Lamentations 3

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1 Aleph. I am the man that see my poverty by the rod of his indignation.

2 Aleph. He hath led me, and brought me into darkness, and not into light.

3 Aleph. Only against me he hath turned, and turned again his hand all the day.

4 Beth. My skin and my flesh he hath made old, he hath broken my bones.

5 Beth. He hath built round about me, and he hath compassed me with gall and labour.

6 Beth. He hath set me in dark places as those that are dead for ever.

7 Ghimel. He hath built against me round about, that I may not get out: he hath made my fetters heavy.

8 Ghimel. Yea, and when I cry, and entreat, he hath shut out my prayer.

9 Ghimel. He hath shut up my ways with square stones, he hath turned my paths upside down.

10 Daleth. He is become to me as a bear lying in wait: as a lion in secret places.

11 Daleth. He hath turned aside my paths, and hath broken me in pieces, he hath made me desolate.

12 Daleth. He hath bent his bow, and set me as a mark for his arrows.

13 He. He hath shot into my reins the daughters of his quiver.

14 He. I am made a derision to all my people, their song all the day long.

15 He. He hath filled me with bitterness, he hath inebriated me with wormwood.

16 Vau. And he hath broken my teeth one by one, he hath fed me with ashes.

17 Vau. And my soul is removed far off from peace, I have forgotten good things.

18 Vau. And I said: My end and my hope is perished from the Lord.

19 Zain. Remember my poverty, and transgression, the wormwood, and the gall.

20 Zain. I will be mindful and remember, and my soul shall languish within me.

21 Zain. These things I shall think over in my heart, therefore will I hope.

22 Heth. The mercies of the Lord that we are not consumed: because his commiserations have not failed.

23 Heth. They are new every morning, great is thy faithfulness.

24 Heth. The Lord is my portion, said my soul: therefore will I wait for him.

25 Teth. The Lord is good to them that hope in him, to the soul that seeketh him.

26 Teth. It is good to wait with silence for the salvation of God.

27 Teth. It is good for a man, when he hath borne the yoke from his youth.

28 Jod. He shall sit solitary, and hold his peace: because he hath taken it up upon himself.

29 Jod. He shall put his mouth in the dust, if so be there may be hope.

30 Jod. He shall give his cheek to him that striketh him, he shall be filled with reproaches.

31 Caph. For the Lord will not cast off for ever.

32 Caph. For if he hath cast off, he will also have mercy, according to the multitude of his mercies.

33 Caph. For he hath not willingly afflicted, nor cast off the children of men.

34 Lamed. To crush under his feet all the prisoners of the land,

35 Lamed. To turn aside the judgment of a man before the face of the most High,

36 Lamed. To destroy a man wrongfully in his judgment, the Lord hath not approved.

37 Mem. Who is he that hath commanded a thing to be done, when the Lord commandeth it not?

38 Mem. Shall not both evil and good proceed out of the mouth of the Highest?

39 Mem. Why hath a living man murmured, man suffering for his sins?

40 Nun. Let us search our ways, and seek, and return to the Lord.

41 Nun. Let us lift up our hearts with our hands to the Lord in the heavens.

42 Nun. We have done wickedly, and provoked thee to wrath: therefore thou art inexorable.

43 Samech. Thou hast covered in thy wrath, and hast struck us: thou hast killed and hast not spared.

44 Samech. Thou hast set a cloud before thee, that our prayer may not pass through.

45 Samech. Thou hast made me as an outcast, and refuse in the midst of the people.

46 Phe. All our enemies have opened their mouths against us.

47 Phe. Prophecy is become to us a fear, and a snare, and destruction.

48 Phe. My eye hath run down with streams of water, for the destruction of the daughter of my people.

49 Ain. My eye is afflicted, and hath not been quiet, because there was no rest:

50 Ain. Till the Lord regarded and looked down from the heavens.

51 Ain. My eye hath wasted my soul because of all the daughters of my city.

52 Sade. My enemies have chased me and caught me like a bird, without cause.

53 Sade. My life is fallen into the pit, and they have laid a stone over me.

54 Sade. Waters have flowed over my head: I said: I am cut off.

55 Coph. I have called upon thy name, O Lord, from the lowest pit.

56 Coph. Thou hast heard my voice: turn not away thy ear from my sighs, and cries.

57 Coph. Thou drewest near in the day, when I called upon thee, thou saidst: Fear not.

58 Res. Thou hast judged, O Lord, the cause of my soul, thou the Redeemer of my life.

59 Res. Thou hast seen, O Lord, their iniquity against me: judge thou my judgment.

