Jozua 15

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1 En het lot voor den stam der kinderen van Juda, naar hun huisgezinnen, was: aan de landpale van Edom, de woestijn Zin, zuidwaarts, was het uiterste tegen het zuiden;

2 Zodat hun landpale, tegen het zuiden, het uiterste van de Zoutzee was, van de tong af, die tegen het zuiden ziet;

3 En zij gaat uit naar het zuiden tot den opgang van Akrabbim, en gaat door naar Zin, en gaat op van het zuiden naar Kades-Barnea, en gaat door Hezron, en gaat op naar Adar, en gaat om Karkaa;

4 En gaat door naar Azmon, en komt uit aan de beek van Egypte; en de uitgangen dezer landpale zullen naar de zee zijn. Dit zal uw landpale tegen het zuiden zijn.

5 De landpale nu tegen het oosten zal de Zoutzee zijn, tot aan het uiterste van de Jordaan; en de landpale, aan de zijde tegen het noorden, zal zijn van de tong der zee, van het uiterste van de Jordaan.

6 En deze landpale zal opgaan tot Beth-hogla, en zal doorgaan van het noorden naar Beth-araba; en deze landpale zal opgaan tot den steen van Bohan, den zoon van Ruben.

7 Verder zal deze landpale opgaan naar Debir, van het dal van Achor, en zal noordwaarts zien naar Gilgal, hetwelk tegen den opgang van Adummim is, die aan het zuiden der beek is. Daarna zal deze landpale doorgaan tot het water van En-semes, en haar uitgangen zullen wezen te En-rogel.

8 En deze landpale zal opgaan door het dal van den zoon van Hinnom, aan de zijde van den Jebusiet van het zuiden, dezelve is Jeruzalem; en deze landpale zal opwaarts gaan tot de spits van den berg, die voor aan het dal van Hinnom is, westwaarts, hetwelk in het uiterste van het dal der Refaieten is, tegen het noorden.

9 Daarna zal deze landpale strekken van de hoogte des bergs tot aan de waterfontein Nefthoah, en uitgaan tot de steden van het gebergte Efron. Verder zal deze landpale strekken naar Baala; deze is Kirjath-Jearim.

10 Daarna zal deze landpale zich omkeren Baala tegen het westen, naar het gebergte Seir, en zal doorgaan aan de zijde van den berg Jearim van het noorden; deze is Chesalon; en zij zal afkomen naar Beth-Semes, en door Timna gaan.

11 Verder zal deze landpale uitgaan aan de zijde van Ekron, noordwaarts, en deze landpale zal strekken naar Sichron aan, en over den berg Baala gaan, en uitgaan te Jabneel; en de uitgangen dezer landpale zullen zijn naar de zee.

12 De landpale nu tegen het westen zal zijn tot de grote zee en derzelver landpale. Dit is de landpale der kinderen van Juda rondom heen, naar hun huisgezinnen.

13 Doch Kaleb, den zoon van Jefunne, had hij een deel gegeven in het midden der kinderen van Juda, naar den mond des HEEREN tot Jozua, de stad van Arba, vader van Enak, dat is Hebron.

14 En Kaleb verdreef van daar de drie zonen van Enak, Sesai, en Ahiman, en Talmai, geboren van Enak.

15 En van daar toog hij opwaarts tot de inwoners van Debir, (de naam van Debir nu was te voren Kirjath-Sefer).

16 En Kaleb zeide: Wie Kirjath-Sefer zal slaan, en nemen haar in, dien zal ik ook mijn dochter Achsa tot een vrouw geven.

17 Othniel nu, de zoon van Kenaz, den broeder van Kaleb, nam haar in; en hij gaf hem Achsa, zijn dochter, tot een vrouw.

18 En het geschiedde, als zij tot hem kwam, zo porde zij hem aan, om een veld van haar vader te begeren; en zij sprong van den ezel af; toen sprak Kaleb tot haar: Wat is u?

