jozua deelde aldaar den kinderen Israels het land, naar hun afdelingen.

11 En het lot van den stam der kinderen van Benjamin kwam op, naar hun huisgezinnen; en de landpale van hun lot ging uit tussen de kinderen van Juda, en tussen de kinderen van Jozef.

12 En hun landpale was naar den hoek noordwaarts van de Jordaan; en deze landpale gaat opwaarts aan de zijde van Jericho van het noorden, en gaat op door het gebergte westwaarts, en haar uitgangen zijn aan de woestijn van Beth-Aven.

13 En van daar gaat de landpale door naar Luz, aan de zijde van Luz, welke is Beth-El, zuidwaarts; en deze landpale gaat af naar Atroth-Addar, aan den berg, die aan de zuidzijde van het benedenste Beth-Horon is.

14 En die landpale strekt en keert zich om, naar den westhoek zuidwaarts van den berg, die tegenover Beth-horon zuidwaarts is, en haar uitgangen zijn aan Kirjath-Baal (welke is Kirjath-Jearim), een stad der kinderen van Juda. Dit is de hoek ten westen.

15 De hoek nu ten zuiden is aan het uiterste van Kirjath-Jearim; en deze landpale gaat uit ten westen, en zij komt uit aan de fontein der wateren van Neftoah.

16 En deze landpale gaat af tot aan het uiterste des bergs, die tegenover het dal van den zoon van Hinnom is, die in het dat der Refaiten is tegen het noorden; en gaat af door het dal van Hinnom, aan de zijde der Jebusieten zuidwaarts, en gaat af aan de fontein van Rogel;

17 En strekt zich van het noorden, en gaat uit te En-semes; van daar gaat zij uit naar Geliloth, welke is tegenover den opgang naar Adummim, en zij gaat af aan den steen van Bohan, den zoon van Ruben;

18 En gaat door ter zijde tegenover Araba naar het noorden, en gaat af te Araba.

19 Verder gaat deze landpale door aan de zijde van Beth-hogla noordwaarts, en de uitgangen van deze landpale zijn aan de tong der Zoutzee noordwaarts, aan het uiterste van de Jordaan zuidwaarts. Dit is de zuiderlandpale.

20 De Jordaan nu bepaalt haar aan den hoek naar het oosten. Dit is het erfdeel der kinderen van Benjamin, in hun landpalen rondom, naar hun huisgezinnen.

21 De steden nu van den stam der kinderen van Benjamin, naar hun huisgezinnen, zijn: Jericho, en Beth-hogla, en Emek-Keziz,

22 En Beth-araba, en Zemaraim, en Beth-El,

23 En Haavvim, en Para, en Ofra,

24 Chefar-haammonai, en Ofni, en Gaba; twaalf steden en haar dorpen.

25 Gibeon, en Rama, en Beeroth,

26 En Mizpa, en Chefira, en Moza,

27 En Rekem, en Jirpeel, en Tharala,

28 En Zela, Elef en Jebusi (deze is Jeruzalem), Gibath, Kirjath: veertien steden mitsgaders haar dorpen. Dit is het erfdeel der kinderen van Benjamin, naar hun huisgezinnen.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 18      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 18: The rest of the land is divided up among the 7 remaining tribes, and the tribe of Benjamin receives its lot.

After several chapters covering the allocation of the land for Reuben, Gad, Judah, Ephraim and Manasseh, there were still seven tribes to be provided for. Before this was done, Joshua gathered these seven tribes together and told them to choose three men from each tribe. These men went and surveyed the region, divided up all the land and cities into seven parts, and recorded everything in a book. Then they came back to Joshua, who cast lots to decide where the seven remaining tribes would live.

The first of the seven allocations was for the tribe of Benjamin. Benjamin was the youngest of the sons of Jacob, and he was a full brother to Joseph. Their mother, Rachel, whom Jacob had loved so much, died giving birth to Benjamin.

The city of Jerusalem was first allocated to Benjamin, but in time became more associated with Judah. In fact, these were the two tribes which later made up the kingdom of Judah, as opposed to the ten northern tribes forming the kingdom of Israel. Benjamin’s territory included the cities of Jericho, Ai and Gibeon, all of which had been significant soon after Israel crossed the River Jordan. Saul, the first king of Israel, was a Benjamite.

