I Samuël 4

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1 En het woord van Samuel geschiedde aan gans Israel. En Israel toog uit, den Filistijnen tegemoet, ten strijde, en legerde zich bij Eben-Haezer, maar de Filistijnen legerden zich bij Afek.

2 En de Filistijnen stelden zich in slagorden, om Israel te ontmoeten; en als zich de strijd uitspreidde, zo werd Israel voor der Filistijnen aangezicht geslagen; want zij sloegen in de slagorden in het veld omtrent vier duizend man.

3 Als het volk wederom in het leger gekomen was, zo zeiden de oudsten van Israel: Waarom heeft ons de HEERE heden geslagen voor het aangezicht der Filistijnen? Laat ons van Silo tot ons nemen de ark des verbonds des HEEREN, en laat die in het midden van ons komen, opdat zij ons verlosse van de hand onzer vijanden.

4 Het volk dan zond naar Silo, en men bracht van daar de ark des verbonds des HEEREN der heirscharen, die tussen de cherubim woont; en de twee zonen van Eli, Hofni en Pinehas, waren daar met de ark des verbonds van God.

5 En het geschiedde, als de ark des verbonds des HEEREN in het leger kwam, zo juichte gans Israel met een groot gejuich, alzo dat de aarde dreunde.

6 Als nu de Filistijnen de stem van het juichen hoorden, zo zeiden zij: Wat is de stem van dit grote juichen in het leger der Hebreen? Toen vernamen zij, dat de ark des HEEREN in het leger gekomen was.

7 Daarom vreesden de Filistijnen, want zij zeiden: God is in het leger gekomen. En zij zeiden: Wee ons, want dergelijke is gisteren en eergisteren niet geschied!

8 Wee ons, wie zal ons redden uit de hand van deze heerlijke goden? Dit zijn dezelfde goden, die de Egyptenaars met alle plagen geplaagd hebben, bij de woestijn.

9 Zijt sterk, en weest mannen, gij Filistijnen, opdat gij de Hebreen niet misschien dient, gelijk als zij ulieden gediend hebben; zo zijt mannen, en strijdt.

10 Toen streden de Filistijnen, en Israel werd geslagen, en zij vloden een iegelijk in zijn tenten; en er geschiedde een zeer grote nederlaag, zodat er van Israel vielen dertig duizend voetvolks.

11 En de ark Gods werd genomen, en de twee zonen van Eli, Hofni en Pinehas, stierven.

12 Toen liep er een Benjaminiet uit de slagorden, en kwam te Silo denzelfden dag; en zijn klederen waren gescheurd, en er was aarde op zijn hoofd.

13 En als hij kwam, ziet, zo zat Eli op een stoel aan de zijde van den weg, uitziende; want zijn hart was sidderende vanwege de ark Gods. Als die man kwam, om zulks te verkondigen in de stad, toen schreeuwde de ganse stad.

14 En als Eli de stem des geroeps hoorde, zo zeide hij: Wat is de stem dezer beroerte? Toen haastte zich die man, en hij kwam en boodschapte het aan Eli.

15 (Eli nu was een man van acht en negentig jaren, en zijn ogen stonden stijf, dat hij niet zien kon.)

16 En die man zeide tot Eli: Ik ben het, die uit de slagorden kom, en ik ben heden uit de slagorden gevloden. Hij dan zeide: Wat is er geschied, mijn zoon?

17 Toen antwoordde hij, die de boodschap bracht, en zeide: Israel is gevloden voor het aangezicht der Filistijnen, en er is ook een grote nederlaag onder het volk geschied; daarenboven zijn uw twee zonen, Hofni en Pinehas, gestorven, en de ark Gods is genomen.

18 En het geschiedde, als hij van de ark Gods vermeldde, zo viel hij achterwaarts van den stoel af, aan de zijde der poort, en brak den nek, en stierf; want de man was oud en zwaar; en hij richtte Israel veertig jaren.

