1 Samuel 6

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1 And the ark of Jehovah was in the country of the Philistines seven months.

2 And the Philistines called for the priests and the diviners, saying, What shall we do with the ark of Jehovah? tell us wherewith we shall send it to its place.

3 And they said, If ye send away the ark of the God of Israel, send it not empty; ye must at any rate return him a trespass-offering: then ye shall be healed, and it shall be known to you why his hand is not removed from you.

4 Then they said, What is the trespass-offering which we shall return to him? And they said, Five golden hemorrhoids, and Five golden mice, the number of the lords of the Philistines; for one plague is upon them all, and upon your lords.

5 And ye shall make images of your hemorrhoids, and images of your mice that destroy the land, and give glory to the God of Israel: perhaps he will lighten his hand from off you, and from off your gods, and from off your land.

6 And why will ye harden your heart, as the Egyptians and Pharaoh hardened their heart? When he had wrought mightily among them, did they not let them go, and they departed?

7 And now make a new cart, and take two milch kine, on which there has come no yoke, and tie the kine to the cart, and bring their calves home from them;

8 and take the ark of Jehovah, and lay it upon the cart, and the golden jewels, which ye return him as a trespass-offering, put in the coffer by the side thereof; and send it away that it may go.

9 And see, if it go up by the way of its own border to Beth-shemesh, it is he who has done us this great evil; if not, then we shall know that it is not his hand that touched us; it was a chance [that] happened to us.

10 And the men did so, and took two milch kine, and tied them to the cart, and shut up their calves at home.

11 And they laid the ark of Jehovah upon the cart, and the coffer with the golden mice and the images of their sores.

12 And the kine went straight forward on the way to Beth-shemesh; they went by the one high way, lowing as they went; and they turned not aside to the right hand or to the left; and the lords of the Philistines went after them as far as the border of Beth-shemesh.

13 And [they of] Beth-shemesh were reaping the wheat-harvest in the valley; and they lifted up their eyes and saw the ark, and rejoiced to see it.

14 And the cart came into the field of Joshua the Beth-shemeshite, and stood there; and a great stone was there. And they clave the wood of the cart, and offered up the kine as a burnt-offering to Jehovah.

15 And the Levites took down the ark of Jehovah, and the coffer that was with it, in which were the golden jewels, and put them on the great stone; and the men of Beth-shemesh offered up burnt-offerings and sacrificed sacrifices the same day to Jehovah.

16 And the five lords of the Philistines saw [it], and returned to Ekron the same day.

17 And these are the golden sores which the Philistines returned as a trespass-offering to Jehovah: for Ashdod one, for Gazah one, for Ashkelon one, for Gath one, for Ekron one;

18 and the golden mice, [according to] the number of all the cities of the Philistines belonging to the five lords, both fortified cities and villages of the peasantry; [and they brought them] as far as the great [stone of] Abel, whereon they set down the ark of Jehovah, [which] is to this day in the field of Joshua the Beth-shemeshite.

19 And he smote among the men of Beth-shemesh, because they had looked into the ark of Jehovah, and smote of the people seventy men; and the people lamented, because Jehovah had smitten the people with a great slaughter.

20 And the men of Beth-shemesh said, Who is able to stand before Jehovah, this holy God? and to whom shall he go up from us?

21 And they sent messengers to the inhabitants of Kirjath-jearim, saying, The Philistines have brought again the ark of Jehovah; come down, fetch it up to you.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 6      

The Philistines were desperate to get rid of the stolen Ark of the Covenant. They had suffered plagues, and the statue of their god, Dagon, had fallen. Seven months after they had taken the Ark, the priests and diviners of the Philistines advised that it should be returned to the Lord “Jehovah” in Israel’s territory, accompanied by a suitable “trespass offering”. This would be an admission of guilt.

