Genesis 16

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1 Doch Sarai, Abrams huisvrouw, baarde hem niet; en zij had een Egyptische dienstmaagd, welker naam was Hagar.

2 Zo zeide Sarai tot Abram: Zie toch, de HEERE heeft mij toegesloten, dat ik niet bare; ga toch in tot mijn dienstmaagd, misschien zal ik uit haar gebouwd worden. En Abram hoorde naar de stem van Sarai.

3 Zo nam Sarai, Abrams huisvrouw, de Egyptische Hagar, haar dienstmaagd, ten einde van tien jaren, welke Abram in het land Kanaan gewoond had, en zij gaf haar aan Abram, haar man, hem tot een vrouw.

4 En hij ging in tot Hagar, en zij ontving. Als zij nu zag, dat zij ontvangen had, zo werd haar vrouw veracht in haar ogen.

5 Toen zeide Sarai tot Abram: Mijn ongelijk is op u; ik heb mijn dienstmaagd in uw schoot gegeven; nu zij ziet, dat zij ontvangen heeft, zo ben ik veracht in haar ogen; de HEERE rechte tussen mij en tussen u!

6 En Abram zeide tot Sarai: Zie uw dienstmaagd is in uw hand; doe haar, wat goed is in uw ogen. En Sarai vernederde haar, en zij vluchtte van haar aangezicht.

7 En de Engel des HEEREN vond haar aan een waterfontein in de woestijn, aan de fontein op den weg van Sur.

8 En hij zeide: Hagar, gij, dienstmaagd van Sarai! van waar komt gij, en waar zult gij heengaan? En zij zeide: Ik ben vluchtende van het aangezicht mijner vrouw Sarai!

9 Toen zeide de Engel des HEEREN tot haar: Keer weder tot uw vrouw, en verneder u onder haar handen.

10 Voorts zeide de Engel des HEEREN tot haar: Ik zal uw zaad grotelijks vermenigvuldigen, zodat het vanwege de menigte niet zal geteld worden.

11 Ook zeide des HEEREN Engel tot haar: Zie, gij zijt zwanger, en zult een zoon baren, en gij zult zijn naam Ismael noemen, omdat de HEERE uw verdrukking aangehoord heeft.

12 En hij zal een woudezel van een mens zijn; zijn hand zal tegen allen zijn, en de hand van allen tegen hem; en hij zal wonen voor het aangezicht van al zijn broederen.

13 En zij noemde den Naam des HEEREN, Die tot haar sprak: Gij, God des aanziens! want zij zeide: Heb ik ook hier gezien naar Dien, Die mij aanziet?

14 Daarom noemde men dien put, den put Lachai-Roi; ziet, hij is tussen Kades en tussen Bered.

15 En Hagar baarde Abram een zoon; en Abram noemde den naam zijns zoons, die Hagar gebaard had, Ismael.

16 En Abram was zes en tachtig jaren oud, toen Hagar Ismael aan Abram baarde.

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Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

De hemelse Verborgenheden die in de Heilige Schrift of het Woord van de Heer 1890, 1891, 1903, 1904, 1905, 1906, 1907, ...

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 417


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De hemelse Verborgenheden die in de Heilige Schrift of het Woord van de Heer 340, 1892, 1893, 1894, 1895, 1896, 1897, ...

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Word/Phrase Explanations

abrams
Abram and Nahor taking to themselves wives, Sarah and Milcah (Gen 11:29), signifies marriages of evil with falsity in idolatrous worship. Abram, Nahor, and Haran,...

dienstmaagd
'A handmaid' signifies the affection of rational and scientific things. 'A handmaid,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:3, signifies the affirming medium of conjoining inner truths...

naam
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

Hagar
Hagar, as mentioned in Genesis 16, signifies the affection of sciences of the outward self and also the life of the outer or natural self.

zeide
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

heere
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

gebouwd
wrought (also entwined or entwisted) is predicated of the natural scientific principle, and in Isaiah 45:13, of divine natural truth.

stem
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

vrouw
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

tien
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

Land
Land' in the Word, denotes the church, for the things which signify the church also signify the things relating to the church, for these constitute...

kanaan
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

man
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

ogen
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

gegeven
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

ziet
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

goed
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

vluchtte
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

engel
'A messenger' signifies communication.

woestijn
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

weg
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

komt
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

onder
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

handen
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

zaad
'A seed' signifies love, and everyone who has love, as in Genesis 12:7. 8:15, 16. 'A seed' signifies faith grounded in charity. 'A seed' signifies...

zwanger
To be with child, (Gen. 38:24), signifies to produce something.

Zoon
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

ismael
'Ishmael' represents the first rationality pertaining to the Lord. 'Ishmael' signifies rationality separate from good. 'Ishmael' signifies the Lord's merely human rational. Ishmael, in Genesis...

verdrukking
An affliction "such as was not from the beginning of the world, no nor ever shall be", mentioned in 'Matthew 24:21', means the infestation from...

noemde
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

sprak
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

Kades
'Kadesh' denotes truths, and contention about truths.

Bered
Bared, as in Gen 16:14, signifies what is beneath, consequently, scientific truth, from which also the rational principle is derived

tachtig
Swedenborg tells us that 80, like 40, can represent a state of temptation, when we face and battle our desires for evil – and that...

oud
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library by following this link.


 Abraham and Ishmael
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Abraham and Lot
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Questions Asked by God
Article | Ages over 15

 Questions from the Lord
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Bodies of Spirits
The Old and New testaments give examples of people seeing angels in human form. These stories confirm that after resurrection a person will have a spiritual body like the natural body--but more perfect.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 11 - 17


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