19 En zijn schoondochter, de huisvrouw van Pinehas, was bevrucht, zij zou baren; als deze de tijding hoorde, dat de ark Gods genomen was, en haar schoonvader gestorven was, en haar man, zo kromde zij zich, en baarde; want haar weeen overvielen haar.

20 En omtrent den tijd van haar sterven, zo spraken de vrouwen, die bij haar stonden: Vrees niet, want gij hebt een zoon gebaard. Doch zij antwoordde niet, en nam het niet ter harte.

21 En zij noemde het jongsken Ikabod, zeggende: De eer is weggevoerd uit Israel! Omdat de ark Gods gevankelijk weggevoerd was, en om haars schoonvaders en haars mans wil.

22 En zij zeide: De eer is gevankelijk weggevoerd uit Israel, want de ark Gods is genomen.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 4      

Although it was clear throughout Israel that Samuel had been established as the Lord’s prophet, the Israelites were still unprepared to listen to his prophecy. A new battle took place between the army of Israel and the army of the Philistines, that went decidedly in the Philistines’ favor. About four thousand men of Israel died.

The Israelites were in great distress, and they sent for the Ark of the covenant from Shiloh in order to summon the power of the Lord. Accompanying the Ark were the two sons of the High Priest Eli: Hophni and Phinehas. When the Ark reached the Israelite camp, the Israelites shouted with joy, and the Philistines became afraid. They knew that the Israelite God was surely with them, and they remembered His power from the plagues of Egypt (in Exodus 7 through 12). The Philistines, in order to avoid being enslaved by the Israelites, summoned courage and defeated Israel. In the process, they captured the Ark of the Covenant.

A messenger was dispatched to bring the bad news to Shiloh, where Eli was. Hophni and Phinehas were dead, and the Ark was in enemy hands. Upon hearing the news, the elderly Eli fell backwards from his seat and died. Phinehas’ wife was heavily pregnant. The bad news broke her spirit and she died shortly after delivering a son that she named Ichabod. The doom predicted in Chapter three of 1 Samuel had come to pass.

The Ark of the Covenant contained two stone tablets, on which were written the Ten Commandments. These were written by the finger of God, and given to Moses on Mount Sinai. The Commandments represented the covenant between the Lord and people. They would be joined together through love and faith: God’s love for His people, and their love for Him. Love, faith in God and obedience to His message would forever bind them. The covenant is only fulfilled when people, individually and collectively, do what is written on those two tablets (see True Christianity 285.)

When the Israelites lose the Ark of the Covenant in this story (and with it, the Ten Commandments) it symbolizes the loss of a person’s covenantal relationship with the Lord their Creator. This covenant can be severed, if we choose to break it, and this story is a representation of the destruction that breaking the covenant can cause. God, however, will never give up on us, and is always ready to come into our lives if we accept Him.

In True Christianity 285, Swedenborg writes that God is always ready to keep His commandment with us, but we must use our free will to keep our commandment with Him. This is illustrated in a quote from Revelation 3:20: “Behold, I stand at the door and knock. If anyone hears my voice and opens the door, I will come in to him and dine with him, and he with me.”

While this story is an example of a covenant with God described in the Old Testament of the Word, this relationship between God and His people (and, of course, with each one of us individually) is a theme throughout all of the Bible. The New Testament describes a new covenant that the Lord seeks to build with each of us.

The Philistines, whom the Israelites were battling in this chapter, are mentioned in Swedenborg’s writings, where he writes that they represent faith without charity. Both faith and charity are necessary to follow the Lord, and knowledge of what is right and true is not useful unless we apply it to our lives. If we do not, this knowledge simply becomes memory instead of an ongoing part of our life (see Arcana Coelestia 1197). In this chapter, the Israelites lose a battle to the Philistines and surrender the Ark of the Covenant, which contains the Ten Commandments. Since Philistines represent knowledge without charity, perhaps this story is telling us that in order to keep our covenant with God, it is not enough to know what is required of us, what is written on the tablet. We must also act accordingly. When we both understand the commandments and practice them, then we are able to keep our covenant with God.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Hemelse Verborgenheden in Genesis en Exodus 1343, 1703, 2576, 4763, 9396, 9416


