Dommere 20

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1 Da rykkende alle Israelitterne ud, og Menigheden samledes som een Mand fra Dan til Be'ersjeba for HE EN i Mizpa; også fra Gileads Land kom de.

2 Alle Folkets Støtter, alle Israels Stammer indfandt sig i Guds Folks Forsamling, 400000 Mand Fodfolk, væbnet med Sværd.

3 Benjaminiterne hørte, at Israelitterne var draget op til Mizpa. Og Israelitterne sagde: "Fortæl dog, hvorledes denne Misgerning gik for sig!"

4 Da tog Manden, Leviten, den myrdede Kvindes Mand, til Orde og sagde: "Jeg og min Medhustru kom til Gibea i Benjamin for at overnatte der.

5 Så rejste Gibeas Borgere sig imod mig og omringede mig om Natten i Huset; mig vilde de dræbe, og min Medhustru skændede de, så at hun døde.

6 Da tog jeg min Medhustru, skar hende i Stykker og sendte Stykkerne rundt i hele Israels Arvelods Område, fordi de havde begået grov Utugt og Skændselsdåd i Israel!

7 Nu er I her, alle Israelitter, sig nu eders Mening og kom med eders åd!"

8 Da rejste hele Folket sig som een Mand og sagde: "Ingen af os vil vende hjem, ingen af os vil begive sig til sit Hus!

9 Men således vil vi handle med Gibea: Vi vil drage op imod det efter Lodkastning,

10 og vi vil udtage ti Mænd af hundrede af alle Israels Stammer, hundrede af tusind og tusind af titusind til at hente Fødemidler til Folket, til dem, som er kommet for fuldt ud at gengælde Gibea i Benjamin den Skændselsdåd, de har øvet i Israel!"

11 Derpå samlede alle Israels Mænd sig mod Byen, alle som een.

12 Og Israels Stammer sendte Mænd ud i hele Benjamins Stamme og lod sige: "Hvad er det for en Misgerning, der er sket hos eder?

13 Udlever nu Mændene i Gibea, de Niddinger, for at vi kan dræbe dem og skaffe Misgerningen bort fra Israel!" Men Benjaminiterne vilde ikke høre deres Brødre Israelitternes Ord.

14 Og Benjaminiterne stævnede sammen fra deres Byer til Gibea for at drage i Kamp mod Israelitterne.

15 Da Benjaminiterne fra Byerne mønstredes den bag, udgjorde de 25000 våbenføre Mænd, foruden dem af Gibeas Indbyggere, der mønstredes, 700 udsøgte Krigere;

16 af alle disse Krigsfolk var 700 udvalgte Krigere kejthåndede; de kunde alle slynge med Sten, så de ramte på et Hår uden at fejle.

17 Da Israels Mænd mønstredes, fraregnet Benjamin, udgjorde de 400000 våbenføre Mænd, der alle var Krigere.

18 De brød så op og drog til Betel og rådspurgte Gud; og Israelitterne sagde: "Hvem af os skal først drage i Kamp mod Benjaminiterne?" HE EN svarede: "Det skal Juda!"

19 Så brød Israelitterne op om Morgenen og slog Lejr uden for Gibea.

20 Og Israels Mænd rykkede ud til Kamp imod Benjamin, og Israels Mænd stillede sig op til Kamp imod dem for at angribe Gibea.

21 Men Benjaminiterne gjorde Udfald fra Gibea og fældede den Dag 22000 Mand af Israel.

22 Folket, Israels Mænd, tog sig da sammen og stillede sig atter op til Kamp på samme Sted som den første Dag;

23 Da drog Israelitterne op til Betel og græd lige til Aften for HE ENs Åsyn; og de adspurgte HE EN: "Skal jeg atter tage Kampen op med min Broder Benjamins Sønner?" Og HE EN svarede: "Drag op imod ham!"

24 og Israelitterne rykkede Benjaminiterne på nært Hold den anden Dag.

25 Men Benjaminiterne gjorde Udfald fra Gibea for at møde dem den anden Dag, og de fældede yderligere 18000 Mand af Israelitterne, alle sammen våbenføre Mænd.

26 Så drog alle Israelitterne, hele Folket, op til Betel; og de græd og sad der for HE ENs Åsyn og fastede den Dag lige til Aften, og de ofrede Brændofre og Takofre for HE ENs Åsyn.

27 Derpå rådspurgte Israelitterne HE EN i de Dage var Guds Pagts Ark der,

28 og Pinehas, en Søn af Arons Søn Eleazar, gjorde i de Dage Tjeneste ved den - og de sagde: "Skal jeg atter drage i Kamp mod min Broder Benjamins Sønner eller lade være?" HE EN svarede: "Drag i Kamp, thi i Morgen giver jeg ham i din Hånd!"

