Dommere 7

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1 Næste Morgen tidlig brød Jerubba'al, det er Gideon, op med alle sine Folk og lejrede sig ved Harodkilden, medens Midjaniternes Lejr var nedenfor på Sletten, norden for Morehøjen.

2 Da sagde HE EN til Gideon: "Du har for mange Folk hos dig, til at jeg kan give Midjaniterne i deres Hånd; gjorde jeg det, vilde Israel gøre sig stor over for mig og sige: Min egen Kraft skaffede mig Sejr!

3 Lad derfor udråbe for Folket: Enhver, som er ræd og angst, skal vende hjem!" Gideon sigtede dem da, og 22000 Mand af Folket vendte hjem, medens 10000 blev tilbage.

4 Men HE EN sagde til Gideon: "Endnu er der for mange Folk; før dem ned til Vandet, der vil jeg sigte dem for dig. Den, jeg siger skal gå med dig, han skal gå med; men enhver, om hvem jeg siger til dig: denne skal ikke gå med dig, han skal ikke gå!"

5 Da han havde ført Folket ned til Vandet, sagde HE EN til Gideon: "Alle dem, der laber Vandet med Tungen som Hunde, skal du stille for sig; ligeså alle dem, der lægger sig på Knæ for at drikke,!"

6 Og Tallet på dem, der labede, var 300; derimod lagde esten af Folket sig på Knæ for at drikke af Vandet, idet de førte det til Munden med Hånden.

7 Da sagde HE EN til Gideon: "Med de 300 Mand, som labede, vil jeg frelse eder og give Midjaniterne i din Hånd; men esten af Folket skal drage hver til sit!"

8 Derpå tog han Folkets Krukker og deres Horn fra dem; og alle Israelitterne lod han drage hjem, hver til sit, men de 300 Mand beholdt han hos sig. Og Midjaniternes Lejr var nede på Sletten.

9 Samme Nat sagde HE EN til ham: "Stå op og drag ned imod Lejren, thi jeg har givet den i din Hånd!

10 Men er du bange for at drage derned, så begiv dig med din Tjener Pura ned til Lejren

11 og hør, hvad de siger der; så vil du få Mod til at drage ned imod Lejren!" Han gik da med sin Tjener Pura ned til Lejrens Forposter.

12 Midjaniterne, Amalekiterne og alle Østens Stammer havde lejret sig på Sletten mangfoldige som Græshopper, og deres Kameler var utallige, mangfoldige som Sandet ved Havets Bred.

13 Just som Gideon kom, var en Mand i Færd med at fortælle en anden noget, han havde drømt, idet han sagde: "Jeg har haft en Drøm! Se, et Bygbrød kom rullende ned mod Midjaniternes Lejr, og da det kom til Teltet, stødte det til det og væltede det over Ende, så at Teltet faldt."

14 Da sagde den anden: "Det kan ikke betyde andet end Israelitten Gideons, Joasjs Søns, Sværd; Gud har givet Midjan og hele Lejren i hans Hånd!"

15 Da Gideon hørte Beretningen om Drømmen og dens Tydning, tilbad han og vendte derefter tilbage til Israels Lejr, hvor han sagde: "Stå op, thi HE EN har givet Midjaniternes Lejr i eders Hånd!"

16 Derpå delte han de 300 Mand i tre Afdelinger og gav dem alle Horn og tomme Krukker med Fakler i;

17 og han sagde til dem: "Giv Agt på mig og gør som jeg! Når jeg kommer til Udkanten af Lejren. skal I gøre som jeg;

18 når jeg og alle de, der er hos mig, støder i Hornet, skal I også støde i Hornene rundt om hele Lejren og råbe: For HE EN og for Gideon!"

19 Da nu Gideon og de 100 Mand. der var hos ham, kom hen til Udkanten af Lejren ved Begyndelsen af den midterste Nattevagt, lige som man havde stillet Vagtposterne ud, stødte de i Hornene og slog deres Krukker itu.