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 277, 700, 817

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 35:17, 18

Exodus 9:14, 14:14, 25, 15:14, 25:22

Leviticus 26:17, 37

Numeri 10:35, 14:45

Deuteronomium 29:10

Jozua 7:6, 15:53

Rechters 13:1, 15:20

I Samuël 2:34, 3:2, 11, 12, 5:1, 7, 7:12, 10:19, 14:3, 29:1, 3

II Samuël 10:12

I Koningen 1:40, 20:26

Psalm 74:11, 78:60, 61, 62, 64, 80:2

Jesaja 59:1, 2

Klaagliederen 2:1

Apocalyps 11:6

Významy biblických slov

woord
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

samuel
'Samuel' signifies the Word.

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

filistijnen
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

de Filistijnen
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

ontmoeten
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

strijd
Oorlog in het Woord vertegenwoordigt de strijd van de verleiding wanneer het goede wordt aangevallen door het kwade of het valse. Het kwaad dat aanvalt...

geslagen
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

zij sloegen
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

veld
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

vier
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

duizend
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

man
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

komen
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

ons
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

heere
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

ark
Er worden drie arken genoemd in het Woord, de ark van Noach, de ark van biezen voor de baby Mozes, en de ark van het...

heeren
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

vijanden
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

heirscharen
Armies of the heavens and the sands of the sea ('Jeremiah 33:15-22') signify the knowledges of truth and good in the spiritual and natural ma{ign21}

cherubim
A Cherub has as its first definition in the dictionary, “A winged heavenly creature.” Cherubim is the plural of cherub. In the Word, the words...

woont
'Inhabit' refers to good.

twee
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

zonen
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

god
De Heer is de liefde zelf, uitgedrukt in de vorm van de wijsheid zelf. Liefde is dan ook zijn essentie, zijn in wezen. Wijsheid -...

kwam
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

aarde
"Aarde" in de Bijbel kan een persoon of een groep gelijkgestemden betekenen als in een kerk. Maar het verwijst specifiek naar de buitenkant van de...

stem
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

goden
De Heer is de liefde zelf, uitgedrukt in de vorm van de wijsheid zelf. Liefde is dan ook zijn essentie, zijn in wezen. Wijsheid -...

plagen
'Plagues' signify evils of love, and falsities of faith. 'The plagues of Egypt' signify the falsities and lust which cause the church to perish. In...

woestijn
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

tenten
'Tent' is used in the Word to signify the celestial and holy aspects of love, because in ancient time they performed holy worship in their...

dertig
'Thirty' has a twofold significance because it is is the product of five and six, and also three and ten. From five multiplied by six,...

dag
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

gescheurd
'Torn,' as in Genesis 31:38, signifies death caused by another, so evil without blame. 'Torn' relates to good, which falsity is injected into, which means...

hoofd
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

stoel
'The Lord's throne' signifies, in general, the whole heaven, and specifically, the spiritual heaven, and by extension, divine truth proceeding, and so, everything of heaven...

weg
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

hart
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

stad
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

zeide
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

haastte
'To hasten' or 'hastiness' in the internal sense, does not denote what is quick, but what is certain, and also what is full, thus every...

acht
According to Swedenborg, the number eight represents something that is complete within itself, in every respect. Two reasons are offered for this. First, eight is...

ogen
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

zien
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

zoon
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

antwoordde
Het "antwoord" geeft over het algemeen een staat van spirituele ontvankelijkheid aan. Uiteindelijk betekent dit ontvankelijk zijn voor de Heer, die voortdurend probeert ware ideeën...

viel
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

poort
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

veertig
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

tijd
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

noemde
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

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 The Capture and Return of the Ark
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
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 The Capture and Return of the Ark (3-5 years)
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 The Capture and Return of the Ark (6-8 years)
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 The Capture and Return of the Ark (9-11 years)
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