Dommere 9

Studovat vnitřní smysl
← Dommere 8   Dommere 10 →         

1 Jerubba'als Søn Abrimelek begav sig til sine Morbrødere i Sikem og talte til dem og til hele sin Moders Fædrenehus's Slægt og sagde:

2 "Sig til alle Sikems Borgere: Hvad båder eder vel bedst, at halvfjerdsindstyve Mænd, alle Jerubba'als Sønner, eller at en enkelt Mand hersker over eder? Kom i Hu, at jeg er eders Bød og Blod!"

3 Hans Morbrødre talte da alle disse Ord til alle Sikems Borgere til Gunst til ham; og deres Hu vendte sig til Abimelek, idet de sagde: "Han er vor Broder."

4 De gav ham derpå halvfjerdsindstyve Sekel Sølv fra Ba'al Berits Hus, og for dem lejede Abimelek nogle dårlige og frække Folk, som sluttede sig til ham.

5 Derpå drog han til sin Faders Hus i Ofra og slog sine Brødre, Jerubba'als halvfjerdsindstyve Sønner, ihjel på een Sten. Kun Jotam, Jerubba'als yngste Søn, blev tilbage, thi han havde skjult sig.

6 Derefter samledes alle Sikems Borgere og hele Millos Hus og gik hen og gjorde Abimelek til Konge ved Egen med Stenstøtten i Sikem.

7 Da Jotam fik Efterretning herom, gik han hen og stillede sig på Toppen af Garizims Bjerg og råbte med høj øst til dem: "Hør mig, Sikems Borgere, så skal Gud høre eder!

8 Engang tog Træerne sig for at salve sig en Konge. De sagde da til Olietræet: Vær du vor Konge!

9 Men Olietræet svarede dem: Skulde jeg give Afkald på min Fedme, for hvilken Guder og Mennesker priser mig, for at give mig til at svæve over Træerne?

10 sagde Træerne til Figentræet: Kom du og vær vor Konge!

11 Men Figentræet svarede dem: Skulde jeg give Afkald på min Sødme og min liflige Frugt for at give mig til at svæve over Træerne?

12 sagde Træerne til Vinstokken: Kom du og vær vor Konge!

13 Men Vinstokken svarede dem: Skulde jeg give Afkald på min Most, som glæder Guder og Mennesker, for at give mig til at svæve over Træerne?

14 Da sagde alle Træerne til Tornebusken: Kom du og vær vor Konge!

15 Og Tornebusken svarede Træerne: Hvis I mener det ærligt med at salve mig til eders Konge, kom så og søg ind under min Skygge; men hvis ikke, så vil Flammer slå op af Tornebusken og fortære Libanons Cedre!

16 Hvis I nu er gået ærligt og redeligt til Værks, da I gjorde Abimelek til Konge, og hvis I har handlet vel mod Jerubba'al og hans Hus og gengældt ham, hvad han gjorde -

17 min Fader kæmpede jo for eder og vovede sit Liv for at frelse eder af Midjaniternes Hånd,

18 men I har i bag rejst eder mod min Faders Hus, dræbt hans Sønner, halvfjerdsindstyve Mænd, på een Sten og sat hans Trælkvindes Søn Abimelek til Konge over Sikems Borgere, fordi han er eders Broder

19 ja, hvis I i Dag er gået ærligt og redeligt til Værks mod Jerubba'al og hans Hus, så gid I må få Glæde af Abimelek, og gid han må få Glæde af eder;

20 men hvis ikke, så slå Flammer op fra Abimelek og fortære Sikems Borgere og Millos Hus, og Flammer slå op fra Sikems Borgere og Millos Hus og fortære Abimelek!"

21 Derpå tog Jotam Flugten og flygtede til Be'er; og der tog han Ophold for at være i Sikkerhed for sin Broder Abimelek.

22 Da Abimelek havde haft Magten over Israel i tre År,

23 sendte Gud en ond Ånd mellem Abimelek og Sikems Borgere. og Sikems Borgere faldt fra Abimelek,

24 for at Voldsgerningen mod Jerubba'als halvfjerdsindstyve Sønner kunde blive hævnet og deres Blod komme over deres Broder Abimelek, som havde dræbt dem, og over Sikems Borgere, som havde sat ham i Stand til at dræbe sine Brødre.

25 Sikems Borgere lagde da Baghold på Bjergtoppene, og de udplyndrede alle vejfarende, der kom forbi dem. Dette meldtes Abimelek.