20 Så blæste de tre Afdelinger i Hornene og slog Krukkerne itu; men de holdt Faklerne i deres venstre Hånd og i deres højre Hånd Hornene for at blæse i dem, og de råbte: "HE ENs Sværd og Gideons!"

21 Og de blev stående, hvor de stod, rundt om Lejren, hver på sin Plads. Da vågnede hele Lejren. og de skreg op og flygtede.

22 Og da de blæste i de 300 Horn, satte HE EN den enes Sværd mod den andens i hele Lejren, og de flygtede til Bet Sjitta hen imod Zerera, til Bredden ved Abel Mehola over for Tabbat.

23 Derpå stævnedes Israelitterne sammen fra Naftali, Aser og hele Manasse, og de satte efter Midjaniterne;

24 og Gideon sendte Bud ud i hele Efraims Bjergland og lod kundgøre: "Drag Midjaniterne i Møde og afskær dem Adgangen til Vandet lige til Bet-Bara ved Jordan!" Da stævnedes alle Efraimiterne sammen, og de afskar dem Adgangen til Vandet lige til Bet-Bara ved Jordan

25 og tog Midjaniternes to Høvdinger Oreb og Ze'eb til Fange; Oreb dræbte de på Orebs Klippe, Ze'eb i Ze'ebs Perse; og de forfulgte Midjaniterne og bragte Orebs og Ze'ebs Hoveder til Gideon hinsides Jordan.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 7      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 7: Gideon’s valiant three hundred men.

Gideon and all his men camped by the well of Harod, which can mean “eager”, and also “trembling.” The Lord told Gideon that his army was too large, which could lead Israel to boast that they won by their own efforts (rather than the Lord’s power). Gideon was instructed to send away anyone who was afraid; 22,000 went home, leaving 10,000.

Even still, the Lord said the army was too large, so Gideon tested the men by taking them down to the water to drink. The Lord directed Gideon to call out those who lapped water from out of their hands rather than kneeling down to drink with their mouths. Three hundred men were chosen by this method of selection.

The Lord then commanded Gideon to go down to the Midianite camp, and if he was afraid, to take his servant, Phurah. There, Gideon overheard one of the soldiers telling his companion that he’d had a dream, in which a loaf of bread came tumbling into the camp and struck one of the tents so that it collapsed. The other soldier said that this meant the Lord would give victory to Gideon.

Gideon gave each of his men a trumpet, and a pitcher containing a lit torch. They surrounded the Midianite camp, and at the command of Gideon, they blew their trumpets, broke their pitchers to show the torches, and shouted, “The sword of the Lord and of Gideon!” This caused panic in the camp, and every Midianite drew his sword against another, and many fled. Then Gideon ordered the capture and killing of the two Midianite princes, whose heads were brought to him.

*****

We must give glory to the Lord for successes that we seem to earn, as He alone does what is good. The Lord told Gideon to reduce the size of his army, to avoid the dangers of growing too proud. Since we live our lives as if we do everything ourselves, this is a constant threat. The fact that about two-thirds of Gideon’s army were afraid and went home shows the reality of our nature (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 442).

Lapping water from the hand reflects our need to see and examine what we take into our minds. Water stands for truth, but it can also stand for false ideas. If we drink directly from the water, we accept indiscriminately and examine nothing. Cupping and holding the water in our hands means that we can see how to apply this truth through our attitudes and actions (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 6047[2]).

Gideon’s army of only three hundred men was all it took to defeat the Midianites. The number ‘three’ stands for something which is complete or full in itself. Some spiritual examples include mind, body and soul, as well as celestial, spiritual and natural (see Swedenborg’s Apocalypse Explained 435[3] and 532[2]).

The dream Gideon overheard stands for the power of good (the bread) to break down the apparent power of what is evil and false (the tent) (Arcana Caelestia 4247[3]). The name of Gideon’s servant, Phurah, means “fruitfulness”, or “a winepress”, which is where Gideon was first called by the angel of the Lord.

