Jozua 12

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1 Dit nu zijn de koningen des lands, die de kinderen Israels geslagen hebben, en hun land erfelijk bezaten, aan gene zijde van de Jordaan, tegen den opgang der zon; van de beek Arnon af tot den berg Hermon, en het ganse vlakke veld tegen het oosten:

2 Sihon, de koning der Amorieten, die te Hesbon woonde; die van Aroer af heerste, welke aan den oever der beek Arnon is, en over het midden der beek en de helft van Gilead, en tot aan de beek Jabbok, de landpale der kinderen Ammons;

3 En over het vlakke veld tot aan de zee van Cinneroth tegen het oosten, en tot aan de zee des vlakken velds, de Zoutzee, tegen het oosten, op den weg naar Beth-Jesimoth; en van het zuiden beneden Asdoth-Pisga.

4 Daartoe de landpale van Og, den koning van Bazan, die van het overblijfsel der reuzen was, wonende te Astharoth en te Edrei.

5 En heerste over den berg Hermon, en over Salcha, en over geheel Bazan, tot aan de landpale der Gezurieten, en der Maachathieten; en de helft van Gilead, de landpale van Sihon, den koning van Hesbon.

6 Mozes, de knecht des HEEREN, en de kinderen Israels sloegen hen, en Mozes, de knecht des HEEREN, gaf aan de Rubenieten en aan de Gadieten, en aan den halven stam van Manasse, dat land tot een erfelijke bezitting.

7 Dit nu zijn de koningen des lands, die Jozua sloeg, en de kinderen Israels, aan deze zijde van de Jordaan tegen het westen, van Baal-Gad aan, in het dal van den Libanon, en tot aan den kalen berg, die naar Seir opgaat; en Jozua gaf het aan de stammen Israels tot een erfelijke bezitting, naar hun afdelingen.

8 Wat op het gebergte, en in de laagte, en in het vlakke veld, en in de aflopingen der wateren, en in de woestijn, en tegen het zuiden was: de Hethieten, de Amorieten, en Kanaanieten, de Ferezieten, de Hevieten, en de Jebusieten.

9 De koning van Jericho, een; de koning van Ai, die ter zijde van Beth-El is, een;

10 De koning van Jeruzalem, een; de koning van Hebron, een;

11 De koning van Jarmuth, een; de koning van Lachis, een;

12 De koning van Eglon, een; de koning Gezer, een;

13 De koning van Debir, een; de koning van Geder, een;

14 De koning van Horma, een; de koning van Harad, een;

15 De koning van Libna, een; de koning van Adullam, een;

16 De koning van Makkeda, een; de koning van Beth-El, een;

17 De koning van Tappuah, een; de koning van Hefer, een;

18 De koning van Afek, een; de koning van Lassaron, een;

19 De koning van Madon, een; de koning van Hazor, een;

20 De koning van Simron-Meron, een; de koning van Achsaf, een;

21 De koning van Taanach, een; de koning van Megiddo, een;

22 De koning van Kedes, een; de koning van Jokneam, aan den Karmel, een;

23 De koning van Dor, tot Nafath-Dor, een; de koning der heidenen te Gilgal, een;

24 De koning van Thirza, een. Al deze koningen zijn een en dertig.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 12      

Joshua 12: The kings who were defeated by Joshua.

This chapter lists the kings who were defeated by Moses on the other side of the river Jordan, and those defeated by Joshua in the land of Canaan. Moses defeated Sihon, king of the Amorites, and Og, king of Bashan. Joshua defeated 31 kings, and this chapter names their cities one by one.

We might well wonder: what is the use of such a chapter for us? But here it is, included in the Word of God. We will suggest two ways in which this chapter gives us a spiritual message to work with:

First, the sheer number of kings who opposed Israel represent, in a general way, the many things that prevent us from dedicating ourselves to the Lord’s teachings.

Secondly, the many names of the towns that the Israelites defeated are all significant in identifying the various situations we encounter in our spiritual lives (See Swedenborg’s Arcana Caelestia 2009[9]). For example “Joshua” means ‘God is victory’, something we can come to understand as we choose to turn against evil. We can do that because the Lord fights for and with us; we cannot do that alone.

For every heaven there is a corresponding hell (See Swedenborg’s Heaven and Hell 588). If mercy is something of heaven, hell is to do with cruelty and all that goes with it. If innocence is of heaven, hell is to do with intended harm and all that goes with that. Evil is unspeakably precise.