It was decided that the offering should be five gold tumors, or hemorrhoids, and five gold mice - representing the two afflictions that had plagued their people, and the five cities of the Philistines. They built a special cart to carry the Ark and the trespass offering, and two young milk cows pulled it. The cows were set free to find their own route, and headed straight for Israelite territory. The Israelite people in the border town of Beth Shemesh saw the cart coming, and rejoiced. They used a large stone as an altar, split up the wood of the cart and offered the two cows as a sacrifice. The golden objects were then distributed through the land.

In Divine Providence 326, we get an explanation of the meaning of the symbols in this chapter:

The hemorrhoids that plagued the Philistines in 1 Samuel 5 represent earthly loves separated from spiritual ones. The golden hemorrhoids represent earthly loves that have been purified, and made good.

The mice represent distortions of the truth which destroy the church. The golden mice represent the repair of the destruction via good loves and actions.

The cart that carried the ark and the trespass offerings symbolizes a new teaching, and the cows that led it symbolize “good earthly feelings.” The cows lowed as they led the cart. Swedenborg writes of this story that we must turn the obsessions that our earthly self holds with evil into good desires, and that the lowing of the cows as they drew the cart away represents how difficult this is. The sacrifice of the cows when they reached their destination indicates that the Lord was appeased. (See Divine Providence 326)

These symbols reveal something about our relationship with God, and the importance of uniting faith and charity, good and truth, within ourselves. The Philistines represent a spiritual state with faith separate from charity, and this chapter tells us that in order to reunite our faith with charity we must turn our loves of evil into the desire to do good with our knowledge.

The end of the chapter tells that the people of Beth Shemesh, who received the Ark of the Covenant, made a fatal mistake: some of them looked into the Ark. As a consequence, 50,070 of their people died. They sent a message to the people of Kirjath Jearim, asking them to come down and take the Ark from them.

The primary message here is the power of the Lord’s Ten Commandments. In the book True Christian Religion, we are taught that there was tremendous holiness and power in the law written on the stone tablets, because it was a “summary of the whole of religion.” The two engraved tablets represent the link between us and God. One of them contains a synopsis of all things related to God, and the other, a synopsis of all things related to us (see True Christian Religion 285 286). If we are to ever trespass the commandments or treat them as less than holy, harm will surely come. Therefore, we must work with the Lord in order to acquire an appropriate reverence for His commandments. This needs to go together with an active and sincere effort to obey them to the best of our frail and limited human ability.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Explained 700

Apocalypse Revealed 529

Divine Providence 326


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 5945

Doctrine of Life 59

Doctrine of Faith 52

True Christian Religion 284, 595, 691


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 827

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 41:8

Exodus 7:13, 14, 8:15, 12:31, 19:21, 33:4

Leviticus 5:16

Numbers 1:51

Joshua 7:19, 13:3, 15:9, 10

Judges 6:26, 14:19, 18:12

1 Samuel 5:7, 8, 6:4, 17

2 Samuel 1:20, 6:2, 3, 7, 9

1 Kings 4:9

Isaiah 2:6

Jeremiah 26:20

Daniel 2:2

Amos 1:8

Jonah 3:9

Malachi 2

Matthew 27:22

Hebrews 3:7, 8

Revelation 6:17

Významy biblických slov

ark
There are three arks mentioned in the Word, the ark of Noah, the ark of bulrushes for the baby Moses, and the ark of the...

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

philistines
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

seven
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

months
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

called
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

priests
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

tell
'To tell' signifies perceiving, because in the spiritual world, or in heaven, they do not need to tell what they think because they communicate every...

us
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

send
'Being sent' everywhere signifies, in an internal sense, going forth, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is said of the holy of the...

place
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

send away
To "let someone go" can have a couple of different meanings: It can mean allowing them to leave (as in Moses asking Pharaoh to "let...

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

return
There are many instances in the Bible which describe people turning back, looking back or going back. In most cases it is a negative, sometimes...

known
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

hand
In Genesis 27:22, 'voice' relates to truth, and 'hand,' to good.

removed
As with many verbs, the meaning of "remove" in the Bible varies a good bit depending on context. It generally involves a separation of spiritual...

