Dommere 8

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1 Men Efraimiterne sagde til ham: "Hvorfor handler du således over for os, at du ikke kaldte os til, da du drog i Kamp mod Midjaniterne?" Og de gik stærkt i ette med ham.

2 Men han svarede dem: "Hvad er min Dåd i Sammenligning med eders? Er ikke Efraims Efterhøst bedre end Abiezers Vinhøst?

3 I eders Hånd gav Gud Midjaniternes Høvdinger Oreb og Ze'eb, hvad har jeg formået i Sammenligning med eder?" Og da han talte således, lagde deres Vrede sig mod ham.

4 Da Gideon nåede Jordan, gik han og de 300 Mand, der var med ham, over, udmattede og sultne.

5 Han sagde da til Folkene i Sukkot: "Giv Folkene, der følger mig, nogle Brød, thi de er udmattede, og jeg er i Færd med at forfølge Midjaniterkongerne Zeba og Zalmunna!"

6 Men Høvedsmændene i Sukkot svarede: "Har du allerede fået fat i Zeba og Zalmunna, siden vi skal give dine Folk Brød?"

7 Da sagde Gideon: "Til Gengæld skal jeg tærske eders Kroppe med Ørkentorne og Tidsler, når HE EN bar givet Zeba og Zalmunna i min Hånd!"

8 Så drog han derfra til Penuel og sagde det samme til dem; og da Folkene i Penuel gav ham samme Svar som Folkene i Sukkot,

9 tiltalte han dem på lignende Måde og sagde: "Når jeg kommer uskadt tilbage, vil jeg nedbryde Borgen her!"

10 Zeba og Zalmunna befandt sig imidlertid med deres Hær i Karkor, henved 15000 Mand; det var alle dem, der var tilbage af Østens Stammers, Hær; de faldne udgjorde 120000 våbenføre Mænd.

11 Og Gideon drog op ad Teltboernes Vej østen for Noba og Jogbeha og slog Hæren, der ikke anede Uråd.

12 Zeba og Zalmunna flygtede, men han satte efter dem og fangede de to Midjaniterkonger Zeba og Zalmunna og slog hele Hæren med ædsel.

13 Da Gideon, Joasjs Søn, vendte tilbage fra Kampen, fra Herespasset,

14 fik han fat i en ung Mand fra Sukkot og spurgte ham ud, og den unge Mand skrev Navnene på Høvedsmændene og de Ældste i Sukkot op til ham, syv og halvfjerdsindstyve Mænd.

15 Så drog han til Folkene i Sukkot og sagde: "Se, her er Zeba og Zalmunna, som I hånede mig med, da I sagde: Har du allerede fået fat i Zeba og Zalmunna, siden vi skal give dine udmattede Mænd Brød?"

16 Derpå greb han Byens Ældste, tog Ørkentorne og Tidsler og tærskede Folkene i Sukkot med dem;

17 og Borgen i Penuel brød han ned og dræbte Folkene i Byen.

18 Men til Zeba og Zalmunna sagde han: "Hvorledes var de Mænd, I ihjelslog ved Tabor?" De svarede: "De lignede dig, de så begge ud som Kongesønner!"

19 Da sagde han: "Mine Brødre, min Moders Sønner var det! Så sandt HE EN lever; havde I skånet deres Liv, havde jeg ikke slået eder ihjel!"

20 Derpå sagde han til sin førstefødte Søn Jeter: "Stå op og dræb dem!" Men den unge Mand drog ikke sit Sværd; han havde ikke Mod dertil, fordi han endnu var ung.

21 Da sagde Zeba og Zalmunna: "Stå selv op og giv os Dødsstødet, thi som Manden således hans Styrke!" Så stod Gideon op og dræbte Zeba og Zalmunna. Og han tog de Halvmåner, deres Kameler havde om Halsen.

22 Derefter sagde Israelitterne til Gideon: "Vær vor Hersker, du selv og siden din Søn og din Sønnesøn, da du nu har frelst os af Midjaniternes Hånd!"