26 Nu kom Ga'al, Ebeds Søn, med sine Brødre og flyttede ind i Sikem; og Sikems Borgere fattede Tillid til ham.

27 De begav sig ud i Marken, plukkede Druer og pressede dem og fejrede deres Vinhøstfest. Og de gik ind i deres Guds Hus, hvor de spiste og drak og udstødte Forbandelser over Abimelek.

28 Da sagde Ga'al, Ebeds Søn: "Hvem er Abimelek, og hvad er Sikem, at vi skal være hans Trælle! Var ikke Jerubba'als Søn og hans Foged Zebul Trælle for Hamors, Sikems Faders, Mænd hvorfor skal vi da være hans Trælle?

29 Havde jeg blot Magten over Folket her, skulde jeg nok skaffe Abimelek af Vejen!"

30 Da Zebul, Byens Høvedsmand, hørte Ga'als, Ebeds Søns, Urd, blussede hans Vrede op,

31 og han sendte Bud til Abimelek i Aruma og lod sige: "Se, Ga'al, Ebeds Søn, og hans Brødre er kommet til Sikem, og Se, de ophidser Byen imod dig; forstærk derfor din Hær og ryk ud!

32 Og nu, bryd op ved Nattetide med dine Folk og læg dig i Baghold på Marken;

33 og kast dig så over Byen tidligt om Morgenen, når Solen står op! Når da han og hans Folk rykker ud imod dig, kan du gøre med dem, hvad der falder for!"

34 Abimelek brød da op ved Nattetide med alle sine Folk, og de lagde sig i Baghold imod Sikem i fire Afdelinger.

35 Da gik Ga'al, Ebeds Søn, ned og stillede sig op ved Byporten. Og Abimelek og hans Folk rejste sig fra deres Baghold.

36 Da Ga'al fik Øje på Folkene, sagde han til Zebul: "Se, der stiger Folk ned fra Bjergtoppene!" Men Zebul sagde til ham: "Det er Bjergenes.Skygge, du tager for Mænd!"

37 Men Ga'al sagde atter: "Der stiger Folk ned fra Landets Navle, og en anden Skare kommer i etning af Sandsigernes Træ!"

38 Da sagde Zebul til ham: "Hvor er nu dine store Ord fra før: Hvem er Abimelek, at vi skal være hans Trælle? Der er de Folk, du lod hånt om - ryk nu ud og kæmp med dem!"

39 Ga'al rykkede da ud i Spidsen for Sikems Borgere for at kæmpe mod Abimelek.

40 Men Abimelek slog ham på Flugt, og mange faldt og lå dræbte helt hen til Byporten.

41 Abimelek tog så Ophold i Aruma; og Zebul jog Ga'al og hans Brødre bort fra Sikem.

42 Næste Dag begav Folket sig ud på Marken, og det meldtes Abimelek.

43 Han tog da sine Folk og delte dem i tre dele og lagde Baghold på Marken; og da han så Folket drage ud, overfaldt han dem og slog dem.

44 Og Abimelek og den Afdeling, han havde hos sig, brød frem og tog Stilling ved Indgangen til Byen, medens de to andre Afdelinger kastede sig over alle dem, der var ude på Marken; og huggede dem ned;

45 og efter at Abimelek hele Dagen igennem havde angrebet Byen, indtog han den, dræbte Folkene deri, nedbrød Byen og strøede Salt på den.

46 Da hele Besætningen i Sikems Tårn hørte det, begav de sig ben til Kælderrummet i El Berits Hus.

47 Og da Abimelek fik Melding om, at hele Besætningen i Sikems Tårn var samlet,

48 gik han med alle sine Folk op på Zalmonbjerget. Her greb han en Økse, afhuggede et Knippe Grene, løftede det op og tog det på Skulderen; og han sagde til sine Folk: "Skynd eder at gøre det samme, som I så, jeg gjorde!"

49 Alle Folkene afhuggede da også hver sit Knippe og fulgte efter Abimelek og lagde det oven på Kælderrummet og stak Ild på Kælderrummet oven over dem. Således omkom også hele Besætningen i Sikems Tårn, henved 1000 Mænd og Kvinder.

50 Derefter drog Abimelek mod Tebez, og han belejrede Byen og indtog den.

51 Inde i Byen var der et stærkt befæstet Tårn; derhen flygtede alle Mænd og Kvinder, alle Byens Indbyggere, idet de stængede efter sig og tyede op på Tårnets Tag;

52 Abimelek rykkede da frem til Tårnet og angreb det; men da han nærmede sig Tårnets Indgang for at stikke Ild derpå,

53 kastede en Kvinde en Møllesten ned på Abimeleks Hoved og knuste hans Hjerneskal.