29 Israelitterne lagde nu Baghold rundt om Gibea.

30 Og Israelitterne drog op mod Benjaminiterne på den tredje Dag og stillede sig op til Angreb på Gibea ligesom de tidligere Gange.

31 Da nu Benjaminiterne gjorde Udfald mod Hæren, blev de afskåret fra Byen og lokket ud på Vejene til Betel og Gibeon; til at begynde med huggede de nogle al Folkene ned på åben Mark ligesom de tidligere Gange, omtrent tredive Mand af Israel,

32 og Benjaminiterne tænkte nu: "Vi har slået dem ligesom før!" Men Israelitterne sagde: Lad os flygte og således afskære dem fra Byen og lokke dem ud på Vejene!"

33 Så brød alle Israels Mænd op fra deres Plads og stillede sig op til Kamp i Ba'al-Tamar, medens Bagholdet brød op fra sin Plads vesten for Geba.

34 Nu rykkede 10000 Mand, udvalgte Folk af hele Israel, frem for Gibea, og Kampen blev hård; men de vidste ikke, at Ulykken var ved at ramme dem.

35 slog HE EN Benjamin foran Israel, og Israelitterne fældede den Dag 25100 Mand af Benjamin, alle våbenføre Mænd;

36 da indså Benjaminiterne, at de var slagne. Israelitterne trak sig tilbage for Benjamin, idet de stolede på Bagholdet, de havde lagt mod Gibea;

37 og Bagholdet kastede sig i en Fart over Gibea og drog frem og huggede hele Byens Befolkning ned med Sværdet.

38 Der var truffet den Aftale mellem Israels Mænd og Bagholdet, at de skulde lade en øgsøjle stige op fra Byen.

39 Da Israels Mænd vendte om i Kampen, huggede Benjamin til at begynde med henved tredive af Israels Mænd ned, thi de tænkte: "Visselig, vi har slået dem ligesom i den forrige Kamp."

40 Da nu Søjlen, øgstøtten, begyndte at stige op fra Byen, vendte Benjamin sig om, og se, øgen slog op mod Himmelen fra hele Byen,

41 og samtidig vendte Israels Mænd om fra Flugten. Da blev Benjamins Mænd forfærdede, thi de indså, at Ulykken havde ramt dem;

42 og de gjorde omkring for Israels Mænd og flygtede ad Ørkenen til.Men Kampen fortsattes i Hælene på dem. Og de fra Byerne huggede ned for Fode iblandt dem;

43 de omringede Benjaminiterne og forfulgte dem, til de havde Geba foran sig mod Øst.

44 Af Benjamin faldt 18000 Mand, lutter dygtige Krigere.

45 De gjorde omkring og flygtede og deres Forfølgere gjorde på Vejene en Efterhøst på 5000 Mand: de forfulgte dem skarpt, til de fik dem tilintetgjort, og huggede 2000 Mand ned af dem.

46 De, der faldt af Benjamin den Dag, var således i alt 25000 våbenføre Mænd, alle tapre Folk.

47 De gjorde omkring og flygtede ud i Ørkenen til immons Klippe, 600 Mand stærke, og blev der i fire Måneder.

48 Men Israels Mænd vendte tilbage til Benjaminiterne og huggede dem ned med Sværdet, både Mennesker og Kvæg, overhovedet alt. hvad der var, og desuden stak de Ild på alle Byerne der.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 20      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Israel’s war with the tribe of Benjamin

The events of the previous chapter carry over into the last two chapters of the book of Judges, this one and the final one. The overall content of this chapter is about the division between Israel and the tribe of Benjamin (where the town of Gibeah was situated) and the eventual long war in which thousands on both sides died.

All Israel gathered together at Mizpah, four hundred thousand foot soldiers with swords, from every tribe, except the tribe of Benjamin who heard about the gathering. The reason for coming together, prompted by the dismembered parts of the concubine, was to decide what to do. The Levite told the story of the events. The men of Israel heard and decided that they would all immediately go up against the tribe of Benjamin, for them to hand over the perverted men of Gibeah for justice to be done and for Israel to be redeemed. They agreed to take one man out of every ten to go and, if necessary, to fight.

The spiritual meaning in this opening and gathering of Israel at Mizpah is mostly about its incompleteness. The tribe of Benjamin was not present even though Mizpah was in Benjamin’s territory. Spiritual incompleteness in us is to leave something out of our love and faithfulness to the Lord which makes each one of us a whole being. The twelve tribes of Israel stand for all the qualities which come together to form our spiritual life and purpose. (True Christian Religion 38)

The men of Israel go up and ask the Lord who should go to fight first. The reply is that Judah go first. The men of Benjamin refuse to hand the men of Gibeah over and they form an army to fight Israel. In the fighting, the men of Benjamin cut down twenty-two thousand men of Israel. Israel goes and weeps to the Lord and asks if they should go up again against their brother Benjamin. The Lord says they are to go up again.