23 Men Gideon svarede dem: "Hverken jeg eller min Søn vil herske over eder; HE EN skal herske over eder!"

24 Derpå sagde Gideon til dem: "Jeg har noget at bede eder om: Enhver af eder skal give mig de inge, der findes mellem hans Bytte!" Hine havde nemlig Guldringe, thi de var Ismaeliter.

25 De svarede: "Ja, vi vil gerne give dig dem!" Så bredte han sin Kappe ud, og enhver af dem lagde de inge, der fandtes mellem hans Bytte, derpå.

26 Vægten af Guldringene, som han havde bedt om, udgjorde 1700 Sekel Guld bortset fra Halvmånerne, Ørenringene og Purpurklæderne, som Midjaniterkongerne bar, og Kæderne på Kamelernes Halse.

27 Gideon lavede deraf en Efod, som han gav Plads i sin Fødeby Ofra; og alle Israelitterne bolede med den, og den blev Gideon og hans Hus en Snare.

28 Således bukkede Midjaniterne under for Israelitterne, og de rejste sig ikke mere; og Landet havde o i fyrretyve År, så længe Gideon levede.

29 Og Jerubba'al, Joasjs Søn, begav sig til sit Hjem og opholdt sig der.

30 Gideon havde halvfjerdsindstyve Sønner, der var avlede af ham, thi han havde mange Hustruer.

31 Han havde en Medhustru i Sikem; hun fødte ham en Søn, som han gav Navnet Abimelek.

32 Gideon, Joasjs Søn, døde i en høj Alder og blev jordet i sin Fader Abiezriten Joasjs Grav i Ofra.

33 Men da Gideon var død, gav Israelitterne sig atter til at bole med Ba'alerne og gjorde Ba'al-Berit til deres Gud;

34 og Israelitterne kom ikke HE EN deres Gud i Hu, ham, som frelste dem fra alle deres Fjender, der omgav dem på alle Kanter.

35 Og de handlede ikke vel mod Jerubba'als, Gideons, Hus, trods alt det gode, han havde gjort Israel.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 8      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 8: Gideon subdues the Midianites.

In this chapter, Gideon continued to dismantle Midian’s oppression over Israel, facing opposition from some of his fellow Israelites in the process. First, the men of Ephraim complained that he did not call them to war. Gideon replied by praising them for their vineyards, and for capturing the two Midianite princes. So, Ephraim’s indignation subsided.

Then Gideon went to the city of Succoth, and asked for bread to feed his army. But the men of Succoth refused, instead taunting him because he had not yet captured the kings of Midian. Gideon told them them he would punish them with thorns and briars, after he had killed the two kings. The people of Penuel were equally dismissive when Gideon asked them for help, and he swore to tear down their tower.

In due course, Gideon captured the two Midianite kings, Zebah and Zalmunna. Gideon told his oldest son to kill them, but he was young, and too afraid to do it. So Gideon killed the two kings, and punished the people of Succoth and Penuel.

When he returned from battle, the people of Israel asked Gideon to rule over them. However, he refused, saying that the Lord would rule Israel. He then collected gold from people’s earrings, used it to make an ephod (a priest’s garment), and set it up in his own city, Ophrah. The people began to worship it, and it became a snare for Gideon.

And Israel had peace for forty years under Gideon. Gideon had seventy sons, and died at an old age. As soon as he passed away, the Israelites forgot all the goodness that the Lord had shown them, and turned to worship other gods.

*****

The message of Gideon’s exchange with the Ephraimites is that sincerity and openness are the most powerful response to confrontation. Gideon, led by his trust in the Lord, could see the reason for Ephraim’s outburst, so he dealt with it by praising their strengths. This encounter shows how our faith in the Lord gives us a broader perspective, granting us the ability to respond rather than react (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8159[3]).

When Gideon lashes out at the people of Succoth and Penuel, it may appear that he is acting purely from anger, and a wish to retaliate. In reality, he is filled with zeal to drive out the Midianites and free Israel. It is unthinkable to him that his own people would refuse to give his soldiers food. In our own lives, we can at times be astounded by our own resistance to serving the Lord’s purpose. We are constantly torn between two forces: heaven and hell (Arcana Caelestia 3839[3]).