19 En zij zeide: Geef mij een zegen; dewijl gij mij een dor land gegeven hebt, geef mij ook waterwellingen. Toen gaf hij haar hoge waterwellingen en lage waterwellingen.

20 Dit is het erfdeel van den stam der kinderen van Juda, naar hun huisgezinnen.

21 De steden nu, van het uiterste van den stam der kinderen van Juda, tot de landpale van Edom, tegen het zuiden, zijn: Kabzeel, en Eder, en Jagur,

22 En Kina, en Dimona, en Adada,

23 En Kedes, en Hazor, en Jithnan,

24 Zif, en Telem, en Bealoth,

25 En Hazor-Hadattha, en Kerioth-Hezron, dat is Hazor,

26 Amam, en Sema, en Molada,

27 En Hazar-Gadda, en Hesmon, en Beth-Palet,

28 En Hazar-Sual, en Beer-Seba, en Bizjotheja,

29 Baala, en Ijim, en Azem,

30 En Eltholad, en Chesil, en Horma,

31 En Ziklag, en Madmanna, en Sanzanna,

32 En Lebaoth, en Silhim, en Ain, en Rimmon. Al deze steden zijn negen en twintig en haar dorpen.

33 In de laagte zijn: Esthaol, en Zora, en Asna,

34 En Zanoah, en En-gannim, Tappuah, en Enam,

35 Jarmuth, en Adullam, Socho en Azeka,

36 En Saaraim, en Adithaim, en Gedera, en Gederothaim; veertien steden en haar dorpen.

37 Zenan, en Hadasa, en Migdal-gad,

38 En Dilan, en Mizpa, en Jokteel,

39 Lachis, en Bozkath, en Eglon,

40 En Chabbon, en Lahmas, en Chitlis,

41 En Gederoth, Beth-Dagon, en Naama, en Makkeda; zestien steden en haar dorpen.

42 Libna, en Ether, en Asan,

43 En Jiftah, en Asna, en Nezib,

44 En Kehila, en Achzib, en Mareza; negen steden en haar dorpen.

45 Ekron, en haar onderhorige plaatsen, en haar dorpen.

46 Van Ekron, en naar de zee toe; alle, die aan de zijde van Asdod zijn, en haar dorpen;

47 Asdod, haar onderhorige plaatsen en haar dorpen; Gaza, haar onderhorige plaatsen en haar dorpen, tot aan de rivier van Egypte; en de grote zee, en haar landpale.

48 Op het gebergte nu: Samir, en Jatthir, en Socho,

49 En Danna, en Kirjath-Sanna, die is Debir,

50 En Anab, en Estemo, en Anim,

51 En Gosen, en Holon, en Gilo; elf steden en haar dorpen.

52 Arab, en Duma, en Esan,

53 En Janum, en Beth-Tappuah, en Afeka,

54 En Humta, en Kirjath-Arba, die is Hebron, en Zior; negen steden en haar dorpen.

55 Maon, Karmel, en Zif, en Juta,

56 En Jizreel, en Jokdeam, en Zanoah,

57 Kain, Gibea, en Timna; tien steden en haar dorpen.

58 Halhul, Beth-Zur, en Gedor,

59 En Maarath, en Beth-Anoth, en Eltekon; zes steden en haar dorpen.

60 Kirjath-Baal, die is Kirjath-Jearim, en Rabba; twee steden en haar dorpen.

61 In de woestijn: Beth-araba, Middin en Sechacha,

62 En Nibsan, en de Zoutstad, en Engedi; zes steden en haar dorpen.

63 Maar de kinderen van Juda konden de Jebusieten, inwoners van Jeruzalem, niet verdrijven; alzo woonden de Jebusieten bij de kinderen van Juda te Jeruzalem, tot dezen dag toe.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 15      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 15: Judah’s territory and more about Caleb.

