Genesis 18

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1 Daarna verscheen hem de HEERE aan de eikenbossen van Mamre, als hij in de deur der tent zat, toen de dag heet werd.

2 En hij hief zijn ogen op en zag; en ziet, daar stonden drie mannen tegenover hem; als hij hen zag, zo liep hij hun tegemoet van de deur der tent, en boog zich ter aarde.

3 En hij zeide: Heere! heb ik nu genade gevonden in Uw ogen, zo gaat toch niet aan Uw knecht voorbij.

4 Dat toch een weinig waters gebracht worde, en wast Uw voeten, en leunt onder dezen boom.

5 En ik zal een bete broods langen, dat Gij Uw hart sterkt; daarna zult Gij voortgaan, daarom omdat Gij tot Uw knecht overgekomen zijt. En zij zeiden: Doe zo als gij gesproken hebt.

6 En Abraham haastte zich naar de tent tot Sara, en hij zeide: Haast u; kneed drie maten meelbloem, en maak koeken.

7 En Abraham liep tot de runderen, en hij nam een kalf, teder en goed, en hij gaf het aan den knecht, die haastte, om dat toe te maken.

8 En hij nam boter en melk, en het kalf, dat hij toegemaakt had, en hij zette het hun voor, en stond bij hen onder dien boom, en zij aten.

9 Toen zeiden zij tot hem: Waar is Sara, uw huisvrouw? En hij zeide: Ziet, in de tent.

10 En Hij zeide: Ik zal voorzeker weder tot u komen, omtrent dezen tijd des levens; en zie, Sara, uw huisvrouw, zal een zoon hebben! En Sara hoorde het aan de deur der tent, welke achter Hem was.

11 Abraham nu en Sara waren oud, en wel bedaagd; het had Sara opgehouden te gaan naar de wijze der vrouwen.

12 Zo lachte Sara bij zichzelve, zeggende: Zal ik wellust hebben, nadat ik oud geworden ben, en mijn heer oud is?

13 En de HEERE zeide tot Abraham: Waarom heeft Sara gelachen, zeggende: Zou ik ook waarlijk baren, nu ik oud geworden ben?

14 Zou iets voor den HEERE te wonderlijk zijn? Ter gezetter tijd zal Ik tot u wederkomen, omtrent dezen tijd des levens, en Sara zal een zoon hebben!

15 En Sara loochende het, zeggende: Ik heb niet gelachen; want zij vreesde. En Hij zeide: Neen! maar gij hebt gelachen.

16 Toen stonden die mannen op van daar, en zagen naar Sodom toe; en Abraham ging met hen, om hen te geleiden.

17 En de HEERE zeide: Zal Ik voor Abraham verbergen, wat Ik doe?

18 Dewijl Abraham gewisselijk tot een groot en machtig volk worden zal, en alle volken der aarde in hem gezegend zullen worden?

19 Want Ik heb hem gekend, opdat hij zijn kinderen en zijn huis na hem zoude bevelen, en zij den weg des HEEREN houden, om te doen gerechtigheid en gerichte; opdat de HEERE over Abraham brenge, hetgeen Hij over hem gesproken heeft.

20 Voorts zeide de HEERE: Dewijl het geroep van Sodom en Gomorra groot is, en dewijl haar zonde zeer zwaar is,

21 Zal Ik nu afgaan en bezien, of zij naar hun geroep, dat tot Mij gekomen is, het uiterste gedaan hebben, en zo niet, Ik zal het weten.

22 Toen keerden die mannen het aangezicht van daar, en gingen naar Sodom; maar Abraham bleef nog staande voor het aangezicht des HEEREN.

23 En Abraham trad toe, en zeide: Zult Gij ook den rechtvaardige met den goddeloze ombrengen?

24 Misschien zijn er vijftig rechtvaardigen in de stad; zult Gij hen ook ombrengen, en de plaats niet sparen, om de vijftig rechtvaardigen, die binnen haar zijn?

25 Het zij verre van U, zulk een ding te doen, te doden den rechtvaardige met den goddeloze! dat de rechtvaardige zij gelijk de goddeloze, verre zij het van U! zou de Rechter der ganse aarde geen recht doen?

26 Toen zeide de HEERE: Zo Ik te Sodom binnen de stad vijftig rechtvaardigen zal vinden, zo zal Ik de ganse plaats sparen om hunnentwil.

27 En Abraham antwoordde en zeide: Zie toch; ik heb mij onderwonden te spreken tot den Heere, hoewel ik stof en as ben!

28 Misschien zullen aan de vijftig rechtvaardigen vijf ontbreken; zult Gij dan om vijf de ganse stad verderven? En Hij zeide: Ik zal haar niet verderven, zo Ik er vijf en veertig zal vinden.

29 En hij voer voort nog tot Hem te spreken, en zeide: Misschien zullen aldaar veertig gevonden worden! En Hij zeide: Ik zal het niet doen om der veertigen wil.

30 Voorts zeide hij: Dat toch de Heere niet ontsteke, dat ik spreke; misschien zullen aldaar dertig gevonden worden! En Hij zeide: Ik zal het niet doen, zo Ik aldaar dertig zal vinden.