The killing of the two Midianite kings reflects the need for justice in spiritual matters. If we fail to heed the truths we know and believe, we will suffer the consequences of fear and guilt. These are not inflicted by the Lord, but follow on from our own choices (Arcana Caelestia 2447). Gideon’s son’s inability to kill the kings means that behind spiritual justice, there must be an understanding of the essential value of all life (Arcana Caelestia 5826[2]).

Gideon’s ephod is a symbol showing how easily we can deviate from obeying the Lord. The text does not tell us the reason for Gideon’s actions, but perhaps he felt it was better for the people to worship something superficially related to worshiping the Lord, rather than following a foreign god. Seeing a priest’s garment reminds us that a priest serves the Lord. But we can so easily focus on the majesty of the ephod itself, and think no more about the priest’s duty nor about the Lord. We sometimes drift further from the Lord without even realizing it (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 327).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 3021, 3242, 3246, 3263, 8301

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Významy biblických slov

sagde
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

os
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Midjaniterne
'Midian' signifies people who are in falsity.

Efraims
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

hånd
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Gud
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

jordan
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

mand
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Sukkot
'Succoth,' as in Genesis 33:17, and Psalms 60:6-7 and 108:7-8, signifies the quality of the holy state of truth from good, because 'Succoth' signifies tents,...

følger
The basic meaning of "follow" in the Bible is pretty obvious if we consider what it means to "follow the Lord." That obviously doesn't mean...

brød
The word “bread” is used two ways in the Bible. In some cases it means actual bread; in others it stands for food in general....

forfølge
'To pursue,' as in Genesis 14:16, signifies a state of purification, because 'to pursue enemies' is the expulsion of evils and falsities which were with...

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

tærske
'To thresh,' as in Micah 4:13, signifies dissipating evils among people of the church.

givet
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

Penuel
'Peniel' signifies a state of temptation. 'Jacob called the name of the place Peniel,' in Genesis 32, in the internal historical sense, signifies a state...

svar
To "answer" generally indicates a state of spiritual receptivity. Ultimately this means being receptive to the Lord, who is constantly trying to pour true ideas...

tilbage
There are many instances in the Bible which describe people turning back, looking back or going back. In most cases it is a negative, sometimes...

Mænd
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

vej
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

slog
To strike or smite, when used in the Bible, means to attack, harm or destroy, and is usually in reference to an attack on someone’s...

flygtede
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

efter
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

to
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

søn
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

ung
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

unge
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

skrev
In John 8:2-11, the Lord wrote twice on the ground, when the woman taken in adultery was brought to him, which signifies the condemnation of...

ældste
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

syv
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

se
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

dræbte
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

brødre
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

sønner
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

liv
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

førstefødte
When the Bible talks about generations or birth order, the internal meaning has to do with the progression of spiritual states and their relative importance....

sværd
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

kameler
A camel (Matt. 22:24) signifies scientific knowledge. Camels are confirming scientifics, and cattle are the knowledges of good and truth (Jer. 49:32.)

Ismaeliter
'Ishmaelites' represent people who are in simple good of life, and thence in natural truth regarding doctrine.

guld
Gold means good, and just as gold was the most precious metal known to ancient mankind so it represents the good of the highest and...

halse
'The neck' signifies influx and the communication of interior and exterior levels and the following conjunction. The inmost or third heaven has reference to the...

hus
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

hjem
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

mange
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

Sikem
In Genesis 12:6, 'Abram’s passing through the land unto the place Shechem' signifies a new state of the Lord when the celestial aspects of love...

Abimelek
Abimelech, his companion Ahusath, and Phicol, the chief captain of his army (Genesis 26:26), represent the doctrinals of faith as grounded in the literal sense...

døde
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

grav
A grave, as in Psalm 88:5, signifies hell. ‘To come forth out of the grave,’ as in John 5:29, signifies to come forth out of...

død
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

Ba'alerne
Baalim and her lovers (Hosea 2:13) signify those things which belong to the natural man, and are loved; such as the lusts and falsities thence...

fjender
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

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 Gideon, the Lord Shall Reign Over You
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14


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