54 Da råbte han i Hast til sin Våbendrager: "Drag dit Sværd og dræb mig, for at det ikke skal siges, at en Kvinde har slået mig ihjel!" Og Våbendrageren gennemborede ham, så han døde.

55 Men da Israelitterne så, at Abimelek var død, begav de sig hver til sit.

56 Således gengældte Gud det onde, Abimelek havde øvet mod sin Fader ved at dræbe sine halvfjerdsindstyve Brødre;

57 og al Sikemiternes Ondskab lod Gud komme over deres egne Hoveder. På den Måde kom Jotams, Jerubba'als Søns, Forbandelse over dem.

← Dommere 8   Dommere 10 →
   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Judges 9      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 9: Abimelech’s conspiracy, the parable of the trees, Abimelech’s downfall.

This chapter follows the story of Gideon’s many sons; he had seventy sons by his many wives, and also one other son, Abimelech, by a concubine. After Gideon’s death, Abimelech went to the men of Shechem, where his mother’s family lived, and asked them if they would rather be ruled by seventy sons, or by him. The men of Shechem agreed it would be better to have one king, so they gave him seventy pieces of silver from the temple of Baal. Using the silver, Abimelech hired men to come with him, and they killed the seventy sons of Gideon except the youngest, Jotham, who hid. Then they anointed Abimelech king.

When Jotham heard the news, he stood on the top of Mount Gerizim and taunted the men of Shechem with a parable. In his parable, the trees were searching for a king to lead them; they ask the olive, then the fig, then the vine to rule over them. Each refuses, because they do not want to give up their special purpose. Finally, the bramble agrees to lead them, but gives them the choice of either sheltering in its non-existent shade or being consumed by its own fire.

Jotham explained the parable, warning that Abimelech and the men of Shechem would more than likely tear each other down in the end. Then he fled to Beer to escape his brother’s vengeance.

After Abimelech had ruled Israel for three years, the Lord sent an evil spirit to spark ill-will between Abimelech and the men of Shechem. This evil spirit was meant to avenge the killing of Gideon’s seventy sons.

The rest of this chapter describes the city’s descent into chaos, illustrating the various manifestations of evil and falsity through many examples. Robbers were sent to ambush travellers in the mountains, the people of Shechem drunkenly cursed Abimelech in the temple of their god, and the tower of Shechem was burned, killing a thousand hiding in it. Finally, Abimelech lay siege to Thebez, and the people took shelter on the top of a tower there. When he tried to burn that tower, a woman hurled down a millstone to break Abimelech’s skull. In his final moments, Abimelech commanded his armourbearer to kill him with his sword, so that people would not say he was killed by a woman. All of these incidents depict the absolute corruption under Abimelech’s rule.

*****

The key to understanding this story is that Gideon’s son, Abimelech, is the son of a concubine, not a lawful wife. Spiritually speaking, a concubine stands for a love that has become distorted. A genuine love for someone is a love for sake of that other person, while a distorted love means loving someone for what we can get from them (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 271[2], on the love of dominating for the sake of self-love).

The references to Gideon’s seventy sons stand for the enormity of Abimelech’s wrongdoing. The number ‘seven’ stands for something fully worked through, and seventy even more so.

Jotham’s parable presents three levels of pure love: the love of the Lord (the olive with its fragrant oil), the love of truth (the vine with its rich wine), and the love of use (the fig with its abundant seeds). The bramble, with its painful grip, stands for a love of evil and falsity (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 273).

The evil spirit sent by the Lord seems to show that God was punishing his own people, but that is only how things appear (Arcana Caelestia 1838). When we look deeper, we will realize that we are punished by our own evil actions, for evil breeds more evil and there is no rest for the wicked (see Isaiah 48:22). In regeneration, the process of breaking down the power of evil and false states in ourselves is called “vastation”. Once we have done the grueling work to minimize these influences over us, we can fully appreciate the joys of spiritual life (Arcana Caelestia 2694[2]).

Spiritually, an ambush depicts the way hell attacks our minds: without warning. Drunkenness and cursing a former ally stands for the abandonment of all values and integrity. The tower represents the pride which rises up in self-love and love of dominance, and beyond that, Abimelech’s aversion to being killed by a woman stands for the rejection of all that is good and true. Her millstone grinds corn to make it edible, in the same way that we must process truths to put them to use (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Explained 1182).

This powerful chapter shows the descent of evil into greater evils, until they become so consuming they have no vestige of good left, and no recognition of truth remaining. The final two verses state: “Thus God repaid the wickedness of Abimelech, which he had done to his father by killing his seventy brothers. And all the evil of the men of Shechem God returned on their own heads, and on them came the curse of Jotham the son of Gideon.”

