Amos 1

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1 De woorden van Amos, die onder de veeherderen was van Thekoa, dewelke hij gezien heeft over Israel, in de dagen van Uzzia, koning van Juda, en in de dagen van Jerobeam, zoon van Joas, koning van Israel; twee jaren voor de aardbeving.

2 En hij zeide: De HEERE zal brullen uit Sion, en Zijn stem verheffen uit Jeruzalem; en de woningen der herderen zullen treuren, en de hoogte van Karmel zal verdorren.

3 Alzo zegt de HEERE: Om drie overtredingen van Damaskus, en om vier zal Ik dat niet afwenden; omdat zij Gilead met ijzeren dorswagens hebben gedorst.

4 Daarom zal Ik een vuur in het huis van Hazael zenden, dat zal de paleizen van Benhadad verteren.

5 En Ik zal den grendel van Damaskus verbreken, en zal uitroeien den inwoner van Bikeat-Aven, en dien, die den scepter houdt, uit Beth-Eden; en het volk van Syrie zal gevankelijk weggevoerd worden naar Kir, zegt de HEERE.

6 Alzo zegt de HEERE: Om drie overtredingen van Gaza, en om vier zal Ik dat niet afwenden; omdat zij Mijn volk gevankelijk hebben weggevoerd met een volkomen wegvoering, om aan Edom over te leveren.

7 Daarom zal Ik een vuur zenden in den muur van Gaza, dat zal haar paleizen verteren.

8 En Ik zal den inwoner uitroeien uit Asdod, en dien, die den scepter houdt, uit Askelon; en Ik zal Mijn hand wenden tegen Ekron, en het overblijfsel der Filistijnen zal vergaan, zegt de Heere Heere.

9 Alzo zegt de HEERE: Om drie overtredingen van Tyrus, en om vier zal Ik dat niet afwenden; omdat zij Mijn volk met een volkomen wegvoering hebben overgeleverd aan Edom, en niet gedacht aan het verbond der broederen.

10 Daarom zal Ik een vuur zenden in den muur van Tyrus, dat zal haar paleizen verteren.

11 Alzo zegt de HEERE: Om drie overtredingen van Edom, en om vier zal Ik dat niet afwenden; omdat hij zijn broederen met het zwaard heeft vervolgd, en zijn barmhartigheden verdorven; en dat zijn toorn eeuwiglijk verscheurt, en hij zijn verbolgenheid altoos behoudt.

12 Daarom zal Ik een vuur zenden in Theman, dat zal de paleizen van Bozra verteren.

13 Alzo zegt de HEERE: Om drie overtredingen der kinderen Ammons, en om vier zal Ik dat niet afwenden; omdat zij de zwangere vrouwen van Gilead hebben opengesneden, om hun landpale te verwijden.

14 Daarom zal Ik een vuur aansteken in den muur van Rabba, dat zal haar paleizen verteren; met een gejuich ten dage des strijds, met een onweder ten dage des wervelwinds.

15 En hunlieder koning zal gaan in gevangenis, hij en zijn vorsten te zamen, zegt de HEERE.



Exploring the Meaning of Amos 1      

Napsal(a) Joe David

Amos was a prophet in ancient Israel during the reigns of Jeroboam II and Uzziah. His writings/sayings date from around 760-755 BC.

In his explanations of the inner meaning of the Word, Swedenborg summarizes the meaning of Amos's prophecies in his unpublished work, "The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms". We've used that text, and references made elsewhere by Swedenborg to these verses, and then the more general system of words and their symbolism that he described, to suggest the outlines of the internal sense of these Bible chapters.

In Amos 1:1-2, the verses describe the Lord teaching us about the Word and doctrine from the Word. In this book of the Bible, the prophet Amos symbolizes the Lord. Amos was a shepherd, and of course that metaphor is used to describe the Lord Jesus Christ, too, in the New Testament.