This chapter describes the territory given to the tribe of Judah, and lists many of its cities and borders. Judah received a major portion of the land of Canaan; its eastern border was the Salt Sea (the Dead Sea), and the western border was the Great Sea (the Mediterranean).

Although Judah was the fourth son of Jacob, he played a more significant role in many of the Old Testament stories than his older brothers did. So, it is not surprising that the tribe of Judah received extensive territory in the south of Canaan, which in later time became the nation of Judah, along with the tribe of Benjamin’s small territory. The name ‘Judah’ also eventually led to the name ‘Jewish’, coming from the Roman province of Judaea. The name ‘Judah’ also means “praise”, specifically praise of God (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 456).

Praise itself is a commendation of a person’s good qualities. To give praise is part of our love for our neighbour; to receive praise underscores our sense of our own value. To praise the Lord is to give thanks to Him, and to affirm the difference that the Lord makes in our life. Ultimately, praise is part of our faith in the Lord to lead us through this life and for eternity.

This uplifting, positive spiritual meaning of Judah does not mean that Judah (the man in the Old Testament) was without faults. He had his flaws, as everyone does, but at times Judah changed the course of events for a better outcome. It was Judah who persuaded his brothers to sell Joseph rather than kill him, and he also offered himself as a hostage for the sake of his brothers (Arcana Caelestia 4815[2]).

Chapter 15 lists very many locations in Judah’s territory. Here are just a few of the places listed, along with their meaning and spiritual significance:

Judah = “praise”
Spiritually = our worship of God

Which includes these, and many more aspects…

Zin = “flat, level ground”
Spiritually = life under God’s guidance

Kadesh Barnea = “holy wanderings”
Spiritually = becoming purified

Beth Hoglah = “house of the partridge”
Spiritually = bringing to birth

En Rogel = “water spring of the foot”
Spiritually = life in everyday activities

Jerusalem = “dwelling place of peace; wholeness”
Spiritually = our highest spiritual state

Nephtoah = “to be open”
Spiritually = to be part of all life

Timnah = “allotted portion”
Spiritually = what the Lord has created me for

Mount Hebron, which was in the territory of Judah, was given to Caleb as an inheritance because of his faithfulness to God. We read in this chapter that he conquers the giants living there, and drives them away from Mount Hebron. Caleb makes a promise that whoever takes the nearby city of Kirjath-sepher will have his daughter, Achsah, for a wife. Caleb’s brother’s son, Othniel, captures the city and marries Achsah. Caleb blesses Achsah and gives her springs of water upon her request, and he also gives Othniel a field.

The spiritual meaning of this touching story is that our spiritual life is intended to come together to be like a family (Arcana Caelestia 3020), just as Caleb, Achsah and Othniel are all close members of a family. Spiritual life is about bringing together our beliefs, our loves and affections, our intentions, and our actions. These different aspects of spiritual life become like one family where everyone – or everything – is interwoven together.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Hemelse Verborgenheden in Genesis en Exodus 3708, 3858

Apocalypse Explained 431

Apocalyps Onthuld 349


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Hemelse Verborgenheden in Genesis en Exodus 1585, 1616, 2723, 2909, 3862, 4599, 4816, ...

Ware Christelijke Religie 614


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 417

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 13:18, 21:31, 24:64, 35:23

Numeri 13:22, 21:3, 32:12, 34:3, 6, 12

Deuteronomium 2:23

Jozua 10:10, 31, 11:21, 22, 14:13, 15, 15:8, 9, 10, 11, 35, 45, 48, 57, 60, 63, 17:16, 18:5, 15, 28, 19:1, 5, 18, 26, 38, 41, 43, 20:7, 21:11, 14, 15, 16

Rechters 1:8, 10, 12, 18, 20, 13:2, 14:1, 18:12, 19:10

I Samuël 4:1, 5:8, 10, 6:9, 12, 21, 7:14, 15:4, 12, 17:1, 25, 52, 22:1, 23:1, 14, 24, 24:1, 25:23, 43, 27:6, 30:27, 28, 30, 31