To
‘To grow’ signifies to be perfected.

five
Five also signifies all things of one part.

golden
Gold means good, and just as gold was the most precious metal known to ancient mankind so it represents the good of the highest and...

hemorrhoids
'Hemorrhoids' signify truth defiled by evil of life.

mice
'Rats' or 'mice' represent shameful greed. 'A rat,' or 'mouse' corresponds to evil uses.

one
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

images
'An image' signifies falsities from self-derived intelligence.

land
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

gods
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

heart
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

egyptians
In the Bible, Egypt means knowledge and the love of knowledge. In a good sense that means knowledge of truth from the Lord through the...

pharaoh
'Pharaoh' signifies scientific ideas, or the natural principle in general. 'Pharaoh' signifies false ideas infesting the truth of the church. Pharaoh,' in Genesis 40, represents...

go
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

two
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

kine
'The heifer whereby labor has not been done,' as mentioned in Deuteronomy 21:3, signifies the innocence of the external self, which is in ignorance. 'The...

jewels
Jewels' when applied to the ears, signify good in act.

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

side
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

see
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

go up
To go up and to go down: in the Word, mention is made of going up and going down when speaking of going from one...

way
'To set a way,' as in Genesis 30:36, signifies being separated.

own
In many cases, the spiritual meaning of "own," both as a verb and as an adjective, is relatively literal. When people are described as the...

border
A 'hem,' 'skirt,' or 'border' signifies the extremes, or the natural principle.

great
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

evil
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

know
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

high
'Height' signifies what is inward, and also heaven.

turned
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

Right hand
'The right hand' signifies the whole of a person regarding intellectual power, and so, regarding faith. 'To place the right hand on the head,' signifies...

after
According to Swedenborg, time and space don’t exist in spiritual reality; they are purely natural things that exist only on the physical plane. This means...

reaping
'Reaping' or 'harvest time' denotes the reception of truth in good.

wheat-harvest
'A harvest' symbolizes the state of the church with respect to Divine truth. The reason is that a harvest yields the grain used to make...

Wheat
'Wheat, barley, beans, lentils, millet, and vetches,' as in Ezekiel 4:9, 12, signify various kinds of good, and their derivative truths. Bread, or a cake,...

harvest
'A harvest' symbolizes the state of the church with respect to Divine truth. The reason is that a harvest yields the grain used to make...

valley
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

lifted
The idea of "lifting" is used in a number of different ways in the Bible. In general, it means connecting with a higher spiritual state...

eyes
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

saw
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

rejoiced
To make glad signifies influx and reception from joy of heart.

came
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

field
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

joshua
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

stood
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

stone
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

wood
In general, plants in the Bible represent facts, thoughts and ideas – intellectual things. This makes sense: Plants are rooted in place, but can grow...

down
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

Offerings
'Offerings' signify worship.

day
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

returned
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

gath
Gath, a city of the Philistines, signifies the spiritual principle of the church.

cities
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

smote
To strike or smite, when used in the Bible, means to attack, harm or destroy, and is usually in reference to an attack on someone’s...

men
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

people
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

smitten
'To smite' signifies condemnation. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 14:15, signifies vindication. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 32:8, signifies destruction. 'To smite the earth with...

slaughter
'Slaughter' signifies perdition and damnation. 'Slaughter' and 'a storm of slaughter,' signifies evils which destroy the goods of the church. 'The day of great slaughter'...

stand
'To sit before Jehovah' is to be with Him, and so, it also means willing and acting from Him. 'To stand before Him,' is to...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

sent
'Being sent' everywhere signifies, in an internal sense, going forth, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is said of the holy of the...

messengers
'A messenger' signifies communication.

the inhabitants
'The inhabitants of Teman,' as in Jeremiah 49:20, signifies the evils and falsities opposed to the Lord’s celestial kingdom.

inhabitants
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

Come down
To come down (Gen. 11:5), is predicated of Jehovah, by reason of his being called the Highest. This is spoken according to appearance.

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