Joshua defeated thirty-one kings. The number thirty stands for combat and also for ‘remnants’, which are deep-seated feelings of good and truth given the Lord gives us during our childhood, to help us combat evil in adult regeneration. Thirty-one would seem to suggest combat going on even past thirty (Arcana Caelestia 5335).

The names of the cities of these kings are given, and each name represents a quality. ‘Israel’ was the name given to Jacob by the Lord, after he had wrestled all night with the angel of God and had prevailed (see Genesis 32:24-28). “Israel” means ‘striving with God’ and also ‘a prince with God’, and it became the name of the people of Israel.

As examples, we will look at three Canaanite cities which fought Israel, and explore the spiritual meaning of their names.

1. The king of Jarmuth, means ‘being downcast by death’. Viewing life only in terms of its inevitable end does terrible things to our sense of purpose, hope and trust. Defeating Jarmuth helps us see that death is a transition into eternal life, and our means of passing from this life into our fullest life.

2. The king of Aphek, means ‘tenacious fortress’. We can quite readily see that evil can be exactly like a tenacious fortress. Evil will hang on like grim death and refuse to let us go. Evil will attempt any number of devious tactics to break us down or undermine our faith. The last thing it will do is to see that we’re resolved, and then finally give up.

3. The king of Taanach, which means ‘sandy, hard to cross’. This might remind us of dangerous quicksands, or the way in which we stumble trying to walk through sand. Again, sometimes evil can appear to give us safer passage on solid ground, before we realize that it is the hells ensnaring us.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Hemelse Verborgenheden in Genesis en Exodus 2913, 3527, 4270

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Numeri 21:1, 3, 21, 32:32, 34:11

Deuteronomium 1:4, 2:32, 3:1, 11, 4:44, 46

Jozua 3:10, 16, 6:2, 8:29, 10:23, 28, 29, 30, 33, 38, 39, 40, 11:1, 2, 16, 17, 23, 13:8, 12, 14:3, 18:7, 21:25, 34, 22:4

Rechters 1:9, 5:19

I Koningen 4:10, 12, 19, 14:17

Nehemiah 9:24

Psalm 135:11

Významy biblických slov

koningen
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Lands
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

land
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

kinderen
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

geslagen
To strike or smite, when used in the Bible, means to attack, harm or destroy, and is usually in reference to an attack on someone’s...

de Jordaan
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

jordaan
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

zon
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

beek
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

berg
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

vlakke
'A plain' signifies good and truth in the natural self, because 'the people who dwell in plains,' or 'beneath mountains and hills' are in the...

oosten
Sunrise' denotes coming of the Lord, or beginning of a celestial state.

koning
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

hesbon
'Heshbon,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:3, signifies the fructification of truth in the natural self.

midden
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

ammons
The children of Ammon ('Jeremiah 49:1'), signify those who falsify the truths of the Word, and of the church.

zee
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

weg
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

beneden
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

reuzen
Giants, as in Genesis 6:4, signify those who, through a persuasion of their own height and pre-eminence view whatever is holy and true as nothing.

mozes
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

knecht
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

heeren
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

jozua
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

libanon
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

seir
'Seir,' as in Genesis 33:14, signifies the conjunction of spiritual and celestial things in the natural level, that is, the truth of faith with the...

stammen
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

woestijn
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

zuiden
'South' denotes truth in light.

Hethieten
'A Hittite' in a good sense, signifies the spiritual church, or the truth of the church. The Hittites were among the upright Gentiles who were...

hevieten
The Hivites' represent those who were in idolatry, but in which there was something of good.

jericho
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

een
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

ai
Hai, or Ai, signifies light derived from worldly things.

Beth-El
Toen Jakob zijn beroemde droom had, van een trap naar de hemel, noemde hij de plaats "Bethel", wat Hebreeuws is voor "het huis van God"....

jeruzalem
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

hazor
'The inhabitants of Hazor,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:30, signify those who possess spiritual riches, which are the things of faith. 'Hazor,' as mentioned in...

megiddo
'Megiddo,' as in 2 Chronicles 3, signifies the same as Armageddon.

karmel
Carmel (Isa. 16:10) signifies the good of the church. Carmel also signifies the celestial church. (Isa. 35:2.)

heidenen
'A nation,' as in Genesis 21:18, signifies the spiritual church which should receive the good of faith. Nation from afar,' as in Jeremiah 5:17, signifies...

gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

dertig
'Thirty' has a twofold significance because it is is the product of five and six, and also three and ten. From five multiplied by six,...


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