This story about surveying the land represents our need to know things as they truly are. This could mean many things: for example, exploring the idea of heaven, or hell, or life in this world, or a spiritual teaching such as providence. It might be to learn about justice and compassion, or true freedom. It may be our need to look honestly within ourselves and recognize some of our self-centred ways (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1612).

The Israelite’s findings about the land were recorded in a book, which really would have been a scroll. This is like our ‘book of life’, in which everything about us down to the least detail is preserved so that in eternity, we shall know who we are (see Swedenborg’s Apocalypse Explained 199). Joshua drew lots so the Lord’s will would be clear to the people of Israel.

The spiritual meaning of Benjamin needs some careful explanation. Technically, it means ’the spiritual of the celestial’, and this is our ability to understand the reason for the most loving experiences we can have. It is heightened thinking joining with heightened feeling. Benjamin was the youngest son, the special brother of Joseph, who stands for the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 4585).

With this in mind, it is useful to know that Bethlehem, the town where Jesus was born, lay in the territory of Benjamin. Bethlehem’s name means ‘house of bread’ giving us the idea of nourishment for our physical and our spiritual lives. God came into the world to bring us the food of heaven and nourishment from the Word, so that we may fight our evils and choose what is good (Arcana Caelestia 6247, 4594).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalyps Onthuld 349


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Hemelse Verborgenheden in Genesis en Exodus 3708, 3858, 3862, 3923, 4556, 4592, 6396, ...

Apocalyps Onthuld 361


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 417, 431, 434, 449

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Významy biblických slov

kinderen
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

tent
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

land
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

zeven
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

stammen
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

jozua
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

zeide
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

lang
'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.

heere
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

god
De Heer is de liefde zelf, uitgedrukt in de vorm van de wijsheid zelf. Liefde is dan ook zijn essentie, zijn in wezen. Wijsheid -...

gegeven
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

drie
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

erven
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

komen
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

blijven
'To stay with,' as in Genesis 32:4, relates to the life of truth when accompanied by good, and in this instance, it means to take...

zuiden
'South' denotes truth in light.

huis
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

jozef
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

noorden
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

brengen
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

lot
On the most internal level, the stories of Abraham tell us about the Lord's development in his own childhood, with Abraham representing the Lord's spiritual...

heeren
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

ruben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

de Jordaan
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

jordaan
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

mozes
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

knecht
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

steden
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

boek
(Rev. 10:9.) "And I went unto the angel, saying, give me the little book," signifies the faculty of perceiving the quality of the Word from...

stam
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

benjamin
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

noordwaarts
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

jericho
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

woestijn
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

luz
'Luz,' as in Genesis 28, signifies a state wherein truth and good are together in the ultimate principle of order.

Beth-El
Toen Jakob zijn beroemde droom had, van een trap naar de hemel, noemde hij de plaats "Bethel", wat Hebreeuws is voor "het huis van God"....

zuidwaarts
'South' denotes truth in light.

berg
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

stad
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

fontein
A fountain signifies the Lord and the Word. A fountain signifies superior truth, and well, inferior truth. A fountain, as in Psalm 104:10, denotes knowledges....

wateren
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

dal
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

zoon
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

steen
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

tong
'The tongue,' as an organ, signifies doctrine, but as speech, or language, it signifies religion. 'Tongue' signifies perception of truth with respect to speech, and...

dorpen
'Villages' signify the external aspects of faith and the church. Rituals are the external parts of the church. Doctrines are the internal parts when they...

gibeon
sun standing still upon Gibeon signifies total vastation of the church.

rama
'Ramah' denotes things that pertain to spiritual truth derived from celestial truth.

jeruzalem
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

Gibath
Gibeah, as in 2 Samuel 6, signifies the natural or ultimate principle of the church. Gibeah, Ramah, and Bethaven, as in Hosea 5:8, denote those...

veertien
Fourteen, as in Genesis 31:40, signifies a first period of time. The fourteenth year, as in Genesis 14:5, signifies the first temptation of the Lord...

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