Deuteronomy 20

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1 When thou goest out to war against thine enemies, and seest horses, and chariots, [and] a people more numerous than thou, thou shalt not fear them; for Jehovah thy God is with thee, who brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.

2 And it shall be, when ye approach unto the battle, that the priest shall draw near and speak unto the people,

3 and shall say unto them, Hear, Israel, ye are approaching this day unto battle against your enemies: let not your hearts faint, fear not, and do not tremble, neither be afraid of them;

4 for Jehovah your God is he that goeth with you, to fight for you against your enemies, to save you.

5 And the officers shall speak unto the people, saying, What man is there that hath built a new house, and hath not dedicated it? let him go and return unto his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man dedicate it.

6 And what man is there that hath planted a vineyard, and hath not eaten of it? let him go and return unto his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man eat of it.

7 And what man is there that hath betrothed a wife, and hath not taken her? let him go and return unto his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man take her.

8 And the officers shall speak further unto the people, and shall say, What man is there that is timid and faint-hearted? let him go and return unto his house, lest his brethren's heart melt as well as his heart.

9 And it shall be, when the officers have ended speaking unto the people, that they shall place captains of the hosts at the head of the people.

10 When thou approachest unto a city to fight against it, thou shalt proclaim peace unto it.

11 And it shall be, if it make thee answer of peace, and open unto thee, then all the people that are found therein shall be tributaries unto thee, and they shall serve thee.

12 And if it will not make peace with thee, but will make war with thee, then thou shalt besiege it;

13 and when Jehovah thy God delivereth it into thy hand, thou shalt smite every male thereof with the edge of the sword:

14 only the women, and the little ones, and the cattle, and all that shall be in the city, all the spoil thereof, shalt thou take as booty for thyself; and thou shalt eat the spoil of thine enemies, which Jehovah thy God giveth thee

15 Thus shalt thou do unto all the cities that are very far off from thee, which are not of the cities of these nations.

16 But of the cities of these peoples which Jehovah thy God giveth thee for an inheritance, thou shalt save alive nothing that breatheth,

17 but shalt utterly devote them to destruction, the Hittites and the Amorites, the Canaanites and the Perizzites, the Hivites and the Jebusites, as Jehovah thy God hath commanded thee;

18 that they teach you not to do according to all their abominations, which they have done unto their gods, so that ye sin against Jehovah your God.

19 When thou shalt besiege a city many days, in making war against it to take it, thou shalt not destroy the trees thereof by lifting up an axe against them; for thou canst eat of them; and thou shalt not cut them down, for is the tree of the field a man that it should be besieged?

20 Only the trees which thou knowest are not trees for meat, thou mayest destroy and cut them down, and build bulwarks against the city that maketh war with thee, until it fall.

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Explanation of Deuteronomy 20      

Napsal(a) Alexander Payne

Verses 1-4. The soul must not be afraid of evils and falsities when opposed by them in temptations, but must rely upon heaven.

Verses 5-9. Directions for combating with evil and falsity.

Verses 10-15. On contending with doctrines in the external mind that oppose regeneration.

Verses 16-18. But those derived from interior evil to be utterly destroyed.

Verses 19-20. But care to be taken not to destroy any genuine knowledges and perceptions in contending with false doctrines.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1097, 1444, 1664, 2913, 6394, 6858, 7111

Apocalypse Revealed 400, 847


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 109, 725, 734, 750, 919

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 15:20, 21

Exodus 14:13, 20:2, 23:32, 33

Numbers 10:9, 13:29, 14:9, 31:6, 7, 9, 17

Deuteronomy 1:21, 29, 30, 2:26, 35, 4:21, 7:2, 4, 21, 9:3, 12:30, 31, 18:9, 24:4, 5, 28:30, 31:6

Joshua 1:5, 9, 9:9, 10:8, 11, 23:10

Judges 6:12, 16, 7:3, 11:12

1 Samuel 14:23, 17:32

2 Samuel 18:1

1 Kings 5:1, 11:15

2 Kings 3:19, 25

1 Chronicles 14:15

2 Chronicles 10, 32:8

Psalms 33:17, 46:8

Jeremiah 16:14

Zechariah 10:5

1 Corinthians 9:7

Významy biblických slov

goest
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

war
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

enemies
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

horses
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

fear
The fearful signify people who have no faith.