31 En hij zeide: Zie toch, ik heb mij onderwonden te spreken tot de Heere; misschien zullen er twintig gevonden worden! En Hij zeide: Ik zal haar niet verderven om der twintigen wil.

32 Nog zeide hij: Dat toch de Heere niet ontsteke, dat ik alleenlijk ditmaal spreke: misschien zullen er tien gevonden worden. En Hij zeide: Ik zal haar niet verderven om der tienen wil.

33 Toen ging de HEERE weg, als Hij geeindigd had tot Abraham te spreken; en Abraham keerde weder naar zijn plaats.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Genesis 18      

Napsal(a) Emanuel Swedenborg

Here are some excerpts from Swedenborg's "Arcana Coelestia" that help explain the inner meaning of this chapter:

AC 2136. In the first place, this chapter treats concerning the Lord’s state of perception in the Human and concerning the communication with the Divine at that time, before the perfect union of His Human Essence with the Divine Essence, which state is also that in regard to which the Lord says,

"No one hath seen God at any time, the Only-begotten Son who is in the bosom of the Father" (John 1:18).

AC 2137. The Lord‘s state of perception in the Human at that time is signified by the "oak-groves of Mamre" (verse 1); and that in this state He perceived the Divine which was manifesting itself before His Human (verse 2); at which He rejoiced (verse 3); and desired that the Divine should draw nearer to His Human by putting on something natural (verse 4), and His Human nearer to the Divine by putting on the celestial (verse 5). The celestial and the derivative spiritual, which He put on, are signified by the "three measures of meal of fine flour" of which the cakes were made (verse 6); and that He also put on a conforming natural, is signified by the "son of an ox" (verse 7); the result being conformation, and a communication of the Divine with the Human, and of the Human with the Divine (verse 8).

AC 2138. In the second place, this chapter treats concerning the Lord’s perception in that state respecting the rational with Him, in that it would put off the Human, and be made Divine.

AC 2139. That the rational would be made Divine, is signified by the "son" whom Sarah was to bear (verse 10). That the human rational truth that was with the Lord did not perceive this, and thus did not believe it, is signified by Sarah‘s "laughing" at the door of the tent that was behind him (verses 10-13, 15). It is confirmed that the Lord would put off this also, and would put on in its place truth Divine (verse 14).

AC 2140. In the third place, the chapter treats concerning the Lord’s grief and anxiety over the human race, because men were so greatly imbued with the love of self, and from this with the cupidity of exercising command over others from what is evil and false, for whom in that state He interceded, and obtained that those should be saved with whom there should be goods and truths; and who these are, is recounted in order.

AC 2141. The Lord‘s perception concerning the human race, that it was in evil and falsity, "Sodom" being the love of self and the derivative cupidity of exercising command from what is evil, and "Gomorrah" being the same from what is false (verses 16, 20). That this could not be concealed from the Lord in that state, because by Him and from Him is all salvation (verses 17 to 19); that is to say, they were to be visited when their wickedness reached its height (verses 20, 21). That when He was in this perception (verse 22), He interceded for them; first for those with whom there should be truths, and these truths full of goods, who are signified by the "fifty" (verses 23 to 26); also for those with whom there should be less of good, but this good nevertheless conjoined with truths, who are signified by the "forty-five" (verses 27, 28); next for those who have been in temptations, who are signified by the "forty" (verse 29); as likewise for those who have been in some combats against evils, who are signified by the "thirty" (verse 30); afterwards for those with whom there should be states of the affection of good from any other source, who are signified by the "twenty" (verse 31); lastly for those with whom there should be states of the affection of truth, who are signified by the "ten" (verse 32); and the constant answer was that they should be saved (verses 26, 28 to 32). These things being accomplished, the Lord returned into His former state of perception (verse 33). These are the arcana contained in the internal sense of this chapter, which are not manifest from the letter.

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Genesis 18      

Napsal(a) Emanuel Swedenborg

Here are some excerpts from Swedenborg's "Arcana Coelestia" that help explain the inner meaning of this chapter:

AC 2136. In the first place, this chapter treats concerning the Lord’s state of perception in the Human and concerning the communication with the Divine at that time, before the perfect union of His Human Essence with the Divine Essence, which state is also that in regard to which the Lord says,

"No one hath seen God at any time, the Only-begotten Son who is in the bosom of the Father" (John 1:18).

AC 2137. The Lord‘s state of perception in the Human at that time is signified by the "oak-groves of Mamre" (verse 1); and that in this state He perceived the Divine which was manifesting itself before His Human (verse 2); at which He rejoiced (verse 3); and desired that the Divine should draw nearer to His Human by putting on something natural (verse 4), and His Human nearer to the Divine by putting on the celestial (verse 5). The celestial and the derivative spiritual, which He put on, are signified by the "three measures of meal of fine flour" of which the cakes were made (verse 6); and that He also put on a conforming natural, is signified by the "son of an ox" (verse 7); the result being conformation, and a communication of the Divine with the Human, and of the Human with the Divine (verse 8).