The spiritual meaning of the tribe of Benjamin is that it stands for the ‘medium’ or the vital connection between what is internal or celestial and what is external or natural. If this connection is absent there is no passage or mutual link between these two and they are separated. This removes the completeness of our spiritual life as a whole. (See Arcana Caelestia 5822.)

Israel goes up against Benjamin on the second day and eighteen thousand men of Israel are cut down by the army of Benjamin. Israel goes to the house of the Lord and weeps, and asks if they should yet go out to fight their brother Benjamin. The Lord says that they are to fight a third time, and the He will deliver them into their hand.

Israel weeps. Weeping or crying stands for mourning the loss of something which is no longer present. In a good sense ‘weeping’ can be for the sense of loss of what is loved and what is part of us, here represented by ‘to battle the children of my brother Benjamin’.
The Lord wept over Jerusalem (Luke 19:41-44). (Arcana Caelestia 4293.3)

Israel fights on three consecutive day, and on the third day they defeat the tribe of Benjamin. ‘On the third day’ (see verse 30) stands for the need for conflict and personal states in our spiritual temptations and battles to be worked through until they are brought to an end and we can be brought out of temptation, into a new state. (Arcana Caelestia 5159)

The men of Israel laid an ambush and then went as before to fight the men of Benjamin. They moved away from them and Benjamin followed them and killed some men of Israel. The men in ambush arose and went to Gibeah and by arrangement made a great column of smoke after killing the men of the city. (Arcana Caelestia 9144) The men of Benjamin saw this and panicked, and twenty three thousand of them were slain. Six hundred men escaped and hid, and Israel went all around and destroyed men of Benjamin wherever they were found.

The spiritual meaning of this final battle is in the extent of the numbers killed and the aftermath of the victory with further killing. To ‘kill’ (or destroy) when it is used in the Word is to work completely towards the full expulsion of states, thoughts and intentions in us which are in opposition to the way of the Word and its wholeness and healing. (Arcana Caelestia 9320) This is the meaning of the term ‘vastation’ in which things which are opposed to the Lord need to be worked through and brought to an end so that a new state can come.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1453, 2723, 2799, 6804, 9396, 9416, 9422

Apocalypse Revealed 342


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 417, 687

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Významy biblických slov

en
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

mand
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

dan
The tribe of Dan (Jer. 8:16) signifies truth in its own ultimate degree of order, here truth in the church, which is contained in the...

Mizpa
'Mizpah,' as in Genesis 31:49, signifies the quality of the Lord’s presence with people who are principled in the goods of works, or with the...

Land
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

Israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

stammer
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

Guds
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

sværd
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

Benjaminiterne
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

sagde
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Orde
To "answer" generally indicates a state of spiritual receptivity. Ultimately this means being receptive to the Lord, who is constantly trying to pour true ideas...

kom
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

Gibea
Gibeah, as in 2 Samuel 6, signifies the natural or ultimate principle of the church. Gibeah, Ramah, and Bethaven, as in Hosea 5:8, denote those...

benjamin
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

omringede
To encompass, as in Genesis 19:4, signifies to be contrary, or to attack and assault with a hostile intention.

dræbe
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

døde
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israelitter
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

os
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

hus
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

ti
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

hundrede
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

tusind
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

Mænd
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Benjamins
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

sige
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

høre
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

brødre
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

byer
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

kamp
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

indbyggere
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

sten
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

Gud
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

slog
'Pitch,' as in Genesis 14:10, denotes lusts. 'Burning pitch,' as in Isaiah 34:9, signifies direful fantasies.

dag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

aften
Since the light and warmth of the sun represent the Lord’s wisdom and love, it makes sense that evening, a time when the light and...

sønner
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

møde
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

dage
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

søn
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

i morgen
'Tomorrow' signifies eternity.

giver
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

hånd
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

tredje
'Three' denotes fullness, and 'a third,' not full.

åben
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

Mark
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

tredive
'Thirty' has a twofold significance because it is is the product of five and six, and also three and ten. From five multiplied by six,...

slået
To strike or smite, when used in the Bible, means to attack, harm or destroy, and is usually in reference to an attack on someone’s...

Før
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

flygte
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

vidste
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

stige
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

se
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

forfulgte
'To pursue,' as in Genesis 14:16, signifies a state of purification, because 'to pursue enemies' is the expulsion of evils and falsities which were with...

faldt
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

flygtede
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

klippe
'Rocks' signify the good and truth of faith.

fire
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

måneder
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

tilbage
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

ild
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...


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