60 Res. Thou hast seen all their fury, and all their thoughts against me.

61 Sin. Thou hast heard their reproach, O Lord, all their imaginations against me.

62 Sin. The lips of them that rise up against me: and their devices against me all the day.

63 Sin. Behold their sitting down, and their rising up, I am their song.

64 Thau. Thou shalt render them a recompense, O Lord, according to the works of their hands.

65 Thau. Thou shalt give them a buckler of heart, thy labour.

66 Thau. Thou shalt persecute them in anger, and shalt destroy them from under the heavens, O Lord.

← Lamentations 2   Lamentations 4 →
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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 121


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 3869, 8941, 9024, 9163

Apocalypse Revealed 306, 410, 485, 573, 721


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 365, 419, 519, 727, 781

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 58

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 59

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Word/Phrase Explanations

see
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

Led
'To be led by the Lord' is to be in a state of essential liberty, blessedness, and happiness.

darkness
"Darkness" is a state without light. "Light" is truth from the Lord, so "darkness" is a state where truth is lacking.

light
Nov. 4, 1879: Thomas Edison filed a patent for a long-burning light bulb. Nov. 5, 1879: The light bulb was universally accepted as the symbol...

day
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

skin
'Skin' corresponds to truth or to falsity in the extremes. 'The skin,' as relates to the grand human, means the natural self. There are spirits...

flesh
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

broken
To “break” something creates an image that is much different from “attacking,” “destroying,” or “shattering.” It is less emotional, less violent in its intent; it...

bones
Bones are strong and supportive, providing a framework for our bodies and making motion and action possible. They are also the least "alive" part of...

built
wrought (also entwined or entwisted) is predicated of the natural scientific principle, and in Isaiah 45:13, of divine natural truth.

gall
'To vex' or 'gall' someone signifies resistance by falsities.

Dead
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

Cry
As with most common verbs, the spiritual meaning of “crying” or “crying out” (meaning a shout or wail, not weeping) is highly dependent on context....

ways
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

bear
Bears represent the power of the literal external stories and ideas of Bible, separate from their deeper meanings. Since they are wild carnivores, this is...

lion
'A lion' signifies the good of celestial love and the truth from that good.

Bow
A bow signifies falsity of doctrine destroying truth, and spear, the falsity of evil de­stroying good. (Jer. 6:23.)

arrows
'Shafts' or 'arrows' signify truths and spiritual truth.

quiver
'A quiver,' as in Isaiah 49:2, signifies the Word. 'A quiver' signifies the doctrinal matters of good and truth.

long
'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.

wormwood
'Wormwood' signifies infernal falsity because of its intense bitterness, which makes meat and drink awful. 'Waters of wormwood' signifies falsities of evil.

teeth
'Teeth' signify the outer edges of the life of the natural self, or the sensory level. This has two kinds, the will, and the understanding....

ashes
Ashes as in ('Ezekiel 27:30') signify what is condemned; because fire from which they are derived signify infernal love. Ashes of the furnace ('Exodus 9:8')...

soul
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

removed
As with many verbs, the meaning of "remove" in the Bible varies a good bit depending on context. It generally involves a separation of spiritual...

peace
In ordinary life, we tend to think of "peace" as essentially "a lack of conflict." As a nation, if we're not at war, it's a...

good
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

the Lord
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

lord
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

remember
'To remember,' as in Genesis 41:9, signifies conjunction. 'Remembering' denotes conjunction because the remembrance of anyone in the other life joins them together, because as...

heart
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

morning
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

faithfulness
In the modern world, we’re used to thinking of “faith” as primarily an emotional state. When Swedenborg talks about “faith” – which his books do...

youth
'Tender of age' denotes the state of truths newly received not yet genuine.

