I Samuël 8

Studovat vnitřní smysl
← I Samuël 7   I Samuël 9 →         

1 Het geschiedde nu, toen Samuel oud geworden was, zo stelde hij zijn zonen tot richters over Israel.

2 De naam van zijn eerstgeborenen zoon nu was Joel, en de naam van zijn tweeden was Abia; zij waren richters te Ber-seba.

3 Doch zijn zonen wandelden niet in zijn wegen; maar zij neigden zich tot de gierigheid, en namen geschenken, en bogen het recht.

4 Toen vergaderden zich alle oudsten van Israel, en zij kwamen tot Samuel te Rama;

5 En zij zeiden tot hem: Zie, gij zijt oud geworden, en uw zonen wandelen niet in uw wegen; zo zet nu een koning over ons, om ons te richten, gelijk al de volken hebben.

6 Maar dit woord was kwaad in de ogen van Samuel, als zij zeiden: Geef ons een koning, om ons te richten. En Samuel bad den HEERE aan.

7 Doch de HEERE zeide tot Samuel: Hoor naar de stem des volks in alles, wat zij tot u zeggen zullen; want zij hebben u niet verworpen, maar zij hebben Mij verworpen, dat Ik geen Koning over hen zal zijn.

8 Naar de werken, die zij gedaan hebben, van dien dag af, toen Ik hen uit Egypte geleid heb, tot op dezen dag toe, en hebben Mij verlaten en andere goden gediend; alzo doen zij u ook.

9 Hoor dan nu naar hun stem; doch als gij hen op het hoogste zult betuigd hebben, zo zult gij hen te kennen geven de wijze des konings, die over hen regeren zal.

10 Samuel nu zeide al de woorden des HEEREN het volk aan, hetwelk een koning van hem begeerde.

11 En zeide: Dit zal des konings wijze zijn, die over u regeren zal: hij zal uw zonen nemen, dat hij hen zich stelle tot zijn wagen, en tot zijn ruiteren, dat zij voor zijn wagen henen lopen;

12 En dat hij hen zich stelle tot oversten der duizenden, en tot oversten der vijftigen; en dat zij zijn akker ploegen, en dat zij zijn oogst oogsten, en dat zij zijn krijgswapenen maken, mitsgaders zijn wapentuig.

13 En uw dochteren zal hij nemen tot apothekeressen, en tot keukenmaagden, en tot baksters.

14 En uw akkers, en uw wijngaarden, en uw olijfgaarden, die de beste zijn, zal hij nemen, en zal ze aan zijn knechten geven.

15 En uw zaad, en uw wijngaarden zal hij vertienen, en hij zal ze aan zijn hovelingen, en aan zijn knechten geven.

16 En hij zal uw knechten, en uw dienstmaagden, en uw beste jongelingen, en uw ezelen nemen, en hij zal zijn werk daarmede doen.

17 Hij zal uw kudden vertienen; en gij zult hem tot knechten zijn.

18 Gij zult wel te dien dage roepen, vanwege uw koning, dien gij u zult verkoren hebben, maar de HEERE zal u te dien dage niet verhoren.

19 Doch het volk weigerde Samuels stem te horen; en zij zeiden: Neen, maar er zal een koning over ons zijn.

20 En wij zullen ook zijn gelijk al de volken; en onze koning zal ons richten, en hij zal voor onze aangezichten uitgaan, en hij zal onze krijgen voeren.

21 Als Samuel al de woorden des volks gehoord had, zo sprak hij dezelve voor de oren des HEEREN.

22 De HEERE nu zeide tot Samuel: Hoor naar hun stem, en stel hun een koning. Toen zeide Samuel tot de mannen van Israel: Gaat heen, een iegelijk naar zijn stad.

← I Samuël 7   I Samuël 9 →
   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 8      

This chapter marks a historic turning point for the Children of Israel. Since their escape from Egypt some four hundred years earlier, the Lord Jehovah, through Moses, and Joshua, and then a series of judges, had directly ruled the people. Now, though, the people pleaded that they might instead have a king. In a sense, they wanted to be led by human nature, not by the God's law and prophets.

The corruption of Samuel’s sons, as judges over Israel, was what spurred this movement. Samuel had grown old, and his sons, Joel and Abiah, had become judges over Israel. However, they began to act immorally, taking bribes and “perverting judgement.” This is similar to the corruption of the High Priest Eli’s sons, described in 1 Samuel 2, and not unlike the misbehavior of two of Aaron's sons, Nadab and Abihu, as in Leviticus 10.

