Jozua 14

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1 Dit is nu hetgeen de kinderen Israels geerfd hebben in het land Kanaan; hetwelk de priester Eleazar, en Jozua, de zoon van Nun, en de hoofden der vaderen van de stammen der kinderen Israels, hun hebben doen erven;

2 Door het lot hunner erfenis, gelijk als de HEERE door den dienst van Mozes geboden had, aangaande de negen stammen en den halven stam.

3 Want aan de twee stammen en den halven stam had Mozes een erfdeel gegeven op gene zijde van de Jordaan; maar aan de Levieten had hij geen erfdeel onder hen gegeven.

4 Want de kinderen van Jozef waren twee stammen, Manasse en Efraim; en aan de Levieten gaven zij geen deel in het land, maar steden om te bewonen, en derzelver voorsteden voor hun vee en voor hun bezitting.

5 Gelijk als de HEERE Mozes geboden had, alzo deden de kinderen Israels, en zij deelden het land.

6 Toen naderden de kinderen van Juda tot Jozua, te Gilgal, en Kaleb, de zoon van Jefunne, de Keneziet, zeide tot hem: Gij weet het woord, dat de HEERE tot Mozes, den man Gods, gesproken heeft te Kades-Barnea, ter oorzake van mij, en ter oorzake van u.

7 Ik was veertig jaren oud, toen Mozes, de knecht des HEEREN, mij uitgezonden heeft van Kades-Barnea, om het land te verspieden, en ik hem antwoord bracht, gelijk als het in mijn hart was.

8 Maar mijn broeders, die met mij opgegaan waren, deden het hart des volks smelten; doch ik volhardde den HEERE, mijn God, na te volgen.

9 Toen zwoer Mozes te dien zelven dage, zeggende: Indien niet het land, waarop uw voet getreden heeft, u en uw kinderen ten erfdeel zal zijn in eeuwigheid, dewijl gij volhard hebt den HEERE, mijn God, na te volgen.

10 En nu, zie, de HEERE heeft mij in het leven behouden, gelijk als Hij gesproken heeft; het zijn nu vijf en veertig jaren, sedert dat de HEERE dit woord tot Mozes gesproken heeft, toen Israel in de woestijn wandelde; en nu, zie, ik ben heden vijf en tachtig jaren oud.

11 Ik ben nog heden zo sterk, gelijk als ik was ten dage, toen Mozes mij uitzond; gelijk mijn kracht toen was, alzo is nu mijn kracht, tot den oorlog, en om uit te gaan, en om in te gaan.

12 En nu, geef mij dit gebergte, waarvan de HEERE te dien dage gesproken heeft; want gij hebt het te dienzelven dage gehoord, dat de Enakieten aldaar waren, en dat er grote vaste steden waren; of de HEERE met mij ware, dat ik hen verdreef, gelijk als de HEERE gesproken heeft.

13 Toen zegende hem Jozua, en hij gaf Kaleb, den zoon van Jefunne, Hebron ten erfdeel.

14 Daarom werd Hebron aan Kaleb, den zoon van Jefunne, den Keneziet, ten erfdeel tot op dezen dag; omdat hij volhard had den HEERE, den God Israels, na te volgen.

15 De naam nu van Hebron was eertijds Kirjath-Arba, die een groot mens geweest is onder de Enakieten. En het land rustte van den krijg.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 14      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 14: The territories west of the Jordan, and Caleb’s inheritance.

This chapter tells how the land of Canaan would be distributed among the remaining nine-and-a-half tribes, which would be determined by drawing lots. The tribe of Levi, the priests of Israel, would not receive their own territory, but would be given cities to live in across the land. The tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh, the sons of Joseph, were each recognized as a tribe of Israel to make the number of tribes receiving land equal twelve. Caleb and his people received Mount Hebron as a special inheritance, because he had fully and whole-heartedly followed the Lord God of Israel many years ago.

Casting lots was used in those days to decide many things, because people believed that the outcome showed the will of God. Lots were often sticks or stones, each marked with a symbol, which would be cast much like rolling dice. Then the result would be examined to make a decision. The spiritual meaning of casting lots is that we should allow the Lord to show us what is required, and believe that His providence extends over everything in our lives (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 10773). “The lot is cast into the lap, but its every decision is from the Lord” (Proverbs 16:33).

The tribe of Levi, the third of the twelve sons of Jacob, had been set apart from the other tribes during their time in the wilderness; when the war cry “Who is on the Lord’s side?” was given before a battle, it was only the tribe of Levi who had responded. They were appointed as the priests of Israel for this dedication to God. Here, now, we are told that they are to live throughout the land (Arcana Caelestia 6998).

On a spiritual level, the Levites stand for the Lord’s presence throughout the whole of our life. Another way of putting this is that our spirit (and our life) is there throughout the whole of our body. And a third way of seeing this is that every part of our life should be guided by our love for the Lord. Other references to the Levites mention that all the people of Israel are to provide food and gifts for the Levites, reinforcing this same idea.

Caleb gets special treatment; he is given Mount Hebron as a new home for his people. Caleb and Joshua had been sent with 10 other men to spy out the land of Canaan 40 years earlier. They had given it a good report, and had - unsuccessfully - urged the Children of Israel to follow the Lord's leading and conquer the land at that time. Now, Caleb reminds Joshua about the Lord’s words to Moses regarding them, and Moses’ promise to give Caleb an inheritance. At the age of eighty-five, Caleb was still as strong as when spied out the land. He tells Joshua: “Now therefore, give me this mountain and the Lord will be with me to drive out the enemy” (Joshua 14:12). And it is given to him with a blessing from Joshua.

Mount Hebron is in the territory of Judah, west of the Dead Sea and south of what is now Jerusalem. Its name means ‘bound by a common bond’ or ‘accord’. Its spiritual meaning is that it brings diversity into unity, many into one, and for us, harmony in our spiritual life (Arcana Caelestia 3241[2]).

Caleb’s name means ‘bold, fearless, ferocious to enemies’. For us, Caleb is a picture of sureness and determination that to follow the Lord will always lead to success. Caleb never led Israel, but he acts as a right-hand-man to Joshua. Even though Joshua was the one to lead the children of Israel, there is still the need in each of us for Caleb’s enthusiasm, conviction and assurance to move forward with full confidence. His strength never left him, because he felt and lived the strength which the Lord gave him (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 137[5]).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Hemelse Verborgenheden in Genesis en Exodus 9338


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Hemelse Verborgenheden in Genesis en Exodus 1616, 2909, 3862

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Významy biblických slov

kinderen
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

land
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

kanaan
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

priester
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

jozua
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

zoon
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

hoofden
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

lot
On the most internal level, the stories of Abraham tell us about the Lord's development in his own childhood, with Abraham representing the Lord's spiritual...

erfenis
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

heere
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

mozes
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

negen
'Nine' signifies conjunction.

stam
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

twee
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

gegeven
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

de Jordaan
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

jordaan
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

jozef
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

steden
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Bewonen
'Inhabit' refers to good.

vee
Animals in the Bible generally refer to spiritual activity, the things we actually do on a spiritual level. "Cattle," as typically used in the Bible,...

juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

kaleb
Caleb, In Numbers 14:24, represents those who are introduced into the church, and, accordingly, his seed signifies the truth of the doctrine of the church.

zeide
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

weet
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

woord
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

man
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

gesproken
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

veertig
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

oud
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

knecht
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

heeren
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

broeders
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

hart
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

god
De Heer is de liefde zelf, uitgedrukt in de vorm van de wijsheid zelf. Liefde is dan ook zijn essentie, zijn in wezen. Wijsheid -...

na
Volgens Swedenborg bestaan tijd en ruimte niet in de spirituele werkelijkheid; het zijn puur natuurlijke dingen die alleen op het fysieke vlak bestaan. Dit betekent...

volgen
The basic meaning of "follow" in the Bible is pretty obvious if we consider what it means to "follow the Lord." That obviously doesn't mean...

zwoer
'To sware' is a binding.

dage
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

voet
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

eeuwigheid
In many cases, the use of “eternity” in the Bible is pretty literal, simple meaning forever. This is especially true when the text is referring...

vijf
Five also signifies all things of one part.

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

woestijn
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

wandelde
To walk in the Bible represents living, and usually means living according to the true things taught to us by the Lord -- to "walk...

tachtig
Swedenborg tells us that 80, like 40, can represent a state of temptation, when we face and battle our desires for evil – and that...

oorlog
Oorlog in het Woord vertegenwoordigt de strijd van de verleiding wanneer het goede wordt aangevallen door het kwade of het valse. Het kwaad dat aanvalt...

gehoord
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

dag
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

naam
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

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