The trumpet and the torch both stand for the power of truth to overcome evil and false ideas, the trumpet by its penetrating sound, and the torch by its illuminating light. There is no mention of swords for the army of Israel.

Finally, the oppression by the Midianites represents knowing what is true, but living a life governed by our own desires. This leads us increasingly further away from obeying the Lord. Of course, this must be addressed. The Midianites destroyed each other in their panic, meaning what is disorderly and against the Lord holds no validity, and eventually destroys itself (Arcana Caelestia 9320).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 8815


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 3242, 5955, 7602, 7643, 9397

Apocalypse Revealed 397


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 455, 502, 543

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Významy biblických slov

tidlig
Since the sun represents the Lord, the early morning and sunrise represent a state of enlightenment, with a new and clear understanding coming after a...

lejr
Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

sagde
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

mange
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

Midjaniterne
'Midian' signifies people who are in falsity.

hånd
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

sige
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

egen
In many cases, the spiritual meaning of "own," both as a verb and as an adjective, is relatively literal. When people are described as the...

tilbage
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

ned
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

siger
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

hunde
A dog, as in Exodus 11 (Exod. 11:7: seven, ignifies the lowest or meanest of all in the church, also those who are without the...

knæ
A knee,' as in Genesis 30:5, signifies conjugial love. The king,' as in Isaiah 66:12, signifies celestial love. A knee,' as in Ezekiel 7:17, signifies...

drikke
Food in the Bible represents the desire for good, and water and other drinks represent the understanding and true ideas we need to recognize what...

munden
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

mand
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

frelse
To be saved or rescued means getting true ideas that we can hold to even in the face of a storm of false thinking. Sometimes...

horn
The sounds of trumpets are heard in heaven when assemblies and appointments happen. So among the children of Israel, for whom everything was representative of...

nat
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

givet
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

hør
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

græshopper
Grasshoppers signify the same as locusts: the false which vastates the extremes of the natural part of the mind.

kameler
A camel (Matt. 22:24) signifies scientific knowledge. Camels are confirming scientifics, and cattle are the knowledges of good and truth (Jer. 49:32.)

kom
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

fortælle
'To tell' signifies perceiving, because in the spiritual world, or in heaven, they do not need to tell what they think because they communicate every...

drøm
A dream, as in Genesis 20:3,signifies being somewhat obscure.

se
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

væltede
'Overturned' signifies punishing.

faldt
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

søns
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

sværd
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

Gud
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

Midjan
'Midianites' signify people who are in the truth of simple good.

Israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

tre
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

kommer
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

stående
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

stod
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

flygtede
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

Naftali
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

Manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

efter
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

Efraims
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

møde
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

jordan
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

to
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

fange
"Catching" is used in a variety of ways in the Bible, both positive and negative. Thieves get caught; the Egyptians caught up with the Children...

dræbte
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

klippe
'A rock' signifies the Lord regarding the divine truth of the Word.

forfulgte
'To pursue,' as in Genesis 14:16, signifies a state of purification, because 'to pursue enemies' is the expulsion of evils and falsities which were with...

hoveder
Captains and Rulers (Jer. 51:23) signifies principal evils and falsities. Captains and Rulers (Ezek 33:6) signifies principal truths. See Chief Captains.

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 Draw Gideon's Weapons
Draw pictures of the weapons Gideon was to use to fight the Midianites--a trumpet, pitcher and torch.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Gideon Blows the Trumpet
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Gideon Defeats the Midianites Crossword Puzzle
Review Gideon's victory over the Midianites by completing a crossword puzzle.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Gideon Drives Out the Midianites
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Gideon Review Questions
Questions for an oral review of the story of Gideon, Judges chapters 6 and 7.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Make a Pitcher Torch and Trumpet for Gideon
Color and cut out pictures of a torch, pitcher and trumpet. Reenact the story of Gideon's victory over the Midianites.
Project | Ages 7 - 13

 The Story of Gideon
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Torch and Trumpet
Project | Ages 4 - 10


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