Samuel prayed to the Lord, asking what he should do about the people’s demand for a king. The Lord assured him that the request came not because he, Samuel, had been rejected. Instead, it was the Lord Himself who the people of Israel had rejected. The Lord sent a warning through Samuel to the people, and Samuel told them of the personal and financial cost that would come with having a king. The king would use a substantial portion of the land’s resources, and take the best for himself. Having a king would also mean that they were rejecting the Lord’s direct leadership, and because of this they would be unable to call on His help in the way that they had in the past. The people heard the warning, but did not change their minds.

There are two united ways in which the Lord wants to judge us. One way is through love or goodness. The other is through truth. In other words, our lives can be judged according to the type of love that exists in our hearts, and therefore the love we exhibit toward others. We will make mistakes, but it is our intent that matters most. Judgment according to truth, by comparison, is somewhat cold. We either adhere to the law or we don’t. The two, love and truth, should exist together. Intentions should be considered together with what we actually do. From this time in Israelite history, the role of priest, representing judgment from goodness or love, was separated from the role of king, representing judgment by truth. They denied themselves the opportunity to be ruled by love and left themselves to be ruled by the cold letter of the law (see Arcana Coelestia 6148).

Swedenborg also discusses this concept in Arcana Coelestia 1672. He writes that there is a different meaning of a “people,” meaning truths, and a “nation,” meaning goods. Kings, he writes, are associated with a people, not a nation. Thus before the Children of Israel were ruled by a king, they represented “a good, or that which is celestial,” but while they had a king they represented “truth or that which is spiritual” (Arcana Coelestia 1672). This further supports the idea that they began to separate the judgement by truth and judgement by love, choosing only truth, or the law as represented by a king.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Hemelse Verborgenheden in Genesis en Exodus 1672, 2015, 2567, 2723, 6148, 8301, 8770


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 638, 654, 919

Jiný komentář

  Příběhy:



Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 46:1

Exodus 16:8, 23:6, 8

Deuteronomium 16:18, 17:14

Rechters 8:22

I Samuël 1:19, 8:5, 7, 20, 22, 10:19, 25, 12:1, 2, 12, 17, 19, 23, 14:52, 15:11, 17:8, 22:7

II Samuël 15:1

I Koningen 12:4

2 Koningen 19:14, 21:9

1 Kronieken 6:13, 27:1

Job 8

Psalm 78:8, 81:12

Proverbs 1:25, 28

Jesaja 23, 59:1

Jeremia 22:17, 44:16

Ezechiël 8:18

Hosea 13:10

Micha 3:4, 11

Mattheüs 20:25

Handelingen van de Apostelen 13:21

Významy biblických slov

samuel
'Samuel' signifies the Word.

oud
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

zonen
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

naam
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

eerstgeborenen
When the Bible talks about generations or birth order, the internal meaning has to do with the progression of spiritual states and their relative importance....

zoon
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

wegen
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

rama
'Ramah' denotes things that pertain to spiritual truth derived from celestial truth.

wandelen
To walk in the Bible represents living, and usually means living according to the true things taught to us by the Lord -- to "walk...

koning
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

ons
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

woord
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

heere
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

zeide
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

stem
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

zeggen
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

werken
'Works,' as in Genesis 46:33, denote goods, because they are from the will, and anything from the will is either good or evil, but anything...

dag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

egypte
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

goden
De Heer is de liefde zelf, uitgedrukt in de vorm van de wijsheid zelf. Liefde is dan ook zijn essentie, zijn in wezen. Wijsheid -...

konings
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

regeren
To reign,' as in Revelation 5, signifies being in truths and goods, and so in power, from the Lord, to resist evils and falsities which...

woorden
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

heeren
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

duizenden
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

ploegen
'Ploughing' denotes preparation for good to receive truths.

oogst
'A harvest' symbolizes the state of the church with respect to Divine truth. The reason is that a harvest yields the grain used to make...

oogsten
'To reap' signifies executing judgment. 'Reaping' denotes the reception of truth in good.

dochteren
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

wijngaarden
A vineyard signifies the church where the Word is, by which the Lord is known. (Apocalypse Revealed 650)

geven
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

zaad
'A seed' signifies love, and everyone who has love, as in Genesis 12:7. 8:15, 16. 'A seed' signifies faith grounded in charity. 'A seed' signifies...

dienstmaagden
'A handmaid' signifies the affection of rational and scientific things. 'A handmaid,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:3, signifies the affirming medium of conjoining inner truths...

werk
'Works,' as in Genesis 46:33, denote goods, because they are from the will, and anything from the will is either good or evil, but anything...

dage
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

horen
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

gehoord
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

mannen
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

stad
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

Zdroje pro rodiče a učitele

Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


 Asking for a King
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Asking for a King (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 Asking for a King (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 Asking for a King (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

 Saul Anointed by Samuel, Reigns as King
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10


Přeložit: