Amos 4

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1 Hoort dit woord, gij koeien van Basan! gij, die op den berg van Samaria zijt, die de armen verdrukt, die de nooddruftigen verplettert; gij, die tot hunlieder heren zegt: Brengt aan, opdat wij drinken.

2 De Heere HEERE heeft gezworen bij Zijn heiligheid, dat er, ziet, dagen over ulieden zullen komen, dat men u zal optrekken met haken, en uw nakomelingen met visangelen.

3 En gij zult door de bressen uitgaan, een ieder voor zich henen; en gij zult, hetgeen in het paleis gebracht is, wegwerpen, spreekt de HEERE.

4 Komt te Beth-El, en overtreedt te Gilgal; maakt des overtredens veel, en brengt uw offers des morgens, uw tienden om de drie dagen!

5 En rookt van het gedesemde een lofoffer, en roept vrijwillige offers uit, doet het horen; want alzo hebt gij het gaarne, gij kinderen Israels! spreekt de Heere HEERE.

6 Daarom heb Ik ulieden ook reinheid der tanden gegeven in al uw steden, en gebrek van brood in al uw plaatsen; nochtans hebt gij u niet bekeerd tot Mij, spreekt de HEERE.

7 Daartoe heb Ik ook den regen van ulieden geweerd, als er nog drie maanden waren tot den oogst, en heb doen regenen over de ene stad, maar over de andere stad niet doen regenen; het ene stuk lands werd beregend, maar het andere stuk lands, waar het niet op regende, verdorde.

8 En twee, drie steden togen om tot een stad, opdat zij water mochten drinken, maar werden niet verzadigd; nochtans hebt gij u niet bekeerd tot Mij, spreekt de HEERE.

9 Ik heb ulieden geslagen met brandkoren en met honigdauw; de veelheid uwer hoven, en uwer wijngaarden, en uwer vijgebomen, en uwer olijfbomen at de rups op; nochtans hebt gij u niet bekeerd tot Mij, spreekt de HEERE.

10 Ik heb de pestilentie onder ulieden gezonden, naar de wijze van Egypte; Ik heb uw jongelingen door het zwaard gedood, en uw paarden gevankelijk laten wegvoeren; en Ik heb den stank uwer heirlegeren zelfs in uw neus doen opgaan; nochtans hebt gij u niet bekeerd tot Mij, spreekt de HEERE.

11 Ik heb sommigen onder ulieden omgekeerd, gelijk God Sodom en Gomorra omkeerde, u, die waart als een vuurbrand, dat uit den brand gered is; nochtans hebt gij u niet bekeerd tot Mij, spreekt de HEERE.

12 Daarom zal Ik u alzo doen, o Israel! omdat Ik u dan dit doen zal, zo schik u, o Israel! om uw God te ontmoeten.

13 Want zie, Die de bergen formeert, en den wind schept, en den mens bekend maakt, wat zijn gedachte zij, Die den dageraad duisternis maakt, en op de hoogten der aarde treedt, HEERE, God der heirscharen, is Zijn Naam.

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Exploring the Meaning of Amos 4      

By Helen Kennedy

In chapter 4 of the Book of Amos, verses 1-3 talk about people who pervert the truths of the church. They will fall into falsities in outermost things. Fish are lower things, so it follows that fishhooks (verse 2) would mean being caught and held fast in natural or lower things.

Verses 4-6 talk about things of worship such as tithes and sacrifices. These look similar to genuine worship, but are only in outermost things. We can tell because ‘teeth’ (verse 6) represent ultimates or outermost things (Secrets of Heaven 6380), so it follows that “cleanness of teeth” would mean outermost things that look good but only imitate genuine worship. The Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verses 7-8. Some things true will remain, when the rest are false, in consequence of which truths will have no power. This can be seen where the Lord says, “I made it rain on one city; I withheld rain from another city... where it did not rain the part withered.” Again the Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verse 9. Afterward all things of the church are falsified, shown in how blight attacked the gardens, vineyards, fig tree and olive trees. The last three represent spiritual, natural and celestial things, or all the things of spiritual life. “Yet you have not returned to me,” says the Lord.

Verses 10-11. The Lord explains the devastating things he allowed to happen: plague in Egypt, death of young men by swords, stench in the camps, Sodom and Gomorrah. This is because they are profaned by sensual knowledges - profanation meaning the mixing of good and evil together (Secrets of Heaven 1001:2).

This extends to all things of the church, the church being the Lord’s kingdom on earth (Secrets of Heaven 768:3).

With profanation “as soon as any idea of what is holy arises, the idea of what is profane joins immediately to it” (Secrets of Heaven 301).

Now there is hardly anything left. “Yet you have not returned to Me,” says the Lord again.

Verses 12-13. Because people adamantly remain in their profane ways, they are warned, “Prepare to meet your God!”. This is the God powerful and mighty, “who forms mountains, and creates the wind,” and even more close to home, “Who declares to man what his thought is.” As intimately a knowing as that is, the Lord’s love for all humanity is contained in His exhortations for them to turn themselves to Him.

See, for example, Luke 6:44-45, and True Christian Religion 373.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 204


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

De hemelse Verborgenheden die in de Heilige Schrift of het Woord van de Heer 382, 1069, 1453, 2165, 2220, 2799, 2842, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 336, 439, 474, 496, 502, 862

Leer Over De Heer 49


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 403, 405, 513, 532, 556, 560, 608, ...

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Hop to Similar Bible Verses

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Word/Phrase Explanations

hoort
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

woord
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

berg
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

samaria
'Samaria,' as in Amos 4:1. 6:1, signifies the spiritual church perverted.

zegt
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

drinken
To be drunken without wine (Isa. 29:9), are they who are unconcerned about the Word, and the truths of faith, and thus have no inclination...

heere
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

dagen
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

komen
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

paleis
'A palace,' as in Psalm 144:12, represents the understanding in which truths have a beautiful form. They have a beautiful form when they are from...

Gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

tienden
'Tithes' or 'ten' denotes fullness, and 'a tenth part,' sufficiency.

drie
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

tanden
'Teeth' signify the outer edges of the life of the natural self, or the sensory level. This has two kinds, the will, and the understanding....

steden
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

brood
Just as natural food feeds the natural body, so spiritual food feeds the spiritual body. And since our spiritual body is the expression of what...

maanden
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

oogst
'A harvest' symbolizes the state of the church with respect to Divine truth. The reason is that a harvest yields the grain used to make...

regenen
'Rain,' in a positive sense, denotes blessing, but in the opposite sense, damnation Rain,' as in Genesis 2:5-6, Exodus 34:25-27, and Hosea 6:3, signifies the...

twee
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

een
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

water
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

wijngaarden
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...

pestilentie
'Pestilence' denotes the vastation of good and truth.

egypte
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

zwaard
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

paarden
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

god
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

Sodom
"Sodom" in the Bible represents the love of self and the love of ruling or dominating others springing from the love of self. This is...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

ontmoeten
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

wind
Because a nearer and stronger divine influx through the heavens disperses truths among the wicked, 'wind' signifies this dispersion of truth and the resulting conjunction...

aarde
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

heirscharen
Armies of the heavens and the sands of the sea ('Jeremiah 33:15-22') signify the knowledges of truth and good in the spiritual and natural ma{ign21}

naam
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...


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