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 157, 1666, 2455, 4430, 9207, 9277, 9905, ...


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 638

Jiný komentář

  Příběhy:


  Duchovní témata:



Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 29:14, 33:19

Numre 21:16, 28

5 Mosebog 27:12

Joshua 8:3, 4, 20:7, 24:26

Dommere 1:7, 4:9, 6:11, 8:30, 33, 35, 9:4, 15, 20, 27, 57, 11:3, 12:3

1 Samuel 2:3, 16:14, 15, 25:10, 31:4

2 Samuel 1:9, 3:39, 5:9, 11:21, 15:4, 13

1 Konger 1:21, 2:32, 33, 12:16, 22:23

2 Konger 3:25, 11:3, 14:8, 9

2 Krønikebog 13:7, 21:4

Job 31:3

Salmernes 7:17, 10:8, 68:15, 94:23, 104:15

Ordsprogene 5:22

Esajas 3:11

Klagesangene 4:20

Ezekiel 19:14

Apostlenes handlinger 17:5

James 4:16

Významy biblických slov

søn
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Sikem
In Genesis 12:6, 'Abram’s passing through the land unto the place Shechem' signifies a new state of the Lord when the celestial aspects of love...

talte
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

sagde
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Sikems
In Genesis 12:6, 'Abram’s passing through the land unto the place Shechem' signifies a new state of the Lord when the celestial aspects of love...

Mænd
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

sønner
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

en
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

mand
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

ord
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

Abimelek
Abimelech, his companion Ahusath, and Phicol, the chief captain of his army (Genesis 26:26), represent the doctrinals of faith as grounded in the literal sense...

sølv
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

hus
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

brødre
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

sten
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

yngste
In general, birth order in the Bible reflects the progression of spiritual states, but the specifics of those states depends greatly on context: who the...

konge
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

bjerg
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

hør
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

Gud
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

høre
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

salve
Oil in the Bible represents the Lord’s love, so anointing someone (or something) with oil was a way to make that person (or object) a...

fedme
Fat signifies the celestial principle. Fat things, full of marrow, signify goodnesses. Fat and blood signify interior goods and truths, and hence the Israelites, prior...

guder
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

kom
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

skygge
In Psalm 121:6, 'be a shade on the right hand' means being a defense against the evil and falsity.

Fortære
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

hånd
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

dræbt
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

i dag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

dag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

glæde
To make glad signifies influx and reception from joy of heart.

flygtede
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

tre
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

ond
'To hurt,' as mentioned in Revelation 6:6, signifies violation and profanation. 'To hurt' as mentioned in Revelation 9:4, signifies perverting the truths and goods of...

blod
The internal meaning of “blood” is a little tricky, because Swedenborg gives two meanings that seem quite different. In most cases, Swedenborg links blood with...

komme
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

dræbe
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

Guds
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

spiste
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

drak
To be drunken without wine (Isa. 29:9), are they who are unconcerned about the Word, and the truths of faith, and thus have no inclination...

søns
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

vrede
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

se
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

fire
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

rejste sig
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

ned
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

kommer
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

mange
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

faldt
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

slog
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

to
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

dræbte
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

salt
'Salt' is the desire of conjunction of truth with good, which is why only salt will conjoin water, which corresponds to truth, and oil, which...

tårn
'A tower,' as in Genesis 11:4, signifies the worship of self, which consists of a person exalting himself above others, even to the point of...

Skynd
'To hasten' or 'hastiness' in the internal sense, does not denote what is quick, but what is certain, and also what is full, thus every...

ild
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

Kvinder
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

tag
'A house-top,' as mentioned in Matthew 24:13, signifies the superior state of a person, and consequently, his state as to good.

indgang
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

kvinde
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

Abimeleks
Abimelech, his companion Ahusath, and Phicol, the chief captain of his army (Genesis 26:26), represent the doctrinals of faith as grounded in the literal sense...

hoved
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

sværd
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

døde
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

død
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

ondskab
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

hoveder
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

forbandelse
The Lord is love itself, and his love for us never wavers and never changes. What does waver and change is the degree to which...

Zdroje pro rodiče a učitele

Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


 Abimelech’s Death
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Jotham Tells the Parable of the Trees
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Sequence the Story of Abimelech
Cut out sentence strips to sequence the story of Abimelech.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The Parable of the Trees
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14


The Project Gutenberg Association at Carnegie Mellon University


Přeložit: