Dommere 14

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1 Engang Samson kom ned til Timna, så han en af Filisternes Døtre der.

2 Og da han kom tilbage derfra, fortalte han sin Fader og Moder det og sagde: "Jeg har set en Kvinde i Timna, en af Filisternes Døtre; nu må I hjælpe mig at få hende til Hustru!"

3 Hans Fader og Moder svarede ham: "Findes der da ingen Kvinde blandt dine Landsmænds Døtre eller i hele dit Folk, siden du vil gå hen og tage dig en Hustru hos de uomskårne Filistere?" Men Samson svarede sin Fader: "Nej, hende må du hjælpe mig til, thi det er hende, jeg synes om!"

4 Hans Fader og Moder forstod ikke, at det kom fra HE EN, som søgte en Anledning til Strid over for Filisterne. På den Tid havde Filisterne nemlig Magten over Israel.

5 Samson tog nu med sin Fader og Moder ned til Timna. Da de nåede Vingårdene uden for Timna, se, da kom en ung Løve brølende imod ham.

6 Så kom HE ENs Ånd over ham, og han sønderrev den med sine bare Næver, som var det et Gedekid; men sin Fader og Moder fortalte han ikke, hvad han havde gjort.

7 Derpå drog han ned og bejlede til Kvinden; thi Samson syntes om hende.

8 Da han efter nogen Tids Forløb vendte tilbage for at ægte hende, gik han hen for at se til Løvens Ådsel, og se, da var der en Bisværm og Honning i Løvens Krop.

9 Han tog da Honningen i sine Hænder og spiste deraf, medens han gik videre; og da han kom til sin Fader og Moder, gav han dem noget deraf, og de spiste; men han sagde dem ikke, at han havde taget Honningen fra Løvens Krop.

10 Så drog Samson ned til Kvinden; og de holdt Gilde, som de unge havde for Skik.

11 Da de så ham, udvalgte de tredive Brudesvende til at ledsage ham.

12 Og Samson sagde til dem: "Jeg vil give eder en Gåde at gætte; hvis I i Løbet af de syv Gildedage kan sige mig Løsningen, vil jeg give eder tredive Linnedkjortler og tredive Sæt klæder;

13 men kan I ikke sige mig den, skal I give mig tredive Linnedkjortler og tredive Sæt klæder!" De svarede: "Sig din Gåde frem og lad os høre den!"

14 Da sagde han til dem: "Fra Æderen kom Æde, fra den stærke Sødme!" Men da de tre Dage var omme, havde de ikke kunnet gætte Gåden,

15 og den fjerde Dag sagde de til Samsons Hustru: "Lok din Mand til at sige os Løsningen, ellers brænder vi dig og din Faders Hus inde! Har I budt os herhen for at tage alting fra os?"

16 Da hang Samsons Hustru over ham med Gråd og sagde: "Du hader mig jo og elsker mig ikke! Du har givet mine Landsmænd en Gåde at gætte, og mig har du ikke sagt Løsningen!" Han svarede hende: "Jeg har ikke sagt min Fader eller Moder den, og så skulde jeg sige dig den!"

17 Men hun hang over ham med Gråd, de syv Dage Gildet varede; og den syvende Dag sagde han hende Løsningen, fordi hun plagede ham. Så sagde hun sine Landsmænd Gådens Løsning;

18 og den syvende Dag, før han gik ind i Kammeret, sagde Byens Mænd til ham: "Hvad er sødere end Honning, og hvad er stærkere end en Løve?" Men han svarede dem: "Havde I ikke pløjet med min Kalv, havde I ikke gættet min Gåde!"

19 Da kom HE ENs Ånd over ham, og han drog ned til Askalon, slog tredive Mænd ihjel der, trak deres Tøj af dem og gav Klæderne til dem, der havde sagt Løsningen på Gåden. Og hans Vrede blussede op, og han drog tilbage til sin Faders Hus.

20 Men Samsons Hustru blev givet til den Brudesvend, som havde været hans Brudefører.


Exploring the Meaning of Dommere 14      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 14: Samson’s Philistine wife.

At the time of Samson, the Philistines were fiercely oppressing Israel. The Philistines lived on the coast, and they may well have come from overseas. They lived in the region for about 600 years, and the Old Testament refers to many later conflicts with the Philistines.

One day, Samson saw a young Philistine woman in Timnath, and he asked his parents to get her for his wife. They asked why he did not choose an Israelite woman, but he insisted on marrying the woman he saw in Timnath, so they all went to meet her. On the way, Samson was attacked by a lion, and he tore it apart with his bare hands. After some time, when he passed by the same place, there was a swarm of bees and honey inside the lion’s carcass. He ate some of the honey, and even brought some of it to his parents, but he did not tell them where it came from.

The woman pleased Samson, and he arranged a feast to which thirty companions were invited. At the feast, Samson told them a riddle: “Out of the eater came something to eat, out of the strong came something sweet.” He said that if they solved the riddle in the seven days of the feast, he would give them thirty linen sheets and thirty changes of clothing. If not, they were to give him the same. They could not solve the riddle for three days, so they convinced Samson’s wife to beg him for the answer. At the end of seven days, the men answered Samson’s riddle, and he was furious.

Then the Lord’s spirit came upon Samson, and he killed thirty Philistine men from Ashkelon, took their garments, and gave these to the thirty men at the feast. His wife was given to his companion.

*****

The spiritual meaning of the powerful Philistines is believing faith is all-important, and does not require charity or good works in life — a fundamental spiritual error. This way of thinking is called ‘faith alone’ spirituality, and it can take many forms. The proximity of the Philistines to Israel is also significant, as it suggests that the temptation to prefer faith without considering charity is never far away (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 200[3]).

The pursuit of a Philistine wife reflects the alluring nature of faith without charity, an easy, complacent spirituality. The young lion represents the force of faith alone to hold us in its grip. The honey stands for the spiritual sweetness following regeneration, as we use our faith to expand our hearts and minds (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 5620[1]).

Samson’s riddle stands for the puzzling nature of the Word’s teachings to those living by faith alone. The number thirty stands for what is whole, in this instance, the completely opposing nature of faith alone and true spiritual living. The linen sheets and changes of clothing mean taking up a genuine spiritual life which involves repentance, living the by the Word, and acknowledging the Lord. Linen is the material of a priest’s robes, and stands for the highest spiritual truths (Arcana Caelestia 5319[7]).

This end of this story shows us that faith alone doubles back on itself, and leads to a completely external understanding of the Lord. This is seen in taking garments from the thirty dead Philistines and giving them to the Philistines from the feast. Samson’s wife, who was given to his Philistine companion, stands for the complete divide between faith alone and love for the Lord. Samson’s apparent anger is really the zeal of protecting the nature of true spiritual life, which comes from the Lord (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Revealed 365).

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