The book of Amos describes the Lord's anger and impatience with the Children of Israel - in the literal sense. Inside, though, it is really a story of the Lord’s great love and concern for us. This is a book of promise: The Lord will triumph over hell’s quest to dominate us and destroy the gift of salvation. This victory is not an occasional interest of the Lord’s; He has an “ardent zeal” to protect us.

In verse 2, the roaring of the Lord from Zion and the uttering of His voice from Jerusalem teach us several things about Him in this context:
- He has grievous distress for His church and people.
- He has an ardent zeal for protecting heaven and the church.
- He warns of coming vastations.
- He points to the drying up of our “Mount Carmel” and the effects this will have on our “vineyards.”

There are different ways to destroy true ideas and good loves. Verses 3-15 in this chapter describe the different ways that people do this.

Verses 3-5 are talking about people who pervert knowledges from the Word, knowledges which help us form true, useful doctrine. When people successfully corrupt knowledge from the Word, they also undermine the good that would come from that knowledge. But, these people will perish, spiritually.

Verses 6-8 describe people who apply the Word to create or reinforce heretical false ideas. That's not a good thing to do; they will perish, too.

Verses 9-10 address people who pervert knowledges [cognitiones] of good and truth, and thereby injure the external sense of the Word.

Verses 11-12 are about people who pervert the sense of the letter of the Word by falsity, by which doctrine perishes.

Finally, verses 13-15 describe people who falsify the truths of the sense of the letter of the Word: they do not resist in the day of combat, but destroy the truth of doctrine.

What are we to make of this? One take-away is that the Lord loves us, and wants to protect us. Another is that he wants us to carefully read the Word and seek the truths in it - those in the literal sense, and those in the internal sense. From these we should form sound doctrine, and develop good loves that can be built on true ideas.

For further reading, see Arcana Coelestia 2606, 10325, and The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 201.

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Amos 1      

Napsal(a) Joe David

Amos was a prophet in ancient Israel during the reigns of Jeroboam II and Uzziah. His writings/sayings date from around 760-755 BC.

In his explanations of the inner meaning of the Word, Swedenborg summarizes the meaning of Amos's prophecies in his unpublished work, "The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms". We've used that text, and references made elsewhere by Swedenborg to these verses, and then the more general system of words and their symbolism that he described, to suggest the outlines of the internal sense of these Bible chapters.

In Amos 1:1-2, the verses describe the Lord teaching us about the Word and doctrine from the Word. In this book of the Bible, the prophet Amos symbolizes the Lord. Amos was a shepherd, and of course that metaphor is used to describe the Lord Jesus Christ, too, in the New Testament.

The book of Amos describes the Lord's anger and impatience with the Children of Israel - in the literal sense. Inside, though, it is really a story of the Lord’s great love and concern for us. This is a book of promise: The Lord will triumph over hell’s quest to dominate us and destroy the gift of salvation. This victory is not an occasional interest of the Lord’s; He has an “ardent zeal” to protect us.

In verse 2, the roaring of the Lord from Zion and the uttering of His voice from Jerusalem teach us several things about Him in this context:
- He has grievous distress for His church and people.
- He has an ardent zeal for protecting heaven and the church.
- He warns of coming vastations.
- He points to the drying up of our “Mount Carmel” and the effects this will have on our “vineyards.”

There are different ways to destroy true ideas and good loves. Verses 3-15 in this chapter describe the different ways that people do this.

Verses 3-5 are talking about people who pervert knowledges from the Word, knowledges which help us form true, useful doctrine. When people successfully corrupt knowledge from the Word, they also undermine the good that would come from that knowledge. But, these people will perish, spiritually.

Verses 6-8 describe people who apply the Word to create or reinforce heretical false ideas. That's not a good thing to do; they will perish, too.

Verses 9-10 address people who pervert knowledges [cognitiones] of good and truth, and thereby injure the external sense of the Word.