Sit
'To sit before Jehovah' is to be with Him, and so, it also means willing and acting from Him. 'To stand before Him,' is to...

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

mouth
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

dust
'Powder' or 'dust' refers to love of self and the world.

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

cheek
The cheek, referred to in Matthew 5:39, signifies the perception and understanding of interior truth. The right cheek signifies the affection, and thence perception, and...

mercy
In regular language, "mercy" means being caring and compassionate toward those who are in poor states. That's a position we are all in relative to...

children
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

men
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

under
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

feet
Our feet are the lowest and most utilitarian parts of our bodies, and in the Bible they represent the lowest and most utilitarian part of...

Prisoners
Prisoners out of the pit wherein is no water,' as in Zechariah 9:11, signify the faithful who were kept in the lower earth until the...

land
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

a
A help-meet for him,' or 'a help as before him,' as mentioned in Genesis 2:18, signifies proprium, or what is one's own. However, whereas the...

turn
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

Judgment
Judgement' pertains to the Lord's divine human and holy proceeding. Judgment' has two sides, a principle of good, and a principle of truth. The faithful...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

face
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

Most high
'The most high' signifies the inmost.

high
'Height' signifies what is inward, and also heaven.

evil
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

Proceed
'To proceed' signifies going forth.

us
Because people are governed by angels and spirits, in Genesis 1:26 it says 'let us make man into our image.' But because the Lord alone...

return
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

lift
The idea of "lifting" is used in a number of different ways in the Bible. In general, it means connecting with a higher spiritual state...

hands
'Washing of the hands' was an ancient declaration of innocence, and signifies purification from evils and falsities, as in Psalms 73:13 and Matthew 27:24.

Heavens
Heavens are celestial and spiritual things. Consequently, they are inmost things, both of the Lord's kingdom in heaven the and in the earth. This also...

wrath
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

cloud
In Isaiah 19:1, "Jehovah rides upon a light cloud, and comes into Egypt", signifies the visitation of the natural man from spiritual-natural Divine Truth, for...

pass
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

enemies
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

eye
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

down
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

the daughters of
The daughters of Rabbah' signify people who are in natural good and falsify the truths of the church.

Daughters
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

city
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

bird
"Birds" mean rational concepts in the external man and intellectual concepts in the internal man.

Pit
A pit,' or 'well which has no water,' as in Jeremiah 2:13, signifies doctrines which have no truths.

stone
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

waters
'Waters,' 'rivers,' and 'depths,' as in Psalm 78:15-16, signify truths from the Lord.

head
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

called
'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.

name
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

heard
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

voice
In Genesis 27:22, 'voice' relates to truth, and 'hand,' to good.

Near
'Near,' in the Word, signifies presence and conjunction. 'To be near' signifies being on internal levels. Near,' as in Genesis 19:20, signifies truth bordering upon...

Fear not
Fear not, as in Revelation 1:17; Daniel 10:5, 12; Matthew 17:5, 7; 28:10, etc., signifies resuscitation to life, and at the same time adoration from...

Fear
Fear has various significations according to the thing which causes it. Fear signifies love. Fear, as in Gen 28:17, signifies a holy change.

redeemer
Jehovah is called 'the redeemer,' because He took on a human nature.

seen
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

judge
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

thoughts
There are thoughts from perception, from conscience, and from a lack of conscience. Thoughts from perception are only possible in the celestial, that is, people...

reproach
To revile something – or "reproach," as it is often translated – represents making a direct and deliberate attack on what is spiritually true, in...

lips
'A lip' signifies doctrine. A lip,' as in Isaiah 6:3, 7, signifies the interior parts of a person, consequently, internal worship, where adoration is grounded....

rise up
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

sitting
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

render
'To reward' signifies meting out punishment.

works
'Works,' as in Genesis 46:33, denote goods, because they are from the will, and anything from the will is either good or evil, but anything...


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