II Samuël 2:1, 5:6, 18, 22, 6:2, 15:12, 17:17, 23:20, 26, 35

I Koningen 4:10, 5:4, 8:65

2 Koningen 1:2, 14:11, 18:8, 22:1, 23:10

1 Kronieken 2:42, 43, 45, 49, 50, 53, 4:13, 17, 18, 21, 28, 13:6, 27:15, 28

2 Kronieken 11:7, 8, 9, 10, 20:2, 26:6, 10, 28:3, 18

Nehemiah 11:25, 30

Job 2:11

Lied van Salomo 1:14

Jesaja 17:5, 27:12

Jeremia 7:31, 19:2

Ezechiël 48:7

Micha 1:14, 15

Zacharia 14:10

Významy biblických slov

lot
On the most internal level, the stories of Abraham tell us about the Lord's development in his own childhood, with Abraham representing the Lord's spiritual...

stam
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

kinderen
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

edom
'Edom' or 'Idumea,' as in Isaiah 34:5, signifies those who are in evil and in falsities thence derived.

woestijn
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

zuidwaarts
'South' denotes truth in light.

zuiden
'South' denotes truth in light.

tong
'The tongue,' as an organ, signifies doctrine, but as speech, or language, it signifies religion. 'Tongue' signifies perception of truth with respect to speech, and...

beek
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

egypte
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

zee
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

de Jordaan
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

jordaan
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

noorden
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

steen
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

zoon
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

ruben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

dal
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

noordwaarts
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

water
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

jeruzalem
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

berg
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

steden
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Efron
Ephron (Gen. 23:8, 17) signifies those with whom the good and truth of faith, which are the constituents of the church, might be received.

seir
'Seir,' as in Genesis 33:14, signifies the conjunction of spiritual and celestial things in the natural level, that is, the truth of faith with the...

Timna
'Timnath' denotes state of consultation regarding the good of the church.

kaleb
Caleb, In Numbers 14:24, represents those who are introduced into the church, and, accordingly, his seed signifies the truth of the doctrine of the church.

gegeven
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

midden
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

mond
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

heeren
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

jozua
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

vader
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

drie
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

zonen
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

inwoners
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

naam
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

zeide
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

slaan
'To smite' signifies condemnation. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 14:15, signifies vindication. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 32:8, signifies destruction. 'To smite the earth with...

dochter
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

vrouw
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

geven
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

kwam
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

veld
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

ezel
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

land
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

hazor
'The inhabitants of Hazor,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:30, signify those who possess spiritual riches, which are the things of faith. 'Hazor,' as mentioned in...

negen
'Nine' signifies conjunction.

twintig
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

dorpen
'Villages' signify the external aspects of faith and the church. Rituals are the external parts of the church. Doctrines are the internal parts when they...

veertien
Fourteen, as in Genesis 31:40, signifies a first period of time. The fourteenth year, as in Genesis 14:5, signifies the first temptation of the Lord...

Naama
Naamah, the sister of Tubal-Cain,' as in Genesis 4:22, signifies a new church of the doctrine of natural good, and truth from that church.

gaza
Gaza (or Azzah) signifies things revealed concerning charity.

Gosen
‘The land of Goshen,’ as in Genesis 46:28, signifies the innermost parts of the natural mind.

karmel
Carmel (Isa. 16:10) signifies the good of the church. Carmel also signifies the celestial church. (Isa. 35:2.)

gibea
Gibeah, as in 2 Samuel 6, signifies the natural or ultimate principle of the church. Gibeah, Ramah, and Bethaven, as in Hosea 5:8, denote those...

tien
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

zes
Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

Rabba
'The sons of Rabbah' signify the affections of truth in the natural self.

twee
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

woonden
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

dag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

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