Verses 11-12 are about people who pervert the sense of the letter of the Word by falsity, by which doctrine perishes.

Finally, verses 13-15 describe people who falsify the truths of the sense of the letter of the Word: they do not resist in the day of combat, but destroy the truth of doctrine.

What are we to make of this? One take-away is that the Lord loves us, and wants to protect us. Another is that he wants us to carefully read the Word and seek the truths in it - those in the literal sense, and those in the internal sense. From these we should form sound doctrine, and develop good loves that can be built on true ideas.

For further reading, see Arcana Coelestia 2606, 10325, and The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 201.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Hemelse Verborgenheden in Genesis en Exodus 2606, 10325

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 201


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Hemelse Verborgenheden in Genesis en Exodus 367, 1197, 3995, 4171, 6419, 6804, 9340, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 343, 612


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 419, 532, 601, 746, 817, 850

Scriptural Confirmations 9, 75

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 27:41, 36:33

Exodus 3:1

Numeri 20:20

I Samuël 6:17

II Samuël 12:31, 14:2

2 Koningen 8:12, 14:23, 28, 15:16, 16:9

2 Kronieken 20:10, 11, 21:16, 17, 26:1

Psalm 29:4

Jesaja 8:4, 17:1, 21:11, 23:1, 33:9, 34:5

Jeremia 25:30, 28:8, 47:1, 49:1, 7, 23

Ezechiël 21:25, 25:1, 12, 15, 26:1, 27:1, 27, 28:1, 30:17, 35:1

Hosea 1:1, 10:8, 14:1

Amos 2:2, 5, 3:8, 9, 5:5, 7:14, 9:7

Obadiah 1:1

Zefanja 2:4, 8

Zacharia 9:1, 2, 3, 5, 14:5

Maleachi 1:4

Významy biblických slov

woorden
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

gezien
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

dagen
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

koning
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

zoon
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

zeide
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

heere
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

stem
When the Lord speaks through the heaven, it descends into the lower spheres and is heard as thunder. As He speaks through the whole of...

jeruzalem
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

treuren
In a general sense, mourning in the Bible represents a state of grief over the lack of desires for good and true ideas about life....

karmel
Carmel (Isa. 16:10) signifies the good of the church. Carmel also signifies the celestial church. (Isa. 35:2.)

verdorren
In the Bible (and in life), the idea of withering is usually connected to plants, and plants generally wither if they don't get enough water....

zegt
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

drie
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

overtredingen
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

damaskus
Damascus and Aroer (Isaiah 17:1, 2) signify the knowledges of truth and good. See Eliezer of Damascus.

vier
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

ijzeren
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

gedorst
'To thresh,' as in Micah 4:13, signifies dissipating evils among people of the church.

vuur
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

huis
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

paleizen
'A palace,' as in Psalm 144:12, represents the understanding in which truths have a beautiful form. They have a beautiful form when they are from...

eden
According to the Writings, “Eden” by itself means love, in most cases the love that comes from the Lord and our love for the Lord,...

gaza
Azzah, (Gen 10:19), signifies those things which are revealed concerning charity.

edom
'Edom' or 'Idumea,' as in Isaiah 34:5, signifies those who are in evil and in falsities thence derived.

muur
'A wall' signifies truth in outer extremes. 'A wall,' as in Revelation 21, signifies the divine truth proceeding from the Lord, and so, the truth...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

filistijnen
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

tyrus
'Tyre,' as in Ezekiel 27:13-14, represents people with knowledge of celestial and spiritual things.

zwaard
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

toorn
'Toorn', zoals in Genesis 49: 7, betekent afkeer van de waarheid. 'Grote toorn', zoals in Openbaring 00:12, betekent haat tegen de nieuwe kerk.

kinderen
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

ammons
The children of Ammon ('Jeremiah 49:1'), signify those who falsify the truths of the Word, and of the church.

Rabba
'The sons of Rabbah' signify the affections of truth in the natural self.

dage
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

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