AC 2138. In the second place, this chapter treats concerning the Lord’s perception in that state respecting the rational with Him, in that it would put off the Human, and be made Divine.

AC 2139. That the rational would be made Divine, is signified by the "son" whom Sarah was to bear (verse 10). That the human rational truth that was with the Lord did not perceive this, and thus did not believe it, is signified by Sarah‘s "laughing" at the door of the tent that was behind him (verses 10-13, 15). It is confirmed that the Lord would put off this also, and would put on in its place truth Divine (verse 14).

AC 2140. In the third place, the chapter treats concerning the Lord’s grief and anxiety over the human race, because men were so greatly imbued with the love of self, and from this with the cupidity of exercising command over others from what is evil and false, for whom in that state He interceded, and obtained that those should be saved with whom there should be goods and truths; and who these are, is recounted in order.

AC 2141. The Lord‘s perception concerning the human race, that it was in evil and falsity, "Sodom" being the love of self and the derivative cupidity of exercising command from what is evil, and "Gomorrah" being the same from what is false (verses 16, 20). That this could not be concealed from the Lord in that state, because by Him and from Him is all salvation (verses 17 to 19); that is to say, they were to be visited when their wickedness reached its height (verses 20, 21). That when He was in this perception (verse 22), He interceded for them; first for those with whom there should be truths, and these truths full of goods, who are signified by the "fifty" (verses 23 to 26); also for those with whom there should be less of good, but this good nevertheless conjoined with truths, who are signified by the "forty-five" (verses 27, 28); next for those who have been in temptations, who are signified by the "forty" (verse 29); as likewise for those who have been in some combats against evils, who are signified by the "thirty" (verse 30); afterwards for those with whom there should be states of the affection of good from any other source, who are signified by the "twenty" (verse 31); lastly for those with whom there should be states of the affection of truth, who are signified by the "ten" (verse 32); and the constant answer was that they should be saved (verses 26, 28 to 32). These things being accomplished, the Lord returned into His former state of perception (verse 33). These are the arcana contained in the internal sense of this chapter, which are not manifest from the letter.

Swedenborg

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 468, 1420, 1616, 2072, 2142, 2143, 2144, ...

Apocalyps Onthuld 658

True Christian Religion 755


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 340, 397, 1153

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 49

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heere
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Mamre was an Amorite who lived in the land of Canaan, in the area called Hebron in what would much later be the kingdom of...

deur
In algemene zin staan deuren in de Bijbel voor de eerste verlangens naar het goede en voor concepten van waarheid die mensen introduceren tot nieuwe...

tent
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

dag
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

ogen
Het is gebruikelijk om te zeggen "Ik zie" als we iets begrijpen. En inderdaad, "zien" in de Bijbel staat voor het begrijpen en begrijpen van...

zag
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

ziet
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

drie
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boog
To bow, as in Genesis 18:2 signifies to humble.

aarde
Is er een verschil in betekenis tussen "aarde" en "grond"? Op het eerste gezicht lijkt dat niet zo; beide verwijzen naar de bodem die de...

zeide
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

gevonden
Finding, or being found, can have different meanings in the Word, depending on the context. Here are two examples, From Arcana Coelestia 5756, 'Behold, the...

knecht
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

wast
It does not take a great leap of imagination to see that “washing” in the Bible represents purification. Washing dirt from the skin is symbolic...

voeten
Onze voeten zijn de laagste delen van ons lichaam, en ze zijn erg nuttig! In de Bijbel vertegenwoordigen voeten het laagste en meest utilitaire deel...

onder
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boom
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hart
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abraham
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haastte
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haast
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sara
'Sarah' denotes truth joined to good. Sarai was called 'Sarah' so she would represent the divine intellectual principle by adding the 'H' from the name...

meelbloem
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runderen
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goed
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boter
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melk
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stond
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aten
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achter
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na
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weg
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vijftig
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plaats
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spreken
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stof
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as
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vijf
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veertig
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dertig
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twintig
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tien
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tienen
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Videa od Swedenborg Foundation

Zde uvedená videa jsou poskytnuta se svolením našich přátel ze Swedenborg Foundation. Více se o nich dozvíte zde: swedenborg.com.


Was God Really Angry With Sodom and Gomorrah?

As Jesus said on the road to Emmaus, the Old Testament is teaching us about Jesus's inner life. What can we learn from the story of Sodom and Gomorrah?

Genesis 18:16-26 >> 03:36
, 06:39

The Meaning of Sodom and Gomorrah

Focus on the internal meaning of the Sodom and Gomorrah story

Genesis 18:16-26 >> 13:28
, 16:33
Zdroje pro rodiče a učitele

Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


 Abraham and Lot
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Abraham and Sarah's Family
The Lord promises Abraham many descendants.
Story | Ages 2 - 8

 Abraham and the Angels
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Abraham and the Angels, Birth of Isaac
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
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 Isaac’s Birth Foretold
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 The Appearing of the Angels to Abraham
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14


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