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

land
"Earth" in the Bible can mean a person or a group of like-minded people as in a church. But it refers specifically to the external...

egypt
In the Bible, Egypt means knowledge and the love of knowledge. In a good sense that means knowledge of truth from the Lord through the...

battle
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

draw
"Drawing" is used a number of different ways in the Bible, generally in the sense of pulling, leading or moving: People most commonly draw water,...

near
'Nigh' denotes truth in affinity with good.

speak
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

say
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

hear
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

day
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

Fear not
Fear not, as in Revelation 1:17; Daniel 10:5, 12; Matthew 17:5, 7; 28:10, etc., signifies resuscitation to life, and at the same time adoration from...

afraid
The fearful signify people who have no faith.

goeth
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

save
To be saved or rescued means getting true ideas that we can hold to even in the face of a storm of false thinking. Sometimes...

people
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

man
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

built
There are really two meanings for "build" in the Bible. When something is being built for the first time, or built in the most typical...

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

go
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

return
There are many instances in the Bible which describe people turning back, looking back or going back. In most cases it is a negative, sometimes...

die
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

planted
'To plant' denotes regeneration.

Vineyard
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...

wife
It is because of a celestial and angelic proprium, or selfhood, that the church is called 'a woman,' 'a wife,' 'a bride,' 'a virgin,' and...

brethren
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

melt
'To melt' denotes vanishing before the heat of lust.

well
A pit,' or 'well which has no water,' as in Jeremiah 2:13, signifies doctrines which have no truths.

captains
Captains and Rulers (Jer. 51:23) signifies principal evils and falsities. Captains and Rulers (Ezek 33:6) signifies principal truths. See Chief Captains.

hosts
When the divine power of good or omnipotence is being discussed in the Word, then says 'Jehovah Zebaoth,' or 'Jehovah of hosts,' and also 'Lord,'...

head
'Officer' denotes doctrines or principles of interpretation.

city
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

proclaim
'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.

peace
In ordinary life, we tend to think of "peace" as essentially "a lack of conflict." As a nation, if we're not at war, it's a...

answer
To "answer" generally indicates a state of spiritual receptivity. Ultimately this means being receptive to the Lord, who is constantly trying to pour true ideas...

open
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

found
To not to be found any more, signifies not to rise again.

serve
Generally speaking, those who are at lower levels of an organization serve those at higher levels. Bosses boss and their employees serve; coaches devise strategy...

besiege
'To lay siege' means bringing distress by evils and falsities.

hand
In Genesis 27:22, 'voice' relates to truth, and 'hand,' to good.

smite
To strike or smite, when used in the Bible, means to attack, harm or destroy, and is usually in reference to an attack on someone’s...

Edge of the sword
The edge of the sword (Gen. 34:26) signifies what is false and evil in a state of combat.

sword
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

women
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

spoil
'To spoil,' as in Genesis 34:27, signifies destruction. 'Spoil,' as in Deuteronomy 13:16, signifies the falsification of truth.

booty
'Spoil of gold, and silver, and cattle' signifies falsified truths.

eat
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

giveth
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

cities
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

nations
The Bible generally uses two different terms for large groups: “people” and “nations.” When it uses “nation,” it is talking about a group with the...

inheritance
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

hittites
'A Hittite' in a good sense, signifies the spiritual church, or the truth of the church. The Hittites were among the upright Gentiles who were...

hivites
The Hivites' represent those who were in idolatry, but in which there was something of good.

Jebusites
Girgashites and Jebusites, as in Genesis 15:21, signify falsities derived from evils.

commanded
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

gods
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

many
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

days
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

trees
In general, plants in the Bible represent facts, thoughts and ideas – intellectual things. This makes sense: Plants are rooted in place, but can grow...

tree
In general, plants in the Bible represent facts, thoughts and ideas – intellectual things. This makes sense: Plants are rooted in place, but can grow...

field
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

down
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

build
wrought (also entwined or entwisted) is predicated of the natural scientific principle, and in Isaiah 45:13, of divine natural truth.

bulwarks
Bulwarks (Isa. 26:2) signify truths.

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